"Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews" Adolf Hitler
At 10 a.m. on April 1, 1933, the Nazi regime staged a massive nationwide boycott against Jewish-owned businesses and professional offices. In cities, towns and villages throughout Germany, storm troopers and SS men were stationed at the entrances of Jewish shops. The Star of David was painted in yellow and black across thousands of shop doors and windows. Signs read: "Germans! Defend yourselves! Don't buy from Jews" "The Jews are Our Disaster" or simply "Jude."
On November 9, 1938, in an event that would foreshadow the Holocaust, German Nazis launched a campaign of terror against Jewish people and their homes and businesses in Germany and Austria. The violence left approximately 100 Jews dead, and 7,500 Jewish businesses damaged. An estimated 30,000 Jewish men were arrested.
"During the Holocaust, they took the names away of the people, each with their own soul, and they put numbers on their arms. The job of a Jewish Genealogist, is to replace those numbers and give them back their names." Arthur Kurzweil - Jewish Genealogist
Most individuals in occupied Europe did not actively collaborate in the Nazi genocide. Nor did they do anything to help Jews and other victims of Nazi policies. Throughout the Holocaust, millions of people silently stood by while they saw Jews, Roma (Gypsies), and other "enemies of the Reich" being rounded up and deported. Many of these bystanders told themselves that what they saw happening was none of their business. Others were too frightened to help. In many places, providing shelter to Jews was a crime punishable by death. There were exceptions - but they were few and far between in most of the countries occupied by the Nazis.
Facts About Concentration Camps
Concentration camps were an integral part of Nazi Germany between the years 1933 and 1945, without them, Nazi Germany would not have had nearly been the threat it had become. Concentration camps were a "camp" where people were imprisoned for being born into a certain family, such as Jewish, Austrian, etc. The conditions in these "camps" were harsh, much rougher than most prisons. People imprisoned were often forced to work, as well as abused. Those who were not forced to work, were put to death
The Holocaust was the state-sponsored, systematic persecution and annihilation of European Jewry by Nazi Germany and its collaborators between 1933 and 1945. Jews were the primary victims -- six million were murdered; Roma (Gypsies), people with disabilities, and Poles also were targeted for destruction or decimation for racial, ethnic, or national reasons. Millions more, including homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Soviet prisoners of war, and political dissidents, also suffered grievous oppression and death under Nazi tyranny.
The killing operations were conducted in haste. Within territories controlled by Germany directly, political obstacles were few and momentum grew rapidly. Reprieves were granted in the main only to indispensable Jewish labor forces in factories. The great mass of Jews was not to be spared, and Heinrich Himmler wanted the central region of Poland -- the so-called General Government -- cleared of Jews by the end of 1942.
The process of killing European Jewry was begun in stages with the mass shooting of Jews east of the line crossed by German armies invading the Soviet Union. By the end of 1941, gas vans were operating in Chelmno, where Jews from Lodz and its environs were put to death.
An undated image shows the main gate of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz in Poland. AP Photo/File
In Auschwitz, the first victims came from a variety of areas, including Upper Silesia; Slovakia and France.
Belzec began gassing in March 1942, swallowing the Jews of the Cracow and Galician districts.
Sobibor started operation in April, 1942 and received the Jews from the Lublin area, as well as more distant origins.
Marcus Wendel has a web site listing the numbers of Jewish victims of the Holocaust by country
In June 1942, on the Nazi war against Jews in Poland, the headline in The Times of London stated "Mass Butchery"
On June 2, 1942, BBC broadcast stated that 700,000 Jews have been murdered in occupied Poland. The report was based on accounts sent in May by the Jewish underground in Warsaw to the Polish government-in-exile in London.
On September 24, 1942, German Foreign Minister von Ribbentrop ordered his diplomats to approach the Bulgarian, Hungarian and Danish governments and to initiate the deportation of Jews from their countries to the East. The SS and Police Leader in the Netherlands reported to Himmler that "the new Dutch police squadrons are performing splendidly as regards the Jewish question and are arresting Jews by the hundreds, day and night."
Holocaust History Archive
Lists of various camps, guard's names, and much more
Sewing workshop in the Toebbens Company in Poland
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Ancestry.com offers material from four Museum collections containing information on more than 30,000 victims of Nazi persecution is available online at Ancestry.com and can be searched at no cost. The collections contain information on thousands of individuals including displaced Jewish orphans; Czech Jews deported to the Terezin concentration camp and camps in occupied Poland; and French victims of Nazi persecution. The collections are being made available through the World Memory Project, launched in May 2011. The project is recruiting the public to help build the world’s largest online resource on Jewish victims of the Holocaust and millions of non-Jews who were targeted for persecution by Nazi Germany and its collaborators, allowing victims’ families and survivors themselves to discover missing chapters of their history, learn the truth about the fate of their relatives and honor those who were lost
The database is the first searchable collection resulting from the World Memory Project, a partnership of Ancestry.com and the US Holocaust Memorial Museum. The records contain information on thousands of individuals including displaced Jewish orphans; Czech Jews deported to the Terezin concentration camp and camps in occupied Poland; and French victims of Nazi persecution. The indexes are free to search on Ancestry.com. The museum retains the original records and provides free copies of them upon request. To date, more than 2,100 contributors from around the world have indexed almost 650,000 records
The diary of Brigitte Eicke, a Berlin teenager in World War II, is an account of cinema visits, first kisses, hairdos and dressmaking, along with a brief, untroubled reference to disappearing Jews. Recently published, it highlights the public indifference that paved the road to Auschwitz. By Jane Paulick You can download the complete article over the Internet at the following URL:
Group photo of the Popper family in Austria before the Holocaust
Foundation for the Benefit of Holocaust Victims in Israel
There are approximately 192,000 Holocaust survivors living in Israel as of 2014, with 50,000 living below poverty level. Everyday an estimated 35 souls pass away due to age or lifestyle related causes. The purpose of the Foundation, (founded in 1994) is to assist the most needy Holocaust survivors in Israel.
18 Books written by Survivors
Eighteen uniquely written stories, published by their authors dealing with the Holocaust and including photos and a Virtual Tour of Auschwitz
"36 Stories of Memory and Hope from the Museum of Jewish Heritage - A Living Memorial to the Holocaust"
Published by Bullfinch Press - 174 pages
"48 Hours of Kristallnacht"
Authored by Mitchell G. Bard. An hour by hour account of the terror that swept across Germany in November 1938.
"120 HIAS Stories"
Edited by Kathleen Andersen, Morris Ardoin and Mararita Zilberman - published by HIAS 289 pages. The book is divided into 3 sections: 1881-1930, beginning with the pogroms in Russia; 1931-1950, Holocaust rescue work; 1951-2001 from post-WW II displaced persons camps, Russia and Egypt.
"2000 Kurzbiographien Bedeutender Deutscher Juden des 20. Jahrhunderts"
Authored by Walter Tetzlaff
"AKTION KINDER DES HOLOCAUST" (AKdH)
All in German, but if you can read German, there is a treasure of information at this site
"An Echo in My Blood: The search for a Family's Hidden Past"
Authored by Mark Wyman
"A Promise to Remember: The Holocaust in the Words and Voices of Its
Authored Michael Berenbaum and published by Bulfinch. Based on the chronology of the Holocaust, the author includes chapters on life in Theresienstadt, the Einsatzgruppen, the Warsaw ghetto Uprising, the fate of the gypsies, rescue in Denmark and Bulgaria, the murder of Hungarian Jews and the death marches.
"Atlas of the Holocaust"
Authored by Martin Gilbert
Souvenirs de la Resistance dans le Camp d' Auschwitz-Birkenau (The resistance in Auschwitz)
"Bashert: A Granddaughter's Holocaust Quest"
Explores, among other subjects, the life and massacre of the author's grandmother's village of Volchin (35 kilometers northwest of Brest)
Authored by Andrea Simon SimonAndrea@msn.com
"Berga: Soldiers of Another War"
The Charles Guggenheim document of the little known story of the 350 POWs identified as Jews (although fewer than a third were) who spent December 1944 to April 1945 as slave laborers for the Nazis.
"Beyond Courage: The Untold Story of Jewish Resistance During the Holocaust"
Authored by Doreen Rappaport and published by Candlewick
Concentration Camp Listings
"Death Books From Auschwitz"
A three volume set, two of which are lists of individuals killed in the Holocaust. There are thousands of names listed in alphabetical order. The information includes: name, date of birth, date of death, place of birth inmate number. The lists are contained in volumes two and three. Volume one contains many photographs of victims as well as many reports and photographs of various lists. These lists are by no means complete, but there are many names contained. Catalog number is *PXV 95-3344 and the books are located at the New York Public Library, in the Jewish Division on the first floor. The Jewish Division is closed on Mondays.
"The Doll Maker"
Authored by Marilyn S. Land - the story of Adler Doll Works and how faced with declining business, how the Adlers risk everything to secure the safety and freedom of friends and strangers who seek their help.
"DPs: Europe's Displaced Persons, 1945-1951"
Authored Mark Wyman
"Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During The Holocaust"
This majestic three-volume encyclopedia, abridged from a 30-volume set in Hebrew and with a foreword by Elie Wiesel, chronicles Jewish life before and during the Holocaust. Arranged alphabetically by town, thousands of entries explore centuries of Jewish life. Some entries, particularly for large cities, provide information on Jewish residents as early as the Middle Ages and discuss the fate of Jews during the Black Death persecutions (1348-1349) and various pogroms from the 17th to 20th centuries. Each entry provides vital information on the town's Jewish inhabitants on the eve of German occupation, gives the dates of Jewish roundups and mass executions and estimates how many Jews from that community survived the war. Except in very rare cases (as with Copenhagen), the survival statistics are horrifying.
But the encyclopedia offers more than statistics: the numbers come to life through more than 600 black-and-white photographs, most of which are from the archives of Israel's Yad Vashem museum. Here we see the vibrancy of Jewish life before the war kolkhoz theater groups and swing bands, weddings and riotous Purim parties, shops and synagogues. Several of the photographs depict Jewish military units from WWI; others show Jewish young people looking bored in chemistry class or diligently trying to master the violin during orchestra practice. A final 56-page section entitled "In Memoriam" provides unforgettable, haunting photographs of the Holocaust itself. This three-volume set is a required acquisition for libraries and anyone interested in Jewish studies. Published by the New York University Press
Authored by Charles Patterson and published by Lantern Books
"Every Day Remembrance Day"
Authored by Simon Wiesenthal
"The Fate Of Holocaust Memories: Transmission and Family Dialogues"
Authored by Chaya Roth, with the voices of Hannah Diller and Gitta Fajerstein. A moving reflection on trauma, memory and the Holocaust. The book describes how Roth, her sister and her mother survived WWII in flight and in hiding in Belgium, France and Italy
"Final Letters From Victims Of The Holocaust"
Contains the last words of people who died in the Shoah == some of the letters are reproduced in photos, and there are a few portraits. The foreword is by Chaim Herzog. Available from Amazon.com
"Final Stamp: The Story of the Jewish Doctors In The Warsaw Ghetto"
Authored by Myron Winick, MD
"Flory: A Miraculous Story of Survival"
Authored by Flory A. Van Beek and published by HarperOne. The story of Flory A. Van Beek who was one of the many who had to make a crucial decision. Her journey through the time of the Holocaust was written as a memoir to her mother, who last her life in the war. It is a story of hope, faith and determination to survive during the horrific time of the Holocaust.
"For Them, Life in America Began in 1944, Behind a Fence"
It is about a group of about 1,000 Jews brought to the US from Italy in 1944 and kept in an internment camp in upstate New York for seven months after the war was over until President Truman allowed them to apply for citizenship. The article mentions the emotions of the US official charged with choosing who would be allowed to travel on the ship. I believe a free registration is required to view articles on the NY Times web site New York Times From a posting by Andrew Blumberg
"From Oswiecim to Auschwitz: Poland Revisited"
Authored by Moshe Weiss and published in 1994 by Mosaic Press, Buffalo, NY. in paperback form.
ISBN 0-88962-558-1 and ISBN 0-88962-557-3
"From Tajikistan To The Moon"
Authored by Robert Frimtzis is a true story of surviving bombs of the Blitzkrieg in Moldova to contributing to Neil Armstrong's walk on the moon.
"Fugitives Of The Forest"
Authored by Allan Levine. 25,000 Jews came out of hiding in the forests of Eastern Europe. This is the story of survival and resistance against the Nazis - including the Bielski brothers' camp.
"Gedenkbuch: Haeftlinge des Konzentrationslagfers Bergen-Belsen"
Published by Niedersaechsische Landeszentrale fuer Politische Bildung -- Gedenkstaette Bergen-Belsen' in 1995 and has 652 pages. The book lists 25,000 inmates at the death camp Bergen-Belsen. "Gedenkbuch of German Jewish Holocaust Victims" - is not comprehensive as many names are left out.
"Guide to Unpublished Materials about the Holocaust"
Essentially a "catalog" to archival materials at Yad Vashem- most likely includes post-Holocaust testimonies by survivors of the many towns (different from Pages of Testimony)
"Hiding in the Open"
Authored by Zenon Neumark
A rare account of a young Jewish man who took his fate into his own hands during the Holocaust, passing over to the other side to survive clandestinely as an Aryan. The writer waited until his late 70s to write his true story.
"Hitler's Willing Executioners"
Authored by Daniel Goldhagen describes the death marches and a number of satellite camps.
"Holocaust: A History"
Co-authored by Deborah Dwork
"Holocaust An End to Innocence"
Authored by Rabbi Seymour Rossel
"The Holocaust Chronicle"
A remembrance designed to be held in one's hands. This is a very heavy volume, but well worth the cost as it includes over 2,000 photographs, a 3,000 item timeline and 250 sidebars detailing the significant people, places, issues and events. Written and fact-checked by top scholars. 768 pages. Published by Publications International, Ltd., Lincolnwood, IL 60712
"Holocaust Memoir Digest: Survivors' Published Memoirs With Study Guide
Compiled and edited by Esther Goldberg and published by Vallentine Mitchell Publishers.
"Holocaust: The Events and Their Impact on Real People"
Authored by Angela Gluck Wood and Dan Stone and published by DK Publishing
"How to Document Victims and Locate Survivors of the Holocaust"
Authored by Gary Mokotoff.
"How to Trace Your Jewish Roots: Discovering Your Unique History"
Authored by Rabbie Jo David
"I Won't Die Hungry"
Authored by Alice Genis. This is the story of a woman whose hunger for a meaningful life was second only to her will to survive. The story takes you through the 1930s Vilna through the horrors of the Holocaust and the post-war years in Munich and New York City.
Authored by John Ranz is a memoir of Jochanan's journey through the Nazi concentrations camps.
"Janka Festinger's Moments of Happiness: Her Holocaust Story and more"
Authored by David D. Speace
"Joshua & Isadora: A True Tale of Loss and Love In The Holocaust"
A journey through Ukraine, Romania, Turkey and beyond as a grandson chronicles his grandparents' incredible survival during the Holocaust to meeting aboard a Palestine bound ship.
"The Journal of Helene Berr"
Authored by Helene Berr and translated by David Bellos. The diary is a contribution to the history of Holocaust in occupied Paris.
"Kristallnacht: Prelude To Disaster"
Authored by Sir Martin Gilbert. An account of the attacks on Jews and Jewish property and the destruction of more than a thousand synagogues in Germany and Austria on November 9/10/1938. Incorporates 55 eyewitness accounts sent to the author
"The Last Eyewitnesses: Children of the Holocaust Speak"
In 1991, a group of child survivors in Poland, got together and formed the Association of the Children of the Holocaust in Poland. In the course of joining the organization, each person wrote short autobiographies containing their experiences during the war. One of the authors, a professional editor, gathered sixty some of these stories together into a book that the association published in 1993 which was later translated into English and published by Northwestern University Press in 1999.
"The Last Sunrise"
Authored by Harold Gordon (Hirshel Grodzienski) and published by H & J Publishing in 1992. A true story about a ten year old boy who survived the Holocaust, five years in Nazi Concentration Camps and with a positive attitude toward the future.
"Lebenszeichen aus Piaski; Briefe Deportierter aus dem Distrikt Lublin,
Authored by Else Rosenfeld and Gertrud Luckner, Biederstein Verlag Muenchen, 1968 The book deals mainly with Jews who were deported from Stettin, with one chapter dealing with Viennese Jews. Further information may be available from Werner Cohn: email@example.com
"Liste Officielle ... des Decedes des Camps de Concentration"
Published by Paris, France, Republique Francaise, Ministere des Anciens Combattants et Victimes de Guerre, 1945/1949. There are 6 volumes and deal with the following concentration camps: Mauthausen; Neuengamme; Auschwitz; Majdanek; Bergen-Belsen; Sachsenhausen; Struthof; Ellrich; Flossenburg and Dachau. The book is only available at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Library in Washington, D.C. and was reproduced by YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, 1997.
