Hungarian Jews being
Jews being deported in 1941
Located in Central Europe, northwest Counties of the Hungarian Kingdom created by Marton Matyas, 1998. Hungary has the largest Jewish population of any once-Communist state outside the former Soviet Union, with as many as 90,000 Jews in the capital city of Budapest.
Hungary borders Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. The first Jewish settlers came to Buda from the German and the Slavic countries in the second half of the 12th century. They were twice expelled in the 14th century; in 1349 following the anti-Jewish accusations after the "Black Plaque", and again in 1360 as a result of the hostile influence of the church. More information can be found at
The Jews of Budapest were very assimilated and successful members of society. However, anti Semitism was on the rise. The Numerus Clasus laws were enacted in 1924, limiting Jewish university enrollment at six percent. Soon Jews were not allowed telephones, radios or pets. In the summer of 1941, immigrant Jews living in Hungary were deported and massacred.
Hungary was allied with Germany during WW II, thus it was not until 1944 that Hungarian Jews became targets. At that time, it was estimated that there were approximately 825,000 Jews. In Budapest, walking the streets where 100,000 people were once crowded in the city's ghetto, we learned that on the eve of liberation in late 1944, 20,000 Jews were murdered. On March 22, all Jewish shops were ordered closed and on April 5, Hungarian Jews were ordered to wear the yellow Star of David. About some 63,000 Jews died or were killed prior to the German occupation. Some of the male Jews were transported to the copper mines of Bor, Yugoslavia, to work as slave laborers. Between May and July 1944, almost a half-million (440,000) Hungarian Jews were deported to Auschwitz in more than 145 trains.
Today, Hungary has a total population of 10.2 million. Jews have lived there since Roman times. Today there are 70,000 to 100,000 Jews who live in the capital city of Budapest. There are Jews living today in small communities including Miklosc, Debrecen and Szeged and several other smaller towns. Before WW II, there were over 600,000 Jews and most perished in the Holocaust. Over half of those still living in Hungary are over the age of 65.
If you are looking for information about Transylvania and Moldova, ROM SIG covers the Moldova and Transylvania areas and click on Links where you will find a list of maps for Romania, Transylvania and Moldova.
Hungarian 1848 Census
Hungary Home Page
For information on family research possibilities in Hungarian archives, (in Hungarian and in English)
"Bridging Three Worlds: Hungarian Jewish Americans"
Authored by Robert Perlman, a Professor Emeritus at Brandeis University. Available at the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania or by calling (412) 454 6324.
"Fiorello' s Sister: Gemma La Guardia Gluck's Story"
Non-fiction - authored by Gemma La Guardia Gluck and edited by Rochelle G. Saidel, published by Syracuse University Press. Gemma and Fiorello La Guardia were the children of an Italian Jewish mother and a bandmaster in the US Army. Gemma, who did not practice Judaism, married Herman Gluck, a Hungarian Jew, and made her home in Budapest. When the Nazis conquered Hungary, the Glucks were arrested in reprisal against her brother, Fiorello La Guardia, then mayor of New York. Her husband later died in Mauthausen and Gemma was interned at Ravensbruck, as were her daughter and her infant grandson, who were held in a separate barrack.
"From Shtetl to Milltown: Litvaks, Hungarians and Galitzianers in Western Pennsylvania 1875-1925"
Authored by Robert Perlman and published by the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. The books tells the story of those who populated McKeesport, Donora, Homestead, Ambridge, New Castle and many other steel and manufacturing towns in Western Pennsylvania The book is available at the Museum Shop of the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania or by calling (412) 454 6324. The cost is $18.95
"Genealogical Gazetteer of the Kingdom of Hungary"
Authored by Jordan Auslander. For each community, information is provided from the population by religion. If there was no local church or synagogue, the town where each congregation worshiped is indicated. Additional information about each town includes alternate names and its current name if no longer in Hungary. Towns can be searched alphabetically by their current, former or alternate names
"The Hapsburg Empire. The World of the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy in Original Photographs 1840-1916"
Published in 1972
"Jews in the Hungarian Economy: 1760-1945"
Edited by Michael K. Silver and published by the Magnes Press, Hebrew University Jerusalem in 1992. It is a collection of studies dedicated to Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger on the occasion of his 80th birthday.
