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The map above, of Germany in 1871 can be found at
Germany went from several small states to the unified country in 1871. German is not only the official language of Germany, but is also an official language in the countries of Austria, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Belgium.
In much of Germany,
Jews did not have fixed surnames until 1812 or even later. At that time, German Jews took
all kinds of surnames. Many of these names were based on the profession of the person taking the name. Someone who ran a small shop might well have called himself Kramer or Kraemer. From a posting by Roger Lustig.
The earliest known documentation of a
Jewish presence from Wurzburg to Fuessen exists from just a
millennium ago. The phenomenon of the 'landjudentum', or countryside
Jews, peaked between the 16th
and early 19th century when, in 1818, almost 85 percent of Jewry in south-central Germany lived in places with populations under 2,000.
There were more than a dozen emigrant control stations established by Germany along its Russian border. In
"Fame, Fortune and Sweet Liberty,"
an excellent book on the "Great European Emigration" published in Bremen
(in both English and German editions) the authors write:
"Health inspection stations) were set up at points where the Russian and Prussian railroad lines met, and all
emigrants were required to use the special trains or cars, which were now often uncomfortable."
In 1933, when Hitler came to power, there were around 500,000
Jews in Germany and approximately 185,000 immigrated to Shanghai. Over 180,000 German Jews were murdered during the Holocaust. In June 1942, all
Jewish schools in Germany were closed by government decree.
German Jews could no longer receive ration cards for eggs.
With the influx of tens of thousands of
Jews from the former Soviet Union, German's Jewish community has grown from 35,000 to 120,000 in the last decade, making it the only growing
Jewish population in Europe today.
There is a more descriptive detail in Bernard Horwich's
"My First Eighty Years" (excerpts available)
German Jews, contrary to the pervasive view that most Jews were city folks, they were also cattle raisers and
traders, vintners, backwoods peddlers and moneylenders in off-the-beaten track areas. And in these places, they
left many traces in some of the least expected places. There is a wonderful story, written by Phyllis Ellen Funke in
the June/July 2002 issue of Hadassah Magazine that describes many of these 'places' that documentation can be found today.
Note: "A lot of the records are held, not in the local Standesaemter, but in various Polish State Archives. Many of the records are missing or have been destroyed." From a posting by Anita Springer on JewishGen
"BriefeMeiner Erinnerung: Mein Uberleben in Judischen Ghetto von Minsk 1941-1942"
Roughly translated to "My Letter Living Through the Jewish Ghetto in Minsk". This book, written in
Ana Krasnaperko, is available from the publisher Haus Villigst, 5840 Schwerte, Germany Telephone: 02304/755230. The Holocaust Museum has a copy and discusses the story of the many
German Jews from
Bremen and Hanover deported to Minsk and includes photos and text, but does not list names. And, along with her mother, who was a doctor, escaped into
the woods and lived with the partisans.
Authored by Thomas Mann and published by Everyman's Library, follows the decline of a north German mercantile family. It is set in Lubeck, and also in Hamburg.
"The Children's War"
Authored by Monique Charlesworth and published by Anchor, interweaves the Holocaust story of half-Jewish Ilse Blumenthal, a teenager who flees the Nazis in Paris, Marseilles and Cannes, with that of teenager Nicolai of
Hamburg, where Ilse's Aryan mother, Lore is the family's nursemaid.
"Die Familie BENIES; in: Adler - Zeitschrift fuer Genealogie und Heraldik,"
21. Band, Heft 3 page 81 - 86. Other families mentioned are David, Benedikt, Eisler Von Terramare, Egger Von Moelwald, Mercy and Stern. The family is originally from Kolomyia and Brody, but moved in 1860 to Vienna and
later to Prague. The publication is available
Heraldisch-genealogische Gesellschaft Adler
Universitaetsstrasze 6/9b, A-1096 Wien. $10.00 US cash only per Georg Gaugusch at
"Die Judischen Gefallen des Deutschen Heeres, der deutschen Marine und der Deutschen Schutztruppen 1914-1918, Ein Gedenkbuch" (A Memorial Book listing German Jewish soldiers who died in WWI) Published by
Reichsbund Judischer Frontsoldaten in 1932
Popular Culture before the Holocaust: Kafka's kitsch"
(Routledge Jewish Studies Series) Authored by David A. Brenner
"The German Research Companion"
Authored by Shirley J. Riemer, this a big volume of facts and references to aid German family history researchers
and it is written in clear English. Subjects included are Books/Films/Fiche Numbers, Library Holdings,
Jurisdictions, Military resources, Migrations, Resource Lists and much more
"The Goldapple Guide to Jewish Berlin"
Authored by Andrew Roth and Michael Frajman and published by Goldapple in 1998. Reviews Berlin's
history and describes its present Jewish character. Catalogs the city's memorials, museums, and cultural sites,
and list synagogues, cemeteries, organizations, services and restaurants. There is a chapter on researching
Jewish Genealogy and property claims in Berlin. Provides maps, numerous photographs and an index.
"A Guide to Jewish Genealogy in Germany & Austria"
Published in January, 2001by the Jewish Genealogy Society of Great Britain -This guide gives an insight into researching
your family roots both in these countries and in Britain. This is an informative guide to the archives of available records and explains how to obtain the records you thought no longer existed. In addition, the guide has sections on registration, the Holocaust, vital records, Kindertransport, alien registration, useful addresses, census
and cemeteries. The guide is price at £4.50 (UK) - £6.00/US $10 (Overseas includes postage) Payment with orders and is available from The JGSGB Membership Secretary, PO Box 27061, London, N2 OGT
"In Search of Your German Roots: A Complete Guide to Tracing Your Ancestors in
the Germanic Areas
of Europe". Fourth edition.
Authored by Angus Baxter and published by Genealogical Publishing Co. 1001 North Calvert Street, Baltimore, MD 21202-3897. Cost for the 114 page paperback is $11.95 Helps trace your German ancestry, not only in Germany,
but also in all German-speaking areas of Europe.
"In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror and an American Family in Hitler's Berlin"
Authored by Erik Larson and published by Crown
"Jews and Other Germans"
Authored by ill Van Rahden and published by The University of Wisconsin Press
"Juedisches Leben in Alme, Altenbueren, Brilon, Madfeld, Messinghausen, Roesenbeck [und]
Thuelen", von den Anfaengen bis zur Gegenwart. Mit bild-/textdokumenten u. A. Zu den juedischen friedhoefen/ [von] Ursula Hesse/ Aschoff, Diethard Brilon, Stadt Brilon, 1991] 380 p. illus., facsims., plans, ports., tables. 23x25 cm. "Aspekte juedischer Geschichte in Westfalen, von Diethard Aschoff": p. 9-12. Bibliographical footnotes. 10. Cemeteries--Westphalia.
ID # DS 135 G4 W4 H48 [LBI ]
"Library Resources for German- Jewish Genealogy"
Authored by Angelika G. Ellmann-Kruger & Edward David Luft
"The Memoirs of Glueckel of Hameln"
Dates from 1690 and is a unique chronicle written by a widowed German Jew, a business-woman and mother of
14, who lived in Altona and Hamburg and traveled around Germany. (Schocken)
"Naturalized Jews of the Grand Duchy of Posen in 1834 and 1835"
Authored by Edward D. Luft
Policy, Jewish Workers, German Killers"
Authored by Christopher R.
"Not of This Time, Not of This Place"
Authored by Yehuda Amichai who was born in Wuerzburg and published by Vallentine Mitchell
"The Pity of It All: A History of Jews in Germany 1743-1933"
Authored by Amos Elon and published by Metropolitan
"Portraits of Our Past: Jews of the German Countryside"
Authored by Emily C. Rose is a family history and published by Jewish Publication Society
"Stammbuch der Frankfurter Juden"
Authored by Alexander Dietz and published in 1988 by Vanderher Publications in Cornwall, UK. The Cercle de Genealogie Juive stated that the Society bought it in 1999 and that it can be useful not only for members of
Frankfurt Jewish families but French researchers. Leo Baeck Institute is one of the holders of this book. The one feature of the
English translation that adds to its utility is that, unlike the
German original, it has an index.
"Traveler's Guide to Jewish Germany"
Authored by Billie Ann Lopez and Peter Hirsch and published by Pelican in 1998. A guide to Jewish sites in 186
towns and cities in Germany. Provides for each entry its geographic location, significant cultural or historical sites,
and an overview of its history Includes practical travel tips, a chronology of
German Jewish history, a glossary, an introduction to Hebrew letters and numbers, regional maps, color photographs and an index.
"The Warburgs: The Twentieth-Century odyssey of a Remarkable Jewish Family"
Authored by Ron Chernow and published by Vintage
General German Genealogy
German Provinces in 1915
Open Street Maps
The crowd-sourced mapping project OpenStreetMap has amassed a million contributors since its inception in
2005 and, according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in England, Russia and Germany
than rivals such as Google Maps. I tried the site and found an accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town
An excellent site to find information about most European countries
and type in the name of the country you wish to research in the search field. This site is a great source to find information for almost every European country.
A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked
to a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country.
Moving from one town to another
In the past, as it is now, one is required to register with the authorities when moving into town and to inform the authorities that one is moving when leaving for another place. Records of moving are normally stored in the local Stadtarchives. Unfortunately, many documents were lost during the war.
List of archives in former German or German occupied territories. The list includes:
Elsaas (Strassberg, Hagenau, Kolmar, Muehlhause);
Luxemburg; Memel (Klaipeda, Lithuania);
Niederschlesien (Breslau, Liegnitz);
Oberschlesien (Kattowitz, Oppeln);
Ostpreussen (Koenigsberg, Allenstein);
Pommern (Stettin, Koeslin, Schneidemuhl);
Wartheland (Posen, Hohensalza, Litzmannstadt [Lodz]);
Aussig; Boehmisch Leipa; Bruex (Most);
Brunntal; Falkenau (Sokolov);
Gablonz an der Neisse (Jablonec nad Nisou);
Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary);
Maehrisch Ostrau (Ostrava);
General request or uncertain cases can be directed to:
Central State Archives in Prague:
Ministerstvo vnitra Ceske Republiky
Statni ustredni archiv v Praze
11801 Praha 1 - Mala Strana
Phone (0042-2) 57 32 03 38
Fax: (0042-2) 57 32 02 75
Note: one of the problems is the frequent name changes, not just of families, but of towns in which they lived.
Check out this site that Miriam Margolyes wrote about which contains a list showing most of the hundreds of town name changes from German to Polish in 19th Century Posen Province
Aufbau Newspaper Database
This German-language newspaper that was published in
New York from September, 1944 through September 27, 1946, printed numerous lists of
Jewish Holocaust survivors located in Europe. There are 33,357 names that have
Aufbau Searchable Database
"Austrian, Czech and German Jews in Riga"
This is Germany's largest and oldest state and have more than 900 museums.
There is a series of books on the
Jewish communities between the rivers Aisch, Aurach, Ebrach and Seebach in Franconia. The series is called "Mesusa: Traces of Jewish Past on the Aisch, Aurach, Ebrach and Seebach". The
2002 publication covers the Jewish cemeteries from Zeckern, Walsdorf, Aschbach, Uehlfeld, Mu'hlhausen, Lisberg, Burghaslach and Reichmannsdorf.
"Kindergarten Mu'hlhausen," "Traces of Jewish Past in Adelsdorf," and three volumes of
"Mesusa", covering different aspects of the areas studies, all undertaken by a team headed by Johann Fleischmann.
Another book in the series is a "Memorbuch"
undertaken by Dr. Christine Kolbet on the Jews from Adelsdorf and Weisendorf. All of these books are written in German. "Mesusa 3" includes photographs of the tombstones along with their printed text in Hebrew and the
German translations. From a posting by Martha Levinson Lev-Zion.
"Bibliography on German-Jewish Family Research and on Recent Regional and Local History of
This is a CD available from Avotaynu at a recently quoted cost of $65. Produced by Angelika Ellmann-Kruger and
her husband, Dieter Ellman. The sources include not only books, but also articles from old and current journals, newspapers and collective works - more than 32,000 published sources, mostly in German or English. The CD has
a full-word search engine. Ordering information for the CD can be found at
Jewish cemeteries exist today in the Federal Republic of Germany. The total number of
Jewish gravestones have been estimated at 600,000. Photographs of about 54,000
Jewish tombstones in Baden-Wurttemberg are now in possession of the Central Archives.