"List of Jews Deported from France"
A searchable database - You have to be very careful with the lists of deportees from France published in the pages of testimonies which contain some errors. On the site you were telling about, for example on the first page, line 14 : Lionel ALMULY, born 3/05/1908 in France was not deported to Auschwitz but to the Baltic States, either in Kaunas (Lithuania) or Reval (Estonia). When the page of testimony was sent by his family, this one had received wrong information, as it's the case for most of the deportees of the convoy #73 which left France on 15 May 1944. All of them were sent to the Baltic States. Except 22 survivors in 1945, and except for about 100 of them (out of 878) for whom we have the right information, nobody knows which ones died in Lithuania (Kaunas) or in Estonia (Reval, which is Tallinn today) From a posting by Eve Line Blum-Cherchevsky Besancon (France) and also Cercle de Genealogie Juive (International JGS in Paris)
"The Long Way Home"
Authored by Ben Shephard and published by Knopt
"The Lost Childhood"
Authored by Yehuda Nir, tells the harrowiig story of his boyhood living in hiding with his family disguised as Catholics in Warsaw during WW II.
"Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust"
Authored by Richard Rhodes and published by Knopf Publishing
"Mischa Defonseca: Memoirs of the Holocaust"
Authored by Misha Defonseca. Describes her life of hiding from the Nazis and living with wolves as a child until rescued after WW II.
"My Holocaust: A Novel"
Authored by Tova Reich and published by HarperCollins
"My Name Was No. 133909 ... And I Sang"
Authored by Murray Brandys. Once in the site, click on "Histories and Narratives." It is listed under the title.
"The Nazis: Warning from History"
Authored by Laurence Rees (BBC 1997)
"Nazi Crimes On Trial"
German Trials concerning Nazi Capital Crimes 1945 - 1999, compiled at the institute of Criminal Law of the university of Amsterdam by Prof. D. C.F. Ruter and Dr. D. W. de Mildt. This website presents a systematic survey (for now only in German, but some of the site is in English) of the more than 900 Nazi trial cases conducted in West Germany since 1945 and the 97 Nazi trial cases conducted in East Germany during the years 1956 - 1990, including the so called Rehabilitation trials. Very interesting
"Nazi Hunt: Elusive Justice - Film Documentary"
"Our Tomorrows Never Came"
Authored by Etunia Bauer Katz who now lives in Queens, NY. The book is about her and her family's efforts at surviving WW II as Jews living in Poland. Her family managed to escape deportation to the concentration camps.
"The Pianist: The Extra-ordinary True Story of One Man's Survival in Warsaw,
Authored by Wladyslaw Szpilman and published in paperback by Picador.
"Register of Jewish Holocaust Survivors"
Authored by Benjamin and Vladka Meed and published in 1966 by the US Holocaust Memorial Museum. The 4 volume register lists American and Canadian survivors in alphabetical order as well as by place of birth and town before thee war and location during the Holocaust. Vol. 1 lists the people by name and Vol. 2 lists them by their hometown. The 2 volume set can be obtained through Inter-library loan. The Neve Shalom Synagogue in Portland Oregon owns the 4 volume set.
"Resilience and Courage: Women, Men and the Holocaust"
Authored by Nechama Tec and published by Yale University Press. The author contributes to our understanding of how Jewish men and women responded to the dire circumstances in Nazi occupied Europe.
"The Righteous Among the Nations: Rescuers of Jews During the Holocaust"
Authored by Mordecai Paldiel (Yad Vashem/Collins)
"The Righteous: The Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust"
Authored by Martin Gilbert and Henry Holt. The story of the heroic deeds of righteous gentiles, who, at considerable risk to themselves, saved Jews during the Holocaust.
"Sidonia's Thread: The Secrets of a Mother and Daughter Sewing a New Life
Authored by Hanna Perlstein Marcus. A story of bravery and survival.
"Small Miracles Of The Holocaust"
Authored by Yitta Halberstam and Judith Leventhal. This is the stories of untold experiences of Holocaust survivors documenting love stores, amazing reunions and escapes.
"Someone Must survive To Tell The World"
Authored by Tosia Szechter Schneider. Reminiscences of a young Jewish girl growing up in pre-WW II Poland and struggling to survive during the Nazi occupation. She was the only survivor of her family.
"Sources of Holocaust Research"
Authored by Raul Hilberg 212 pages $26.00. this is a primer for developing historical sources and getting a true picture. Very interesting, this book can be ordered via the link from the link to Amazon.com on the left bar on this page.
"Surviving Hitler: A Love Story"
Authored by Jutta Cords. She narrates her own remarkable story: how she fell in love with Helmut in their native Berlin, his time in the German Army and how she found out that her mother was born Jewish. Both got involved in the German Resistance, and they as well as Jutta's parents survived prison.
"Surviving the Holocaust: The Kovno Ghetto Diary"
Authored by Avraham Tory
"Surviving The Holocaust With The Russian Jewish Partisans"
Authored by Dov Cohen who was a passenger on the Exodus 47. The book contains a small appendix with a history of the boat. Published by Valentine Mitchell, Newbury House in London. Available from my Amazon.com's link
"Tell The World"
Authored by Shaindy Perl - the true story of Esther Terner-Raab who took part in the Sobibor death camp revolt on October 14, 1943.
"Tormersdorf, Gruessau, Riebnig"
Many elderly Jews were deported from Breslau and other places in Niederschlesien. This book is available with approximately 1,800 names: (Obozy Przejsciowe dla Zydow Dolnego Slaska z lat 1941-1943"). Authored by Alfred Koniczny and published by Wydawnictowo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego in 1997 in soft back
Written mostly in Polish with a brief German summary and divided into 3 parts:
1. 85 pages in Polish about the camps, containing names and a few black and white
2. Lists of 1,800 people in the three camps including birth dates and places, maiden
names and, in a few cases, death dates and residence addresses in Breslau.
3. Selected copies of correspondence between individuals and authorities regarding
money matters (In German)
"A Torn Remnant of the Holocaust Hangs in Brooklyn Court"
by Brooklyn Eagle and published online 04-21-2009. Do a search for Hon. David Schmidt
"The Unknown Black Book: The Holocaust in the German-Occupied Soviet
Edited by Joshua Rubenstein, Yitzhak Arad and Ilya Altman
"Verdict on Auschwitz: The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial 1963-1965
This documentary is based on original tapes and includes pretrial investigations and the history of Auschwitz.
DEFA Film Library CD
"What Papa Told Me"
Authored by Felice Cohen. Written by a granddaughter of Survivors, WPTM - and endorsed by Elie Wiesel - takes the form of a conversation between Cohen and her grandfather and about his utterly direct account of survival and, eventually, optimism.
"When Light Pierced the Darkness"
Authored by Nehama Tec. One of the first books to document, especially in Poland, the phenomenon of the righteous gentiles.
"Where We Once Walked: A Guide to the Jewish Communities Destroyed in the Holocaust"
Co-authored by Sallyann Amdur Sack, PhD and Gary Mokotoff.
"Witness to the Holocaust"
Edited by Michael Berenbaum and published by HarperCollins in 1997
"The Yad Vashem Encyclopedia of the Ghettos During The Holocaust: Volumes
1 and 2"
Edited by Guy Miron with Shlomit Shulani - 1,166 pages - 250 photographs, 62 maps, 16 pages of artwork and a DVD of images from the ghettos. The ghettos are listed alphabetically starting with Abony, Hungary and ending with Zyradow, Poland.
"You Have Been Kind Enough to Assist Me: Herman Stern & the Jewish Refugee Crisis Institute of Regional Studies"
Authored by Professor Terry Shoptaugh. The book tells the story of North Dakotans Herman Stern and others, who saved as many as 100 Jews by arranging for their emigration to the US in the teeth of State Department bureaucratic resistance and American anti-Semitism
Jewish history on ice....youngest skating gold medalist
This is outstanding. Please watch the entire 8 minute video. Julia is an amazingly gifted young girl. Not only is she a gold medalist winner, she is a proud Jew and a historian on ice. Incredibly special young lady!!
Julia Lipnitskaya, the 15-year-old Jewish girl from Russia performed a routine to the theme song from Holocaust film "Schindler's List", and became the youngest person ever to win a Winter Olympics gold medal. Watch here:
It was incredible! Ilia Averbukh, a former Olympic ice dancing medalist who is a Russian Jew has adapted the saddest scene from a Holocaust movie. The routine features Lipnitskaya skating as the film's iconic "girl in the red coat," a young Polish Jew who is killed by Nazi soldiers. With Lipnitskaya slight size and cherubic appearance, she painfully recollects the children who died. For a few minutes on Sunday, February 3, young kids all over the world watched one of their own recall the greatest horror of the last century. Julia Lipnitskaya did it artfully, in a way that acknowledged tragedy without crossing over to exploitation or traumatic imagery. If you don't think anything artistic or meaningful can happen on ice, well, to each his own. But if we want history to survive, we need to pass it on in a way the next generation will understand. In as many ways as possible, to reach everyone we can. Even on ice. Red flame and black ash on ice.
Bunk Bed from Majdanek Camp Museum
An excellent site to find information about most European countries is at
and type in the name of the country you wish to research in the search field. This site is a great source to find information for almost every European country.
HOLOCAUST CENTERS, MUSEUMS AND RESOURCES
Alabama Holocaust Commission
P.O. Box 130577
Gulf Coast Center for Holocaust
and Human Rights Education
1323 Dauphin St.
The DNA Shoah Project
University of Arizona
P.O. Box 210240
Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights
Claremont McKenna College
850 Columbia Ave.
8033 Sunset Blvd.
Los Angeles, 90046
Child Survivors of the Holocaust, Los Angeles
1158 26th St. #438
Santa Monica, 90403
The Holocaust Center of Northern California
121 Steuart St.
San Francisco, 94105
More Sites & Information by State and Canada
"A SERIOUS MATTER!!!"
This story was aired on CBS "60 MINUTES" ** about a long-secret German archive that houses a treasure trove of information on 17.5 million victims of the Holocaust. The archive, located in the German town of Bad Arolsen, is massive (there are 16 miles of shelving containing 50 million pages of documents) and until recently, was off-limits to the public. But after the German government agreed earlier this year (2009) to open the archives, CBS News' Scott Pelley traveled there with three Jewish survivors who were able to see their own Holocaust records. It's an incredibly moving piece, all the more poignant in the wake of the meeting of Holocaust deniers in Iran and the denial speeches in the UN. We're trying to get word out about the story to people who have a special interest in this subject.
It is now more than 60 years after the Second World War in Europe ended. This is being sent as a memorial chain, in memory of the six million Jews, 20 million Russians, 10 million Christians and 1,900 Catholic priests who were murdered, massacred, raped, burned, starved and humiliated with the German and Russian peoples looking the other way! Now, more than ever, with Iran, among others, claiming the Holocaust to be "a myth," it is imperative to make sure the world never forgets. Received from Irwin Pentel
** A recreation of the CBS program can be found on You Tube. Here are the links to "CBS Holocaust, Parts 1 & 2"
50 Children: The Rescue Mission of Mr. & Mrs. Kraus
A documentary of a personal rescue mission conceived by Gilbert Kraus, a Philadelphia attorney and his wife Eleanor which was to save the lives of Jewish children facing annihilation. The film is narrated by Alan Alda
29,000 Holocaust era Jewish Names
A web site database
American Memorial Gathering of Holocaust Survivors
Lists survivors by town. This information can be obtained from the United States Memorial Holocaust Museum Survivors Registry.
American Red Cross
The International Red Cross is administered by the International Committee of the Red Cross. With over 47 million documents in its archives, it is the largest repository of original Nazi documentation in the world. They know that it is distressing that after years, even decades, of searching, there are many incomplete or missing documents. But if they exist, the Red Cross will find them. Because so many documents were either lost or destroyed near the end of WW II, there are inquiries for which the ITS cannot provide answers. Fortunately, additional documentation from the Nazi era continues to be shared with the ITS.
Holocaust and War Victims Tracing and Information Service
Linda Klein is the Director.
American Red Cross
Phone: (410) 764 5311
Email: BERGER@USA.REDCROSS.ORG KANTT@USA.REDCROSS.ORG
On June 14, 1942, 13-year old Anne begins writing her diary only a few days before she and her family go into hiding in a "secret annex" in Amsterdam. The family was forced into hiding in 1942 in the annex at 263 Prinsengracht, where Otto Frank's business was located. Anne had her 15th birthday in the annex and two months later, on August 4, 1944, she and the other occupants in hiding, were discovered and transported to Westerbork, a Dutch transit camp. On September 3, the group was taken in a sealed cattle car to Auschwitz-Birkenau and by March, 1945, Edith, Margot and Anne were dead.
Simon Wiesenthal Center's Museum of Tolerance
9786 West Pico Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90035-4792
Has the original of a poem "Forget me Not" written by Anne to her friend Henny two years before going into hiding with her family.
The second floor of the Museum is devoted to a state-of-the-art Multimedia Learning Center, which houses a vast wealth of information on the Holocaust, WW II and anti-Semitism. These databanks include over 50,000 photos and maps, 6,000 encyclopedic entries and 14 hours of historical film footage and video testimonies.
Another extraordinary exhibit featuring one of history's favorite teenagers
At this site, you can interactively move through the rooms where Anne and her family hid.
"Researchers interested in learning more about a recently-discovered HIAS (Hebrew Immigrant Aid Association) file of letters written by Anne Frank's father, Otto, between April 30, 1941 and Dec. 11, 1941 can read details on a Time Magazine website article.
The file is comprised of about 80 documents, including correspondence from the Frank family's U.S. relatives and a university friend of Otto's, New York's Nathan Straus Jr., the son of the Macy's department store's founder, and detail Otto Frank's attempts to obtain passage for his family through Portugal or Paris in an effort to get to the United States or Cuba. The Frank Family went into hiding in July 1942.
HIAS records are now housed at the Yivo Institute at the Center for Jewish History and these documents have been declassified and released. HIAS archives contain the arrival cards for those individuals and families who migrated from the displaced persons camps to the United States and they also can conduct searches in their records for people trying learn more about the fate of family who immigrated to this country early in the last century.
Researchers may also be interest to know that Time Magazine also offers a free, online search of its archives dating back to 1923. From a posting by Pamela Weisberger
"The Hidden Life of Otto Frank"
Authored by Carol Ann Lee, the book details Otto's editing of his daughters diaries, the name of who betrayed Otto and why the Frank's were discovered, and the fact that Otto Frank was a target for blackmail. In addition, it is one of the few books written about someone from the FRANK family, besides Anne, and may be one of the few publications about Otto. From a posting by Nancy Ring Kendrick
Association of Descendants of the Shoah - Illinois
Here is the wonderful story about the orphans and American Pilots who befriended them during last 2 years of the occupation of Belgium.
Click on Bridges of Love Project.
Aufbau Newspaper Database
This German-language newspaper that was published in New York from September, 1944 through September 27, 1946, printed numerous lists of Jewish Holocaust survivors located in Europe. There are 33,357 names that have been computerized. It can also be found at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
Australian Jewish Web Sites Relating to the Holocaust
Descendants of the Shoah Inc. began in Melbourne, Australia in 1991 as a group of sons and daughters of Holocaust survivors wanting to explore our parents experiences, the similarities in our childhoods and how this would affect our own children, the third generation.
Melbourne has one of the largest populations per capita of Holocaust survivors in the world and is unique in that we are largely a post-war migrant and refugee community. The Descendants of the Shoah Inc. is secular and not affiliated with any communal or religious institution
Austria - Denk.Mal Project
On 5 May 2008, Austria’s National Commemoration Day Against Violence and Racism in Remembrance of Victims of National Socialism, students from all over Austria constructed an elaborate and moving Holocaust memorial on Vienna’s Heldenplatz - The Denk.Mal.
This memorial was dedicated to the more than 80,000 Austrians – Jews, political and religious dissidents, homosexuals, people with disabilities, Roma (gypsies), and other groups and individuals singled out by the Nazis for persecution and extermination – who were murdered in the Holocaust.