"Jewish Life in Hungary"
Authored by Ferenc Orban and published in Budapest by Makkabi. A bi-lingual (Hungarian and English directory and travel guide to Jewish sites in Hungary). Lists the names and contact information for Jewish organizations, foundations, social groups, cultural institutions, schools, publications, restaurants and shopping. Provides a guide to 119 Jewish sites specifically in Budapest, including synagogues, cemeteries and monuments, and list notable sites in the small towns and villages of the Hungarian countryside plus a few maps.
"Killing Kasztner: The Jew Who Dealt With Nazis"
Gaylen Ross explores the fallout from Hungarian Jewish leader Rezso Kaszmer's negotiations with Nazi leaders. He save more than 1,600
Jews, but was accused of collaboration and ultimately assassinated in 1957.
"Magyarorszag Varmegyei es Varosai"
Edited by Samu Borovszky in 1894, there is a portion that deals with the purchase of real estate in Zemplen in the 1700s and in later years, by Jews whose names are mentioned.
"Monumenta Hungariae Judaica or Magyar - Zsido Okleveltar"
An 18 volume series published at various times from 1903 to 1980. Each volume contains thousands of documents originally published from the 15th to 19th centuries, relating to the Jewish community in Hungary. Most of the documents are in Latin or Hungarian. Included in the volumes are numerous censuses taken of various Jewish communities, including a national census taken in 1767. Most of the census entries are from the 18th century and don't include many surnames. There are some 1787 surname adoptions lists, though from Tolna megye, giving both old and new names. For those Hungarian-Jewish researchers, these volumes should be of great value. The UCLA Library in Los Angeles has the set.
Two sources may help you, according to a posting by Armram Eshel to soc.genealogy.jewish re Budapest Ghetto on 1/19/2003. 1) A series of 3 books titled NAMES (in English) and NEVEK (in Hungarian).
Part 1 - Names of the deported Jews from Hajdu County, Hungary.
Part 2 and 3 - Names of the Jewish victims of Hungarian Labor Battalions.
Both have many names from Budapest.
In parts 2 and 3 there is a note (in Hungarian) for each person listed: missing, sick, wounded, buried, died, etc. Parts 2 and 3 have 34,000 names. All first names are in Hungarian. Of importance is mother's name of each person.
The name of the author of the books varies in different libraries:
Gavriel BEN-SHAKED; Yad Vashem; Beate and Serge Klarsfeld Foundation.
2) "COUNTED REMNANTS: Register of the Jewish survivors in Budapest, 1946".
In this book' too' the first-names are in Hungarian. The link is set to a PDF file.
Jewish man watching a house being built in Hungary
An excellent site to find information about most European countries is at
and type in the name of the country you wish to research in the search field. This site is a great source to find information for almost every European country. Another valuable site to help find a person, maps, etc. is and type in the name of any country you wish to research. This service is free.
The 1877 (Dvorzsák) gazetteer of Hungary (Language: Hungarian)
Description of this source: The RadixHub version of the 1877 gazetteer of Hungary, arranged by counties and districts
The 1913 gazetteer of Hungary (Language: Hungarian)
Description of this source: The RadixHub version of the 1913 gazetteer of Hungary, arranged by counties and districts
A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country.
1768 Hungarian Jewish Census
Church Latin was used for occupations.
All Hungary Database
Over 30,000 records
National Archives of Hungary - in Budapest
Hungarian Archives - Hungarian Archives of State Magyar
Orszagos Leveltar Budapest I.
Becsikapu Ter. 4
Phone 00361 156 58 11 Hours: Mon. to Friday 8:30 to 7:30
Beit Israel Israeli Cultural Institute
Cemeteries in Budapest
A Vienna based education and research enter on Jewish life in central Europe
East European Genealogical Society
European Regional Lists
Most countries in Europe have available information just a click away. Try WorldConnect
Gazetteer of Hungary
This site is being developed to become a toolbox and a link collection for the historical aspects of the settlements of Hungary - as of 1913.
You can browse Gazetteers of Hungary (1877, 1913) and look at the growing list of sources. Also
In the lands of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy - a Guide to Archives and Parish-Registers
The 1877 volume lists how many Jews lived in each city, town, village and hamlet and notes the place where they worshipped. The list of places is in the back of the 2nd volume of this work, which is available on FHL microfiche #6000840
Hungarian Genealogy and Local History Databases
The purpose of RadixIndex is to provide databases for Hungarian genealogy and local history research. RadixIndex currently offers 1,307,744 records in 7 databases (February 24, 2010).