The Central Archives
Stores photographs of more than 5,000
Jewish gravestones of Lower Saxony.
Jewish cemetery in Hamburg area is located in Konigstrabe in Altona and dates back to 1611. There
are approximately 2,500 Sephardic and 6,000 Ashkenazi
graves. The Sephardic Jews preferred gravestones lying
flat on the ground with rich ornamentation whereas Ashkenazi Jews usually placed them standing upright.
Hamburg Jewish cemeteries
Date back to 1663. Although no gravestone information is offered on-line, the write-up on each cemetery details
the number of graves, whether any graves have been relocated, whether the cemetery is still open and the
district it is located in.
Ask for data from the "Zivilstandsregister" Hamburg Buergerbuero
Central Archives for Research on the History of the Jews in Germany
A very interesting site. Gayle Riley put on Viewmate, an example of a most interesting list of householders from Gemeinde Dzikow (Tarnobrzeg)" When Gayle asked me about this last week, I suggested that she post it on
Viewmate so that others more expert in German than I have a crack at interpreting the material. But, in short, it
is a list of householders." This was a typical list constructed for the purposes of taxation. The Central Archives for
the History of the Jewish People has such lists for many districts but most of them are much, much later than the 1853 list given to Gayle. Indeed, the ones I've seen are from the 1920-1935 period when the territory was
"The left side of the page simply lists the householder and house number. The word "Gattung" means kind in
English but all of the places in the column in Gayle's example appear to be of the same kind. What the word is,
I have no idea."
"The heading over the first columns on the right side of the page refers to the building where the householder
lives, with one side saying something about the contents and the other seemingly referring to the annual tax in
florins and kroner. I can't see the words in the next narrow column under that heading."
"The next bifurcated column is for the recording of the householder's worth in terms of assets, investments, etc. The final column, is, as always, for Anmerkung or comments."
"These lists are extremely valuable because, although they don't list wives and children like censuses, they provide
a window into every male adult living in the Gemeinde in that year and the approximate and relative worth of the family." From a posting by Suzan Wynne
Click on "For English Summary" if you cannot read
German. There is a list of records available from 1945 to 1995
and papers of the Cantor Edmund Capell from 1905 - 1937, plus various family papers.
Central Council of Jews
Salomon Korn replaced Michel Friedman as a vice president. The President of the Central Council of
Jews in Germany is Paul Spiegel.
On 5 May 2008, Austria’s National Commemoration Day Against Violence and Racism in Remembrance of Victims of National Socialism, students from all over
Austria constructed an elaborate and moving Holocaust memorial on Vienna’s Heldenplatz - The Denk.Mal.
This memorial was dedicated to the more than 80,000 Austrians –
Jews, political and religious dissidents, homosexuals, people with disabilities,
Roma (gypsies), and other groups and individuals singled out by the Nazis
for persecution and extermination – who were murdered in the Holocaust.
Old disease terminology and symbols, professions terminology and genealogical symbols (much in German, but the same site offers a translation service) plus more at
Business 2 business company directory and business in Europe, yellow pages access, international and European business directory (professional services, addresses and business classifieds
Germany (The Country)
The Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (Confederation of Jews in Germany)
German and European Passenger Departure Records Links
German Documents - Captured in WW II
In the final days of WW II, an elite unit of the
British marines and navy was charged with a particularly dangerous task on the front lines. The Thirtieth Assault or Advanced Unit (30AU), otherwise known as the "Document Commandos," was allegedly the brainchild of Ian Fleming; its mission was to seize German archives before they
were destroyed. The reason why this was so important was that he realized that the horrors of the Holocaust were
so incredible that they would have to be meticulously documented to be believe.
The entire naval archives had been moved from Berlin to Tambach Castle, not far from Nuremburg. They had been slated for destruction; gasoline and wood had been obtained to burn them, but in the harsh winter of 1944-45, the fuel had been put to more constructive use.
Three hundred tons of German documents were eventually seized, crated and shipped to London. By prior agreement, all seized documents were owned jointly by the British and the Americans. The U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence immediately began to microfilm the Tambach archives. The project ended up with 4,061 rolls of microfilm. The National Archives' collection of German documents captured includes far more than WW II material as they include 1,624 reels of naval documents (800-900 frames per reel) from before 1920.
German Genealogy (In German)
German Genealogy Group
Genealogy/german-faq offers lots and lots of links and answers to questions about German genealogy. An excellent place to start.
Resources for German Genealogy on the Internet
German Jewish Holocaust Documentary
There is a movie documentary available about German Jews who had emigrated from Berlin to Tel Aviv in the late 1930s and who had been friends with a fairly prominent Nazi SS officer both before and after World War II.
Synopsis: Arnon Goldfinger is an Israeli filmmaker.
After his 98-year-old grandmother dies, the family gathers
apartment to go through her belongings, and Goldfinger
decides to film the proceedings. Things take an unexpected
turn when the family discovers old letters, photographs, and
other evidence indicating that his grandparents -- German Jews who had emigrated from Berlin to Tel Aviv in the late 1930s -- had been friends with
a fairly prominent Nazi SS officer both before and after World War II. The relationship baffles Goldfinger, who spends the next several years trying to understand this Nazi/Jew friendship. Along the way, he tracks down and befriends
the Nazi's daughter and her family; learns for the first time that his grandmother's mother had been murdered in the Holocaust (making the friendship with the Nazi even harder to comprehend); finds references to the Nazi in Adolf Eichmann's trial transcript; finds a whole dossier on the Nazi in the German national archives; and so on. Coming along for most of this ride is Goldfinger's mother, who somehow had no idea that her parents had been friends with
a Nazi or that her grandmother had been a Holocaust victim. From a posting by Barbara Zimmer
German Jewish Newspapers
Published from 1860 to 1938 in Frankfurt and was a major newspaper for observant Jews. the Leo Baeck Institute
may have copies
firstname.lastname@example.org and their address was
123 East 73rd St.
New York 10021.
It is now part of the Center for Jewish History in New York.
German Jewish Periodical on-line
German Jewish Records
On-line information about microfilmed reels and what they contain including lists of Jews deported from Germany and extensive material from concentration camp records, primarily from camps located in the US occupied zone of Germany, though there are records from other camps, as well.
The microfilmed copies are now housed at the US National Archives (NARA) and the US Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM, Washington, DC) has a catalog of the 189 reels (about 189,000 frames or pages). Deportation lists from various cities are included, varying by city.
Until Arolsen International Red Cross Records are made public, or until Israel permits the filmed collection of these records (prepared in the 1950s and held in Yad Vashem) to be copied and made available outside of Yad Vashem, this is the largest available collection. It can be seen at NARA in College Park, Maryland, or at the USHMM. The bulk, however, are concentration camp records, including arrival and 'departure' (releases, transfers and death) lists.
Given the enormity of the collection, it would be impossible for NARA staff to search for family names or even individuals unless very specific information on the person being sought is provided. If you have such information available, you can send an inquiry via Email: to
email@example.com or you may request searches at the Holocaust Museum at
firstname.lastname@example.org Remember to make any requests as specific as possible and the USHMM staff will search this and other collections.
More information is available at my
' 'Holocaust Page' and at
The Ronald S. Lauder Foundation has an office in Wurzburg, Germany which offers to assist those who are searching for their Jewish Roots in Germany. It is The "Ephraim Gustav-Hoenlein Genealogy Project". Rabbi Binjamin Krauss is the director of the foundation's Frankfurt Center and archivist Michael Schneeberger oversees the work at the Wurzburg office. Queries are processed through the Lauder office in Frankfurt at
email@example.com Phone: 011 494 69 7137, or Fax 011 49 69 7137 4629
German Jewish Refugees, 1933-1939 to Shanghai
German Migration Information
This site encourages a worldwide exchange of genealogy information about German emigrants and immigrants from 1600 to 1950.
Searchable Emigration Records
German Migration Resource Center
Research tools at this site include a selected list of books about German Genealogy and German migration and links to other sites
France, Ireland, England,
Italy and Spain links
An especially helpful web site for the beginning or intermediate genealogist is this site which offers links to the 'best of' on-line resources for census records, emigration, databases, history and maps
German Night Club Movie in Berlin 1930
Names including Kaufmann, Handelsmann, and Handler. Because of the 'skewed' societies, from a modern view, in which the Jews lived in Central Europe, these commercial terms are almost meaningless, for the following reasons.
The area at the time was divided into social classes which were: Nobility, Clergy, Peasants, and Commoners. The
Jews certainly didn't fit into the first 3, while the Christian population of the 4th were mainly concerned with keeping
Jews out (hence, the 'shtetls', guilds, etc.). Notice, no merchants, craftsmen, etc., except for Group 4. The Jews partly filled the gap, such as it was, becoming an 'alternate commercial class'. So, it was very common for a
Jew to be a "Trader" (Handler), whether this meant retailing goods from a wagon or a backpack to remote farms and villages, or being a cattle dealer, a pushcart vendor, or door-to-door peddling (Hausierer) or whatever. Some of this was done part-time, in addition to farming or whatever.
There are stories, no doubt true, of how much ingenious frantic activity was carried out for ridiculously small profits. Still, it was common for them to know nothing else.
National governments, especially in German lands, considered this anti-social behavior, and basically opened trades to Jews, and made the old occupations more and more unpleasant for them, to force them into them, besides other restrictions. Some of them learned a trade, but quickly emigrated after doing so. This turned out to be a wise (and/or lucky) move. The above information was posted by Edward Konig
German/Prussian Jews Database
Considered the most comprehensive database of its kind in the world. It contains 93544 locations with over 38.691 name changes once, and 5,500 twice and more. All locations are EAST of the Oder and Neisse rivers and are based on the borders of the eastern provinces in Spring 1918. Included in this database are the following provinces: Eastprussia, including Memel, Westprussia, Brandenburg, Posen, Pomerania, and Silesia. It currently list most towns or points, points being: Mills, some bridges, battlefields, named trees, cenotaphs etc.
An interesting site is about the German Railroads. It covers the Deutsche Bahn Museum in Nurnberg, Germany. Formerly called the Museum of Transport, it contains a chronology of the railroads, photographs, and archives amongst other things.
Whilst the German Jewish financiers such as the Mendelssohns, the Oppenheims and the Rothschilds, to name a few, played a significant role in the construction of the early German railroads, and there were a number of Jews who worked for the railroads, it was the Jewish public who were to suffer from the extensive and efficient development of these lines during the Holocaust where approximately 3 million Jews were taken to their deaths via trains. An article by Raul Hilberg touches on this and is entitled "German Railroads/Jewish Souls" in "Society", January/February, 1998, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 162-174.
Another German railroad resource is found at Holocaust Museum Houston, in Houston, Texas. It contains a World War II railroad car and all of the attendant information about it and the uses it was put to. From a posting by Ann Rabinowitz
German, Swiss and Austrians Deported From France
A web site, in French, offers information about this German WW I POW camp Holzminden
How did the Nazis know who was Jewish?
Following the March 1938 Anschluss, Jews that lived within what was then "Greater Germany," including newly annexed Austria, were required to file statements of their belongings and wealth to the Nazi authorities.
"Thus, the German government today still determines the structure and nature of local Jewish communal authorities (known as Israelitische Kultusgemeinde), the qualifications of rabbis, teachers and other officials--and pays their salary."
"In about 1830/1840, in Wurttemberg (Germany) the State passed a law that only university graduates or similar could be a rabbi. They also had to be able to deliver a sermon in German. This I found in this following very interesting book:
"Portraits of Our Past: Jews of the German Countryside"
Author: Emily C. Rose - Publication Date: 2001- No. of Pages: 372 Publisher:
The Jewish Publication Society
2100 Arch St., 2nd Fl.
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Tel: 800-234-3151; fax: 215-568-2017
Comments: over 75 illustrations, maps, tables, family trees; bibliography
Available at: Leo Baeck Institute. It is based on the lives of the antecedents of Emily Rose who came from Wurttemberg. She links their lives to the political and economic developments of the times. My own family has similar origins in Southern Germany." From a posting by Nick Landau London, UK.