Austrian, Czech, and German Jews in Riga
German Jews from the town of Coesfeld are assembled for deportation to Riga, Latvia. Coesfeld, Germany, December 10, 1941.—US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Fred Hertz
Data on 876 forced Jewish laborers in Riga, Latvia.
Austrian Holocaust Asset Archives
From this page you are offered links to pages with lists of names for whom records exist. You send an initial letter to the archives in Vienna (in English) indicating your interest in the name and date of birth. They will reply in due course asking for a money order for 59 Austrian Shillings ($5.00) for the report. You then send the money order and the form to Vienna. Plan on it taking at least 3 or more months. The records contain only the name of the person's spouses name that can be considered of genealogical value
The first site of mass massacres of Jews during the World War II Holocaust. Shortly after the Nazis captured Kyiv, as many as 33,771 Jews, predominantly women, children and elderly people, were shot dead in just two days, 29th-30th September 1941, in the Babi Yar ravine, on the then outskirts of Kyiv. Soviet prisoners of war, Ukrainian patriots from the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Romanies, mentally ill people and occupation law offenders also faced the firing squad here. Researchers put the Babi Yar death toll at anything between 70,000 and 10,000. Babi Yar was one of the largest tracts in Kiev – dovzhynoyu2 ravine, 5 km, through which ran a stream, which is now in the collector. With associated chronicle Dorohozhychi area where the road crossed the north entrance to the city.
September 19, 1941 the Germans occupied Kyiv, and a few days in the city were hung ads with these words: “All zhids city of Kyiv and its surroundings must appear on Monday 29 September 1941 year rolled 8 am at the corner of Melnykovskoy and Dokteryvskoy (near cemetery)
The information is in Russian from the site, Holocaust.ioso.ru,
"From the Diary of A 16-year student , Roman Kravchenko (Kremenets, 1942)"
"The Testimony of German Driver Hepher the Murder of Jews at Babi Yar on
September 29-30, 1941"
"Miracle of Salvation, or Indian Summer at Babi Yar"
Authored by Mikhail Frenkel
Photo Archive #1 (from book, "Tell this to your children=85")
The above links were posted by Marilyn Robinson
The killing site of Maly Trostenets in Byelorussia (today Belarus) began operation on May 7-8, using gas vans to kill Jews from Austria, Germany and Czechoslovakia dispatched from Terezin.
On July 28 - 31st, 30,000 German Jews who had been deported to the Minsk Ghetto are murdered in mobile gas vans or by gunfire at the concentration camp of Maly Trostenets.
Bielsko-Biala - Jewish Community
Cooperates with the Department of Documentation of Monuments at the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw. A description of what can be expected from a contact is available in the JewishGen Digest Archives dated November 19, 1999 on page 13
Jewish Community in Bielsko-Biala
Department of Documentation and History
Skr.poczt. 180 ul. 3 Maja Str. No. 7
Tel. +48-33-8122438 Fax +48-33-8126654
Three transports of 1,845 persons sent to Silesian towns in 1941-1942.
Bukovina (Bucovina Region), Romania/Ukraine
Handbook prepared under the direction of the Historical Section of the British Foreign Office - 1919 - Geschichte Der Juden in Der Bukowina (History of the Jews in the Bukovina)
The Massacres in Bessarabia, Bucovina and Dorohoi County
Approximately 800,000 Jews were living in Greater Rumania before the war. According to the last official census on December 19, 1930, there were 756,930 people. More than one third of these (314,933) lived in the counties of Bessarabia, Bucovina and Dorohoi
The Camp System
Information and links to concentration camps, museums or memorials relating to the Holocaust
A factual report on crimes committed against Humanity contains medical experiments and other horrors which occurred in Nazi concentration camps during WW II
Concentration Camp Badges
Concentration Camps List
Holocaust Timeline: The Camps
Gussen Work Camp
List of Austrian Jews in concentration camps
The Maly Trostenets, or Maly Trascianiec, concentration camp sits on the outskirts of Minsk, Belarus, originally built by the Nazis in the summer of 1941, on the site of a Soviet kolkhoz (a collective farm).
Shoshane Varmel Levy and her son, Jules, wearing the compulsory yellow badge, on a street in Antwerp. Belgium, June 1942. — YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, New York
Between 1942 and 1944, the Nazis rounded up more than 25,000 Belgian Jews, including 5,430 children, into the General Dossin de Saint Georges Barracks at Mechelen, halfway between Brussels and Antwerp. They were then deported to Auschwitz where only 1,207 survived.
Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance
153 Goswin de Stassartstraat
The Breendonck internment camp was located in a Belgian fortress built in the beginning of the twentieth century along the Antwerp-Brussels highway. Originally one in a chain of fortresses constructed to defend Belgium against a German attack, Breendonk was near the town of the same name, about 12 miles southwest of Antwerp. It was surrounded by high walls and a water-filled moat, and measured 656 by 984 feet. In August 1940, the Germans, who had occupied Belgium in May of that year, turned the fortress into a detention camp. Fewer than 4,000 prisoners in total were confined in Breendonk during its existence.
A convoy of Jews (#20), left from Malines, Belgium on April 10, 1943 to Auschwitz
On August 13-14, stateless Jews are seized in the Belgian port city of Antwerp and sent to the Malines transit camp.
German Jews, wearing identification tags, before deportation to Theresienstadt. Wiesbaden, Germany, August 1942. — Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
The Theresienstadt "camp-ghetto" existed for three and a half years, between November 24, 1941 and May 9, 1945. During its existence, Theresienstadt served three purposes: transit camp for Czech Jews; ghetto-labor camp; as a holding pen for Jews
Vaivara concentration camp (Vayvara )Vilna and Kovno Ghettos, but also from Latvia, Poland, Hungary and the Theresienstadt concentration camp. Vaivara concentration camp was one of the last camps to be established. It existed from August 1943 to February 1944.
The largest of the 22 concentration and labor camps established in Estonia by the Nazi regime during World War II. It had 20,000 Jewish prisoners pass through its gates, mostly from the
When, in May 1940, the Germans invaded France, thousands of immigrants who held German citizenship or were of German descent were concentrated in the “Winter Stadium” (Vel' d’Hiv) in Paris. These immigrants were considered enemy aliens. Among those detained were thousands of Jewish men, as well as Jewish women who had no children. The detainees were deported to the Gurs concentration camp near the French-Spanish border http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/holocaust/france/camps.asp
Argeles; Aurigny (Alderney); Brens; Drancy; Gurs; Le Vernet; Les Milles; Natzweiler-Struthof; Noé; Récébédou; Rieucros; Rivesaltes; Suresnes; Thill
Concentration Camps in France
A convoy (#74) left from Drancy on May 20, 1944 to Auschwitz
"I have a book "Bordeaux Capitale Tragique" which includes a passenger list of refugees (many Jewish) of the S.S. Massilia which sailed from Bordeaux to Casablanca, arriving 24 Jun 1940.
A lot of celebrities were on board including Edouard Daladier, Pierre Mendes France, Jean Zay, and others. Information given is name, age, profession. There are about 150 names on the list. I will be happy to look up names if anyone writes me." From a posting by Paul Silverstone
View, through the barbed wire, of the prisoner barracks in the Flossenbürg
concentration camp. Flossenbürg, Germany, 1942. — Bildarchiv Preussischer
On March 24, 1938, SS authorities determined a site near the small town of Flossenbürg to be suitable for the establishment of a concentration camp, due to its potential for extracting granite for construction purposes. The site lay in northeastern Bavaria near the Czech border, less than ten miles northeast of Weiden
Bergen-Belsen; Börgermoor; Buchenwald; Dachau; Dieburg; Esterwegen; Flossenbürg; Gundelshiem; Neuengamme; Papenburg; Ravensbrück; Sachsenhausen; Sachsenburg
Jews boarding train from Westerbork to Auschwitz
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum July/August 1992
Amersfoort; Ommen; Vught; Westerbork
Westerbork was initially opened in October 1939 for the internment of German Jewish refugees who had entered the Netherland illegally. On July 1, 1942, the amp was transferred from Dutch to German hands. The first German camp commandant was Erich Deppner.
On July 14, 1942, the Germans began the systematic transport of Jews fro all over Holland to the Westerbork. It was located at a small railway spur in Drente, the poorest and least populated area of the country. A transport of about 1,000 Jews left Westerbork for Auschwitz on the next day. From this area of Holland, more than 75% of the Dutch Jewish population, including Jewish refugees from Germany found themselves traveling in boxcars to Auschwitz. One hundred and four thousand of Holland's 140,000 Jews passed through Westerbork en route to the death camps at Auschwitz and Sobibor, including Anne Frank.
Each Tuesday, immediately after the weekly transport pulled out of the railway yard, the following week's list of names to be transported out were posted. Inmates lived in fear that their name would appear.
By late 1943, most of the German Jews were also being deported to the East and deportations ceased in 1944 as the war front approached. When Canadian units liberated Westerbork on April 12, 1945, there were 900 Jewish prisoners in the camp.
More information is available in the U. S. Holocaust Memorial Council newsletter.
In October, 1942, the Germans opened a new camp at Amersfoort (Vught) in Holland.
Bolzano; Fossoli; Risiera di San Sabba
Ferramonti, the largest concentration camp in Italy
Riga; Riga-Kaiserwald; Dundaga; Eleje-Meitenes; Jungfernhof; Lenta; Spilwe
Memorial in the Bikernieki Forest
The biggest site of mass killing and burial of victims of Nazi terror in Latvia is located in Bikernieku Forest. From 1941 till 1944, 35,000 people, including Latvian and Western European Jews, Soviet war prisoners, and the Nazis’ political adversaries, were killed here.
Memorial in Rumbula
Rumbula is one of the biggest sites of mass killings of Jews in Europe. In November, 1941 the Nazi Administration decided to destroy all the Jews imprisoned in the Riga Ghetto. 25,000 people, including about one thousand Jews deported from Germany, were shot in two waves on November 30 and December 8, 1941. Several hundred Jews from the "Kaizerwald” concentration camp, who were used for exhuming and burning bodies, were also killed here in 1944
Zanis Lipke Monument
From 1941 till 1945 the Nazis killed over seventy thousand Latvian Jews. Over 400 Jews were saved owing to the efforts of the people of various nationalities, social backgrounds, political views and religious beliefs.
"Diplomat Heroes of the Holocaust"
Authored by Mordecai Paldiel, and perhaps the most telling thing about it is that it is very slim.
Kaunas; Aleksotaskowno; Palemonas; Pravieniskeés; Volary
Berg; Bredtvet; Falstad; Grini (aka. Bærum); Tromsdalen; Ulven
Auschwitz/Birkenau; Belzec; Bierznow; Biesiadka; Dzierzazna & Litzmannstadt; Gross-Rosen; Huta-Komarowska; Janowska; Krakow; Kulmhof (aka Chelmno); Lublin; Lwow (aka. Lemberg); Majdanek; Mielec; Pawiak; Plaszow; Poniatowa; Putskow; Radogosz; Radom; Schmolz; Schokken; Sobibor; Stutthof; Treblinka; Wieliczka; Zabiwoko; Zakopane
Akmétchetka; Balanowka; Bar; Bisjumujsje; Bogdanovka; Czwartaki; Daugavpils; Domanievka; Edineti; Kielbasin; Khorol; Klooga; Lemberg; Mezjapark; Ponary; Rawa-Russkaja; Salapils; Strazdumujsje; Vertugen; Yanowski
Banjica; Brocice; Chabatz; Danica; Dakovo; Gornja reka; Gradiska; Jadovno; Jasenovac; Jastrebarsko; Kragujevac; Krapje; Kruscica; Lepoglava; Loborgrad; Sajmite; Sisak; Slano; Slavonska-Pozega; Stara-Gradiska; Tasmajdan; Zemun
Classification System in Nazi Concentration Camps
Concentration Camp Addresses
The camps are classified by countries, based on the 1939-1945 borders. When known, the name of each sub-camp or external kommando is followed by the name of the company which used inmates as slave.
Table of Contents
From the various Nazi labor camps including the Schindler factory in Krakow is stored at
The Jewish Historical Association
ul. Tlomackie 3/5,
00-090 Warsaw, Poland
Telephone/Fax (48-2) 625 0400;
American Military Government List of Jews in Concentration Camps list of 987 survivors and victims (Germany, Hungary, Austria, Romania)
Nazi Camp System
Nazi Concentration Camps - 1933 to 1945
Records of Nazi Concentration camps
The Six Main Killing Centers
Belzec, Chlmno, Treblinka, Sobibor, Majdanek and Auschwitz are located on a map
Piles of shoes at one camp
Located west of Krakow, Poland, and is famous for the concentration camp that is now a museum chronicling the horrors of the Nazis' final solution.
Before WW II, Oswiecim was a bustling town of 12,000 people, more than half of them Jews. Most of the local Jews were killed in the Holocaust, and only one of the town's synagogues survived. Auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide and the Holocaust. It was established in 1940 by the Nazis in the suburb of the city of Oswiecim which was occupied by the Germans in WW II. The Red Army liberated this camp in January, 1945.
Jews from Poland being marched to train to Auschwitz
There is a glass-walled room that displays 4,000 pounds of tangled hair; another room holds shoes and the pink sandals with kitten heels that some young Jewish girl wore there.
About 1.1 perished at the two main Auschwitz camps, along with at least 70,000 non-Jewish Poles. Of the 3.3 million Jews in Poland before WW II, only some 300,000 survived. There were about 50 concentration camps in the Krakow area, with its flat fields of chimneys, still standing after fleeing Germans torched the buildings and records, making it impossible to know exact death counts.
"Arbeit Macht Frei"
This is the sign wording over the wrought iron gate of the entrance to hell ... into a different world, one of mass killing, primarily through poison gas.
Souvenirs de la Resistance dans le Camp d' Auschwitz-Birkenau (The Resistance in Auschwitz)
Menachem Bodner survived the Auschwitz death camp. He was 4 years old then and doesn’t remember his time in the notorious death camp. He knows he had a twin brother, and deep down always believed he was alive somewhere. The only definite link between them is the number tattooed on his arm - A7734. Now, thanks to help from Ayana KimRon, a genealogist, the 72-year-old has proof his brother, Jolli, survived the camp, and he's enlisting the Internet to help find him.
The search began when Ayana KimRon spotted a post from Bodner's partner's cousin on a genealogical message board, and found a Nazi record showing a pair of twins who were "identified as having been liberated at Auschwitz." Clues lead to possible adoption by a Christian family, then to the USA. Whatever name and location, his tattooed number is A7734.
Can you help? He was named Jolli but the name he uses today is unknown. He may be your neighbor, a friend, or even a relative. You can read more about Menachem Bodner's search on a Face book page titled "A7734" at https://www.facebook.com/pages/A7734/499971010060858
From a posting on the Eastman Genealogy web blog
Auschwitz Archive Online
"The site contains only 69,000 names so the chances to find a relative are relatively slim. However I was lucky to find Hermann Koenigsbuch only after I typed Konigsbuch (without umlaut or e). I also found the brother of my father in law (Josef Apotheker). For unknown reason the search program responds only to the German version of the place of birth or residence. So if you type Krakow nothing will come out. But if you type Krakau then it will respond. Only if there is no German name to the place the local name such as Bardejov or Brzesko or Niepolomice can be used. All in all type just the surname and your chances are better."
"As far as German names of Polish locations I would recommend a partial solution."
"I would also recommend, in view of the limited list of names on line, in case that the spelling of the surname is not clear, to type just the name of birth (Urodzenia) or residence (mieszkania). This may yield more results, if at all."
"About other technical problems in case of too much data-I still have to study it. Hopefully, younger and more technical Genners will learn it quicker and share it with us all."
In July, 2004, where the site of the destroyed Great synagogue was, a treasure trove of Judaica was discovered. The object had been buried since the Holocaust and included three bronze candelabras, a bronze menorah, 10 chandeliers and a Ner Tamid (eternal lamp) that once hung before the synagogue ark. Tomasz Kuncewicz is the director of the Auschwitz Jewish Center, a prayer and study complex near the site of the notorious death camp.
There were approximately 40 more satellite camps established around Auschwitz. These were forced labor camps and were known collectively as Auschwitz III.