Hungarian Government web page
Hungarian Informational Lists
Send an Email: to subscribe: HUNGARY-Lemail@example.com with the word subscribe in the body of the message. Once registered, you can post messages at
Hungarian Jewish Concentration Camp Survivors
Hungarian Jewish Roots
Hungarian Prime Minister
Hungarian Research Service
Family Tree Genealogical Research Bureau. The following sub-Carpathian (Ukraine), Jewish registers are available and include the following counties:
Tecso, Tarackozi and Maramarossziget.
George Eotvos is the Director
Family Tree Budapest firstname.lastname@example.org
Birth, Marriage, Death 1851-1853:
Also-Apsa, Felso-Apsa, Kozep-Apsa, Dombo, Ganya, Irholcz, Kirva, Kokenyes, Korosmezo, Lonka, Nyagova, Nyireshaza, Pelesalja, Szlatina, Tarackoz, Tercselpatak.
Tecso, Alsokatalinfalva, Alsonyeresznice, Bedohaza, Benecso, Brusztura, Budalesa, Bustyahaza, Csomafalva, Darva, Dombo, Ganya, Irholcz, Kerekhegy, Kiralymezo, Alsoapsa, Kisbocsko, Korosmezo, Kortvelyes, Szlatina, Tiszafeheregyhaz, Kiskirva, Kokenyes, Lonka, Nagykirva, Nyagova, Oroszmokra, Talabor, Tarackoz, Tarackraszna, Uglija, Ujband, Urmezo, Vajnag.
Alsokatalinfalva, Alsonyeresznice, Bedohaza, Benecso, Brusztura, Budalesa, Bustyahaza, Csomafalva, Darva, Dombo, Ganya, Irholcz, Kerekhegy, Kiralymezo, Alsoapsa, Kisbocsko, Korosmezo, Kortyelyes, Kovesliget, Szlatina, Tiszafeheregyhaz, Kiskirva, Kokenyes, Lonka, Nagykirva, Nyagova, Oroszmokra, Talabor, Tarackoz, Tarackraszna, Uglija, Ujband, Urmezo, Vajnag.
Apsica, Felsoapsa, Kabalacsarda, Kabalapatak, Kortvelyes, Kozepapsa, Szlatina, Tiszafeheregyhaz.
Tecso, Benecse, Bustyahaza, Urmezo, Ujband, Talaborfalva, Dulvalva, Vajnag, Csomafalva, Kovesliget, Kricsfalva, Darva, Uglea, Remete, Tarackoz, Nagykirva, Kokenyes, Ganya, Kalinfalva, Dombo, Kiralymezo, Bruszturi, Luki, Also-Nyereszmice, Felso-Nyereszmice, Irholcz, Nyagova, Kiskirva, Verespatak, Bedo.
Also-Apsa, Kozep-Apsa, Felso-Apsa, Also-Szelistye, Apsica, Hosszumezo, Fejeregyhaza, Kabalapatak, Kaszopoljana, Kortvelyes, Szlatina.
Also-Apsa, Kozep-Apsa, Felso-Apsa, Also-Szelistye, Apsica, Hosszumezo, Fejeregyhaza, Kabalacsarda, Kabalapatatak, Kortvelyes, Szlatina.
Also-Apsa, Kozep-Apsa, Felso-Apsa, Apsica, Kabalacsarda, Kabalapatak, Kortvelyes, Falu, Szlatina.
Tecso, Urmezo, Bustyahaza, Talaborfalva, Csomafalva, Kovesliget, Darva, Dulfalva, Uglea, Kerekhegy, Remete, Tarackhaza, Kokenyes, Genya, Kalinfalva, Dombo, Karaszna, Kiralymezo, Bruszturi, Mokra, Lohi, Novoselica, Alsonyeszmice, Budplesa, Bedo, Nyagova.
Alsokatalinfalva, Alsonyeresznyice, Bedohaza, Brusztura, Dombo, Felsonyeresznyice, Ganya, Irholcz, Kiralymezo, Kokenyes, Nyagova, Oroszmokra, Szeleslonka, Tarackoz, Tarackraszna.
Also-Apsa, Kozep-Apsa, Alsokatalinfalva, Apsica, Bardfalva, Dombo, Fejeregyhaza, Ganya, Kabalacsarda, Korosmezo, Szlatina, Katalinfalva.