International Tracing Service of the Red Cross
Located in Arolsen
Jewish Community of Germany
Zentralwohlfahrtsstelle der Juden in Deutschland e.V.
D-6000-1 Frankfurt, Germany
Judische Gemeinde Dusseldorf
D-40476 Dusseldorf, Germany
Judische Gemeinde Munchen
D-80469 Munich, Germany
Jewish Festival in Germany - (in German)
Homepage der Tage dere judischen Kultur Chemnitz Seit 1992, Theater, Literatur, Ausstellungen, Kinderprogramme
Jewish Life in Germany
A site about Jewish life in Germany, with resources, addresses and many other things. Site is in German
"Judische Geschichte in Berlin"
In German, about German life in Berlin from 1300 to 1994. Published in 1995
Jewish Museum of Berlin
Houses the largest Jewish Museum/Holocaust memorial in Europe. Exhibitions are planned that will shed light on the lives and fates of German speaking Jews. There is a virtual tour of the building at
Jewish German Newspapers
Jewish Records in Germany
Find a grave of a German soldier
Juedisches Museum Franken, Fuerth und Schnaittach
Director: Daniela F. Eisenstein
THE LEICA FREEDOM TRAIN
Leica and the Jews
The Leica is the pioneer 35 mm camera. It is a German product -- precise, Minimalist, and utterly efficient. Behind its worldwide acceptance as a creative tool was a family owned, socially oriented firm that, during the Nazi era, acted with uncommon grace, generosity and modesty. E. Leitz Inc., designer and manufacturer of Germany's most famous photographic product, saved its Jews.
And Ernst Leitz II, the steely-eyed Protestant patriarch who headed the closely held firm as the Holocaust loomed across Europe, acted in such a way as to earn the title "the photography industry's Schindler."
As soon as Adolf Hitler was named chancellor of Germany in 1933, Ernst Leitz II began receiving frantic calls from Jewish associates, asking for his help in getting them out of the country. As Christians, Leitz and his family were immune to Nazi Germany's Nuremberg laws, which restricted the movement of Jews and limited their professional activities. To help his Jewish workers and colleagues, Leitz quietly established what has become known among historians of the Holocaust as "the Leica Freedom Train," of Jews to leave Germany in the guise of Leitz employees being assigned overseas. Employees, retailers, family members, even friends of family members were "assigned" to Leitz sales offices in France, Britain, Hong Kong and the United States. Leitz's activities intensified after the Kristallnacht of November 1938, during which synagogues and Jewish shops were burned across Germany.
Before long, German "employees" were disembarking from the ocean liner Bremen at a New York pier and making their way to the Manhattan office of Leitz Inc., where executives quickly found them jobs in the photographic industry. Each new arrival had around his or her neck, the symbol of freedom - a new Leica. The refugees were paid a stipend until they could find work. Out of this migration came designers, repair technicians, salespeople, marketers and writers for the photographic press. Keeping the story quiet, The "Leica Freedom Train" was at its height in 1938 and early 1939, delivering groups of refugees to New York every few weeks. Then, with the invasion of Poland on Sept. 1, 1939, Germany closed its borders. By that time, hundreds of endangered Jews had escaped to America, thanks to the Leitz's' efforts. How did Ernst Leitz II and his staff get away with it?
Leitz, Inc. was an internationally recognized brand that reflected credit on the newly resurgent Reich. The company produced range-finders and other optical systems for the German military. Also, the Nazi government desperately needed hard currency from abroad, and Leitz's single biggest market for optical goods was the United States. Even so, members of the Leitz family and firm suffered for their good works. A top executive, Alfred Turk, was jailed for working to help Jews and freed only after the payment of a large bribe. Leitz's daughter, Elsie Kuhn-Leitz, was imprisoned by the Gestapo after she was caught at the border, helping Jewish women cross into Switzerland. She eventually was freed but endured rough treatment in the course of questioning. She also fell under suspicion when she attempted to improve the living conditions of 700 to 800 Ukrainian slave laborers, all of them women, who had been assigned to work in the plant during the 1940s.
(After the war, Kuhn-Leitz received numerous honors for her humanitarian efforts, among them the Officier d'honneur des Palms Academic from France in 1965 and the Aristide Briand Medal from the European Academy in the 1970s.) Why has no one told this story until now? According to the late Norman Lipton, a freelance writer and editor, the Leitz family wanted no publicity for its heroic efforts. Only after the last member of the Leitz family was dead did the "Leica Freedom Train" finally come to light.
It is now the subject of a book,
"The Greatest Invention of the Leitz Family: The Leica
Authored by Frank Dabba Smith, a California-born Rabbi currently living in England .
Leo Baeck Institute
The institute is a research, study and lecture center whose library and archives offer the most comprehensive documentation for the study of German Jewish history. Located at
The Center for Jewish History
15 West 16th St.
New York, NY 10011
Telephone: 212 744 6400 Fax 212 988 1305
There are also two branches:
4 Devonshire Street
J33 Bustanai Street
Library of the Central Archives
A reference library. The Director is Dr. Peter Honigmann
69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Telephone: +49 0 6221/164141 Fax: +49 0 6221/181049
Former German area maps now in Poland, Russia, Czech Republic - a commercial site offering maps of Western Pomerania, East Brandenburg - Lower Silesia, Trans Pomerania, Southern Pomerania Middle Silesia, Upper Silesia, Southern East Prussia, West and East Prussia, Northern East Prussia including the Memel (Klapedia) area, Eger and Northern Bohemia, Eastern Bohemia and more
Alsace-Lorraine-German Empire West 1882
Posen-Prussia-German Empire East 1882
Silesia-Prussia-German Empire East 1882
Trace your roots from Germany to Britain and help in finding the relevant records in your search
Names (See also
Family Names From West Prussia
Surnames in Dictionary of German-Jewish Surnames
Old German Script Lettering
At the web site, you can download Gothic 1 Regular for Macintosh and Gothic Zip for Windows and there is additional links to more information about German fonts that maybe of help in your translation of old German scripts
According to an Email: I received from Michael Bernet, "The 'gothic' alphabet won't be of much use to any researcher into Jewish Genealogy -- it's a face created by Bishop Ulfilas (A.D.c311-c382), Christian bishop to the Goths who translated the Christian Bible into the Gothic language." "I doubt that a dozen Jews at that time even understood Gothic, and I'm pretty sure none left any records written in Gothic."
Saxony Memorial Foundation
Chief Historian is Dr. Norbert Haase
firstname.lastname@example.org Dresden, Germany is interested in a research project about military personnel who helped Jews to survive the holocaust.
The Journal of German-Jewish Genealogical Research - Werner L. Frank, Editor. The scope focuses on Germany and includes Austria, Switzerland, Alsace, Bohemia and other areas with linguistic and historic relevance.
The Architecture Department of the
Technical University at Darmstadt has opened a digital 3-D architectural museum
A number of WWII bunkers were built deliberately on the sites of synagogues destroyed by the Nazi regime. In Frankfurt, there is a bunker on the site once occupied by the Friedberger Anlage synagogue. Another is in n the city of Braunschweig in Lower Saxony. The Siegen synagogue in North-Rhine Westphalia was destroyed on Kristallnach, a pogrom in November 1938 and there is a bunker in the Hamburg square that once housed the Bornplatz synagogue which is now the home to several Hamburg University faculties, with a memorial marking the site of the destroyed pace of worship. Another bunker was built on the site of Düsseldorf's destroyed synagogue which was used as a hotel in the years after WW II. The site is now the home of the Handelsblatt - a business newspaper. From an article by Harriet Torry published in the Wall Street Journal of January 23, 2013.
This site includes a walk-through several pre-Holocaust German synagogues. One is the synagogue on Oranienburgerstrasse in Berlin and another is one in Frankfurt/Main.
Telephone Directories on the Web
Jewish Genealogy to search my
German Language page
A commercial site offering many language translating programs
Another commercial site that offers a number of translating services - some for free
- Yizkor Books
Pinkas Hakehillot, Germanyah: Bayern
Pinkas Hakehillot, Germanyah: Württemberg, Hohenzollern, Baden
Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Germany
Württemberg, Hohenzollern, Baden (Volume II)
Pinkas Hakehillot, Germanyah: Hesse, Hesse- Nassau, Frankfort
Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Germany -
Hesse, Hesse-Nassau, Frankfort (Volume III)
Pinkas Hakehillot, Germanyah: Tzafon Ma'arav Germanyah
Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Germany - North West Germany (Volume IV)
Zip Codes (Germany)
Cities and Towns in Germany
City gate of Treier
To find where your ancestors came from, try this site
German towns have websites. It would be something like
Has a well kept Jewish cemetery
Adresse der Synagoge
One of Germany's oldest cities, it was founded by Augustus Caesar's stepsons in 15 B.C.E. Between the 15th and 17th centuries, it was one of Europe's highest finance centers, attracting medieval Jews from all over Central Europe. The first known mention of Jews was Joseph von Augsburg in 1212. By 1259, a teaching academy existed, and in 1298 and in 1336, city authorities stopped potential massacres.
Vintners, cattle dealers and moneylenders lived below Judenberg and near Karlstrasse. By the 20th century, there were 1,156 Jews who were also involved in textiles and commerce, and a book business - The Shocken Press. More information about this area can be found in an article "The Romantic Road" - authored by Phyllis Ellen Funke, and published in the June/July 2002 issue of Hadassah Magazine. See the archives at
A suburb only a few miles north of Frankfurt
Map of City of Baden-Baden
Near the Black Forest, the town is famous for their spa's waters
Jewish community with a synagogue. It is also a State within Germany and there are some Jews now living in the area.
Baden Emigration Index
Wurttemberg Emigration Index
Bad Wimpfen sits in two parts on the banks of the
Neckar. There is an
upper town, the Wimpfen am Berg, that houses the
current town center. The lower town, Wimpfen im Tal,
sits on the banks of the Neckar and is much older
Bad Wimpfen also had a thriving Jewish community,
although its synagogue from 1580 was converted into
apartments during the 1930s.
This community was established during the
14th/15th century and up to the end of the 15th century the
was used (Hahn
1988). It appears that a Jewish cemetery existed between
the 16th/18th century in Bad Wimpfen in the area
which was popularly later known as Judenkirchhof,
although its actual location is now unknown.
At this time Jews from Bad Wimpfen also shared the
use of the cemetery in
In the 19th century this was
also the case with the cemetery in
1966 page 45 and
page 44). Bad Wimpfen established their own
cemetery in 1896, which was in use until 1943. A few
tombstones carry brief German inscriptions and some only
names and dates. One such stone, that of a fallen Jewish
soldier of WW1, also depicts the Iron Cross military
decoration. There are memorial inscription of family members
murdered in concentration camps showing on family graves
This city's architecture dates from the 15th through the
17th centuries and is a city of 70,700. The city's
industries include beer as well as textiles and leather
goods. It was ruled by prince-bishops from the 13th
century until 1801 and annexed by Bavaria in 1802.
The town dates to the year 902, and began to prosper in the
twelfth century. Bamberg was the second city (after
Mainz) to introduce book printing. It has a beautiful
medieval inner city that was renovated and restructured in
There is a Jewish cemetery visited by
Michael Bernet in 2000.
A village near Cornau
"Jüdische Friedhöfe in Bayern"
Formerly in Austria, now known as Horni Benesov
in the Czech Republic
- (See also my
"Various Lists of Czechoslovak Inmates at Bergen-Belsen"
There was a large Jewish presence here before WW II
Who Died in Berlin 1943-45"
On May 28, 1942, approximately 200 Berlin Jews are
executed in retaliation for the burning of the anti-Soviet
exhibition on May 18th.