A visit to: Auschwitz, Birkenau, Kazimierz, Lublin, Majdanek, Plaszow, Treblinka, Tykocin, Warsaw. Photos and commentary
Ira Block posted on 1/30/07 "I recently emailed requested photos from the following shuls/cemeteries. If anyone wants copies of Auschwitz, just send a request via email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Also more information available at
Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center
An overview at
Auschwitz Concentration Camp Death List
Beginning with the letter "U". You can also search other names by changing the letter u (before .htm) to any other letter i.e. s
Auschwitz Concentration Camp in Poland
Introduction. An informative site - click "cancel" to get in to page
Auschwitz Death Certificates with names beginning with
Auschwitz Jewish Center
Located in Oswiecim (Polish for Auschwitz)
The website (in English )
Email: address in Poland is email@example.com
Auschwitz Jewish Center Foundation
Located at 36 West 44th Street,
New York, NY 10036.
Telephone 212 575 1050
A film about what is believed to be the only organized uprising ever attempted by the prisoners at Auschwitz-Birkenau was released. It is entitled "The Grey Zone" and tells the story of the October 7, 1944 uprising by the Sonderkommandos, Jews who were forced to assist in the extermination of their fellow prisoners in the gas chambers. The prisoners managed to blow up one of the four crematoria, but the SS quelled the riot and hundreds of Jews involved were executed.
Documents on 5,310 forced laborers who entered Auschwitz, including parents' names and maiden names.
State Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau,
"Death Books from Auschwitz"
published in 1995
A boy of the Holocaust from Krakow
Czech, "Auschwitz Chronicle",
Published in 1990
Saint from Auschwitz - she protected 400 children during the Holocaust and she died in Auschwitz for her beliefs
Jewish Museum of Auschwitz
2002 Auschwitz Museum publication, Ksiega Pamieci Transporty Polakow do Kl
Auschwitz z Krakowa, 1940-1944 (Memorial Book, Transport of Poles from Krakow to Auschwitz, 1940-1944).
This five volume set of books contains information on about 18,000 Jews and non-Jews deported from the Cracow area. The names themselves have long been available on the Auschwitz Museum website (enter Search and then family name). However, the information given on the website is often less extensive than that contained in the books themselves. For example, Blitzer, Kalman is listed on the website as having been born January 1, 1923 in Bojanow and perishing in Auschwitz October 28, 1941. The relevant book entry contains a transport list which gives his date of arrival in Auschwitz, identifies his date of birth as February 1, 1923, born in Bojanow, and includes his Auschwitz prisoner number, 21894, and profession, Glasslehrling (glassmaker apprentice).
Persons interested in the Cracow area (not just the city) should check the Auschwitz website. If a name of interest is located, then turn to the book for possible additional information. The book is available at the New York Public Library and various university libraries around the United States. From a posting by Peter Lande firstname.lastname@example.org
The Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum's online database can be searched at
If you find a relative listed in the Auschwitz database who was deported from Cracow (Krakow) -- an icon with a K will be to the left of the name -- Peter may be able to provide more information from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum's resources.
Photos of the Holocaust
Searchable Database in English
The total number of records in the database remains at 69,000 and the search will still display no more than 40 names at a time even if there is indication that many more are in the database. In the FAQ there is an explanation of the use of 'wildcard' entries.
Virtual Tour of Auschwitz
The Yad Vashem
Information about Auschwitz including photos and a map at
One of three euthanasia sites built after the Wannsee Conference of June 20,1942, Belzec is located in southeastern Poland and approximately 550,000 Jews were gassed in a mere 13 months.
A Reassessment: Resettlement Transports to Belzec, March-December 1942
This camp is located in the Lublin area and was the location of the killing of over half a million Jews. It had gas chambers that held 1,200 people, according to the U.S. Holocaust memorial Commission, and 600,000 died there. The Nazis eradicated all traces of their crimes here. According to a post by Suzan Wynne, "people were taken there to be killed immediately. There were no records kept on the people killed. The camp itself, was destroyed by the Nazis."
The USHMM has a site that's main purpose is to preserve the memory of the victims of this killing center.
There is a partial list of the Jewish communities exterminated by the Germans in the Belzec death camp.
On August 10, 1942, the massive deportation of Jews from the Lvov Ghetto to this killing center begins.
Bergen-Belsen is about 60 miles south of Hamburg. The visitors center documents the prisoners of war camp, where 40,000 Soviet POWs died in 1942 after having been transported there from the Eastern front in open railcars and interned without cover. Anne Frank was also murdered at this camp.
'Gedenkbuch: Haeftlinge des Konzentrationslagfers Bergen-Belsen"
published by Niedersaechsische Landeszentrale fuer Politische Bildung -- Gedenkstaette Bergen-Belsen' in 1995 and has 652 pages. The book lists 25,000 inmates at the death camp Bergen-Belsen.
The Holocaust Memorial Center in West Bloomfield, Michigan has a copy of a rare book
"Gedenkbuch Haeftlinge des Konzentrationslagfers Bergen-Belsen"
published by Niedersaechsische Landeszentrale fuer Politische Bildung - Gedenkstaette Bergen-Belsen in 1995. 652 pages
"Holocaust and Rebirth: Bergen-Belsen 1945-1965"
Published by Bergen-Belsen Memorial Press
"Irgun Sheerit Hapleita Me-Haezor Habriti"
A memorial book about this camp
Lists of Czechoslovak inmates at Bergen-Belsen and Theresienstadt camps
Birkenau Concentration camp map
"If the deportation took place from what had been German territory in 1938, there is a Memorial Book for those. There are also Memorial Books for Theresienstadt deportees from what is now Austria and another one for deportees from what was Czechoslovakia. These volumes provide information about transport number, date of arrival in Theresienstadt, death in Theresienstadt, transport number and date of deportation to another destination or liberation in Theresienstadt." Posted by Charles Vitez
"During the Holocaust, they took the names away of the people, each with their own soul, and they put numbers on their arms. The job of a Jewish Genealogist, is to replace those numbers and give them back their names." Arthur Kurzweil
On May 4, 1942, for the first time, a "selection" was carried out at this killing center (Auschwitz II) with German officers deciding who among a transport of Jews shall die by gassing and who shall live as slave laborers. This marks the beginning of the mass gassing of Jews in Auschwitz-Birkenau. On May 12, 1942 1,500 men, women and children from Sosnowiec are gassed.
Ira Block posted on 1/30/07 "I recently emailed requested photos from the following shuls/cemeteries. If anyone wants copies of Birkenau just send a request via email to
Buchenwald Concentration Camp CD
There appears to be a CD available from the Buchenwald Memorial Historical Department. On the cover is shown an object of a cover of an urn from the local crematorium in Weimar. Ashes from those cremated at Buchenwald stayed in the administration of the camp. In time, they were poured out. Upon the arrival of the US Army, thousands of urns or covers were found.
Buchenwald Death List
Polish men 1939
The Hunt for Danish KZ
Details re the hunt for Carl Vaernet, the Danish doctor who carried out atrocities on gay men at Buchenwald
Bunchow, Germany Concentration Camp
Located near Lodz Poland, became the first to be put into operation on December 8, 1941. On May 4-12, approximately 10,000 Jews who had arrived in the Lodz Ghetto some six months earlier from Germany, Luxembourg, Vienna and Prague, are deported to this killing center.
Reference is made of this camp in the book "Hitler's Willing Executioners". Czestochowa Forced Laborers: 4,610 prisoners at the Hasag Pulcery labor camp in Czestochowa.
The Dachau Concentration Camp
Photo taken by Ted Margulis
Officially opened on Wednesday, March 22, 1933, and was liberated in 1945 by the all-Black 761st Tank Battalion in 1945.
Dachau Camp Entry List
Over 190,000 Indexed pages
Dachau Indexing Project
Over 78,000 records have been recorded
There is another project initiated, computerizing 122,000 records from Dachau, part of the 189 reels of Captured German Documents (see German Records below). A project of computerizing 122,000 records from Dachau, part of the 189 reels of captured German Documents is in process.
Given the enormity of the collection, you can send an inquiry to NARA requesting a search IF you can be very specific about the person being south. If such information is available, send an Email: to email@example.com
After 64 years, Bruce Sadler slowly is unraveling the mystery of the haunting Nazi photos his father, Paul, found in the Dachau concentration camp in Germany at the end of World War II. Read this most interesting story about Bruce's father finding these photos in Dachau two days it was liberated by American forces.
Declassified Dachau Concentration Camp List of 2860+ names
The possessions of each inmate were placed in envelopes and marked with their names, nationality (or in some cases reason for imprisonment at the camp such as political prisoner) birth date and their Nazi assigned number.
Located in eastern Croatia
Displaced Persons Camp List
(click on the URL for the DP Camp)
(Clicking on "camps" gives you a list of camps by country
Foehrenwalders at Wolfratshausen
Loisach Ufer 1
82515 Wolfratshausen, Germany
On June 22, 1942, for the first time, a transport of Jews is sent from Drancy to Auschwitz. A Paris suburb where a memorial to the tens of thousands of French Jews who were shipped to Auschwitz stands today in their memory. There were a number of convoys (around 50) that departed for Auschwitz in 1943 including Convoy No. 62 consisting of 1,199 Jews
These are the children from Izieu and their seven supervisors
Sami Adelsheimer, 5
Hans Ament, 10
Nina Aronowicz, 12
Max-Marcel Balsam, 12
Jean-Paul Balsam, 10
Esther Benassayag, 12
Elie Benassayag, 10
Jacob Benassayag, 8
Jacques Benguigui, 12
Richard Benguigui, 7
Jean-Claude Benguigui, 5
Barouk-Raoul Bentitou, 12
Majer Bulka, 13
Albert Bulka, 4
Lucienne Friedler, 5
Egon Gamiel, 9
Maurice Gerenstein, 13
Liliane Gerenstein, 11
Henri-Chaïm Goldberg, 13
Joseph Goldberg, 12
Mina Halaunbrenner, 8
Claudine Halaunbrenner, 5
Georges Halpern, 8
Arnold Hirsch, 17
Isidore Kargeman, 10
Renate Krochmal, 8
Liane Krochmal, 6
Max Leiner, 8
Claude Levan-Reifman, 10
Fritz Loebmann, 15
Alice-Jacqueline Luzgart, 10
Paula Mermelstein, 10
Marcel Mermelstein, 7
Theodor Reis, 16
Gilles Sadowski, 8
Martha Spiegel, 10
Senta Spiegel, 9
Sigmund Springer, 8
Sarah Szulldaper, 11
Max Tetelbaum, 12
Herman Tetelbaum, 10
Charles Weltner, 9
Otto Wertheimer, 12
Emile Zucherberg, 5
Lucie Feiger, 49
Mina Friedler, 32
Sarah Levan-Reifman, 36
Eva Reifman, 61
Moïse Reifman, 63
Miron Zlatin, 39
Flossenburg Concentration Camp
View, through the barbed wire, of the prisoner barracks in the Flossenbürg concentration camp. Flossenbürg, Germany, 1942. Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz
On March 24, 1938, SS authorities determined a site near the small town of Flossenbürg to be suitable for the establishment of a concentration camp, due to its potential for extracting granite for construction purposes. The site lay in northeastern Bavaria near the Czech border, less than ten miles northeast of Weiden
Reference is made of this camp in the book
"Hitler's Willing Executioners".
A memorial testament to the forced march of 580 female Jewish prisoners at the end of the Second World War. The march began on April 13th 1945 in order to evacuate Helmbrechts, a small satellite unit of the Flossenbürg concentration camp before American troops arrived. Silas’ work acts as a visual representation of the 225 miles that the prisoners were forced to walk from the camp in Germany into occupied Czechoslovakia.
Reference is made of this camp in the book "Hitler's Willing Executioners". It was once located in Germany but now in Poland.
Many elderly Jews were deported from Breslau and other places in Niederschlesien. There is a book available with approximately 1,800 names:
"Tormersdorf, Gruessau, Riebig" (Obozy Przejsciowe dla Zydow Dolnego Slaska z lat 1941-1943)
Authored by Alfred Koniczny and published by Wydawnictowo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego in 1997 in soft back
Jewish Women in Gurs
A camp located in southern France
Located in northern Austria, a recent renovation at the castle revealed the remains of some 30,000 humans killed there by the Nazis. The victims were executed in the Hartheim's gas chamber were mostly elderly, disabled, sick or concentration camp prisoners who could no longer work. AJW 10-4-02
Reference is made of this camp in the book "Hitler's Willing Executioners". It was a satellite camp and was started in the summer of 1944 and housed women who worked in the Neumeyer Armaments firm.
The camp Hessental was set up in summer 1944 in the former barracks of the Reichsarbeitsdienst near the Hessental train station . The first occupancy (with 600 inmates) was on October 14th 1944. Until December it held 800 inmates, mostly Polish Jews from the Radom area .
Holland Concentration Camps
The electric fences and the look-out towers at Vught
Created by the Mussolini government for use as a prisoner of war camp, it was used to detain political opponents and later, when the Nazis took control, Italy's Jews were brought here before being deported. During the seven months of 1944 that the German SS controlled the camp, eight trains left the station at Carpi, five of which went directly to Auschwitz-Birkenau. About half of the approximately 5,000 deportees at Fossoli were Jews. Further information may be available by
Email: to firstname.lastname@example.org
A concentration camp near L'vov and considered to be among the most brutal. Simon Wiesenthal was a captive here at one time.
A formal Ustashe order for a Jew Samuel Hirschenhauser to report to Jasenovac
Located about 60 miles southeast of Croatia's capital of Zagreb. This is one of six camps that held Jews, huge numbers of Serbs and Gypsies who were slaughtered by the Ustashe.
Kaluga (Estonia) (Klooga)
Most of the prisoners at this labor camp were executed on September 19, 1944, a few hours before the camp was liberated by an armored force of the Red Army. See my Estonia page for additional information.
Lager Poperwahlen Forced Labor Camp
Located in Latvia
Le Vernet (France)
Located near Pamiers in Ariege, it was used to detain some 12,000 Spanish combatants from il Durruti Division. In 1940, it became a camp to intern foreigners, anti-fascist intellect, members of the International brigades and Jews arrested in the region. In June 1944, the last of the internees were evacuated and deported to Dachau in the "Ghost Train."
Reference is made of this camp in the book "Hitler's Willing Executioners".
Located about 2 miles outside of Lublin, Poland and literally backs up to back yards of nearby homes. Three hundred and sixty thousand souls were killed here. This camp is second only to those located in Treblinka and Oswiecim. The city of Lublin literally ends at the gates of this killing center. On May 11, 1942, for the first time, a transport of Jews, 400 men from Terezin, was sent to this camp.
On May 15 - 30, "Family transports" from Slovakia arrive in the Lublin district of occupied Poland and are sent to Majdanek.
On November 3, 1943, 18,400 Jews were murdered. Today, it is a national museum. The gassing operation began in October. Evidence of the devastation is nearby: the victims' ashes, and a roomful of children's shoes.
Majdanek was the first large Nazi concentration camp to be liberated by the Soviet army. In July 1944, in the face of the Red Army's advance, Majdanek was liquidated, and about a thousand prisoners were taken away, half of them reaching Auschwitz. Before abandoning the camp, the staff destroyed documents and set fire to the buildings and the large crematorium, but in their haste to withdraw, the Germans failed to destroy the evidence of the crimes committed: gas chambers, crematoria, supplies of Zyklon B gas, collective graves, shoes and clothing of the victims and several camp buildings.
On Lublin's outskirts, the smokestacks of Majdanek poured human ash into the sky. Inside the camp, Jews were detained without food and water in a field where, as a final act of defiance, they buried their valuables to keep them from the Nazis. Sixty-three years later, the survivors direct excavations at the field. There is a documentary that was produced by Matt Mazer and directed by Steven Meyer.
A description of a visit to this camp, after WWII by David Zabludovsky
Ira Block posted on 1/30/07 "I recently emailed requested photos from the following shuls/cemeteries. If anyone wants copies of Majdanek just send a request via email to email@example.com
Located 2 hours west of Vienna, just off the main highway and railway line. It was the largest concentration camp that the Nazis built in Austria. The camp was opened in 1938 to house political prisoners originally, but more and more Jews were interned there. Of the 200,000 prisoners interned here from 1938 to 1945, half died, mostly from forced labor. There are still several original buildings which house a museum: Phone 43 7 238 2269
A video of the Nazi concentration camp Mauthausen, located in Austria during the Holocaust period is available
During the chaotic closing days of WW II, 18 Hungarian Jews were marched through Austria on their way to Mauthausen. Bivouacked in a barn, they attempt to preserve their humanity by playing and singing "Wiener Blut." Elisabeth Scharan has created a film about this event.