Taborfalva, Vajnag, Urmezo, Uglea, Kricsfalva, Csomafalva, Darva, Dombo, Ganya, Nagykirva, Kiskirva, Tarackoz, Bedo, Irholc, Neresznye, Remete, Tecso, Bencse, Ujband.
Tecso, Urmezo, Bustyahaza, Talaborfalva, Csomafalva, Kovesliget, Darva, Dulfalva, Uglea, Kerekhegy, Remete, Tarackhaza, Kokenyes, Genya, Kalinfalva, Dombo, Karaszna, Kiralymezo, Bruszturi, Mokra, Lohi, Novoselica, Alsonyeszmice, Budplesa, Bedo, Nyagova, Nemetmokra, Kis-Kirva, Nagy-Kirva, Vajnag, Kerekhegy, Irholca, Ujband, Nyagova, Benecsel, Kovesliget.
Also-Apsa, Kozep-Apsa, Felso-Apsa, Fejeregyhaz, Kabalacsarda, Szlatina.
Hungarian Research Sites
Included, in this huge web informational site, is a Jewish link as well as maps, Passenger Lists and more
Hungarian Roots List
Sponsored by Family Tree Ltd. - to subscribe write in the body of the message subscribe hunroots and send Email: to email@example.com
Hungarian Town Photos
Photos of Polish Towns,
Ukrainian Towns, Hungarian Towns and Romanian Towns
You might also want to review the towns listed in my Galician page and you can also search for Vital Records for Galician Towns by visiting
There are over 400,000 records in the All-Hungary Database. New information includes updates to the 1869 census and to the birth, marriage and death databases. There are more than 88,000 census, 38,000 birth, 15,000 death and 5,400 marriage records.
Locating SIG Mailing Lists, then you will be able to send and receive to the HungarianSIG.
Their Home Page offers a number of interesting links to such sites as the 1828 and 1830 List of Names From Censuses and the Nagyvarad Memorial Book Name List, a List of translated professions for 1848 Jewish Census among other lists
Another interesting and informative site that includes a language translator (for free) along with several excellent Dictionaries and links to the History of Hungary, Travel, Currency, Photos,, a web search service ... even a free Email: address at
"Jews of Hungary"
Sights and sounds of yesteryear's Hungary. Birthplace of Theodor Herzl and home of one of the largest synagogues in Europe are contained in an exhibit from Beth-Ha'tefutsorth, The Naum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora
Jewish Community of Hungary
Autonom Ortodox Federation
Budapest 1074, Hungary
Central Board of Hungarian Jews
Budapest 1075 VII, Hungary
Hungarian Jewish Cultural Association
Budapest 1065, Hungary
Jewish Genealogy in Hungary
Jewish History of Burgenland
The rabbinical seminary forms a part of the Budapest Jewish community - run Jewish University
Jews in Hungary: History and Genealogy
Revue du Cercle de Genealogie Juive, issue 101, January-March 2010
Georges GRANER starts his presentation of Jewish-Hungarian genealogy research by describing the history of Hungary from the 14th century up to the Holocaust. He then presents the condition of the Jews during the same period. He finally provides a complete list of the steps to be followed to obtain adequate information when searching Jewish ancestors in Hungary
Map of the city of Budapest
Austro-Hungarian Empire circa 1880 or 1890s
Very detail map is located on LDS Film #1,045,395? At the beginning of the film is a grid layout of all the sections that follow. Basically you need to identify a zone and a column and then search that area
Austro-Hungarian Military Topographic Maps
Scale 1:75,000 - Contact Lavrentiy Krupnak at Lkrupnak@erols.com for a 1,877k jpeg file via Email: . It will take about 10 minutes to download. You may also find these same, or similar maps, at the U.S. Library of Congress
Old Bereg County - here is a map web site with Hungarian place names. You will note the large town of Munkacs in the middle of the map and Klucsarka about 5 km southwest of it on the main road. Just north of Klucsarka is Uj-Davidhaza (New Davidhaza) and just north of that is O-Dav (Old Davidhaza). The maps at this site are large and take a while to download, but they are wonderfully detailed
Hungarian Map - 1910
The Map Division at the New York Public Library
Has a set of maps of Hungary which might be helpful in genealogical research. This set of maps has not yet been entered in their on-line card catalog, CATNYP. The bibliographic entry for this set as listed in their printed catalog is 'Spezialkarte der Oesterreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie, im Masse: 1:75,000 der natur'. Unofficially, it is referred to as Austria-Hungary 1:75,000. It has not been entered into the pre-1971 map (as opposed to book) acquisitions or into the computer database yet, so you will not find it in CATNYP. It was published in Vienna over a period of years, 1877-1914.The K.u.k. (the abbreviation of 'Kaiserliche und Konigliche' (=Imperial and Royal) (title of the institutions that were shared under the Dual Monarchy, such as military, etc. refers to the cartographic unit of the Military and Geographic Institute of the state. The set is in 776 sheets and comes with an index which can be consulted in the Map Division.