The elected president of
Berlin's Jewish community is Alexander Brenner, replacing
Andreas Nachama on May 2, 2001. The
Berlin Jewish community, Germany's largest, has
increased from about 6,000 to about 12,000 during the last
10 years with the arrival of new immigrants from the former
Soviet Union. Joel Levy is the founding Chair of the Ronald
S. Lauder Foundation in Berlin.
"Neue Synagogue Centrum Judaicum"
apparently holds civil records . For your information, they
state that they hold includes files from almost 400
German Jewish Communities, including more than 1000
files from Berlin (1827-1945), and inventories of
Jewish organizations, smaller estates, and collections. This
inventory has been microfilmed and digitized, and can thus
be viewed on reader-printer or computer.
Berlin Address Book
Offering both addresses and streets from 1799 until 1943. It
is *not* the Jewish address book discussed in 2000 on
GERSIG. It is a general one and it is online! However it is
slightly tricky since the addresses and names are in Gothic
alphabet and though there are instructions in English the
text is in German. It has some drawbacks especially
with umlauts and the combination of the letters c+h.
It also gives the profession but no telephone number.
From a posting by Jacob Rosen on JewishGen
The Centrum Judaicum does have records from the Weissensee Cemetery
on microfilm, you can get a copy of burial cards, burial permits,
and other information by writing to the cemetery in
German, preferably, directly. There are 115,000 graves.
The Centrum Judaicum does not have copies of death certificates or
any other information that is not at the cemetery.
Judischer Friedhof Weissensee
D-13088 Berlin, Germany
For copies of death certificates, you need to know the
neighborhood in Berlin where the death occurred and
was registered. That information should be on the
burial permit you get from the cemetery
The diary of Brigitte Eicke, a
teenager in World War II, is an account of cinema visits,
first kisses, hairdos and dressmaking, along with a brief,
untroubled reference to disappearing
Recently published, it highlights the public indifference
that paved the road to
Authored by Jane Paulick You can download the complete
article over the Internet
A documentary, "In Heaven, Underground" directed by
Britta Wauer, has its somber moments, but its tone is mostly
cheerful as it explores the history behind the gravestones.
Berlin Death Records
You should be able to obtain
the death certificate for the person through the office
covering the area in which the person died. The Berlin
registration office (Standesamt) addresses are
The Jews of Berlin, from
about 1900 until 1933, published their death notices in a
daily paper, Berliner Tageblatt, and that is the best
place to search for deaths. The paper was a liberal
daily, read by all of the Jews of Berlin and it was
considered to be "the Jewish paper".
The death notices are often large, black framed ads, full of
information about the deceased, a list of surviving family
members, etc. The entire run of the paper is available
on microfilm at major libraries. From a posting by Jim
A district in northern Berlin
and includes: Tegel, Wittenau, Dalldorf, Hermsdorf,
Frohnau, Waidmannslust, Luebars, Borsigwalde, Tegelort,
Konradshoehe, Joersfeld, Heiligensee, Freie Scholle and
Schulzendorf. Few, if any Jews lived in this area.
The Berlin's New Synagogue
Used for worship
until 1940 when the building was sequestered, and its vast
cellar was then used as an air-raid shelter before being
destroyed by an air-raid. It was rebuilt in the late
1980s and is now the Jewish Center.
of Berlin - in English
There was a
Jewish presence here before WW II
A former West German state of North
Rhine-Westphalia, opened a synagogue and
community center in Krefeld on 9-14-08
for the growing Jewish
community. In 2008, there were about 300 Jews living in and
around the area. The original synagogue was destroyed
by fire in 1938.
In the Revue
du Cercle de Genealogie Juive, #102,
Pascal FAUSTINI investigates the surnames Blad, Blatt and
Platt, suspecting they share the same roots. Starting in
Metz with Fratie, daughter of Amram Moshe Blad, who
signs her children's premarital agreements from 1738 onward,
the search continues via Rixheim in Alsace, Worms,
Frankfurt and finally Bingen. The author makes
use of all available written and printed sources and finally
of the tombstone inscriptions of the Bingen cemetery.
Thus he traces the Blatt/Blad/Platt family back to a Kalman
Salomon Blad dead on March 7,
1653 in Bingen. Exploiting Ele Toledot, now online on
the Salomon Stinheim Institut website, further namesakes,
probably also originating in Bingen, can be found, up
to individuals living in the 16th century.
Located about 3 km north of Montabaur, which in turn is less than 20 km east of Coblenz on the Rhine River
Birthplace of Ludwig Beethoven, Bonn was once a Roman colony with a population of 300,000. It survived WW II bombings that leveled one third of the city's inner core and served as West Germany's capital from 1949 until after the Berlin Wall came down in 1989.
A resort town on the Rhine River, about 2 hours north of Frankfurt.
There is an old Jewish cemetery in the woods behind the sports complex that is in good condition.
There was a Jewish presence and a Jewish cemetery here. For further information, please scroll down to Buchenau.
"Es is Nicht Leicht, Daruber Zu Sprechen: Der November Pogrom 1938 in Kreis Borken"
(It is not easy to talk about it: the November 1938 pogrom in County Borken)
Located within the district of Bahrenfeld and was founded in 1874.
Brandenburg Prussia Emigration Index
A commercial site. These records are also available on microfiche from the Family History Library under the title: Brndenburgishes Landeshauptarchiv Potsdam. FHL microfiche #6109219, a total of 22 Fiches
"Jüdische Friedhöfe in Brandenburg"
"Brunsvicensia Judaica Gedenkbuch fur die Judischen Mitburger der Stadt
Braunschweig 1933-1945; Waisenhaus-Buchdruckerei und Veriag Braunschweig Autotypien"
(The Jews of Braunschweig: Memory Book for the Jewish Citizens of the city of Braunschweig 1933-1945)
Emigrant List from the former Duchy of Braunschweig 1846-1871
(Except the City of Braunschweig & the County of Holzminden)
At this time, it is in the process of being purchased by the Jewish community. During WWII, it was destroyed by
the Nazis and in its place, a bunker was built.
Located near Wiesbaden.
A Society for the Promotion of the former Jewish Community Center in Breisach, is headed by Dr. Walesch-Schneller and other residents of the town. They are researching local Jewish history, organize visits for Jews originally from Breisach and offer other cultural programs. There are three Jewish families now living in the town.
Bremen (see also
The port of the city of Breman, both of which together form part of the German state of Bremen. Today's zip code of the city center which includes the town hall with its archives, would be D-27568
Transcribed passenger lists of ships departing Bremen and arriving in the USA
Wroclaw Jewish community is one of the oldest on the nowadays Polish territory. Its beginnings are rooted in XII century when Wroclaw was an important trade city, located on the Amber Track and soon developing free trade agreements with Prague, Venice and Karyntia. The life of first Jewish community was focusing around Jewish Street (nowadays Uniwersytecka) where the first synagogue and Jewish school was built.
There appears to be between twenty to thirty microfilms containing records of this Jewish community in the FHL Archives. Births: 1184384; Marriages 1184389; Families: 1184402
Had become an entrance gate to Prussia and other parts of Germany for Jews from Galicia and the Posen province probably because the "Schutzjuden" were only allowed to many one son in Breslau -- so that many stayed only for one generation in Breslau.
A suburb next to the town of Boppard.
There is a
Jewish cemetery located behind the sports complex near some woods. It is surrounded by a chain link fence and is in good condition with about 150 graves, some recent, some 19th century, some overgrown and some well-kept. All had names, dates and some in
Hebrew with some in German or a combination as reported by Sherry Levy-Reiner who visited the area
"The Shipwreck of the Powhattan: Tragedy for Emigrants from Budenthal in 1854." The Palatine Immigrant, vol. 28, no. 3, June 2003, pp. 26-29. Authored by Karl Althoff . "On April 5, 1854, the American ship Powhattan ...had 315 emigrants as passengers destined for New York [sailing from the port of Le Havre]They were within sight
of the coast of New Jersey when the ship sank with all passengers on board.... among that number were 45 Bavarian citizens...from the governmental region of the Pfalz."
Buttenhausen, Germany, Postwar, A monument to
Jews who were killed....
There was a Jewish presence prior to WW II. Ivan Greenhut
email@example.com has an
English translation of "Jeden in Buttenhausen".
A market town in northern Bavaria near Bamberg where Levi Strauss (the inventor of 'Jeans') was born. There is
now a museum dedicated to 'Jeans' in the town. Jews settled in this town in the 17th century. A synagogue was
built around 1740 and by 1810, Jews were one-fifth of the town's population.
A Jewish cemetery was established on a low hill just outside of the town in 1819
Has a well kept
Jewish cemetery and is located in the State of Baden-Wuerttemberg
Located near Bergen-Belsen, it has a synagogue
Im Kreise 23-24
Synagogue was built around 1740 and has been restored and houses an exhibit about the
There was a
Jewish presence here before WW II. A new synagogue was inaugurated on May 24, 2002 in this eastern German city which costs $4.1 million to replace the synagogue destroyed by the Nazis. The building also houses a library and center for the city's 500 member Jewish community.
There was a
Jewish presence here before WW II
There was a Jewish
presence here before WW II. It is a significant railroad center and a port of great commercial importance. Industries include textiles, pharmaceuticals, chocolate and the perfume, eau de cologne. The old part
is characterized by a maze of narrow, crooked streets. On May 31, 1942, the RAF deployed the "Thousand Bomber Raid" for the first time against this city and the raid proved as impressive as it was destructive. By dawn, Cologne
lay in ruins.
Museum in Cologne
In German, but Google will translate into English. You can search for victims of the Nazi-regime from the Cologne area.
Synagogues in Cologne
Liberal Jewish Congregation Cologne, Gescher LaMassoret e.V
This is the website of the Liberal Jewish Congregation Cologne, Gescher LaMassoret e.V. Contact, links, activities. Located on Roonstrasse. Paul Spiegel is president of the German Jewish Community in 2005.
There is an old
Jewish cemetery in this town
Sigmund (Zygmunt in Polish) Nissenbaum, built a synagogue in this community after moving here and making his mark in real estate and import-export businesses. Sigmund, after returning to his native Poland after 40 years, and finding the Jewish cemeteries in Poland in terrible condition, funded the restoration of many cemeteries and synagogues throughout Poland thorough his Nissenbaum Foundation in Warsaw. He died in August, 2001 and is buried in Constance Jewish cemetery. The synagogue, consecrated in 1883, was burned down in November 1938.
A village in Lower Saxony
"The Jewish Community of Cottbus 1930s - 1945"
A list of about 800 names of Jewish families from this city, located southwest of Berlin
The court Jew's residence is now the green baroque Gruener Hof Inn.
There are several Jewish cemeteries and in nearby
(Juedisches Museum Creglingen)
The Wuerzburg synagogue in the community center complex serves a
growing Jewish population today. The original synagogue
location is marked by a plaque. A canal with a waterwheel fed
the 1821 mikva'ot'oth
Creglingen Tourist Office
Darmstadt Archive Address
Karolinenplatz 3, D-64289
The city web site (in German):
Regional Special Interest Groups
The site includes links to
Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and
Stammbaum German SIG at
Dietesheim am Main
A book, authored by Mr. Joeg Neumeister-Jung, discusses the Jewish
population of the town. Further information is available by
contacting Steven Warner SWarner317@aol.com
Jews that can trace their roots here include the Feuchtwangen family
which includes the writer Leon and musician Peter. Nearby
Schoplach retains its original timbered Jewish school, and on an
opposite pink wall, a synagogue memorial. Jews once comprised
over 300 of the total population. A patois developed here, a
mix of Yiddish, Hebrew, German and the local dialect.
Called Lachoudisch - and supposedly a secret traders-only
language - virtually all inhabitants spoke it. More information is
available at the Hadassah web site's Archives
Situated northeast of Heilbronn.
Information about this town may be obtained by writing to
Rathaus of Kuenzelsau
German Zip Code: D-74677
Dobrzyca (Kordeshagen, (Koszalin, Poland)
Formerly called Kordeshagen, Pommem (Pomerania), Germany; now
Dobrzyca (Koszalin), Poland. It is located on
the coast in northern Poland, near Koszalin.
Part of the former province Pommern, Prussia (Germany)
is now in the re-designated province of Zachodniopomorskie.