The Nazis murdered more than 100,000 people there before the U. S. Army liberated the camp on May 9, 1945. A cavalry patrol of the 11th Armored Division liberated the death camp complexes of Gusen and Mauthausen on May 5, 1945. The soldiers returned with 1,800 German prisoners, to the surprise of their commanding officers. The U.S. troops then provided medical assistance to the starving camp inmates and buried thousands of victims of the Nazi murderers. A history of the amazing exploits of the 11th Armored Division can be found at:
Natzweiler Struthof Concentration Camp
Natzweiler-Struthof was a German concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains close to the village of Natzweiler (German Natzweiler) in
France, and the town of Schirmeck, about 50 km south west from the city of
A collection of Holocaust memorial and anti-revisionist projects
Pinsk Records from the Soviet Extraordinary Commission
Compilation of testimonials about 11,704 Holocaust victims from Pinsk.
A German concentration camp located a mile away from the town of Podgorze in Poland. There is one large monument and one small monument. Other than that, the land is grassy and hilly, with no other proof of its former existence. As posted by Linda Volin
Jewish workers arriving at Poniatowa
The hideous Forced Labor Camp, where part of the remnants of the Warsaw Ghetto was deported to. The incredible and forgotten fact about this camp is that also there, under impossible conditions, the prisoners organized an underground and resisted the Nazis in the final liquidation of the camp.
60 years later and in the outskirts of the peaceful town Poniatowa in Poland, stand 6 memorials to commemorate what happened there in W.W.II. No mention of a the Jews on neither of the monuments.
Popervale (Poperwahlen, Dondangen), Latvia
Manuscript on the forced labor camp KZ-Lager Poperwahlen, Latvia
Prisoners released from Ravensbrueck - April 1945
In November 1938, in the Prussian village of Ravensbrück, near the former Mecklenburg health resort Fürstenberg, the SS had prisoners from Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp and elsewhere build the Ravensbrück Women’s Concentration Camp. It was the only large concentration camp on German territory designated for women. In the spring of 1939, the first 1,000 female prisoners were transferred from Lichtenburg Concentration Camp to Ravensbrück. In April 1941, a camp for men was joined to the camp for women. By the summer of 1942, the Uckermark Youth Concentration Camp was also located very close by
At the Ravensbrück women's concentration camp, the SS kept imprisoned more than 132,000 women and children, but also 20,000 men. Between 1939 and 1945, tens of thousands of them, coming from more than 40 nations, were killed. Today Ravensbrück Memorial Museum keeps traces and records, enhances remembrances and research, and creates a place of active learning and encounter. If you can read German, though it may be Dutch, this site contains quite a bit of information, photos and names. Start with the Home page - (German)- click on the name 'Ravensbrück' and then look around.
The Ravensbrück Memorial Center
(English/German) - a work in progress is "Gedenbuch Ravensbrück", a listing of the data of all victims imprisoned in this camp based on all data available.
"Juedische Frauen im Konzentrationslager Ravensbrück 1939 bis 1945"
("Jewish women in the Ravensbrück concentration camp 1939 to 1945") - a scientific research work authored by Prof. Claudia Ulbrich and PD Dr. Sigrid Jacobeit (Chief of Mahn-und Gedenkstaette Ravensbruck). A copy is available in MS-Word file/Acrobat. PDF)
"Kalendarium der Ereignisse im Frauen-Konzentrationslager Ravensbrück
Authored by Grit Philipp and Monika Schnell and published in Berlin in 1999 by Metropol which is a diary of the events in that concentration camp, similar to the one of Danuta Czech on Auschwitz
A list of persons at Ravensbrück may be obtained by writing
Amicale de Ravensbruck
10, rue Leroux
F 75116 Paris
Many elderly Jews were deported from Breslau and other places in Niederschlesien. There is a book available with approximately 1,800 names: "Tormersdorf, Gruessau, Riebig" (Obozy Przejsciowe dla Zydow Dolnego Slaska z lat 1941-1943) authored by Alfred Koniczny and published by Wydawnictowo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego in 1997 in soft back
A sub-camp of Buchenwald, is located north of Nordhausen
On May 5, 1942, eighty-one Dutch Jewish political prisoners are shot at this concentration camp.
The Belgrade Fair exhibition ground was once described as "the forgotten concentration camp" - the Sajmiste camp that the site was turned into during WW II by the occupying Nazis. All 8,000 Jews from Belgrade, Yugoslavia, as well as Jews from Austria and Czechoslovakia had been transported to gassing trucks and murdered at the site. Most of these were women and children, as thousands of men had been shot dead earlier. None of the Jews sent to the camp survived. It was located across the Sava River from the bus and train stations in a part of Belgrade now called New Belgrade and there are still remnants for one to see including the camp's guard tower and a portion of the barracks. A large memorial was erected on the Sava river bank in memory of Sajmiste's 40,000 victims, which also included Serbs and Roma.
Destroyed by U.S. bombers in raids that killed 80 people at the camp and injured 170. The bombers' intended target was the nearby railway station.
What made this camp unique was that because of its location it was in clear view of Belgrade's residents.
"The Jews in Belgrade"
Authored by Aleksandar Mosic.
Salaspils Concentration Camp
At the entrance of the camp. The caption reads, "Behind this gate the Earth groans"
The largest civilian German concentration camp in the Baltic States was Salaspils, although Nazi officials classified it as a work camp. Estimates of the number of people who died here vary widely--as few as 2,000 or as high as 100,000. Since the retreating Germans felt compelled to burn down the camp in 1944, I feel comfortable in dismissing the lower figure. Adjacent to the concentration camp was a Nazi prisoner of war camp where Soviet officials said 43,000 Red Army soldiers died of disease or starvation.
Salaspils was built by Jewish slave laborers in 1941, but no Jews were held there. The inmates consisted mostly of political prisoners from the Baltic States. Some Soviet POWs also toiled in the construction of the camp.
Located in Latvia and about half hour drive from Riga - which is available to visit. There is a list of about 30 Lithuanian Jews who died immediately after the war.
From February of 1942, a work camp for the Jewish women from Sosnowiec and Chrzanów and nearby was organized in Deutsche Wollenwaren Manufaktur AG in Zielona Góra. The prisoners, there were over 400 of them in October 1942, were quartered in a building suitable for the prisoners in 33 Wrocławska Street. In 1944 the number of prisoners increased to about 1,000. The women worked in 12-hour-shifts and were responsible for operating textile machines and also did work having to do with sewing and textile industry. One of the prisoners said: Although only 90 pfennigs were allotted for each worker for food, the working conditions and dietary conditions were terrible. The women were allowed to correspond with the closest relatives and once a week receive a package of food, at least until they were under the job center’s management
Once was one of four camps for women which were erected along the lower Silesian border in October and November, 1944. It was a relatively small camp containing about 1,000 women who had come from Auschwitz and is mentioned in Daniel Goldhagen's book "Hitler's Willing Executioners".
Skarzysko Kamienna, Poland, 1962, The train station at the labor camp
SKARZYSKO-KAMIENNA (until 1928 Kamienna), town in Kielce province, E. central Poland. A mine workers' quarter in the 19th century, the locality received municipal rights in 1923. Jews settled in Kamienna in the 1890s with the development of industrial enterprises for steel production and tanning. A Jewish community was organized on the eve of World War I. In 1921 1,590 Jews constituted 20% of the total population. In addition to shop keeping, they engaged in hide processing, shoemaking, mechanics, and dyeing.
Sobibor Death Camp
After the escape the Sobibor death camp was torn down. Only 47 who could escape managed to survive the end of the war and give evidence of the existence of Sobibor and the revolt. The killing installations were destroyed and the area planted over with trees ...
One of three euthanasia sites built after the Wannsee Conference of June 20,1942 was opened on May 7, 1942 for the gassing of Jews. Information about the death camp that existed during WW II in which about 260,000 Jews were killed. The camp was closed after 300 prisoners overpowered guards and staged a heroic escape. Many were captured and shot. 'Escape from Sobibor' with Alan Arkin was made as a TV movie. There is a database of names at
The New York Times carried an article about Chaim Engel who helped carry out a group escape from this death camp, hoping to save himself and his future wife.
All traces of the camp were eradicated by the Nazis after the attempted escape.
Strasshof Concentration Camp
"Located outside of Vienna. This concentration camp, retained almost 21,000 Jews in June 1944 from Hungary were brought to Strasshof as a result of an agreement made between senior SS officer Adolf Eichmann and the leaders of the Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest. This agreement came about in mid-June 1944, when Eichmann offered to put 30,000 Hungarian Jews "on ice" in Austria, as a gesture of his good will in order to help facilitate the exchange offer he had made called "Blood for Goods." According to the "Blood for Goods" offer, Eichmann was to spare "one million" Hungarian Jews in exchange for certain goods, including 10,000 trucks. The deal ultimately failed; but while it was still a possibility, five million Swiss francs were paid to the SS in exchange for the 21,000 Jews sent to Strasshof. They were transferred from the ghettos of Baja, Debrecen, Szeged, and Szolnok, and made to work as forced laborers in industry and agriculture in eastern Austria. Almost all of the Jews at Strasshof, including old people and children, survived the war"
Stutthof Concentration Camp
Crew of the Konzentrationslager Stutthof (67 828 jednostek archiwalnych)
This is formed by the office files of the camp created during its existence in the years 1939-1945. During the managing of the archive, the method of recreating the internal organizational structure of the camp was used.
Department I - Kommandantur (headquarters)
Department II- Politische Abteilung (political department)
Department III- Schutzhaftlager (camp)
Department IV- Verwaltung (administrative and economic department)
Department V- Lagerarzt (camp doctor)
Department VI- Schulung (training of the crew)
Economic Plants of the SS
The Stutthof Concentration Camp was the first Nazi camp built outside of Germany and was the last camp liberated by Allied forces. It lies 34km outside Gdansk and was the place of death for 85,000 people according to official figures, although the actual number killed is assumed to be much greater. Originally a small prison for Poles and P.O.W’s, the camp would become the site of some of the worst atrocities of the war.
Between 1939 and 1945, 127,000 prisoners were officially registered in the camp, but those who were immediately singled out for execution were not registered at all, so there is no way of knowing the exact number of people brought to Stutthof. The camp was managed by an SS officer named Max Pauli, who would later be sentenced to death for the crimes committed here.
Fifteen thousand children under the age of fifteen passed through the Terezin Concentration Camp. Fewer than 100 survived
Martin Bergau published a book on the murdering of about 3.000 Jewish prisoners from the Stutthof concentration outpost in East Prussia who were murdered before the Soviet Red Army could liberate them. This story has now been told for the first time after more than 60 years.
The author, who was 16 in 1945 was a witness to the murder of prisoners at the Stutthof out camp in East Prussia who were sent on a death march by the SS and murdered in the then East Prussian place Palmnicken (today it is called "Jantar'nyj") when the Soviet Army approached. They were shot on the beach or sent out on the ice of the Baltic. More details are recounted by witnesses and survivors. There were only 15 survivors who were hidden by few, others were found by fanatic inhabitants who would have to flee soon themselves.
Documentation of former inmates
This collection contains document materials that concern the inmates of Stutthof, however, they do not belong to the files of the KL Stutthof crew. They were organized with the following outline: Legal correspondence: post cards, letters written by the inmates to their families and mail coming into the camp.
Illegal correspondence: secret letters written in Stutthof. Camp resistance movements: lyrics of poems, songs, prayers and pictures created by the inmates. Other materials concerning inmates: different documents not created in the camp, such as birth certificates, identity cards of the Society of Fighters for Freedom and Democracy (ZBoWiD), etc.
The following names of Jewish prisoners appear in the book, most of them with witness accounts (with page number in brackets):
BLITZ, Maria (35-41)
FEDER, Alta (12-13, 139-140)
FRIEDMAN, Ester (15-16)
HAUPTMANN, Dora (147)
KLAJNMAN, Fryda (130-132)
KRONISCH, Pnina/Pola (129-130)
LONICKI, Bluma (14, 134-136)
MANIELEWICZ, Zila (13-14, 120-129)
MUELLER, Regina, maiden name LIBERBAUM (140-141)
MULLER, Zysla, maiden name LIBERBAUM (140-141)
OJZEROWICZ, Chana (10-12, 132-134)
ROTH, Irmgard, maiden name GLAUS (136-137)
ZWARDON, Pola (137-138).
The book is in German. Its title is
"Bergau, Martin: Todesmarsch zur Bernsteinkueste: das Massaker an Juden im ostpreussischen Palmnicken im January 1945 - Zeitzeugen erinnern sich."
Heidelberg: Winter, 2006. Euro 19.
(Translation of the title: Death March to the Amber Coast: the massacre on Jews in the East Prussian Palmnicken in January 1945 - Witnesses remember). The German weekly "Die Zeit" printed a review of this book in its No 10 of March 1 (2007) of the book which is still accessible (2012). From a posting by Fritz Neubauer
German Jews List Database
According to the July 1949 edition of the
"Catalogue of Camps and Prisons in Germany and German-Occupied Territories",
Stutthof maintained the following Sub-Camps:
Bocion - Bottschin
Bromberg - Bydgoszcz
Brusy - Bruss
Chorabie - Kiobia
Cieszyny - Cieszyn
Danzig - Gdansk
Elbing - Elbag
Garzcyn - Gartschin
Gdynia - Gdingen - Gotenhafen
Gwizdziny - Gwisdzyn
Kokoszki - Kokoschken
Lauenburg - Lebork
Malki - Malken
Pruszcz - Praust
Stagorod - Preussisch Stargard
Stolp - Slupsk
Szerokopas - Scherokopas
Information is available concerning the Stutthof camp. Write to:
Dyrektor Mrs. Janina Grabowska-Chatka
6 82 - 110 Sztutowo
Woj. Elblaskie 0276110
Terezin (German = Theresienstadt)
Theresienstadt Concentration Camp Entrance
Czech Republic is the location of the former infamous concentration camp which had been passed off as the "model ghetto" by the Nazis. 11,000 to 15,000 children were held in the camp between 1941 and 1945. Terezin was originally built as a fortress over 200 years ago. It is located near the German border about 30 miles northeast of Prague. At its peak, it held 59,000 prisoners. More than 30,000 Jews died at this Czech transit camp. An estimated 140,000 Jews were sent to Terezin and 33,430 died there. About 88,000 were moved on to Auschwitz and other death camps, where most of them were killed. Fewer than 20,000 were freed when the notorious camp was liberated by the Soviet army in May 1945
Alice Herz-Sommer, believed to be the oldest-known survivor of the Holocaust, died Sunday, Feb. 23, 2014 morning in London at age 110, a family member said. Herz-Sommer’s devotion to the piano and to her son sustained her through two years in a Nazi prison camp, and a film about her was nominated for best short documentary
On June 10, 1942, a special "penal transport" of 1,000 Jews was sent from Prague to Poland in reprisal for Heydrich's assassination.
Terezin became the temporary sanctuary (transit camp) for Jews from throughout Europe who were told that they could 'sit out' the war safely, only to die in gas chambers or ovens of Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, etc.. The town itself was changed into a Ghetto - a concentration camp for Jews - in November, 1941.
Caroline Sturdy, with the University of Birmingham, using ground penetrating radar, discovered that the former encampment contains a huge mass grave in spite of what a group of Holocaust deniers who claimed that the camp was merely a transit rather than a death camp. From the World Jewry Digest of April 2012.
Web site for Beit Theresienstadt at Kibbutz Givat Chaym Ichud, a monument, museum, archives, and educational center dedicated to documenting the history of the Theresienstadt ghetto (also known as Terezin) Includes information on how to request a fee-based search of a database with the names of nearly 150,000 ghetto prisoners and provides full-text access to the Theresienstadt Martyrs Remembrance Association’s newsletter.
The postal address:
Theresienstadt Martyrs Remembrance Association
"Fate Did Not Let Me Go"
Authored by Valli Ollendort is a loving farewell letter to her son Ulrich, who had reached safety in America with his wife. Valli knew her fate and perished in the camp. Published by Terra Entertainment 1 310 268 1210
"Mendel Rosenbusch, Tales For Jewish Children"
Authored by Hans and Ruth Fisher; illustrated by P. John Burden. Resurrected from the shadows of Theresienstadt and the ashes of Auschwitz, the authors rediscovered this childhood favorite of theirs in 1998.
Authored by Zdenek Lederer
"The Fuehrer Gives The Jews A City"
("Der Fuehrer Schenkt den Juden Eine Stadt") is a documentary showing happy Jews in a Jewish city made by the Nazis in the summer of 1944. Shortly after, the majority of the "actors" were sent to Auschwitz.