Northern Hungary - Austro-Hungarian Empire 1882
Open Street Maps
The crowd-sourced mapping project OpenStreetMap has amassed a million contributors since its inception in 2005 and, according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in England, Russia and Germany than rivals such as Google Maps. I tried the site and found an accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town Tal'ne, Ukraine. Almost every country is available as is most towns
Transylvania-Eastern Hungary - Austro-Hungarian Empire 1882
Western Hungary - Austro-Hungarian Empire 1882
Newspapers of Hungary
Post Offices of Former Austrian Territories
Includes Base post offices in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bohemia, Hungary, Levant, Lombardy, Mantua, Moravia, Silesia, Prague, Poland (Galicia), Venetia and Yugoslavia all places are in alphabetical order, with provinces prefixed
The 1828 Hungarian Property Tax Census on-line database has been updated and includes 11,000 entries! For further information contact Eric M. Bloch firstname.lastname@example.org
Research in Romania and Hungary
Professional genealogical researcher, Professor of Jewish History at the University of Cluj-Napoca, Ladislau Gyemant, PhD communicates in English Phone 011 40 64 167256 or Email: email@example.com
The Jewish Communities of Hungary in the Hungarian Jewish lexicon of 1929
URL with the original description/introduction of the source:
Description of this source: The lexicon gives detailed descriptions of 250+ shtetls in Hungary, including places beyond the 1920 borders.
Search Engines for Hungary
Scroll down to 'Search Engines'
A comprehensive guide to Internet resources on Russia and Central/Eastern Europe
There are many translating services, some for free, available to help with your translating needs in most languages including Hungarian, Magyar. One of these sites
Just in case you didn't think of it, contact a nearby university or college's foreign language department. They may offer to write letters and translate letters into English. A nominal fee is usually charged.
A commercial site offering many language translating programs
I found an interesting site that offers to translate Hungarian to English as well as Hungarian to German and in addition, links to a number of important Dictionaries - Click on Languages. Site takes a bit of time to load.
Translating Services -
Traveling to Hungary?
See my Traveling Roots page.
Heritage, Travel and History in Europe's Jewish Heartland, Hungarian Edition
Cities and Shtetls
Budapest Dohány Synagogue - second largest in the world
Jewish community of a few hundred. A ghetto was established by the Nazis in April 1944 and in June, the
Jews were deported to Auschwitz.
Record of the Jewish names registered in the rabbinic congregation Arva Megye, Hungary, 1787
The place should be instantly recognizable to all fans of the horror novel as the place where Jonathan Harker stopped off on his way to Castle Dracula. Bistritz is described near the opening of the book as an old place close to the frontier between Hungary and the Austrian province of Bukovina. There are other details in the book about the town and region that author Bram Stoker picked up from books in the British Library.
Located in northeast Hungary
Buda on one side and Pest is on the other - Budapest
Capital of Hungary, technically lies in both Eastern and Western Europe. The Danube River divides the city into Buda and Pest, distinct entities until they were joined to form Budapest in 1872. This beautiful city is considered the 'Paris' of the East'. In the 19th and early twentieth centuries, an area just north of the Dohány Street Synagogue was once heavily Jewish - nearly 1 in 4 residents of Budapest was Jewish. A wonderful web site to visit for details about this city is at
Jews, during WW II suffered under the rigid rules of the Hungarian authorities and later, the Nazis --- no phone calls, no radio, no mail, no alcohol and no prayer. Many survived with the help of Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat, and others who had fooled the Germans while hiding Jews until the Red Army offered liberation. The city itself, was devastated after WW II by the Soviets and before, by the Nazis.