Another town by the same name
is located northwest of Poznan and just north of Pil~a
(Pil~a was known as Schneidemuhl during the Prussian era).
It was part of the former province of Posen, Prussia
and today it is the province of Wielkopolska.
Dobrzyca (Dobberschutz, Posen, Germany, now Dobrzyca
(Pleszew) Poznan, Poland) Another town by the same
name is located southeast of Jarocin and northeast of
Krotoszyn, due west of Pleszew. It was formerly
known as Dobberschutz, Posen, Germany, but now
Dobrzyca (Pleszew) Poznan, Poland. It was
part of the former province of Posen, Prussia (Germany)
during pre-WWI. Today, it is in the province of
Prussia, or Preussen,
Was a very large
German Kingdom which included parts of both western and eastern
Europe in its heyday. The LDS Family History Library holds
microfilms of the Jewish and Civil Records (in varying numbers for
each separate place) for all three Dobrzycas. Just run
a place search for Dobrzyca in their on-line catalog at
There are slightly more than 30,000 living today in this city that
was totally destroyed in WW !! The city is located
on the banks of the Elbe river and not far from the Czech
capital of Prague.
Hatikvah Meeting Place
A source for cultural and historical
information about the city's Jewish community Mr. Goldenbogen, is
the historian and director.
A new synagogue, that has room for 300 worshipers,
has been constructed in this former East German city.
Rabbi Shneer Havlin runs a Lubavitch congregation. Roman
Koenig is president of the Dresden Jewish community. On
November 9-10, 1938 the Dresden synagogue was one of many
synagogues burnt in the infamous Kristallnacht, however, a 24 year
old fireman saved the Jewish Star of David and returned it to be
used in the rebuilding of a new synagogue. On that same night,
nearly 100 Jews were killed and tens of thousands of Jewish men were
Twenty-five Jews were living here in 1828, but the community was not
established until 1875, when it numbered around 50. In 1814,
there were three Jewish families, in 1828, 25 and in 1880 there were
50 or 5.8% of the total population of 866. The dead were buried in
the Cemetery in Gross-Gerau.
There is/was a Steelerstrasse Synagogue in Essen
which consisted of a 100 foot dome abutted by four stair towers.
A similar design was created for the Congregation Beth Israel in
The former Essen synagogue, completed in 1913 by master
builder Edmund Körner on behalf of the Jewish community, is the only
free-standing major synagogue structure to have survived - at least
externally - the Second World War. Today, it constitutes a unique
cultural and architectural monument.
Had a Jewish community
Falkenberg, Germany, Jews at forced labor in the Geppersdorf camp.
Located south of Berlin. Names from this town from
1812-1874 appear on microfilm available through the LDS
Family History Centers and the film number is 1418020:
Austerlitz, Berliner, Cohn, Courland, Dienstfertig, Epstein, Forell,
Fraenkel, Glaser, Goldstein, Heymann/Heimann, Sax/Sachs, Schindler,
Silberberg, Ullmann and Welsch.
This region includes the villages of Kestrich, Windhausen,
Ermenrod, Stumpenrod, Stondorff and many other villages
and towns in the Vogelsberg area. Contact for further
information is Ed Schechter
of in Oberhausen, Germany dedicated a Rural Jewish Museum.
The building site was the former synagogue of the town which was
looted but not destroyed during Kristallnacht.
Regional Special Interest Groups
The site includes links to
Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and
German SIG at
Located within the district of Langenfelde and was founded in
It has a small Jewish cemetery that is not in use today
There was once a Jewish presence here
am Main )
Men Carry Lulav and Etrog during Sukkoth at the Friedberger Anlage
Neue Synagogue in
Germany's financial center and transportation hub as well as the
host of some important trade fairs. Institut fur
Jewish Families of Frankfurt am Main
By 1848 Fuerth’s Jews constituted 17.5
percent of the general population. As late as 1935, 50% of the
14.5 % of the retailers. Go to Google and search:
Fuerth Jews for a wealth of information
Regional Special Interest Groups German information
and links. The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG,
Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German
The Crown of the Torah – A
Testimony of the Jewish Community of Jebenhausen
Whenever a museum expands its collection, then this
usually comes about through purchases or donations. At
the end of the 1960s a new entrant was added to the
museum collection, but this through the most unusual
means: the object, wrapped in packaging without any
notices or comments, was given to the city hall. The
bearer of the object remained anonymous. Out from the
packaging emerged a plate inscribed with
lettering. It was assumed that this plate was a witness
to those in the
Göppingen Jewish community
members persecuted, expelled, and annihilated during the
time of national socialism. Because such Ten Commandment
plates were used frequently in southwest
German Jewish communities
to crown the torah shrine, it was then concluded that
the plate found its origins from the
was saved from the rubble created by the synagogue’s
destruction in 1938 and was thereafter preserved.
The Jewish population, (or Kehila), in this, the
Czartoryski Territories in 1776, obtained from Appendix I of the
"The Lords' Jews, Magnate-Jewish Relations in the
Commonwealth during the 18th
M. J. Rosman amounted to 1.024.
The history of the Jewish community (German
issue goes to the time
of the 18th Century ago,
could, in earlier centuries, have lived at the site. The
18th Century documents are the oldest entries in a
register of births, starting with the birth of Jaunle (?)
Bachrach, son of
Abraham Baruch 15 May 1734 .
In 1770 there
were six Jewish families at the site. In 19th Century
the number of Jewish
inhabitants were as
follows: 1814 18 Jewish families (56
in 1828, 186 in 1861 (26.9%
of total population 692), 170
in 1880 (25.5%
of 666) ,
was the city with
followed by Niedenstein )
1895 127 (19.2%
1910 128 (20.0%
of 640, in 30 families). Among
household heads, there were merchants, traders, but also
saddler and upholsterer, bakers, tailors, two shoemakers).
At facilities there
existed a synagogue, a
from 1839 to 1929),
a ritual bath and a cemetery . There
was a teacher employed,
who was also working as a cantor and shochet. After
elementary school, the first teacher of Saul Buchberger Friedberg . The
Jewish teachers were
Grebenau state and also taught
Christian pupils, especially since a 1899 merger between
Protestant school was carried out as a simultaneous
school, taught at the now two
Protestant and one
Jewish teacher. The
village belonged to the Liberal Provinzial rabbinat in
1924 , when the
community were still 86 people (12.5%
of total population 687),
was the community leader Abraham Weihl, Siegmund Schwab and
Now in Thuringia. The boundaries of the contemporary
German states have little in common with those of 100 years ago.
The Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer refers to its entry for
Grodzisk which is on a railroad line in Poznan Province.
In 1946, it had a population of 6,015.
Chester G. Cohen lists a number of names for people from this town.
1882/1883 wurde die
Photo obtained from this web site
Here you will find much information and other photos, plus family
homes. This web site was created by students in
Gunzenhausen, Germany (about 100 km SW of Fuerth and
Nuremberg). The teacher had students research the
Jewish Households that lived in the town before WWII and made a
website out of what they learned--including
photos of the homes of the families, family names, some
documents, etc. They researched house ownership as far back at the
1600s in some cases. They keep adding information to the website,
like advertisements for the family businesses in old newspapers.
Perhaps you can find people related to you at the site. Carol
firstname.lastname@example.org provided this information and the
URL for this site.
Emil Fackenheim, renowned Jewish thinker was born here. He
died in Jerusalem, September 2003. His works included 'Paths
to Jewish Belief, God's Presence in History' and "To Mend the
Located in the former East German state of Saxony-Anhalt,
the synagogue has rededicated its 300 year old Torah Scroll after
its restoration in Ukraine.
Hainchen, Kreis Büdlingen
The first Jews to settle here was in the 1580s and were
Portuguese traders - Conversos who "passed" as
Christians. Hamburg is Germany's largest port
and is 75 miles inland from the North Sea. Detailed
information about this city
can be read in an article authored by Lois Gilman in the
November 2008 issue of Hadassah Magazine.
In 1612, 125 Sefardim were granted official residence permits for
five years on the payment of 1,000 marks. The Jewish
population grew to over 600 by 1663 and was relocating to the
A second Jewish community was established in the nearby fishing
village of Altona which was under Danish rule and more
liberal. Around 1842, after the great fire, two prominent Jews were
Gumprich Marcus Warburg and Salomon Heine. Warburg's two
eldest sons founded M.M. Warburg & Company which grew into an
international private banking firm.
Some 6,400 Jews lived in Hamburg by 1800. Other special
events occurring during this era were: the opening of the Talmud
Torah School for the Poor by Mendel Frankfurter, grandfather of the
famous Orthodox rabbi, Samson Raphael Hirsch.
At the turn of the 20th century, many
Jews had moved from
Neustadt to the Grindel area (known as little
Jerusalem). In 1906, the community built an imposing
Romanesque synagogue in Bornplatz; it was set afire on
Kristallnacht in 1938 and demolished in 1939. Bornplatz was
renamed Joseph-Carlebach Platz to honor Chief Rabbi Joseph
Carlebach who served from 1936 until his deportation to Riga.
BallinStadt Family Research Center
You can get details about
passengers who embarked between 1850 and 1934; birthplace, place of
residence, occupation, destination and other family members.
The digitized archive of five million names is free onsite and is
also available for a fee at
Hamburg became a "free Imperial city" as far back as
1510. There was also (pre-Hitler), a small state of
Hamburg, including the city, which had a bicameral legislature.
Hamburg was one of several Free Hanseatic cities.
The Jewish population peaked at 20,000 in 1925 from a total of a
million overall population. In 2008, the total population of the
city is 1.75 million residents in an area of 300 square miles and is
Germany's second largest city. The Jewish community now
numbers about 3,500, though the actual true figure is really not
known as many Jews still hide their identity as Jews.
Judischer Friedhof Cemetery
Konigstrasse and has been in use from 1611 to 1869. Guided
tours are available from Der Museumdienst Hamburg (49 40 428 1310)
Located at Grindelhof 30
Liberale Judische Gemeinde Hamburg
Phone 49 40 3208 6677
19th century, Hamburg was a key city in the European
migration to the New World. Five million
emigrants, first from Germany and later from Eastern
Europe and Russia passed through the port. The head of the
Hamburg-American line (HAPAG) was Albert Ballin, a Jew who
used cut-rate fares to lure travelers to Hamburg and then
claimed "my field is the world".
In 1901, the HAPAG company opened an emigration town to house the
emigrants-to-be. BallinStadt, south of the
Elbe River on Veddel Island. It was a self-contained village of
red-brick dormitories, dining halls with a kosher canteen, stores,
church, synagogue and hospital that served up to 5,000 emigrants at
a time - man of them
In 1841, the
Israelitische Krankenhaus - The Jewish Hospital - opened at 2
Simon-von-Utrecht Strasse in the St.
During the 17th and 18th centuries was where
Jews, such as those who lived in neighboring Altona, were permitted
to enter or leave the city. It is in the St. Pauli district.
Museum for Hamburg History
Located at Holstenwall 24
Phone: 49 40 4281 3223-80
There is a small permanent exhibit on
Jewish life in Hamburg from 1580 to the present.
Rabbi Eduard Dukesz officiated in Hamburg prior to WW II and
published several books and articles on the Hamburg Jewish
Honoring those who
synagogue (long gone) was established at what is now Alter
Wall 48/49, near the intersection of downtown's Alter Wall and
Mönkedamm. A bunker in the Hamburg Square, once housed the
and now is the home to several Hamburg University faculties,
with a memorial marking the site of the destroyed
place of worship.
34 Hohe Weide
Was built in 1960. To
attend a service, you must call ahead.
Founding of a Reform temple happened in 1841 - The New Israelite
Temple Society; and the building of its first temple at 43/45
Hanau am Main
There is a Jewish cemetery/cemeteries located here
Jewish Cemetery in Hannover
A number of Holocaust survivors
recovered here after the Holocaust.
"Synagogengeimiende" in Hannover"
file is located in the LDS film library.
Located in Bavaria once had a Jewish population as did
many surrounding villages.
Map of city provided to Ted and Shirley Margulis when they stayed at
with a synagogue and cemetery existed in the early 14th century, and
was destroyed in the Black Death persecutions of 1348-49, with all
property expropriated by Elector Rupert I.