"Prisoner of Paradise"
The Nazis drafted actor, director and cabaret star, Kurt Gerron, who was among the German Jewish artists of the 1920s, to make this film about a ludicrous propaganda film depicting Theresienstadt as a vacation resort.
"Theresienstadt family camp"
Was part of Auschwitz camp. Its name comes from the fact that in September 1943, a lot of Czech Jewish families coming from Terezin (Theresienstadt) were sent there. When you search on the Web and type "Theresienstadt", you will read different articles showing unfortunately, the fate of the children in that camp was often different from the adults'. Moreover, in all the transports of deportees, even if the statistics say that "all those on this transport from... were given numbers and taken to...", you must except the numerous ones who died in the cattle carriages in dreadful conditions. Nobody will ever know either the right number or their names. Eve Line Blum-Cherchevsky Besancon (France) and also Cercle de Genealogie Juive (International JGS in Paris) in a posting
List of Czech inmates of Theresienstadt (Terezin)
Who were alive in the camp when it was liberated
A little known fact about this camp is that there was a "hidden Synagogue" in a wine cellar in the camp." My friend, Robert W. Case sent me a photo dated August 2000, but unfortunately, I have lost the print.
A commercial travel agency has an interesting, as well as informative site at
Scroll down this site and you will find information about 'The Ghetto Museum' (the former school that served during the war as a boy's home); 'The Magdeburg Barracks' - a seat of the Council of elders and the Jewish self-administration where you can see a replica of a dormitory of the time of the ghetto: 'The Memorial by Ohre River' where the ashes of the perished prisoners (about 22,000) were thrown into the river by the Nazis in 1944 in order to destroy the evidence; 'The Jewish Cemetery and the Crematorium' which contains the mass and single graves of over 9,000 victims that died during the first year of the existence of the Ghetto. The Crematorium, built by the prisoners in 1942, burnt over 30,000 corpses.
"The Memorial Book for the Austrian Victims of Theresienstadt"
Check on their data ((in German) through the address - by clicking on "Projekte" and "Holocaust". The DOEW's database of over 62,000 Austrian victims of the Shoah
http://www.doew.at/service/archiv/content.html (In German)
Many elderly Jews were deported from Breslau and other places in Niederschlesien.
There is a book available with approximately 1,800 names:
"Tormersdorf, Gruessau, Riebnig" (Obozy Przejsciowe dla Zydow Dolnego
Slaska z lat 1941-1943".
Authored by Alfred Koniczny and published by Wydawnictowo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego in 1997 in soft back
Totenbuch Concentration Camp
Much information including name list from this Out-Station Braunschweig Schilstrasse
Jews from Lukow, Poland, being deported to Treblinka
One of three euthanasia sites built after the Wannsee Conference of June 20,1942 where over 870,000 victims, mostly Jews, were executed in the carbon monoxide gas chambers at this camp opening on July 23, 1942. Polish Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto were the first arrivals. It was located a few dozen miles outside of Warsaw. Today, it is called 'The biggest Cemetery of Polish Jewry'. Most of the victims were buried in vast pits, but later the bodies were disinterred and burned in open-air fires. No building or structure remains at Treblinka. The victims' bodies burned in pyres, their bones crushed and used as fertilizer.
On August 2, 1943, an uprising in the Treblinka death camp was launched. At least 900,000 people, nearly all Jews, had been killed at Treblinka since July 1942. Hundreds of prisoners were involved in the revolt. Three hundred escaped, and about 100 survived the SS manhunt that followed. In October, the camp was shut down, razed and hidden under new landscaping. Two months later, an uprising in the Sobibor extermination camp led to its destruction, as well.
Toward the final stages of the existence of the camp, the bodies went directly from gas chambers to open-air burning, without the intermediate stage of burial. At this site you can read the story of the first witness in the Jewish attempt to hang a Ukrainian (John Demjanjuk) for crimes that he claimed he did not commit
The Radom Ghetto in Poland was liquidated on August 16-18; 18,000 Jews were deported to Treblinka; 1,500 who resisted deportation were shot on the spot; 4,000 Jews were put into a special slave labor ghetto.
The following are the countries whose Jews were deported to Treblinka (and other death camps): Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Yugoslavia, Germany, Poland, Russia.
The following are the towns whose Jews were deported to death in Treblinka (and other death camps, a partial list):
Lipsko Nad Wisla
Nowe Miasto Nad Pilica
Skarzysko - Kamienna
Solec Nad Wisla
Stoczek P. Sokolowski
More information in Ada Holtzman's web site (among others):
Sorry no lists. Only names of the communities deported to immediate death in the gas chambers. There were no registration procedures - all deported Jews from the overcrowded cattle trains to death. Only very few were selected to slavery labor mainly in the killing industry, with life expectancy of some weeks. Communities liquidated in Treblinka - listed on Ada Holtzman's web site
(A Pesar de Treblinka)
Authored by Uruguayan director Gerardo Stawsky - a documentary telling the story of escaping the gas ovens by being assigned to carry bodies, sort victims' belonging or cut hair. Produced by Universidad Ort Uruguay Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
There is a Treblinka monument at Nachlat Icchak cemetery in Givataiin Israel
Ira Block posted on 1/30/07 "I recently emailed requested photos from the following shuls/cemeteries. If anyone wants copies of Treblinka just send a request via email to
Trostenets (Maly Trostenets)
Fourth largest death camp after Auschwitz, Majdanek and Treblinka.
Memorial place Trutzhain, call 06691-710662 (whale-trust Burger). During the (one of the French prisoners there François Mitterrand, later became
Second World War, Ziegenhain was home to a prisoner of war camp,
President of France), and after the war, also to a displaced persons camp at the same facility. The camp is now the constituent community of Trutzhain. Some of the barracks still stand and have been converted into houses.)
Jewish work camp , near Nijverdal in the province of Overijssel in the Netherlands. There is some further information about this camp, however in Dutch language
Yaniv (Yanov) Concentration Camp
Located near L'viv, Ukraine
A story about a Torah that was hidden from the Germans in this camp was published in the Sunday issue of the Los Angeles Times on November 16, 2008. The Torah is now in the possession of the Los Angeles campus of Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion which is located near the USC campus. The Torah was brought into the labor camp in small pieces wrapped around the bodies of the Jewish inmates and after the war, was sewn back together. It was in the possession of a Jewish couple who brought it to the United States and was recently donated to the college.
Children Holocaust Survivors
One in 10 children survived the Holocaust, most in hiding. A list of 2,500 files of Holocaust orphans from Poland between years 1936-1945 and who have lost their identity
Resources for Children of Holocaust Survivors
Cybrary of the Holocaust
Documents and pictures about the Holocaust
Database of Holocaust Victims
Degendorf, Germany Displaced Persons Camp
It was liquidated when most of the camps were closed in 1948-49 and its inhabitants were sent to Israel. Most of the records were transferred to the regional office of the Vaad Ha Kehillot and eventually to the Jewish Agency Headquarters in Israel
Diplomats Who Rescued Jews
Directory of Holocaust Remembrance Around the World
Dr. Feng-Shan Ho
One of the first diplomats to save Jews by issuing them visas to escape the Holocaust. He was responsible for saving thousands (estimated at 18,000) of Jews in Nazi-occupied Austria in 1938 and 1939
Dormant Accounts at Swiss Banks
The identification of Eichmann, who was found living in Buenos Aires, Argentina as Ricardo Klement,, was based on a draftsman's (Neomi Izhar) meticulous analysis of Eichmann's ears that matched Eichmann's ears as they appeared in his SS file photo. There were 67 Israeli's involved in the successful kidnapping (the operation's commander was Rafi Eitan) - from forgers and mechanics to pilots and the doctor who kept Eichmann sedated until his El-Al flight was in midair. His forged passport presented to Argentinean police was under the name of Zeev Zichroni who was supposedly a steward on the plane that also carried Abba Eban who knew nothing about Eichmann being on the same plane until it landed in Israel. He was prosecuted by Gideon Hausner, found guilty, hanged and then cremated with his ashes strewn over the Mediterranean Sea. We will never forget Hausner's famous accusation "standing with me here today are six million prosecutors"
Executive Order 9547
American Military Government List of Jews in Concentration Camps
List of 987 survivors and victims (Germany, Hungary, Austria, Romania)
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - Life in Shadows: Hidden Children and the Holocaust tells the stories of dozens of children who were sent into hiding to escape death. Includes pictures, photos, letters, documents and other artifacts. Life in Shadows was on display at the USHMM in 2004.
More than 100 films from Hebrew University's Steven Spielberg Jewish Film Archive are available online. The films deal with the Holocaust, Israeli history, Jewish life in pre-war Europe and many other topics at
Forced Laborers in Bolekhov, Dobromil, Broshnev Osada, Wydoda and Skole.
A file of about 35 pages is being entered into a JewishGen database. Contact Joyce Field email@example.com for further information.
Information about literature related to forced labor and links on the subject of WW II Forced Labor
CDJC, Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine, Paris
Raphael Lemkin, a Jewish refugee from Poland, coined the word genocide in 1944 to describe what was happening in German-occupied Europe.
Kean College of New Jersey
Research Institute Archives of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
A collection of oral testimonies is available in PDF format
The British Library
has placed more than 440 hours of testimonials from Holocaust survivors on its website. In wide-ranging interviews, 66 Jewish survivors tell the stories of their lives in the ghettos and concentration camps, and describe how they made lives for themselves after the war
Hitler Letter: A Letter That Changed The World
The Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles has, on permanent display, the letter that Hitler wrote in 1919 arguing in pseudoscientific terms for the "irrevocable removal of the Jews".
Holocaust & World War II Maps
Museums and Memorials
Photographs (WARNING: Graphic Material)
Timeline of Jewish Persecution
What Makes the Holocaust Unique?
World War II: Table of Contents
The Nazi Party
The Nazis & the Arts
The Nazis & The Jews
“Euthanasia” (T-4) Program
Germany in World War II
German Business and the Third Reich
The German Military
The Nazi Olympics
Pope Pius XII
"Righteous Among the Nations"
International Refugee Policy
Japan and the Jews
Jews in Occupied Countries
Palestine & the Holocaust
U.S. Policy During World War II
World Response to the Holocaust
What We Knew and When We Knew It
Responsa Regarding Saving Yourself & Your Children in the Holocaust
First Use of Term “Holocaust”
Holocaust Assets & Reparations
Tracing Family Members Lost in the Holocaust
Simon Wiesenthal Center's "36 Questions"
Holocaust Memorial Calendar
I G Farben
A synthetic rubber and petroleum plant opens at Monowitz, also known as Buna or Auschwitz III, using Jewish labor from Auschwitz I
Internment in French camps and deportations from France
On August 6, 1942, the deportation of foreign Jews from Vichy France begins with a transport to Auschwitz.
The databases are approximately 10 000 names so far, mostly foreign Jews from Poland, Austria and Germany The address of the search page is
Here is a short description of the lists
Various lists 1939-1945
Lists of inmates in the camp of Borgo san Dalmazzo
Lists of inmates in the camp of St Cyprian
List of Jews from Belgium ( before May 10, 1940) deported from France, survivors in 1945 Jewish Résistants from Belgium
Various lists about French internment camps ( Rivesaltes, Les Milles, …)
Census of the Jews in Lyon 1941 ( census of 1943) in the “various list”
Census of the Jews in the Allier department
The project “Ordinary exile” presents the story of Austrian Jewish refugees in Europe
Information from Manuela Wyler firstname.lastname@example.org
Mémorial de la Shoah Website
The Mémorial de la Shoah Musée, Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine (Memorial to the Shoah Museum and Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation) located in Paris has a website of interest to genealogists located at
First it has a searchable database of
* Jews deported from France
* Jews killed in France
* persons executed or who died in the French internment camps
* Jewish resistance fighters who belonged to the network of the Jewish Combat Organization.
In the case of the Jews deported from France, provided are the date of deportation, place of deportation (usually Drancy or Pithiviers), destination (usually Auschwitz), convoy number and details about the individual including, when known, date and place of birth, maiden name, date of death and nationality. In most cases the page from the actual deportation list is displayed and can be saved. The search engine seems to have certain latitude in retrieving names. Searching for "Mokotow" retrieved persons named Mokotovitch.
It is also an educational site. From the home page only, under the "Archives and documentation" drop down menu, there is a topic "Guide to Archives/Selection of Archives" that has links to key Shoah sites on the Internet. Of greater interest might be the "Guide to Archives/Guide to European Guide to Shoah Archives" that provides links to Shoah archives in most countries in Europe. The site is presented in French or English. From a posting by Avotaynu.
Galicia (Region) Galicia
Chapters on districts of Kolomyia and Stryy from the dissertation Emergence of genocide in Galicia and resettlement transports to Belzec extermination camp - Galician Jewish Celebrities
Galicia and Bukovina War Refugees Directory
Based on an *initial* official registration with the authorities on arrival [first address and number of people in family group]. QED - there were 3 people in the MOSCISKER family group, so we have effectively confirmed the *3 os.* problem and any further *os* problems, if they arise again. Thus, the little word *os* can give us quite a lot of genealogical information! From a posting by Celia Male
Galician Forced Laborers from Lvov
Data on 1,110 workers, from a collection of the L'viv State Archives.
German Jewish Records including Nazi Concentration Camp Records
On-line information about microfilmed reels and what they contain including lists of Jews deported from Germany and extensive material from concentration camp records, primarily from camps located in the US occupied zone of Germany, though there are records from other camps, as well. The microfilmed copies are now housed at the US National Archives (NARA) and the US Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM, Washington, DC) has a catalog of the 189 reels (about 189,000 frames or pages). Deportation lists from various cities are included, varying by city. The bulk, however, are concentration camp records, including arrival and 'departure' (releases, transfers and death) lists.
Some survivor lists are found, varying widely by camp, with large collections from Dachau and Buchenwald, and limited material on Gross Rosen. There are many lists of transfers to and from Auschwitz, Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück and other camps.
Arolsen International Red Cross Records
Has been made public and they can be viewed at NARA in College Park, Maryland, or at the USHMM. If you have specific information, you may be able to get more information by sending an Email: to email@example.com or by contacting USHMM at firstname.lastname@example.org
This story was aired on CBS on "60 MINUTES" ** about a long-secret German archive that houses a treasure trove of information on 17.5 million victims of the Holocaust. The archive, located in the German town of Bad Arolsen , is massive (there are 16 miles of shelving containing 50 million pages of documents) and until recently, was off-limits to the public. But after the German government agreed earlier this year to open the archives, CBS News' Scott Pelley traveled there with three Jewish survivors who were able to see their own Holocaust records. It's an incredibly moving piece, all the more poignant in the wake of the meeting of Holocaust deniers in Iran and the denial speeches in the UN. It is now more than 60 years after the Second World War in Europe ended. In memory of the six million Jews, 20 million Russians, 10 million Christians and 1,900 Catholic priests who were murdered, massacred, raped, burned, starved and humiliated with the German and Russia peoples looking the other way!
Meaning of information contained in the Arolsen Records:
CLI = Certified Legal Investigator
National Archives' Ardella Hall Collection
A collection of Nazi looted art is accessible on Footnote's Holocaust site. Additional Jewish records are in this collection and it is interactive which allows paid subscribers to add photos and data to a topic or create their own pages on the side. A sign-in is required
Nazi Concentration Camp Records
The Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (Confederation of Jews in Germany)
In 1941, there were 440,000 Jews confined behind the 10-foot walls of the Warsaw ghetto; hundreds died of starvation and disease. In October, 1942, the Jewish resistance groups in the Warsaw Ghetto formed the United Jewish Fighting Organization.
On October 3, 1942, the major phase of the "resettlement" (deportation) of the Warsaw Ghetto Jews is completed. By this date, approximately 310,000 people had been deported to Treblinka death camp. Only 30,000 Jews, mostly skilled workers, were allowed to remain in the ghetto.
Electronic resources on ghettos instituted by the Nazis to isolate the Jewish population. Historical Sites of Jewish Warsaw
Guidebook of historical Jewish sites in Warsaw. Includes a timeline of important events regarding the Jewish presence in Warsaw and illustrated descriptions of fifty-four historic locations. Also features a map marking the streets and major buildings of the Warsaw Ghetto on the street grid of contemporary Warsaw. [Polish and English]
A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country.