"The Great Jewish Cities of Central and Eastern Europe: A Travel Guide and Resource Book to Prague, Warsaw, Cracow and Budapest"
Authored by Eli Valley
Budapest Dohány Synagogue Photo
The Dohány Synagogue (The Great Synagogue is located in District VII, Dohanyu 2-8) is the second largest in the world and is a towering shrine that is a testament to the life of Jews all over Pest. It houses the National Jewish Museum. Dohány translates to tobacco and was taken from the name of the street it is located in Belvarios, the inner city of Pest, in the astern section of Budapest. It was built between 1854-59 by the Neolog Jewish community of Pest and offers 4,000 seats. In 2010, there are more than a dozen synagogues in the city; three main day schools; the Jewish University; the all purpose Balint Haz Jewish Community Center; the Jewish Cultural Association and publications including the independent Szombat monthly.
Running perpendicular to the Jewish Ghetto, which is between Dohány utca, Kiraly utca and Erzseber korut, is the wide Karoly Krt Boulevard. Nearly 70,000
Jews were confined to this small, walled-off neighborhood that today looks charming with a restaurant, a
Jewish bookshop and a coffee shop that serves Jewish pastries. Next to the synagogue is a monument honoring the
Jews who suffered and died during the Holocaust. Detailed information can be found at this web site
There is a photo exhibition by Jeff Gusky which includes photos of this city he recently photographed
Jewish Cemetery of Aquincum (Old Buda), Budapest, Hungary
The cemetery was opened
by the Jewish community in 1922. The opening speech was held by
Ignác Schreiber, a young rabbi, who died only 3 days later, becoming the
first person to be buried there. Later the ashes of
Chief Rabbis of
were brought here. The tomb of Mózes Müncz is a significant place of
In the cemetery, there also can be found
the tombs of the Maros Street Hospital’s 149 victims, who were murdered
by the members of the Hungarian
arrow cross army,
patients, doctors and nurses alike. Furthermore, here lie some of the
renowned artists and scientists, for instance the victim of fascism,
Endre Andor Gelléri (hu),
and the internationally famous psychologist,
Balint Haz Jewish Community Center
The Jewish Cultural Association
Budapest Jewish Theater
Spinoza Coffee House
A coffee house and theater
A monthly publication offering information on events and trends in the modern Jewish world and more.
Nagyfuvaros Street Synagogue
Located in a working class downtown neighborhood of Budapest
An independent, modern Orthodox congregation
Virtual Tour of Budapest
Marom Budapest of the Masorti (Conservative) movement
This cemetery as reported by the Heritage Foundation for Preservation of Jewish Cemeteries (HFPJC) is not in good condition
Bushchyno (Bustyahaza, Bushtyna, Bushtino)
The Rusyn name for Bustyahaza. Bustyahaza was the former Magyar (Hungarian) name when it was in Maramaros County. During the Soviet period, it had the spelling Bushtyna, which is also the current Ukrainian spelling. Bushtino was the former Czechoslovak official place name.
There was a Jewish presence - located in Zemplen megye (Zemplen county)
Formerly known as Kolozsvar and was located in Hungary in the late 18th century.
Located in Hungary's Hajdu Megye (Country) Raoul Wallenberg disappeared somewhere on his way to having a meeting with Marshall Rodion Malinovsky in Debrecen.
It is the third largest city in Hungary, located in the northeastern part of the country on the Nagy Alfold (Great Plain), near the present-day Romanian border. Debrecen is a major center of Hungarian Calvinism. In 1941, 9,142 Jews lived there, comprising 7.3 percent of the population. An officially recognized
Jewish community existed in the city from the mid-nineteenth century
Mordechai Klein headstone - side view
Dunaujvaros (Dunapentele, Dunaújváros, Sztalinvaros)
Dunaújváros is situated on the left bank of the Danube, on the loess plateau of Pentele and in its side-valley, on the eastern border of Mezőföld.
"A Dunapentelei Zsido Kozosseg - Temetojuk - Fotok iv Kotet"
(The Jewish Community of Dunapentele, Hungary)
A port on the Adriatic near Trieste that used to be in the Hungarian county of Modrus-Fiume. Today it is in either Croatia or Slovenia depending upon when the border changes.
There are Regional Special Interest Groups that have Hungary information and links. The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German SIG
Contact Stephen Schmideg There are Regional Special Interest Groups that have Hungary information and links. The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German SIG
Another source of information, both in English and Hungarian. It's necessary to scroll down the page to get to the Gyor photos and information.