A new community was established within a number of years.
traded in cattle and operated stalls in the
municipal market as well as engaging in brokerage and money
lending. In 1390 they were expelled by Rupert II together with all
the Jews of the Palatinate.
Few Jews lived in
up to the late 17th century. The Oppenheimer family arrived around
1660, with the
well-known Court Jew Joseph Suess Oppenheimer born there in
1698. By 1743, 12
were present as
the community continued to expand despite local opposition. In
were admitted to
for the first time and maintained a student body of 19
throughout the century.
The city dates back to the 12th century and much has been preserved
having avoided damage during WW II. The University Library
houses the 14th century Manesse Manuscript of medieval songs
Der Synagogenplatz um 1985
In 1492 it was the central burial grounds for
Jews in and around Heilbronn, Wimpfen and the country
Has a Jewish cemetery which is not cared for.
1936 stellten sich jüdische
Männer von Hemsbach zu einem Foto auf der Treppe zur
Synagoge auf; von links: Moses Simon, Wilhelm Oppenheimer,
Hermann Simon, Caesar Oppenheimer, Ernst Günzburger, Moritz
Oppenheimer, Lehrer Siegfried Gold, unbekannt, Oppenheimer,
Josef Oppenheimer, Theo Pfälzer, Adolf Plaut, Meier Plaut
und Karl Pfälzer.
be one of the first towns on the motorway leading from
A home to
since the 17th century, the town's
peaked in 1846 when 142 represented about one-tenth of all
its citizenry. By 1933 there were still 54 left. Nowadays,
now restored, bear testimony to their former presence. More
than 300 years old, the cemetery is situated east of town in
a romantic forested setting.
from neighbouring locales are also buried there
(Quelle: Die Hemsbacher Synagoge,
Hrsg. von Edwin H. Höhn 1988 s. Lit.)
Heppenheim an der Bergstrafe, Hesse-Darmstadt
house (1916–38) in
Now the headquarters of the International
Council of Christians and Jews.
There were Jews living
by the Middle
The town was part of the Archbishopric of Mainz from 1232 to
1803 and there were repeated ecclesiastical measures
undertaken to persecute
life in the town was wiped out during the persecution that
1348 and 1349. The modern community was founded in the 17th
century. About 1900, there were some 40
families, with 200 to 300 people living in town. That figure
fell to 113 people by 1933, a result of migration and
Located in the north - the western
after more than 70 years after the old synagogue was
destroyed under Nazi rule opened their new synagogue.
The old synagogue of
was destroyed under Nazi rule in the so-called “Kristallnacht”
(night of broken glass)
pogrom of November 9, 1938, when synagogues and
shops where destroyed all over
The new synagogue was built for two million euros (2.7
at the original site of its predecessor after the prayer
room in a neighbouring building had become too small. Like
the community of
has grown significantly due to the influx of
from the former Soviet Union since 1990.About 110,000
currently live in
including some 30,000 in
North Rhine-Westphalia state.
Since the mid-1990s ten new synagogues have been built in
"There is much history to this part of Germany, of course, but the
origin of Hessen-Kessel really goes back to Philip, Landgrave of
Hessen, one of the greatest of Hessen rulers, who reunited many of
the then disparate territories during the Lutheran Schmalkaldic War
of the 1540s. In 1526, Philip had introduced Lutheranism and
the following year founded the University of Marburg. He was
also one of the leaders of the Schmalkaldic League in 1531.
died in 1567, his Hessen was divided among his four sons into
Hessen-Kassel, Hessen-Marburg, Hessen-Rheinfels
Hessen-Kassel at this time, was shaped something like a very
broad Y lying on its side, and extended from
Karlshafen in the north to Ziegenhain in the south,
and from Fitzlar in the west to Eschwee in the east.
It had been given to Wilhelm IV (the Wise) (1532-1592),
Philip's eldest son; it encompassed about 1/2 of Philip's holdings
The Herrschaft Schmalkalden, in Thüringen, was added in
1583, at the death of his brother Philip, and later Plessa
and parts of Hoya and Henneberg.
By 1650 (after the Peace of Westfalen of 1648 ending the Thirty
Years' War), Hessen-Kassel included various territories as
far west as Frankenberg, Brendenkopt and Marburg.
In 1736, the Graftschafte (countships) Hanau-Lichtenberg and
Hanau-Munzenberg were added to Hessen-Kessel which by this time
was a much more powerful Duchy.
In 1803, Bonaparte raised Hessen-Kassel to the status of an
electorate, and it was then known as "Kurhessen", after Jena
in 1806, it was occupied by the French. In 1807, he
joined Hessen-Kassel to Westfalen along with
Braunschweig and Hannover. In 1816, the old
lands of Fulda were restored, but Katzenelbogn was
lost; as compensation, Hessen-Kassel was raised to a Grand
duchy. Various small additions and deletions of territories
continued to occur as they had for decades, but by 1866, the
Grand duchy of Hessen-Kassel looked like a backwards "C", with
the top of the "C" being very thick. It now extended from
Karlshafen in the north to Hanau and Gelnhausen in
the south; the top, thick part of the "C" had extended s far west as
Frankfurt. The Grand duchy still included the separated
territory of Schmalkalden in Thüringen, but also now
included Schaumburg in Schaumburg-Lippe.
Finally, in 1867, Hessen-Kassel ceased to exist as an entity;
most of its territory was absorbed into the "new"
Hessen-Nassau, a large doughnut-shaped territory that extended
as far west as Koblenz and Katzenellenbogen, with and
area from Homburg to Frankfurt, and from
Schlitz to Wetzlar being the doughnut's "hole". From a
posting by P. S. Wyant.
translation by Elborg Forster
of the Jews in Hessen"
was not what Paul Arnsberg set out to write, as he remarked
in the two
-volume work on
he published in 1971. Given
the "existing and published historical materials, there is
no need for such a history ... and moreover it would hardly
say anything new." Because
of certain historically determined peculiarities it is
indeed necessary to examine the
congregations in specific regions of
hence the focus on the
where Hilda Stern's family made its home.
Cemetery in Hohenhausen (Kalletal)
Located SW of Hannover
Friedhof Ohlsdorf or Jüdischer
Friedhof Ilandkoppel) also known as Ilandkoppel
Jewish Cemetery is
It is the only operating
and still used for burials according to the
Jewish ritual and
tradition. It is adjacent to the large non-denominational Ohlsdorf
more than 1.5 million people are buried.
cemetery was established in 1882/83 by the Ashkenazi and
Sephardic communities following contracts with the City of
Hamburg, which remained owner of the land. It is
Jewish cemetery in Hamburg in use today
A Jewish community in Wuerttemberg from 1777 to 1900.
This site contains links to information on the Synagogue, Cemetery
and Families of this Jewish village
Located with the district of Wandsbek and was founded in
1886. It has a small disused Jewish cemetery.
"Juchen: Ausgegrenzt. Ausgeliefert. Ausgeloscht. Oberlebt?"
(Juchen: Displaced. Extradited. Obliterated. Survive?)
Has a Jewish cemetery which still shows signs of war
A major city and important Jewish center
A 2,000 year old city at the confluence of the Moselle and Rhine
rivers and the center for the wine trade of the Middle Rhine region.
It was originally a Roman military outpost (about 9 BC) and then in
the 13th century the city was a member of the Hanseatic League, a
commercial federation of European cities. Following the
French Revolution in 1799, Koblenz came under French
rule, and a short time after that, in 1815, it was Prussia's
turn. After WW I (1918), it was occupied for a time by
American and French troops. During WW II it was
heavily damaged from bombings.
(now Bad Friedrichshall, Baden Wuerttemberg)
Located near Heilbronn.
There was a
Alice Josephs offers her genealogy website
also runs the Herz Family genealogy and Kochendorf genealogy mailing
lists. To subscribe, send an Email: to
or visit the website with a searchable archive at
(Heilbronn) Jewish Cemetery
A virtual tour is at
Chief town of Upper Alsace, Germany, on the Lauch and the
Fecht rivers and in the province of Posen in 1817. At the beginning
of the thirteenth century Colmar had a large community of
Jews, who enjoyed the favor of the municipal authorities. They
occupied a special quarter, where they had a synagogue. The building
was destroyed by fire in 1279.
The Standesamt, has records from 1800 on. The building
itself was damaged in WW II, but records were not.
Bergen Postfach 1199. D-29296
There are supposedly
8000 Jewish people buried in the
Birth Certificates, Family History
Located in Rhineland-Pfalz, near Trier
Located about 50 km north of Ulm, in today's
Situated northeast of Heilbronn. It is probably the
district's main place. Write to the Rathaus of Kuenzelsau for
further information. German zip Code: D-74653
The city has a Jewish cemetery which still
shows signs of war damage
Renamed Konigsreihe, is located with the district of Wandsbek
and was founded in 1637. It was closed in 1886.
There was a Jewish presence here before WW II
There was a Jewish presence here before WW II
There was a Jewish presence before WW II.
A small town near the University town of Giessen in the
German state of Hesse.
Located in northern Germany and about 40 miles northeast of
Hamburg. The town is famous for its red-brick Gothic
architecture. It has a small Jewish population that has been growing
with the influx of Russian Jews.
There is a synagogue which has had several bomb
threats and in March, 1994, was firebombed by neo-Nazis. The
synagogue is located at St.-Annen-Strasse 13 in the Old Town.
The Gutenberg Museum
Opened in 2000 where the
Gutenberg printing press and Bible are housed. The inventor,
Johannes Gutenberg was born here in 1397. He was the first to create
Index of Names in Memorbuch of Mannheim
Maroldsweisach ( A small village)
In the Revue du Cercle de Genealogie Juive, #102
Revue 102. Summary A genealogical enquiry from Metz to
the Rhine valley
The posterity of Raphakl Vorms
from Bionville, (Part three) Louis VORMS and Guy
WORMS close their 3-part article
on the descendency of Raphakl Vorms from Bionville,
their common ancestor born in Bionville on Nied (
and died there in 1801. The list of his descendants, limited
to those deceased during the early 20th century,
contains several hundred entries.
More about Claude
Levi-Strauss Thanks to the Paris vital records recently put
on-line, Guy WORMS publishes his latest discoveries and
corrections about the ancestors of Claude Livi-Strauss, the well
known French ethnologist recently deceased.
Michelbach an der Luecke
There is a mid-eighteenth century synagogue behind
Judengasse 4 that survived Kristallnacht and is currently a museum
commemorating the area's Jews. Among displayed memorabilia are a
concentration camp jacket; a tiny Swabian Torah; and bits from the
Geniza, accidentally rescued when page fragments from sacred books
noticed in a trash can. There is a local contact Dieter
Kleinhass telephone 795 532-42. Further information about
this area can be found in an article "The Romantic Road"
in The Hadassah Magazine of June/July 2002
This page contains photos of door frames that show "Mezuzahs"
imprints on the wooden frames.
A municipality in
Mühlheim am Main
A book, authored by Mr. Joeg Neumeister-Jung, discusses the Jewish
population of the town. Further information
is available by contacting Steven Warner
an der Donau
There was a large Jewish presence here before WW II, today it
is the second largest Jewish community, after Berlin.
A new community center is being constructed in the heart of this
city on Jakobsplatz and will feature a glass-topped synagogue, a
Jewish school, museum and kosher restaurant. It is expected to
be completed in 2005. The current community headquarters, in
Munich's cultural and political center, is tucked into a small
building with an enclosed courtyard.
Charlotte Knobloch is the president of Munich's 8,000 member
"Juden in Buttenhausen"
Published in German
by the city of Munsingen in 1994
Located in the Prussian province
Population in 1905, 15,845
Now currently Prudnik, Opole, Poland. The archive address is
Urzad Miasta i Gminy w Prudniku,
ul. T. Kosciuszki 3, 48-200
Regional Special Interest Groups
The site includes links to
Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum -
Scattered tombstones have been recovered and the
Jewish cemetery, Gute Ort, has been
restored in this former
East German town.
