In the fall of 1943, Danish citizens helped more than 90 percent of Denmark's estimated 8,000 Jews escaped Nazi deportation by ferrying them to Sweden. The target date was October 1, 1943, the second day of Rosh Hashanah. Denmark was the first Scandinavian country to permit Jewish settlement.
This occurred in 1622 when a small group of Sephardic Jews settled from Amsterdam and Hamburg. There are about 8,000 Jews living in Denmark at this time centered around Copenhagen, the capital city, where there are two synagogues, a day school, three kosher butchers, a large community center and library.
Ted Margulis visiting the Museum of the Resistance in Copenhagen
Traveling to Denmark can be an enlightening experience ... very much so! Be sure to visit the Museum of the Resistance on the Esplanaden where much can be learned about the wonderful Danish people and their personal ties to the Jews.
"The Jew of Denmark: A Tale"
Authored by M. Goldschmidt
Many titles are available to download, or read online at the above site
Copenhagen street - photo taken by Ted Margulis
Denmark proudly stood by its Jewish citizens during WWII, helping more than 7500 escape by boat to Sweden. In a country filled with churches and whose kings are always named Christian or Frederick, it may seem hard to imagine much of Jewish life
History of the Jews In Denmark
During WW II, there were a total of 486 Jews in Theresienstadt, the vast majority of whom were "stateless", i.e., they were refugees to Denmark, and had no roots there.
At the outbreak of the war in September, 1939, there were about 8,000 Jews in Denmark. Of these, 3500 belonged to old, assimilated families, which immigrated during the 15th century from Germany and Holland, whereas about 3,000 had come from Russia and Poland following the big pogroms at the turn of the 20th century.
The old families were well established, well off and conservative, while the Jews from the pogroms were poor artisans leaning towards socialism and Zionism. After Hitler's seizure of power, these Jews tried to make themselves as scarce as possible. Between April 9th, 1940 and May 5th, 1945, Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany. Compared to the other occupied countries, Denmark had a unique position that can be summed up in two concepts: Peace Occupation, and (2) the policy of negotiation.
Denmark was the only occupied country that actively resisted the Nazi regime's attempts to deport its Jewish citizens. On September 28, 1943, Georg Ferdinand Duckwitz, a German diplomat, secretly informed the Danish resistance that the Nazis were planning to deport the Danish Jews. The Danes responded quickly, organizing a nationwide effort to smuggle the Jews by sea to neutral Sweden. Warned of the German plans, Jews began to leave Copenhagen, where most of the almost 8,000 Jews in Denmark lived, and other cities, by train, car, and on foot. With the help of the Danish people, they found hiding places in homes, hospitals, and churches. Within a two-week period fishermen helped ferry some 7,200 Danish Jews and 680 non-Jewish family members to safety across the narrow body of water separating Denmark from Sweden
An excellent site to find information about most European countries
and type in the name of the country you wish to research in the search field.
This site is a great source to find information for almost every European country. Another valuable site to help find a person, maps, etc. Type in the name of any country you wish to research. This service is free.
A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country.
Open Street Maps
The crowd-sourced mapping project OpenStreetMap has amassed a million contributors since its inception in 2005 and, according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in England, Russia and Germany than rivals such as Google Maps. I tried the site and found an accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town Tal'ne, Ukraine. Almost every country is available as is most towns
Archives - Rigsarkivet - in Copenhagen
The Danish Demographic Database (DDD) is the obvious choice if you wish to search for your ancestors online via the State Archives
Danish Emigration Archives
Danish State Archives
Includes the Danish National Archives,
Danish Business Archives
Danish Data Archives
David Simonsen Archive
At the Danish Royal Library in Copenhagen. David Simonsen was a scholar, rabbi, philanthropist and much more. Site is in Danish and English
Stanford, California Danish Collection
At Stanford University is the intact collection of the Danish Jewish community. It includes close to 2,000 works printed in over 115 locations from 1517 to 1939. A wide range of topics are covered and among them are some publications relating to documents about the religious life in Jewish communities of Denmark and other Northern European countries
The collection will be available for study in the Special Collections Reading Room in Green Library. From a posting by Suzanne S. Waxman
The Yiddish Wave
In the early part of the 20th century, over 10,000 immigrants from Eastern Europe passed through Copenhagen. Most of them were on their way to the United States. However, about 3,000 stayed – they did not have sufficient funds to complete the last leg of their planned journey. The “new Jews” were poor. They spoke Yiddish and lived in close quarters in the poorest neighborhoods of Copenhagen. Many of the Russian Jews were socialists, Zionists or ultra orthodox Jews.
When visiting this city, walk around the Israelplads (Israel Square) in the center of this clean, lovely city. A wonderful, larger-than-life statue of Moses on Norregade is the work of a Danish sculptor.
The headquarters of the Danish Jewish community (Mosaik Troesamfund) is at
Ny Kongengade 6, and contains a small museum, a library and a Mikvah.