List of Holocaust Martyrs
Hodmezovasarhely (Hóldmezővásárhely [Hungarian], Ioneşti [Romanian], Vašarelj [Croatian)
A city in southern Hungary. Jews first settled on the estate of the family of Count Károlyi within the boundaries of the city in 1748 but were expelled in 1770 because of the objections raised by the Greek Orthodox Church
Homok is the Magyar name for Kholmok.
Formerly located in Czechoslovakia but now in the District of Uzhgorod, Transcarpathia (today Kholmok (Cholmok), Ukraine),
Only five children survived among four
grades of pupils in Kalocsa’s Jewish elementary school in
1942. Credit: Courtesy of Gabor Kalman, “There Was Once”
The majority of the
inhabitants of Kalocsa are Roman Catholics, however, there
was also a robust Jewish community that made up 5.9% of the
population at the time of the Second World War
This site has summaries of the towns around Kisvarda - just follow the links
"Kisvarda es Kornyeke Zsidosaga Emlekkonyv" (Memorial Book of the Jews of Kisvarda and its Vicinity)
Located 47 miles WNW of Budapest.
Kosice - (known as Kassa in 1940)
It was the site of the first Jewish ghetto established on Hungarian territory, following the German occupation of the country in 1944.
March of deportees to the railway station in Kôszeg (1944).
March of deportees on the streets of Kôszeg in 1944.
Located south of Budapest.
It has a synagogue that is currently being restored. It will now be used as a cultural center, including a concert hall and gallery. The synagogue was built in 1911-12 and combines traditional Jewish symbolism with Hungarian designs in Art Nouveau style. It functioned as a house of worship until 1964, when the official Hungarian Jewish community sold it and was used as a furniture warehouse until it was no longer used, and then left vacant. Restoration work was initiated by municipal authorities in 1990s.
There is a Jewish cemetery here
The city is located close to several villages where Hasidic rabbis are known to be buried.
There is a baroque style synagogue still standing. The town is in the northeastern part of Hungary and the synagogue is now being restored and is expected to be used as a memorial museum and educational center It was built around 1795 and is one of the finest surviving examples of this type of synagogue architecture and one of the oldest surviving synagogues still standing in the country.
Since 1944, the synagogue has stood empty when the Jewish community was deported by the Nazis to Auschwitz. Remaining today, though not in good condition, is the synagogue itself along with the former yeshiva and the rabbi's residence, though all are in disrepair.
There is a plaque hanging inside the synagogue that commemorates the hundreds of local Holocaust victims. If you are interested in donating money to help with this, or any other synagogue's restoration, see
Once located in Hungary, it is now Mukachevo, Ukraine. It is a city located in the Zakarpattia oblast and is an important industrial and cultural center in the region. Mukachevo city has the population of about 95,000 (2010). Mukachevo is located in a very picturesque area at the southwestern foot of the Carpathian Mountains. The town stands on the Latoritza River, 40 kilometers northwest of Uzhhorod. Mukachevo was rather big according to Subcarpathian standards. At the beginning of the 20th century its population constituted 32,000 people. Half the population was Jewish. There were also Hutsuls [Ukrainians in Subcarpathia], Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks and other nationalities. People were friendly, tolerant and respectful toward each other’s customs and religion. There were never any Jewish pogroms  in this area.
"The Carpathian Diaspora: The Jews of Subcarpathian Rus"
Authored by Omer Bartov.
Nagy Bocsko (Nagy Bocska, Maramaros, Erdely)
Regional Special Interest Groups
The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German SIG Contact Leslie Gyi
Located 126 miles ENE of Budapest
Once had a prominent Jewish community. The town counted approximately 4,000 Jews.
There is one synagogue still standing, though it had at one time four. Inside the synagogue, is a beautiful interior that holds memories of the four thousand Jews who were murdered there.
Pressburg (aka Bratislava in Slovakian and Pozsony in Hungarian)
This town was in Hungary before WW 1 and was the capital of Hungary from 1541 (when the Turks captured Buda) until 1784.
Some 2,000 Jews were deported to Auschwitz in 1944
Saros Megye (Saros County)
In the record books for this city, for the first time a Jew is mentioned in 1664. The names were Macskassy Janos and his wife Zsido Katalin.
