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In the fall of 1943, Danish citizens helped more than 90 percent of Denmark's estimated 8,000 Jews escaped Nazi deportation by ferrying them to Sweden. The target date was October 1, 1943, the second day of Rosh Hashanah. Denmark was the first Scandinavian country to permit Jewish settlement.

This occurred in 1622 when a small group of Sephardic Jews settled from Amsterdam and Hamburg. There are about 8,000 Jews living in Denmark at this time centered around Copenhagen, the capital city, where there are two synagogues, a day school, three kosher butchers, a large community center and library.


Ted Margulis visiting the Museum of the Resistance in Copenhagen

Traveling to Denmark can be an enlightening experience ... very much so! Be sure to visit the Museum of the Resistance on the Esplanaden where much can be learned about the wonderful Danish people and their personal ties to the Jews.


Books  
             

 

General
Danish Genealogical
Information

Copenhagen street - photo taken by Ted Margulis

During WW II, there were a total of 486 Jews in Theresienstadt, the vast majority of whom were "stateless", i.e., they were refugees to Denmark, and had no roots there.

At the outbreak of the war in September, 1939, there were about 8,000 Jews in Denmark. Of these, 3500 belonged to old, assimilated families, which immigrated during the 15th century from Germany and Holland, whereas about 3,000 had come from Russia and Poland following the big pogroms at the turn of the 20th century.

The old families were well established, well off and conservative, while the Jews from the pogroms were poor artisans leaning towards socialism and Zionism. After Hitler's seizure of power, these Jews tried to make themselves as scarce as possible. Between April 9th, 1940 and May 5th, 1945, Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany. Compared to the other occupied countries, Denmark had a unique position that can be summed up in two concepts: Peace Occupation, and (2) the policy of negotiation.

An excellent site to find information about most European countries
http://searcheurope.com

and type in the name of the country you wish to research in the search field.

This site is a great source to find information for almost every European country. Another valuable site to help find a person, maps, etc. Type in the name of any country you wish to research. This service is free.
http://www.webhelp.com/home

Global Gazetteer
A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country.
www.calle.com/world/

Open Street Maps
The crowd-sourced mapping project 
OpenStreetMap has amassed a million contributors since its inception in 2005 and, according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in England, Russia and Germany than rivals such as Google Maps.  I tried the site and found an accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town Tal'ne, Ukraine.  Almost every country is available as is most towns
http://openstreetmap.org


Archives

Archives - Rigsarkivet - in Copenhagen
http://www.sa.dk/ra

Danish Emigration Archives
http://sydaby.eget.net/swe/emi_ref.htm

Danish State Archives
Includes the Danish National Archives,
Provincial Archives,
Danish Business Archives
Danish Data Archives

http://www.sa.dk/

David Simonsen Archive
At the Danish Royal Library in Copenhagen. David Simonsen was a scholar, rabbi, philanthropist and much more. Site is in Danish and English
http://www.kb.dk/simonsen/#engelsk

Stanford, California Danish Collection
At Stanford University is the intact collection of the Danish Jewish community. It includes close to 2,000 works printed in over 115 locations from 1517 to 1939. A wide range of topics are covered and among them are some publications relating to documents about the religious life in Jewish communities of Denmark and other Northern European countries

The collection will be available for study in the Special Collections Reading
Room in Green Library. From a posting by Suzanne S. Waxman
http://www.forward.com/issues/2003/03.03.28/arts4.html

http://www.stanford.edu/dept/news/pr/03/jewish212.html


Copenhagen


http://www.visitdenmark.dk/usa/en-us/menu/turist/inspiration/detkulturelledanmark/jewish-denmark/jewish-history-in-denmark.htm

The Yiddish wave
In the early part of the 20th century, over 10,000 immigrants from Eastern Europe passed through Copenhagen. Most of them were on their way to the United States. However, about 3,000 stayed – they did not have sufficient funds to complete the last leg of their planned journey. The “new Jews” were poor. They spoke Yiddish and lived in close quarters in the poorest neighborhoods of Copenhagen. Many of the Russian Jews were socialists, Zionists or ultra orthodox Jews.


When visiting this city, walk around the Israelplads (Israel Square) in the center of this clean, lovely city. A wonderful, larger-than-life statue of Moses on Norregade is the work of a Danish sculptor.

The headquarters of the Danish Jewish community (Mosaik Troesamfund) is at
Ny Kongengade 6, and contains a small museum, a library and a Mikvah.


Jewish Community of Copenhagen

DK-1472 Copenhagen, Denmark

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Denmark.html

Cemetery
http://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/denmark/index.html


Denmark SIG

This SIG is a forum for researchers with interest in Jewish Genealogy and history, primarily in Denmark, but, because of the close ties and significant mobility between the Scandinavian countries, Faeroe Islands, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and the Danish West Indies, these areas are also included and discussed.