Jewish Community of Copenhagen
DK-1472 Copenhagen, Denmark
Danish Demographic Database
Danish Genealogy Resources
Efterretninger fra Lolland og Falster i Stockholmsarkivet
Fredericia under besættelsen
Historisk Samling fra Besættelsestiden 1940-45
Indenrigsministeriet - 1940-45
Military History of Denmark
Modstandsbevægelsen i Århus
Skjern under den tyske besættelse
Skoledreng under besættelsen
The Atlanticwall in Denmark
Årene under besættelsen
Danish Royal Family
The Danish Monarchy can be traced back to Gorm the Old (d. 958). The monarchy was originally elective, but in practice the choice was normally limited to the eldest son of the reigning monarch. In return, the King had to sign a Coronation Charter, which regulated the balance of power between himself and his people. When absolutism was introduced in 1660-1661, the elective monarchy was replaced by inherited monarchy
This SIG is a forum for researchers with interest in Jewish Genealogy and history, primarily in Denmark, but, because of the close ties and significant mobility between the Scandinavian countries, Faeroe Islands, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and the Danish West Indies, these areas are also included and discussed.
Denmark SIG might be of interest to you if you have or have had ancestors or relatives in Denmark. It might also prove helpful because of the on-line passenger lists for emigrants that passed through Denmark. They have a list of approximately 1,000 names compiled from books on Jewish history in Sweden and it is now online. This list gives information about : Emigration to America; Birthplaces and other genealogical information.
At times the Danish shipping lines were cheaper than others, and emigrants therefore chose to go to, or via, Denmark. All who bought a ticket through one of the Danish shipping lines agents are in the on-line searchable databases of the Danish Emigration Archives:
Denmark: Introduction to Danish research
Emigrants from Lithuania found in Denmark
There are registers that were found in the Danish Archives as accountancy books for immigrant relief including names from Kovno and Vilna. Check the Denmark SIG website
Business 2 business company directory and business in Europe, yellow pages access, international and European business directory (professional services, addresses and business classifieds)
Fourth of July
Since 1912, Danes have celebrated America's Independence Day to showcase their strong ties with the U.S.
Historie & Genealogie
The Association of European Migration Institutions; 100 Years of Emigrant Ships from Norway; Dansk Genealogi; Judisk Genealogi
The Immigration Museum
has on-line searchable database for:
2. Issued Work Permits
3. Persons expelled from Denmark
The above URL is correct, but it is easier for non-Danish speaking to find it
Although the name is 'Denmark SIG', it is endeavored to cover as far as possible, the other parts of Scandinavia, because the mobility was very significant. So you might find someone born in Latvia, married in Sweden, having children born in Norway and later on in Sweden or/Denmark, living in Denmark and the father working in Sweden, etc.
There is also some information on the Northern part of Germany (Schleswig-Holstein) because that it belonged to Denmark for a long time. The first Danish Jews were invited to settle there in 1622.
Many of the members of the DenmarkSIG are experienced and knowledgeable genealogists and historians, so if you are in need of help or want some information, please subscribe to the DenmarkSIG discussion group and post your requests for help or information there. To join, then go to and follow the instructions (be sure to check the box in front of the SIG you want to subscribe to!)
Much of the information above is attributable to Elsebeth Paikin, Coordinator & Webmaster of JewishGen Denmark SIG
There is also a discussion group where you may subscribe
Contact Elsebeth Paikin firstname.lastname@example.org
The Jewish concept Mitzvah, "a good deed", is of central significance to Daniel Libeskind's architecture for the museum. The Hebrew word Mitzvah is literally stamped in the building: the letters in gigantic sizes form the walking area of the museum, in which the visitors move. Danish Jews were saved through the effort of their compatriots and neighbors during the tragic years of the war. In this way the Danish Jewish Museum differs from other European Jewish Museums, the history is manifested in the form, structure and light. The museum is located in the Royal Boat House built by King Christian IV, transformed into the Royal Library, and now shared with the Jewish Museum. The entrance lies in the courtyard, and is marked with ‘conversation spaces’, stones that appear to be lying around, random placed. The interior has a very Libeskind-like structure, in this case a theatre like décor for all material the museum collects, which can document significant aspects of Jewish life in Denmark
To see photos of this new museum go to
The Foundation of Danish pianist and satirist Victor Borge donated $250,000 toward this Museum. Borge, born Boerge Rosenbaum in Copenhagen in 1909, performed in several Danish venues and movies
Map showing Denmark in 1911 Full size map can be viewed at
Royal Danish Library
Has one of the largest Jewish book collections in the world.
Search for individuals
From the Danish census taking from 1787 to 1916 at
At this same site you will find other information.
Here is one search window for searching the Danish Emigration database, Ancestral File (Mormons), Google genealogy and more at
For the surname Cohen, for example, the search returned: the Source, Name, Sex, Age, Marital Status, Birthplace and much more including the last known address - all nicely laid out in 31 pages.
Telephone Directories on the Web
Translating Services - Languages
There are many translating services, some for free, available to help with your translating needs in most languages including Danish. One of these sites is
Just in case you didn't think of it, contact a nearby university or college's foreign language department. They may offer to write letters and translate letters into English. A nominal fee is usually charged.
Translation Service - a commercial site offering many language translating programs