There are also records for Nieder-Weisel which is in Hessen, including Evangelical Lutheran
church, civil registration, and Jewish records. If you go to
and click on Search for Ancestors and then Family History Library Catalog and then go to
Place and write in the city/town you want, you can see what is available
There was a Jewish presence here before WW II. The Yizkor book is
available in PDF format
List of emigrants from the village of Hegensdorf in
Nordrhein-Westfalen and includes the nearby village of
13th century city of 490,500 people. In 1806, Bavaria
acquired control of Nuremberg, and in 1835 it became the
final stop on the first German railroad. From 1933 to 1938 it
was the site of the annual conventions of the National Socialist
German Workers (Nazi Party). It was at a 1935 meeting
that the notorious Nuremberg Laws were put into effect, depriving
German Jews of many civil rights. During the 14th and 15th
centuries, it was a great intellectual center of Europe.
Nurnberg was devastated by bombs in WW II. Much of the
city was rebuilt and its Old World charm was restored.
Germanic National Museum
Contains the largest collection of
Germanic art and culture from pre-history to the present. The
museum is a cluster of buildings, from a 13th century monastery to
one built in 1993 by Israeli architect Dani Karavan, all celebrating
the culture, technology and crafts of Germany from prehistoric times
through to the present.
Gerhard Jochem of the Nuremberg City Archives contributed
additions and corrections to the necrology and by following the
links from this site you will find additional information
"Memorial Book for Nuremberg's Victims of Shoah"
Micheline Gutmann, of the GenAmi French Genealogy Society, has
authored an article in the Number 14 GenAmi Newsletter, entitled
"A Touristic and Genealogical tree in
Germany" which includes Nurnberg, Rothenburg,
Fuerth, Bamberg, Weimar and Leipzig
Once located in Prussia, but now is known as Giogowek,
Has a well kept cemetery. Here is a very interesting family site
that contains a great deal of information.
There were 12,245 Jews living in the area in 1871
The Jewish cemetery is open and the keys may be obtained from the
The Jewish cemetery was founded in 1663 with
approximately 1,000 graves. In 1941, it was desecrated by the
National Socialist regime and disturbed by the building of bunkers
in 1939 and 1942/43. In 1995, the "Mercado" shopping center
was erected on the spot, after consultation with a rabbi from
Israel. A plaque has been erected at the site.
Fax 09123 / 9691-20
Web Site (In German)
One of Germany's oldest and most picturesque medieval cities.
It is located at the eastern edge of Bavaria near the
Austrian border. It is situated at the confluence of the
Danube, the Ilz and the Inn Rivers. Called the
Dreifluessestadt (City on Three Rivers) because of its
location, Passau is an elegant town. An interesting photo
site of Passau and other German and Czech cities
are available at Bill Ernst's web site
Select Europe for some fantastic photos - a
real treat and definitely of interest.
Synagogue in Pflaumloch
Listing of the municipalities in the province Pommern (conditions:
May 1939) in both German and in English
Located outside Berlin, a new synagogue will be built for a
community that has grown to 800 from practically nothing before the
fall of the Berlin Wall.
At one time it was in Hungary
This is Germany's largest medieval city. It is
beautifully preserved as it suffered no damage during WW II.
Schleswig-Holstein Applications of Emigration, 1868-1870
Reminiscences of Jacob Greenbaum, Sr., written for his children in
Rödelheim, Frankfurt am Main, Hesse
Use the following web site and fill in the requested name
Located near Posen and it had Jewish Community at one time.
Located in Bavaria
"Departure And Return: Trips
To And Memories From Roth, Germany"
Authored by Walter Roth, it is a memoir of life as the last
Jewish child born in the village of Roth, in 1929, and as
a refugee in Chicago in the 1940s. On visits to his
birthplace, Roth, an attorney, describes uneasy reunions with
villagers and new bonds formed with the next generation.
Rothenburg Ob Der Tauber
Jews appeared in 1180 when a rabbi's presence was noted and a
community was first recorded in 1241. Rabbi Meir ben Baruch (the
Maharam) arrived and established a leading learning center in
1246. In 1298 there were more than 500 Jews out of a total
population of 3,500, and most were massacred during the Rindfleisch
persecutions. Many, including Jews from surrounding areas,
fled to the Rothenburg castle, but were incinerated
there. Nine hundred Jews were killed making this the worst
In the 1300s, Jews once again established a community and in 1520,
they faced 'expulsion' by a so-called 'cleansing' measure'.
Only in 1875 did eight families come to start a new community, but
membership didn't exceed one hundred. The thirteenth and
fourteenth century houses along the Judengasse comprise one of
German's best preserved Jewish quarters. Beyond the hill's
foot is the Imperial City Museum in whose basement is a Jewish
section with medieval tombstones.
Off Kirchplatz lies the 12th century partially fortified
Kapellenplatz, where the first Jewish quarter existed. The
Judentanzhaus (Jewish Dance house) begun in the 14th century
and rebuilt after WW II, borders the Meir ben Baruch Garden,
partially enclosed by a wall embedded with medieval Jewish
tombstones. More information about this city can be found in
the June/July 2002 issue of Hadassah Magazine.
This is one of the best preserved walled towns in Germany.
There is the Judentanzhaus (Jew's dance hall) which was
converted to other uses after the Jews were expelled in the 13th
century. There are a number of Jewish tombstones incorporated
into the wall outside the house. The Imperial Museum has a Judaica
room which includes some religious articles including a Torah
breastplate and the Book of Esther and some Jewish tombstones with
the translation of the names on the stones.
Rottweil am Neckar
Located in southern Germany in the State of Baden-Wurttemberg. Jews
have lived here from the 14th century
An ancient little town known for it's Riesling wines. Use the
following web site and fill in the requested name information
Emigrants from Reimsbach (Saarland) to America
An area of Germany i.e. Schleswig Holstein
Dithmarschen Emigrants (1868-1920)
A listing of about 3600
people who emigrated from
Now in western Poland had a Jewish community
(Sroda in Polish)
Located 20 miles southeast of Poznan, in Poznan Province.
It had a population of 9,872 in 1946.
Located within the district of Harburg and was founded at the
end of the 17th century. It has a small, disused Jewish
Schwäbisch Gmünd (German
is a town in the eastern part of the
With a population of around 60,000, the town is the second largest
in the Ostalbkreis and
the whole region of
East Württemberg after Aalen.
The town is a Große
Kreisstadt, a chief town under district administration; it was
the chief town of its own rural
the district reform on 1 January 1973
"Der Jüdische Friedhof in Schwäbisch Hall Steinbach"
"Eine Gute Woche! Jüdische Türme as Schwäbisch Gmünd"
(The Jewish Towers in Schwäbisch Gmünd) [Hardcover]
Selz and the Kutschurgan Valley
Sepolno Krajenskie (Zempelburg Westpreussen [W. Prussia]
Before WWI (c. 1900) was Zempelburg Westpreussen [W. Prussia],
A bunker was built on the site the synagogue which
is in North Rhine Westphalia, and the synagogue building was
destroyed on Kristallnacht.
"History of the Stern Family of Soest"
Authored by Greta
Direct-line descendants can get a copy of a death certificate from
Germany by writing to the town Standesamt for years after
1874. Copies cost 7 EU each and they take cash. You can
obtain Euros from your local bank.
The town lost part of the original Jews between 1850 and 1915 when
they emigrated to the US. Those Jews who were left
behind, in some cases, were able to flee from the Nazis or were
killed by them. John is trying to trace those Jewish families
who were in the first wave.
email@example.com founded "Museumsverein
Synagogue Staudernheim" in 1989 to restore the former synagogue.
Stein am Kocher
The Jewish Community and Cemetery along with a transcription 'Standesbuch
fur die Judische Gemeinde Stein am Kocher'
There are at least 26 towns in Germany named Steinberg
- from Bavaria to Schleswig Holstein.
A Pomeranian (German) city for hundreds of years.
At the end of WWII, Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt awarded it to
Poland in compensation for eastern Polish territories
that were given to the Soviet Union. At that stage Stettin was
renamed Szczecin. The Germans were expelled.
The Jewish community, dating in modern times to 1812, had previously
been deported in 1940 and later killed by the Germans in
Poland. This was the first German Jewish community to be so
treated by the Nazis.
In the Jewish Encyclopedia (in the 1950's) there were about a 1000
Polish Jews in the city, but that these had mostly left during
the Polish anti-Semitic persecutions in the late 1960's.
The old Jewish cemetery is completely decimated, but
a dozen or so grave stones were preserved and placed in a small
square. The German cemetery was completely destroyed.
Stockstadt am Rhein is a village of about 2,000 people with two
Jewish families in 1938.
Located not far from Liebenwalde.
Mecklenburg-Strelitz is a Kreis (district) in the
southern part of
Has several Jewish cemeteries
There is information available at:
ul. Lipowa 7
Mr. Zygmunt Proniewicz is maintaining the museum privately.
Tel: (0 1044 55) 247 80 71
"Süssen is Now Free of Jews—World War II, the Holocaust, and Rural
Authored by Gilya Gerda Schmidt and published by
Fordham University Press, 2012. The story of two Jewish families
whose lives were drastically altered by Hitler’s rise to power and
Postcard of Tilsit on the River Memel sent by Leah Silberg on
leaving for Palestine, 1924
A town of Germany, in the Prussian province of East
Prussia, situated on the left bank of the Memel or Niemen rivers
"Holocaust. 2. From the persecution of the Jews to Mass Murder"
Trier existed 1,300 years before Rome, proclaims the
inscription on Trier's Rotes Haus (Red House). Although
Trier is Germany's oldest city, it was actually founded
by the Romans around 16 B.C.
Albert Einstein was born here on March 14, 1879 and died on April
18, 1955 at age 76. His ashes were scattered at an undisclosed
place around Princeton, New Jersey.
Has a well kept cemetery
The Steinfelds lived for generations in the town of Versmold,
country NW in Germany. In the testament of Bernhard
Steinfeld, born 1817 and died 1893, something is written about his
children. The mother of Bernhard Steinfeld was Esther Abraham and
the name of his stepfather was Bendix Heilbrunn. Bernhard s sister
was called Malchen, born 1814. This information is written in a book
by Volker Beckmann title:
"Judische Berger im Amt
Bernhard Steinfeld was married to Vogel
Nathanson and they had five children.
1.Mathilde St. was married to Salomon Wolf. They married in 1865.
2.Bertha St. was married to Salli Kaufmann in1874. Salli was a
cattle-trader. They had two children, Therese and Fedor. Family
Kaufmann emigrated to New York. 3.Sprinsgen St. was married to the
cattle-trader Simon Dejong in 1855. Simon was from Ahaus.
4.Julie St., was the owner of a linen shop in Dusseldorf.
5.Abraham St., born 30.04.1852 and died 1920. He was the main-heir
and after his father s death the owner of a slaughter firm, a farm
with cows and the residence Wiesenstr. 1 in Versmold. Abraham
was married with Julie Gumprich, born 06.12.1857 in Borghorst
No.15. The parents of Julie were Salomon Gumprich and Sophia
Meyberg. Julie Steinfeld died 11.10.1943 in Theresienstadt.
Abraham and Julie Steinfeld had five children.
1. Erna was
married to Mr. Meyer. He was from Ostercappeln / Osnabruck.
2. Alfred, died in the First World War.
3. Selma, born 17.02.1893
and died in Auschwitz.
4. Bernhard, born 24.08.1894. He
died in the Shoa 1945 (in a Jewish hospital).
born 01.03.1901 and died in Auschwitz.
of the Steinfeld family are now in a special office for analysis in
Versmold. From a posting by Renate Vahrenbrink,
Borgholzhausen in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.
Located about 25 kilometers southeast of Leimen, there is a
Jewish cemetery, which was used at times by as many as 30 Jewish
communities in the area
Blick auf den Eingang zum Mausoleum
The first Jews arrived here in 1637 and a synagogue
was established around 1687. By1807, the population of the town was
almost 10 percent Jewish. The synagogue at Wilhelmstrasse 16
still stands, though it is now a furniture factory.