Denmark SIG might be of interest to you if you have or have had ancestors or relatives in Denmark. It might also prove helpful because of the on-line passenger lists for emigrants that passed through Denmark. They have a list of approximately 1,000 names compiled from books on Jewish history in Sweden and it is now online. This list gives information about : Emigration to America; Birthplaces and other genealogical information.

At times the Danish shipping lines were cheaper than others, and emigrants therefore chose to go to, or via, Denmark. All who bought a ticket through one of the Danish shipping lines agents are in the on-line searchable databases of the Danish Emigration Archives:
http://www.emiarch.dk

http://www.jgs-danmark.dk/


Danish Demographic Database

http://ddd.dda.dk/


Danish Genealogy Resources

http://distantcousin.com/


The Immigration Museum


http://www.immigrantmuseet.dk/

has on-line searchable database for:
1. Naturalizations
2. Issued Work Permits
3. Persons expelled from Denmark

Immigration Museum
http://www.immigrantmuseet.dk

The above URL is correct, but it is easier for non-Danish speaking to find it
http://ddd.dda.dk/

Although the name is 'Denmark SIG', it is endeavored to cover as far as possible, the other parts of Scandinavia, because the mobility was very significant. So you might find someone born in Latvia, married in Sweden, having children born in Norway and later on in Sweden or/Denmark, living in Denmark and the father working in Sweden, etc.

There is also some information on the Northern part of Germany (Schleswig-Holstein) because that it belonged to Denmark for a long time. The first Danish Jews were invited to settle there in 1622.

Many of the members of the DenmarkSIG are experienced and knowledgeable genealogists and historians, so if you are in need of help or want some information, please subscribe to the DenmarkSIG discussion group and post your requests for help or information there. To join, then go to and follow the instructions (be sure to check the box in front of the SIG you want to subscribe to!)
http://www.jewishgen.org/listserv/sigs.htm

Much of the information above is attributable to Elsebeth Paikin, Coordinator & Webmaster of JewishGen Denmark SIG
http://www.jewishgen.org/scandinavia/

http://home.worldonline.dk/epaikin/index

www.jgs-danmark.dk

There is also a discussion group where you may subscribe
http://www.jewishgen.org/listserv/sigs.htm

Contact Elsebeth Paikin
elsebeth@paikin.dk

http://www.jewishgen.org/scandinavia/


Danish Royal Family

http://www.royalty.nu/Europe/Scandinavia/Denmark.html


Denmark: Introduction to Danish research

http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/RG/guide/Denmark.ASP


Emigrants from Lithuania found in Denmark

There are registers that were found in the Danish Archives as accountancy books for immigrant relief including names from Kovno and Vilna. Check the Denmark SIG website
http://www.jewishgen.org/scandinavia/


Europages

Business 2 business company directory and business in Europe, yellow pages access, international and European business directory (professional services, addresses and business classifieds)
http://www.europages.com/


Fourth of July

Since 1912, Danes have celebrated America's Independence Day to showcase their strong ties with the U.S.
http://www.visitdenmark.com/usa/en-us/menu/turist/inspiration/detkulturelledanmark/heritage/danish-heritage.htm  


Historie & Genealogie

The Association of European Migration Institutions; 100 Years of Emigrant Ships from Norway; Dansk Genealogi; Judisk Genealogi
http://jcsearch.com/Top/World/Dansk/Samfund/Religion/J%C3%B8dedom/Historie/


Jewish Museum

To see photos of this new museum go to
www.jewmus.dk

The Foundation of Danish pianist and satirist Victor Borge donated $250,000 toward this Museum. Borge, born Boerge Rosenbaum in Copenhagen in 1909, performed in several Danish venues and movies


  Maps

http://www.europeetravel.com/maps/denmark-map.htm

Map showing Denmark in 1911 Full size map can be viewed at
http://ddd.sa.dk/kiplink_en.htm


Royal Danish Library

Has one of the largest Jewish book collections in the world.
http://www.kb.dk/en/nb/materialer/judaica/


Search for individuals

From the Danish census taking from 1787 to 1916 at
http://ddd.sa.dk/kiplink_en.htm

At this same site you will find other information.


Surname Navigator

Here is one search window for searching the Danish Emigration database, Ancestral File (Mormons), Google genealogy and more at
www.kuijsten.net/navigator/denmark/

For the surname Cohen, for example, the search returned: the Source, Name, Sex, Age, Marital Status, Birthplace and much more including the last known address - all nicely laid out in 31 pages.


Telephone Directories on the Web

http://www.teldir.com


Translating

Translating Services - Languages

Translating
There are many translating services, some for free, available to help with your translating needs in most languages including Danish. One of these sites is
http://www.dictionaries.travlang.com/

Just in case you didn't think of it, contact a nearby university or college's foreign language department. They may offer to write letters and translate letters into English. A nominal fee is usually charged.

Translation Service - a commercial site offering many language translating programs
http://www.worldlanguage.com

  more to come ...


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