"Jewish Orthodox records(1887-1895)
Not microfilmed by the Mormons. The records are almost complete! Only 4 records are missing:
Birth: 1889 and 1892
"I was lucky enough to find my gg-parents marriage certificate(1894) with all its precious information, as well as a wealth of data that has greatly enriched my family tree!" From a posting by Andres Carciente
It has been just published in Israel a new book about Satoraljaujhely by Mr. Mnashe Davidovits:
It provides two lists:
As there are not deportation lists available (till now), what Mr. Davidovits did was to collect the birth certificates from the children born between 1928 and 1944:they were the most vulnerable ones (age 0 till 16) together with their mothers. The author also collected information from Yad Vashem and from survivors' testimonies.
The book includes important sections from Meir SAS' famous book, that is out of print (Toronto,1986) and a classic by itself, and also sections from Mr. Csiki's book. The book is trilingual: English, Hungarian and Hebrew. From a posting by Andre Carciente firstname.lastname@example.org Editor's Note: Mr. Carciente does not mention the name of the book.
This is a mining town where Jews were not permitted to settle until the middle of the 19th century. The first Jews arrived in the 1870s and by the 1920s there about 150 Jews (140 families) here. In 1910 there were 527 Jews. The Chevra Kadisha was established in 1892. The business life of the town and its surrounds were dominated by Jewish merchants, manufactures and craftsmen. Prominent names in the 1920s were Jakab Hell, Kalman Ungar, Adolf Weisz, Sandor Erdos and Jeno Timfold.
Sepsiszentgyorgy (Sfatu Georgiu, Romania)
Now known as Sfatu Georgiu, Romania
Storozhynets - (formerly known as Ordarma)
Located at 48-10/25 and about 25 miles from the Ukrainian border.
"The Jews of Stropkov"
Szobrancz (Sobrance, Slov)
On the left side – Salamon Rubinstein, seller, 1829-1917, before of him is his wife, and the Family Ungar, they were peasant
Jews, sellers, too. They had lived near to Fured, on Tiszaigar, Nagyivan, the wedding photo was made in 1906, in Karcag.
An Entity of Type: populated place, from Named Graph:
within Data Space: dbpedia.org
Abandoned Jewish synagogue and cemetery
"In 1761, a Jew Philep Izsak (note: in this period, any official record would have the notation "Judaeus" in front of the name of any Jew) and his wife, Judovics Erzsebet, bought a house in Paloty Street from the Honourable (lit: nagysagos) Szegedy Johanna. There is a mention from a generation earlier in a less official form. Teutsch David, an Ujhely resident who passed away in 1860, mentioned in his will that his grandfather settled in Ujhely in 1734, when there were only two Jewish families there. Later, one find more frequent mention of Jews buying real property. Here, according to the city's registry book, on May 8, 1799, Kozba Gabor and his wife sold their house in Cserko street to the Jew David Rabbe and Markus Anna, along with the cellar.
The first mention of the existence of a Jewish school in Ujhely is from 1744, in the record book of the steward of the Regeczi and Pataki estate (Conscriptio Pratorum). Here it mentions that in the "Willow Tree meadow," which was owned by the city, there was a small section set aside for the Jewish school.
The above mentioned documents cast an interesting light on land ownership by the Jews in the mid-18th century. It suggest that the claim that Jews could not buy or inherit land in the earliest times is a fallacy. It is possible that Zemplen County was more liberal in this regard than the laws of the rest of the country, and followed a different rule. "
Ujfeherto, Szabolcs County
There are Regional Special Interest Groups that have Hungarian information and links. The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German SIG
Now known as Orasu Nou and was in the eastern part of Szatmarmegye (approx. 1878)
Ujvidek (renamed Novid Sad, Yugoslavia)
This town was once located in Hungary, but now is in Ukraine. It is about 15 miles ESE from Ungvar
This site offers the 1848 Census of Jewish Residents
Uyvarus (Orasul Nou)
Located between Satumare and Sighet in Transylvania.
Published in Jerusalem and based on a Pinkas Mohalim
Located in the Carpathian Mountain, now in the Ukraine, but previously it was part of Hungary and Czechoslovakia. Links connect to maps, family memoirs, pictures and links to other Carpathian Jewish sites. Webmaster is Karin Wandrei email@example.com
There was a
Jewish presence - located in Zemplen megye (Zemplen county)
more to come ...
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