Guide to the Holocaust
This site includes original researched articles about the Holocaust; a weekly Email: newsletter; an on-line Forum for discussion, categorized and selected links to on-line resources for Holocaust information
Hannah Arendt Papers
The papers of the author, educator, and political philosopher Hannah Arendt (1906-1975) are one of the principal sources for the study of modern intellectual life. Located in the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress, they constitute a large and diverse collection reflecting a complex career. With over 25,000 items (about 75,000 digital images), the papers contain correspondence, articles, lectures, speeches, book manuscripts, transcripts of Adolf Eichmann's trial proceedings, notes, and printed matter pertaining to Arendt's writings and academic career. The entire collection has been digitized and is available to researchers in reading rooms at the Library of Congress, the New School University in New York City, and the Hannah Arendt Center at the University of Oldenburg, Germany. Parts of the collection and the finding aid are available for public access on the Internet.
Hannah Senesh (Szenes)
The official site of the Hannah Senesh Legacy Foundation. It is about this courageous Jewish figure of WW II. Hannah was just 22 years old when she was sent on a mission to rescue Hungary's Jews during WW II. The poet and Haganah fighter parachuted behind enemy lines, was captured, tortured and ultimately executed by the Nazis. The story of her life (in English and in Hebrew), together with photographs and examples from her diaries and poetry is displayed here
Holocaust Educational Foundation (HEF)
The Holocaust Educational Foundation is a private, non-profit organization established in 1980 by survivors, their children, and their friends in order to preserve and promote awareness of the reality of the Holocaust.
Holocaust & Genocide Studies in the Ukraine
Terms, Places and Personalities AKTION (German) Operation involving the mass assembly, deportation and murder of Jews by the Nazis during the Holocaust. Lots of holocaust information and well worth your visit
Features links to holocaust sites including searching for relatives/survivors, curriculum resources and an historical summary
The term holocaust was derived from Greek language, which means completely (holos) burnt (kaustos) sacrificial offering to the god. The Latin form of the term was first used with specific reference to a massacre of Jews by the chroniclers. Later on the term was commonly used to describe the genocide of approximately six million Jews during the World War II, by the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi) regime in Germany led by Adolf Hitler. The Holocaust inflicted by the Nazi regime was the systematic, bureaucratic and state-sponsored maltreatment and massacre of nearly six million Jews. The Nazis, who came to the power in Germany around 1933, had a strong belief that Germans were racially superior and the Jews were considered to be inferior and in order to provide the Germans with more space they were massacred in the concentration camps.
Holocaust Memorial Center (Michigan)
6602 West Maple Road
West Bloomfield, Michigan
has a very rare copy of 'Gedenkbuch: Haeftlinge des Konzentrationslagfers Bergen-Belsen" published by Niedersaechsische Landeszentrale fuer Politische Bildung -- Gedenkstaette Bergen-Belsen' in 1995 and has 652 pages. The book lists 25,000 inmates at the death camp Bergen-Belsen
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
America's national institution for the documentation, study, and interpretation of Holocaust history, and serves as this country's memorial to the millions of people murdered during the Holocaust.
Visiting the permanent exhibition: Tickets are free but limited to ten passes per person. Passes are timed at 15-minute intervals between 10 a.m. and 3:45 p.m. and are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Museum members receive up to four passes upon presentation of their membership card. Start on the Fourth Floor for your self-guided tour. The Museum's three floor main exhibition, presents a comprehensive history through artifacts, photographs, films and eyewitness testimonies. Divided into three sections presented chronologically, it begins with life before the Holocaust in the early 1930s, continues through the Nazi rise to power and the subsequent tyranny and genocide, and concludes with liberation and the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust. For Group Reservations for the Permanent Exhibition, write or Email: USHMM/Scheduling Office,
100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW
Washington, DC 20024-2126
Phone: 202 488 6100; Fax: 202 488 2606;
The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies
University of Minnesota. An excellent site which includes a Virtual Museum, Educational Resources and Links & Bibliography
DP Camp Lists
write to: Holocaust Memorial Museum
PO Box 10190 Silver Spring, MD 20914.
Another contact to email to is
Bob Wascou at email@example.com
Florida Holocaust Museum in St. Petersburg
727 820 0100
Holocaust Memorial Center - Bloomfield, Michigan
Holocaust Museum - Houston
Telephone 713 942 8000
Imperial War Museum (London, England)
There is a permanent exhibit devoted to the Holocaust in the new, five floor wind, that occupies about 13,000 square feet of space on two floors.
Jewish Museum of Florida in Miami Beach
Sanford L. Ziff
05 672 5044
Museum of Jewish Heritage, New York
212 945 0039
Museum of the Jewish People
Museums and Remembrance
Web sites for Holocaust museums and remembrance organizations worldwide
Ukraine Holocaust Memorial Sites
Father Desbois is establishing the facts of a critical but less well-known chapter of the Holocaust by seeking an estimated 2,500 mass graves and killing sites of Ukraine Jews.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
100 Raoul Wallenberg Place S.W.
Washington, DC 20024;
Phone Information (202) 488 0495
(202) 488 0400
Fax 202 488 2690
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Hidden History of the Kovno Ghetto
Online exhibit by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum based on artifacts and documents buried as a historical record by inhabitants of the Kovno ghetto in Lithuania. Includes many photographs, interactive exhibits, and a timeline.
The Museum prefers to be contact in writing, either by email Registry@ushmm.org or by mail to Survivors Registry,
U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
100 Raoul Wallenberg Pl. SW,
The Registry handles 34,000 requests annually, and hundreds of people have been reunited through the Museum's 'Registry of Holocaust Survivors' efforts. Survivors can be registered posthumously, allowing people to confirm if someone they know survived the Holocaust, even if they are not alive today.
To protect the privacy of survivors and their families, the Registry is not searchable on-line. Survivors can provide as much, or as little, information as they desire about their lives before, during and after the Holocaust. Photographs are also accepted. Survivors' addresses and telephone numbers are not displayed in the Registry nor released without their consent. The database at the Registry contains information on about 180,000 survivors and their family members worldwide. Survivors can call 202 488 6130 or Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or visit the Museum's Web site
This site offers the ability to search the name list, memories, World Chat, Pictures and the ability to also add names
Holocaust Remembrance Day
In an effort to help preserve the memory of the 12 million people, 6 million of them Jewish, who perished in the Holocaust, the Ancestry Daily News has set up a Web page with the following information at:
Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem
International Institute for the Holocaust Research
PO Box 3477
Phone: +972 2 644 3480 Fax: +972 2 644 3443
Holocaust World Resource Center
Bernard and Rochelle Zell Center for Holocaust Studies - exhibition and educational resources relating to the destruction of European Jewry during WW II
In 1945, about 200,000 Jews survived the Nazi concentration camps and between 50,000 and 75,000 survivors found themselves in the Western occupation zones of Germany. Many of the non-Jewish refugees quickly returned to their former countries, but others, because of fear of the Soviet occupation or other considerations, refused repatriation. However, most Jewish displaced persons, including those who emerged from hiding places, or had been with partisan groups, found that returning to Eastern Europe was not in their best interest. Within weeks of liberation, more than 20,000 Jews died from disease and malnourishment.
A web site where you can read the stories of the survivors, hear them speak and look at their family photographs. You can also ask questions at the discussion page
Holocaust Web Site
Created by Jennifer Rosenberg - has many links to other web links dealing with the many facets of the Holocaust.
Hungarian Jewish Concentration Camp Survivors
"I've been to Auschwitz again, a few days ago. Something has catched (caught) my attention this time: all prisoner registration cards bore a stamp "Hollerith - erfasst" or "entered into the Hollerith-machine".
"You must know that Hollerith was the German representative of IBM, and it was responsible for equipping the Nazi authorities and all the KZs with modern, up-to-date data registration equipment, which in fact was produced by IBM, and only imported by Hollerith. According to the book you've mentioned, IBM exported some machines even after the outbreak of the war - until mid 1941.
I dare to understate that the Nazi extermination of our ancestors would by far not be that effective, wouldn't they have used modern IBM equipment for registration purposes. From a posting by G. Gembala Krakow, Poland
The Information Center for Holocaust Survivors in Israel"
This website is informative and easily navigated. There is a search facility where you can enter a name, and all compensation funds will be searched simultaneously-- insurance claims, property claims, etc.
Jedwabne and Radzilow
A translation of an article by Krzysztof Persak of the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) in Warsaw about the pogroms committed by Poles throughout the region of northeastern Poland during the summer of 1941 can be found at:
Jewish Family Research Association
This association was established in 2000 in Tel-Aviv. There is an English-language branch in Ra'anana in conjunction with ESRA and several more groups in formation. For further information, contact Rob Sealtiel, President email@example.com
The JewishGen Holocaust Database
A collection of 53 datasets, containing over 320,000 entries about Holocaust victims and survivors. It can be searched at
Some of the files transcribed for the Holocaust Database are from files of the US Holocaust memorial Museum. The JewishGen Holocaust Database contains:
The Aufbau Database of over 33,000 Holocaust survivors
American Military Government Compiled List of 987 Jews
Arrivals to Buchenwald on Jan. 22, 1945
Auschwitz-Sachsenhausen Transfers of 356 prisoners 11 27, 1944
Austrian Jews (800) in Concentration Camps
Bavaria, Muhldorf, - Deaths November 1944 - April 1945
Belarus, Pinsk Ghetto List, 1942 18,000 names from late 1941 or 1942
Brest Ghetto Passport Archive - over 12,000 names
Buchenwald Death List - 864 Polish Men 1939
Czech, Inmates at Bergen Belsen and Theresienstadt - 610 Jewish women liberated
Czech, Inmates at Bergen Belsen & Theresienstadt - 33 women
Czech, Inmates at Bergen Belsen & Theresienstadt - 445 Czech women
Czech, Inmates at Bergen Belsen & Theresienstadt - 384 Czech Jews still in Terezin on 2-5-1945
Czech, Prague - 1216 names of Children in Prague 1943-44
Confederation of Jews in Germany - 1662 names
Dachau Inmates - 2,800+ inmates
Dachau Concentration Camp Records - 37,000 prisoners
Jews who died at Dachau after Liberation - 555
Danish Deportees of over 400 Jews deported to Theresienstadt
Deportation of Bialystok Children from Theresienstadt - 1200 names
German Jews at Stutthof Concentration Camp
Germans, Swiss and Austrians deported from France 1942-44
Jewish Partisans and Fighters of Volyn - 822 names
Germany, Jewish Training Centers - 1800 names 1934-38
Germany, Jews (480) who died in Berlin, Jul 1943-Mar 1945
Germany, Temporary Passports 1938-1941
Hungary - Jews of Szombathely 1944 - 3,116 Jews in Vas County
Lithuania, Kovno Ghetto Cemetery - 1941-43 840 burials
Lithuania, Vilna Ghetto: Lists of Prisoners - over 15,000 from May, 1942
Norway Compilation on nearly 900 Norwegian Jews
Poland, Jewish Inhabitants of Krosno, Galicia, 3,298 names
Poland, Jews who resided in Krosno, Poland before 1941
Poland, Krakow Ghetto Database of over 19,000 Jews
Polish-German Children in Zabiczyn
Hungary, Jews in Debrecen, Hajdu County 4,000 names in 1944
Latvia, Riga - Extraordinary Commission Lists - over 2,000 individuals
Sachsenhausen - Arrivals & Departures 10-1940 to June 1941
Silesian Jews (73) in Mixed Marriages, Oct. 1944
Slovakia - Jews deported from Spisska Nova Ves - 1054 names
Sugihara Passports - 2,140 (mostly Polish Jews)
Ukraine, L'viv Ghetto Database of over 10,000 Jews
Ukraine, 5000 Borislav-Drohobycz Delinquent water bills
Westphalian Jews - over 8,000 Jews and their fate
Jewish Memorial Center
The place to commemorate and remember forever, individual Jews from all walks of life, as well as Victims of the Holocaust.
Jewish People Finder and Jewish Memorial Center
An in-depth web site with lots of excellent links. Search and locate Jewish people globally. A service in English and Hebrew.
Jewish World Center
Jewish global communities, directory, and an information center for everything Jewish worldwide.
KGB Lists In The Baltic States
Documents and Research
Contact: L. S. Montague of the Jewish Refugees Committee, part of World Jewish Relief at:
74/80 Camden Street
London NWI 0EG
Tel +44 (0) 7681; Fax: +44 (0) 7691 1780
Kristallnacht (The Night of the Broken Glass)
The exterior of a synagogue in Wiesloch, Germany in the aftermath of Kristallnacht.
On Kristallnacht, in addition to the vandalizing of the synagogue, windows of Jewish
homes were smashed and Jewish men were detained in the Dachau concentration
camp. Yad Vashem Photo Archives 153DO4
Inspired by Hitler's fanatical fascism, rioters pulled Jews from their homes, destroyed their belongings and beat some of them senseless, in a campaign of violence that the Nazis said was spontaneous but was in fact, cultivated and encouraged by the regime. A least 91 Jews were killed, and 30,000 were arrested and sent to camps in Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen and Dachau. On Wednesday, November 9 - 10, 1038, the sounds of broken glass shattered the normally quiet streets of Germany, Austria and the Sudetenland.
A quiet village of about 200 people is where a 'dump' was discovered in 2008 by Yaron Svoray, an Israeli writer. The 'dump' is described as a treasure trove of artifacts dumped there after the Kristallnacht and so far, he has discovered artifacts relating to Jewish home items i.e. pottery and porcelain items dumped here by the Nazis. Klandorf is about 40 miles north of Berlin.
The dump site sprawls across several acres, an uneven terrain of wooded copses and bushy ravines. The full story can be found in the November 16, 2008 issue of the Los Angeles Times.
During the Holocaust, the Nazis established concentration camps across Europe. At first, these concentrations camps were meant to hold political prisoners; however, by the beginning of World War II, these concentration camps had transformed and expanded in order to house vast numbers of non-political prisoners whom the Nazis exploited through forced labor. Many concentration camp prisoners died from the horrible living conditions or from being literally worked to death.
Chelmno, the first extermination camp (also called death camp), in order to "exterminate" both Jews and Gypsies. In 1942, three more death camps were built (Treblinka, Sobibor, and Belzec) and used solely for mass murder. Around this time, killing centers were also added at the concentration camps of Auschwitz and Majdanek.
By 1941, the Nazis began building
The Soviet Story
Watch a 10 minute trailer of a Latvian film made in 2008. There is an English narration with Polish subtitles superimposed on Latvian film. The film is quite explicit and very detailed.
Life in a Ghetto
Lili Susser's first hand account of her life in the Lodz Ghetto
The Holocaust in Lithuania
Lithuania (Country) Lithuania
The Vilna Ghetto was liquidated on September 23, 1943 in the Paneriai (Ponar) on the outskirts of Vilnius (about 10 kilometers). 70,000 Jews were murdered there.
There is still a Jewish community in Lithuania numbering 4,000. Vilnius (Vilna) once had a population that was 55 percent Jewish and at the turn of the century was called the 'Jerusalem of Lithuania'. That ended with a genocide beginning in the summer of 1941 that was finished, for most part, by November of the same year.
Pinkas Ha Kehillot
Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities from their foundation till after the Holocaust: Lithuania - The complete bibliography of the Works of Professor Dov Levin, 1945-2000 - "Yidishe Shtet, Shtetlach un dorfishe yishuvim in Lite: biz 1918: historish-biografishe skitses (Jewish Cities, Towns and Villages in Lithuania until 1918"
Map of Nazi Concentration and Death Camps
Fold3.com, offers free access to their WWII collection. You will find records, documents, stories, and photos, plus you have the opportunity to add your own.
Minsk, Belarus Memorable Gardens for Holocaust Victims
For information, contact Franklin J. Swartz firstname.lastname@example.org
Music of Remembrance
Seattle is home to "Music of Remembrance" an organization that performs music created in ghettos and concentration camps during the Holocaust. The musicians come predominantly from the Seattle Symphony and are joined by other leading artists. Performances take place twice annually at Benaroya Hall, home of the symphony, and often include lectures and discussions.
Names of Holocaust Victims
Many Holocaust victims go undocumented because no living family member remembers the names of these people. A typical comment is “My great-grandmother had two sisters who were murdered in the Holocaust with their families, but no one knows their names.” As the Holocaust slips into history, there is an excellent source of these names: their birth and marriage records. Most countries make publicly available vital records 100 years after the event, sometimes earlier for marriage and death records. This means that today, family historians have access to the birth record of any Holocaust victim who was born before 1912—if the records exist
Nazi-era Provenance of Art Objects
The search seems to be only by object.