Lothar Bembenek, a school teacher from this city whose initiative
led to the creation of the Active Museum Spiegelgasse for German
Jewish History. Dorothee Lottmann-Kaeseler is the curator
of the museum since 1998.
Wertheim (Wertheim am Main)
Located at the confluence of the Main and Tauber rivers, it is a
small, old, Franconian town established as a market town.
Glass making was developed in the area in the 17th century and
Bohemian artisans invented crystal. There is a Glass
Museum in Wertheim.
There is a plaque memorializing the Jewish
settlement that was once here. There was once a synagogue that
was destroyed and a church built on its site
Although the site is in German, it can easily be deciphered
Ian Willms for The New York Times
The Jewish cemetery in Wittlich. Its tombstones date from
1671; the most recent is from 1941. The Jewish cemetery in
Wittlich. Its tombstones date from 1671; the most recent is from
Toby Bird noted a New York Times article on an American Jewish
hockey player in contemporary Germany. The article refers to
"Kaufmann's family's roots in
It includes a picture of the
Wittlich Jewish cemetery.
. . ." For the Kaufmann family and for others with family in the
Middle Mosel area, please take note of a new book by Marie-Luise
Conen and Hilde Weirich,
Familien von der Mittelmosel: Lebensverlaufe von 1714 bis zur
Families on the Middle Mosel: Their Life Trajectory from 1714 to the
Paulinus, Emil Frank Institute, 2010.
Specific references to the Kaufmann family with connections to
appear beginning on pp. 202 ff. For the hockey player's grandfather
and great aunt, see pp. 248-49.
From a posting by
Today, the town has a few thousand residents
This city is the home to a rich Jewish heritage. The Jewish
Quarter features Germany's oldest synagogue and Jewish
cemetery, both of which date to the eleventh century.
This group of small towns is the heart of
— the place where
life as many of us know it began. It was here that R. Gershom
prohibited polygamy, where Rashi studied Torah and where R. Amnon of
Mainz composed the haunting words of the U’Netana Tokef prayer that
we still sing on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur
A Jewish presence had existed prior to WW II. The first Jew may have
come in the 11th century, with an established community by 1100. The
site of the Gothic Virgin Mary Church is built on the former site of
the synagogue that was burned in 1349. A mikva'ot'oth, not normally
viewable, lies below the sacristy. It is located in the state of
Bavaria on the Main river and is a commercial center of an
agricultural region most noted for its vineyards.
Notable families from this town include the Lehmanns (from Rimpar);
the Gimbels; some Morgenthaus; the Sachs (of Goldman Sachs fame)
and Levi Strauss.
Once prosperous and elegant, Wurzburg
suffered tremendous damage during WW II. It has been
D-97070 - Wuerzburg
Fax: 011 49 931 (from US)
Director: Dr. Werner Wagenhoefer
Jewish Community Center and Synagogue
Over 2,000 Soviet Jews now live in this town having moved here in
Künftig Ahnenforschung für Junden in Würzburg
A new research center, The Ephraim Gustav Hoenlein
Genealogy Project, designed to help Jews of Germanic descent trace
their origins is opened. Archivist is Michael Schneeberger. Queries
will be processed through the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation office in
011 49 69 7137-460 or 011 49 69 7137-4629.
There was a Jewish cemetery that was founded in 1766 and closed in
1898 due to a decreasing number of members in the Jewish community.
The cemetery was destroyed in March 1933. An organization in
Zehdenick was formed to remember the Jewish community and to
restore the cemetery. The Brandenburg Rabbi and the cantor of
the Berlin Jewish community took part. The organization is
called "Sachar / Erinnern e.V" From a posting by Eberhard
Books on this country are available using my link to Amazon.com.
Frequent persecution, such as massacres at the time of the Black
Death in 1349 and expulsions in 1391 and again in 1530, prevented
communities from developing roots in Luxembourg. In the
1930s, the small Jewish population more than doubled, mostly because
of immigration from Germany. Amazingly, most of the Jewish community
survived the Holocaust.
Archives Nationales - in Luxemburg
An article about the Luxembourg, history of the Jewish
community, is available in the GenAmi number 6 issue of GenAmi,
November, 1998 and authored by Laurent Moyse. The genealogy of two
important families coming from France and established in Luxembourg.
The Godchaux family came from Thionville in 1803 and the
family Fix came from Bourbonee-les-Bains. In this family, the
general Louis Ferdinand Fix had been the commandant of the "Constitution"
and had an important part in the Civil War. He is buried in
Jewish Community of Luxemburg
Consistoire Israelite de Luxembourg
Located just outside Luxembourg City, there are graves of
American soldiers here, including those who died fighting in the "Battle
of the Bulge"
Map of Luxembourg
Jews settled in Zurich at least as early as 1273, 18 years
before the establishment of the first Swiss Confederation
consisting of three cantons. There is an oral tradition that Jews
first came to Switzerland with the Romans in the four
century, but there isn't any proof. In the Middle Ages, 1,200
Jews arrived in Switzerland from Alsace and the
Upper Rhine area. In 1349, there was an official policy of
persecuting, burning and murdering Jews, who were accused of
bringing the plaque.
The modern Jewish community was founded in the early 1800s under
Napoleonic rule, when France forced the Swiss to
There are about 18,000 - 20,000 Jews living in the
today and with the exception of those affiliated with the Reform
movement, are united under the umbrella organization Schweizerischer
Israelitischer Gemeindebung (SIG).
In the 1930s, there was extensive immigration of
Germany -- 29,000 came between 1939 and 1945 -- even with very
restrictive immigration laws. About 24,500 Jewish immigrants were
refused entry and sent back to their ultimate death.
Zurich's approximately 6,500 member community, which speaks
Swiss-German, is split along religious lines. The first woman
president of Switzerland was Ruth Dreifuss and Vera Rosenberg
is a member of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court. In Basel,
the governor, Ralph Lewin, is Jewish.
Books on this country can be found at my link to Amazon.com.
Available in English as
"Swiss Surnames: A
Historically there were only a
limited number of Swiss "surname clans," each
of which is listed in this register along with the surname
clan's home community (commune). A Swiss would
be considered a citizen of this home commune by inheritance,
even if he/she was born elsewhere, and the home commune
would maintain registration records for him/her. So if
you can find one or more communes listed for your surname,
you should write to each of them and ask for information
about your ancestor.
Archives - Federal Archives - in Bern
The Swiss National Archive has about 22,000 police
files for Jewish refugees who sheltered in Switzerland.
You can expect that the documents you may receive can be
written in German, Italian,
French or some in all
The Swiss National Archive
Has the police
files for Jewish refugees who sheltered in
Switzerland - there were approximately 22,000.
Should you write and receive a response from the Archive,
may expect to receive information in German, Italian
and possibly in French.
Business 2 business company directory and business in
Europe, yellow pages access, international and European
business directory (professional services, addresses and
This is a discussion group and there is a lot of information
about Jewish genealogical
Colonies and French-speaking areas including
Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland.
German, Swiss and Austrians Deported From France
Holocaust: Jewish Refugees in Switzerland during World War
Schweizerischer Judischer Fursorgen
Israelitische Cultusgemeinde Zurich ICZ
Communaute Israelite de Geneve
1205 Geneva, Switzerland
"Jewish Military Casualties in the Polish Armies in World
History, names and burial places of the Jewish soldiers in
the Polish armies, including
those who fought in
France, Norway, North Africa and Switzerland.
Authored by Benjamin Mertchak - a 5 volume set.
The Zurich-based German-language weekly Tachles
serves Jews throughout Switzerland.
"The Jewish Cemetery of La Tour-de-Peilz"
An article authored by Anne-Marie Faraggi Rychner and
published in the Sephardi Genealogical and Historical
Society and Review Issue 4, Vol. 2, Spring 1999 issue - is a
survey of the cemetery that was established in 1908 near
Lausanne. The inscriptions of eighty tombstones
(out of 400) with Sephardi surnames are listed.
From the beginning of the seventeenth century until 1862,
Jews could not be buried on
Swiss soil, instead they were
interred on a small island in the Rhine known as the
Judeninsel. Only in 1750 were Jews permitted to
acquire another cemetery, between the
two villages of
Edingen and Lengnau.
Map of Switzerland
Cities and Towns of Switzerland
It was in this city that Theodor Herzl drew up the blueprint
of Zionism. By 1910, more
than 2,000 Jews had come from
Russia and the cultural identity began to change as
Rhineland and Alsatian culture mixed with Eastern
European customs. Today, it is
estimated that there are
Jews in the city.
The Jewish Museum
Located at Kornhausgasse 8
Biel - Bienne
One of the finest wine growing areas in Switzerland
Located in the Canton
about 15 miles northwest of Zurich, it has a
synagogue with bells and a clock on its facade. Jews
lived here from at least 1678 and built their first
synagogue in 1755. In 1850 there were 990 Jews, today
only one family.
"In the way of background, I am a descendent of the
Guggenheim family of Endingen. The village of Endingen
two Jewish families. Endingen had a
celebration June 18, 1998, of the 1,200-year anniversary of
Ober-Endingen and Unter-Endingen.
Endingen’s municipal government actually invited
participation in the celebration by Jewish families that
departed shortly after the Swiss emancipated them in
1866 (but in fact, in about 1883)
In the way
of background, my connection to Endingen is through
my grandfather, Gustav Guggenheim. Gustav was born,
wedlock, June 10, 1892, in Ober Endingen, to
Henriette Guggenheim." From an email from Alan Guggenheim
There is a Jewish presence in this city and a synagogue
Located in the Canton of Neuchatel. It has and
was a strong Jewish community
A neighboring town to Edingen there has been a
Jewish presence since 1622. They spoke a Western
Yiddish dialect known as Surbtal Yiddish. The
first synagogue was built in 1755. The one visible
today was built in 1847. There are some 30 Jewish
inhabitants housed in Altersheim, a century-old
Jewish old-age home with about 50 residents, Jews and
non-Jews. Simon Guggenheim, the grandfather of
Guggenheim lived here. In 1848 they emigrated to the
United States, where Meyer and his seven sons amassed a huge
fortune in mining. Another personality from this town
was William Wyler who won an Oscar for Ben Hur in 1959.
The city is surrounded by the Swiss Alps and is located on a
lake. This cosmopolitan city features medieval bridges
and ancient spires.
Charming, three street affair walled city
Built from Sandstone on the shore of a lake. See also "Watch
Along the Arc of the Jura Mountains from Geneva to Basel,
lakes, mountains and valleys lead one into another in a
preserved natural environment, where Swiss
watchmakers create the precision movements that tell the
time the world over. Site includes a map of the area and
information about the region.
Zurich Jewish Quarter
This busy city has just 360,000 inhabitants and is known as
Switzerland's banking and commercial center. Jews helped
shape the city. They provided loans in the Middle
Ages. Jews were allowed to live on and around the
Judengasse (Jews' Street) and were distinguished by
the Judenhut, the conical hat they were forced to wear.
The medieval Judengasse, (today Froschaugasse aka
Froschauer or Frog Lane), is a narrow street just a few
minutes' walk northeast from the Fraumuenster Church.
In 1349, many of the city's Jews were disposed, tortured and
burned at the stake as rumors spread, ad they did in most
parts of Europe, that Jews had cause the Black Plaque.
By 1400 there were no more than 150 Jews out of a city
population of 6,000 and those who stayed, had to leave the
city at night.
A plaque on the wall of a building, written in German,
translated to English explains that the Jews who lived in
these streets had been the victims of waves of persecution,
violence, murder and forced expulsion from Zurich.
By the 17th century, a few of the traumatized Jewish
families were allowed to live in two villages where their
basic rights were protected: Lengpau and Endinge
(today these towns are in the canton of Aargau).
They were safe, but there weren't any great prospects for
the future, and some -- including the Guggenheim family --
left to make their fortunes in America and elsewhere.
In 1862, Zurich changed its constitution and allowed
Jews to return. Today there are numerous synagogues
and about 7,000 Jews living in greater Zurich.
The oldest synagogue in the
city was dedicated in 1884
More information about Zurich, including what to see,
can be found in an article in the August/September 2003
Hadassah Magazine and authored by Esther Hecht.
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