The advanced search page is at:
New York State's Holocaust Claims Processing Office
New York State Banking Department
Holocaust Claims Processing Office,
2 Rector Street
New York, NY 10006
Phone (800) 695 3318, (212) 618 6983 (outside of US)
Fax: (212) 618 6908
A site dedicated to the nearly 12 million victims ruthlessly destroyed by Hitler and his Nazi regime. The site features collections of information about Holocaust - denial and the Holocaust
This is an amazing project for those researching the Holocaust. The Harvard Law School library introduced the "Nuremberg Trials Project: A Digital Document Collection," a Web site where it plans to post 82,000 documents, totaling 650,000 pages, from the Nuremberg war crimes trials of 1946 to 1949. From a posting by Tom Venetianer
'Living Words: Voices of the Holocaust' Presented by the British Library. voices of the Holocaust consists of personal, oral testimonies gathered from Jewish men and women who came to reside in Britain. The testimonies are divided into six main categories - life before the Holocaust, ghettos and deportations, the camps, resistance, liberation and testimonies by Edith Berkin. This site serves as a compliment to the sixteen-volume set of typescripts of 70 interviews of Holocaust survivors conducted in 1946 by the Illinois Institute of Technology. Transcripts may be read or played using Real Player™
Orient (Dealing with the Holocaust)
See also my 'Orient' page
Pages of Testimony
Contains biographic details of the Holocaust victims and serves as symbolic tombstones. The Pages are submitted in memory of the victims by a family member or a close friend and is located at Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority - click on the 'Remembrance' link and, as well, the other links on the page.
Search The Ghetto fighters' House database
Original Holocaust Photos
Includes original photos from Germany during the Holocaust. Stephanie Comfort says: "On the back of most of them the 4 corners are black paper showing that they've been removed from the albums of Nazi families. They're the photos from the '30's and '40's with the serrated edges. I remember them as a child. I have around 100 - 150 of them. They're listed as: Original Holocaust Photos."
Poland (Dealing with the Holocaust) See also my Poland page
Poland - Zabiczyn,
Unpublished list of names of children without parents expelled from Germany to Zabiczyn
Poland - Zaglembia
Pinkas Zaglembia (Memorial Book of Zaglembia)
Polish Jews Poland
Some 80 percent of Polish Jews who survived the Holocaust did so because, in 1940, Stalin deported them to Siberian labor camps; on their release, they immigrated to Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Information obtained from the Hadassah Magazine of November 2008. A documentary is available.
Polish Town List Poland
A translation from 'Jewish Communities destroyed in the Holocaust' by Avraham Klevan
On the morning of July 26, 1942, at the bridge over the river San in Przemysl, a detachment of SS and police wanted to round up Jews from the ghetto for deportation to the Belzec extermination camp. Two German army officers, the town commander Major Liedtke and his deputy, First Lieutenant Battel, protected the Jews from being taken to their death by threatening to order their men to open fire unless the SS men retreated. Only one day before the bridge encounter, Battel had used army trucks to take Jewish workers and their families - 80 to 100 people - out of the ghetto and house them under direct military supervision. Both Battel and Liedtke have been honored in 1982 and 1993 by Yad Vashem, Israel as "Righteous among the Nations". Further information from
Dr. Norbert Haase,
Saxony Memorial Foundation,
Compensation for the post-war restoration of securities rights, the Puttkammer List and the safe-deposit box expenses in the Netherlands during WWII
On August 4, 1912, a Jewish humanitarian, Raoul Wallenberg, was born. While serving as Sweden's special envoy in Budapest in 1944, he saved tens of thousands of Jews from the last wave of the Holocaust by issuing protective passes and declared some 30 buildings in Budapest, where around 15,000 Jews were hidden, to be declared Sovereign Swedish territory.Books
"Civil Collaboration, Spiritual and Cultural Heritage Fund
Published by Interpressfact in Budapest
Refuge and Rescue
Two complementary exhibits on the related themes of refuge and rescue at Vancouver Holocaust Museum
Refuge and Rescue
Two complementary exhibits on the related themes of refuge and rescue at Vancouver Holocaust Museum
Register of Jewish Survivors
"Pinkas HaNitzolim I
166 different lists of nearly 62,000 Jewish survivors rescued in various European Countries. Published in Jerusalem in 1945, by the Jewish Agency's Search Bureau for Missing Relatives.
Researching The Holocaust
An on-line resource which includes an extensive collection of photographs. The built-in search engine lets you research topics in related Holocaust sites, or throughout the web
Rheinpfalz (Region), Germany
Reminiscences of Jacob Greenbaum, Sr., written for his children in 1859
Among the 18,000 Righteous Gentiles officially recognized by Yad Vashem, 4,000 are Dutch, by far the largest national contingent in Europe
Romania Romania Page
Photo from USHMM
The USHMM has over three million pages of documents in their archives. Museum scholars played a key role in writing a definitive history of the Holocaust in Romania, leading the Romanian government to admit the country's wartime complicity in murdering Jews, to establish a national Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Schindler, Oscar and Emilie Schindler
Whenever a worker at the Plaszow work camp was put in direct peril, Oscar Schindler traded a black-market item for that worker's transfer to his factory. Here nobody was hit, nobody murdered and nobody was sent to death camps like the nearby Auschwitz
The List of Life - Schindler's Jewshttp://www.deathcamps.info/Leyson/Schindlers-list.htm
Why did he help Jews? Why did he spend an enormous sum of money and risk his life to rescue 1,300 Jews in the shadow of Auschwitz?
The German industrialist's list of more than 800 Jews - describe by the State Library of New South Wales as "one of the most powerful documents of the 20th century" -- was given to Australian author Thomas Keneally in 1980 by Leopold Pfefferberg, a Schindler survivor living in Los Angeles. It prompted Keneally to write his Booker Prize-winning work Schindler's Ark, which spawned Steven Spielberg's Oscar-winning film, "Schindler's List". The document had been languishing in the bowels of the library for 13 years until it was recently discovered by a researcher. The 13 pages of yellowed paper listing the names of Jews saved from the Nazis went on display in April 2009 at the library. The following link is to the list at Yad Vashem
Emilie Schindler was an inspiring evidence of human nobility. She was not only a strong woman working alongside her husband Oscar Schindler but a heroine in her own right. This remarkable woman worked indefatigably to save the Schindler-Jews.
1929 - 1-12-2013 in Los Angeles
Leon was born September 15, 1929 and died in Los Angeles, California on January 12, 2013. He was the youngest person on Schindler's List. He helped educate students at Chapman University in Orange County, CA. Only after a LA Times reported sought him out after the Schindler's List film premiered in 1993, did Leyson begin to speak of what he and his family had endured. Leon came to the US, studied in Los Angeles and became a teacher for 39 years at a High School in the LA area. After retirement, he traveled around the US and Canada to educate young people by sharing his story of "little Leyson," as Schindler called him.
Search and Unite
David Lewin email@example.com is running the small Search & Unite office out of London, attempting to help the many who suspect that, despite the passage of so many years since World War II, someone may still exist somewhere "out there". Click on the word unite and you will find his site.
The Search Bureau for Missing relatives
of the Jewish Agency which was set up to assist in re-establishing contact between the Jewish survivors in Europe and their relatives in Palestine and in overseas countries, is issuing this second volume of the “Register of Survivors” which contains the names of 57,702 Jews who were found in Poland after its liberation.
A Catholic social worker who is credited with rescuing 2,500 Jewish children from the Nazi death camps. This occurred in the Warsaw ghetto in 1942 and 1943. Irena headed up the Zagota's (an organization of Poles who aided Jews in Occupied Poland) children's rescue mission. She was allowed into the ghetto by forged papers identifying her as a nurse to deliver medicine inside the ghetto. The Nazis were concerned about the spread of infectious diseases within the ghetto spreading outside. Sendler organized the effort to sneak the children to orphanages, convents, and private homes in the Warsaw region. Mrs. Sendler wrote down the names, and where the children were placed.
"Life In A Jar: The Irena Sendler Project"
Authored by Jack Mayer. The true story of a holocaust hero who rescued 2,500 Jewish children from the Warsaw Ghetto.
Shoah Foundation Institute Virtual History Archives
The USC Shoah Foundation Institute's Visual History Archive makes available over 52,000 video testimonies of Holocaust survivors
Simon Wiesenthal Center
9760 West Pico Boulevard
Los Angeles, California 90035
Skokie Holocaust Museum
The Museum features 2,000 recorded survivor testimonies, mostly from Chicago-area survivors, displays a Nazi rail car used to transport Jews to concentration camps and includes an exhibit for children along with a reflection room.
Slovak Transport List
There are some 20 reels of microfilmed cards. All of the filmed cards are from the first and biggest transport operation which the Nazis employed between March and October 1942, when 58,000 Jews were deported from Slovakia, mostly to Auschwitz.
Chornaya Kniga (The Black Book)
A rare Soviet Archive that documents the heroism of Jewish Russian soldiers who fought against the Nazis in WW II is retained at the Museum of Tolerance in Los Angeles and is accessible to visitors in the Multi-Media Computer Learning Center on the second floor.
These rare materials were buried deep within the Soviet archives on the order of Josef Stalin who didn't want his countrymen to know that some 150 of the 500 most decorated Russian war heroes in WW II were Jewish. Colonel Faivel Sverdlov, a retired Soviet military officer had made contact with the Museum and facilitated the acquisition of some 150 individual photos and dossiers which document the heroism of the Jewish soldiers.
Photo Gallery of Nazi killings (in Russian)
Spungen Family Foundation
In 2007, Danny Spungen, a collector and philatelist, on behalf of the Spungen Foundation, acquired arguably one of the best known collections of Holocaust materials related to stamps, covers, postcards, letters, bank note forgeries, and manuscripts from concentration camps & Jewish ghettos. Formally known as "The NAZI Scourge: Postal Evidence of the Holocaust and the Devastation of Europe," the Spungen Holocaust Postal Collection is available to the public, on the Foundation's web site
St Louis Passenger List
The Holocaust Museum has a section of their website dedicated to the SS St. Louis.
There is also a searchable index of those who were on board. There are also detailed stories of some of the survivors.
The survival rate for Jewish adults in Nazi Europe was 33 percent; for children it was between 6 and 11 percent. In the countries that Germany occupied during WW II, there were 1.6 million Jewish children and between 1 and 1.5 million were murdered. In pre-war Poland, for example, there were about 1 million Jewish children, but only 5,000 in 1945.
Despite the grim prospects, most Jews never had the chance to go into hiding or hide their children. First they had to have someone who they could trust to take them, and they needed documents. There were harsh penalties for Jews who tried to flee the ghettos and for those helping them.
Survivors of the Shoah Foundation
Steven Spielberg's Holocaust Project
Douglas Greenberg is president and CEO of the Shoah Foundation. 51,661 Holocaust survivors were video taped by Spielberg's foundation. A staff of 69 researchers is now reviewing and indexing the 117,000 hours of testimony is being reviewed by these staff people - from 57 countries and speaking 32 languages. It would take a single person scanning the videos 24 hours a day, more than 13 years to finish the job. It is estimated that it will take the staff four more years to link the archived records through 25,000 keywords.
The results of this extreme effort will be the largest available video database in the world, searchable by scholars, teachers, students and eventually the general public. Some of the testimony is now viewable at the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles. The Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D. C.; the Museum of Jewish Heritage A Living Memorial to the Holocaust in New York; the Fortunoff Video Archive at Yale University and the Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Jerusalem. Some testimony can now be viewed at the Shoah foundation's web site
Swiss Bank Accounts
from the ICEP Investigation on-line with search capabilities of the 20,825 accounts owned by 18,340 people and by 162 companies.
Tracing Survivors and Documenting Victims of the Holocaust
The World Jewish Congress has published a booklet which lists the names of 10,000 Holocaust-era policies that have remained unpaid for Holocaust era Insurance Accounts. For further details phone 1 800 957 3203 or write to International Commission,
PO Box 1163
Wall Street Station
New York, NY 10268
Subscribe to the Holocaust-era Restitutions Discussion Group which covers the subject in ample detail and all doubts have been/can be clarified. They have published two ample sets of FAQs answering the most common questions.
On June 20th, 1942, a major deportation of Jews from Vienna to Terezin begins.
Deportation from Vienna
A web site containing the Documentation Archive of Austrian Resistance (DOW) and located in Vienna can provide a nearly 30 page paper entitled "Expulsion and Extermination: The Fate of Austrian Jews, 1938-1945" This paper was prepared by Florian Freund and Hans Safrian and translated to English by Dalia Rosenfeld and Gabriel Biemann. The web site is in German and in English
Jewish Partisans and Fighters of Volyn in their Memory
The Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, has the 1942 Wannsee Protocol outlining Germany's plans for the extermination of the Jewish population
"Antek Zukerman (of blessed memory) the surviving leader of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, informed Moshe Nutkevich more than 20 years ago, that during the Warsaw uprising, Yona Mordechai Nutkevich was the deputy of "Beit 'ar" leader in the underground. One of the Warriors Organizations in the Warsaw Ghetto underground was o "Beit' ar". A group of 20 fighters, Yona Mordechai Nutkevich among them, decided very short time before the revolt, to cross the ghetto and move to the Aryan side through the drainage system. Zuckerman and his friends in the leadership of the underground, tried to dissuade them not to try, being too dangerous, but they decided to go ahead. Nobody survived this trial, as gas was sent by the Germans into the drainage pipes and suffocated them all. This testimony was never confirmed by any other sources" From a posting by Ada Holtzman
August 1, 1944 - October 2, 1944) was 'probably the largest single operation organized and executed by a partisan organization in WW II.'
Kibbutz "Lohamei Hagetaot"
(in Hebrew - the fighters of the ghettos) has a museum that is dedicated to the holocaust. The founders of the kibbutz were survivors of the Warsaw ghetto. Telephone: (dial your international access code, then 972-4 995 8080)
Ghetto Fighter's House Museum
Mr. Yossi Shavit, Archives Director at this address:
Beit Lohamei Haghetaot D.N.
Western Galilee, 25220 Israel,
Located just outside of Nahariya in the north of Israel. The kibbutz was founded by Ghetto fighters and partisans from Poland and Lithuania. Email: Yshavit@gfh.org.il
Phone: 972- (0)4-995 8080 Fax: 972- (0)4-995 8007 Email: Mr. Simcha Stein, Director Simstein@gfh.org.il This site has a wonderful archive and well worth studying its contents.
A small group of University of Munich students opposed to the Nazi regime, covertly published and distributed the first of several leaflets urging an end of the war and the over-throw of Hitler.
Wiesenthal, Simon - 1908 - 2005
A Holocaust survivor who doggedly tracked war criminals. He is credited with ferreting out 1,100 Nazi War criminals.
WW II Archives
Features historical documents, photos, and even movies and sounds
National Archives - WW II
World Federation of Jewish Child Survivors of the Holocaust
A 100,000 member organization with 49 groups worldwide.
P.O. Box 741
Conshohocken, PA 19428
Phone: 1 610 527 1039
President is Stefanie Seltzer Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
World Memory Project
Millions of documents containing details about victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution during World War II still exist today. Through the World Memory Project, you can help make these victims' records searchable online and restore the identities of people the Nazis tried to erase from history, one person at a time. The World Memory Project is changing lives already by building the world's largest online resource for information about individual victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution
Coveted blue pass for work outside the Oskar Schindler factory. Displayed in Schindler's factory that is now a museum in Krakow
see my Israel web page
The Jerusalem based Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority images can be found through a simple Google search because of a partnership between Yad Vashem and Google which has made some 130,000 captioned photos viewable in full resolution online. Viewers may add their own comments to the photo pages and can donate a photograph by sending a scan to email@example.com with as much information as possible and full contact information.
Yad Vashem, Google announce joint archive project
JERUSALEM (JTA) --
A joint project between Yad Vashem and Google will make public access to Nazi-era documents and photographs easier.
Israel's national Holocaust museum and archive and the Google search engine announced that they had made 130,000 photos and documents from the museum's archive available online. The photos can now be searched directly from Google using regular key words.
Once the document is found, the searcher will be prompted to add his own stories to the Yad Vashem Web site, as well as help identify people and places in the photos, according to a Yad Vashem statement. The release of photos Wednesday is a first step toward bringing the vast Yad Vashem archive online over time, according to the museum.
“We’re focused on finding new and innovative ways to make the enormous amount of data in our archives, accessible and searchable to a global audience,” said Avner Shalev, chairman of Yad Vashem. “Google is an integral partner in our mission, as they help us to reach new audiences, including young people around the world, enabling them to be active in the discussion about the Holocaust.”
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