Why did so many of our ancestors emigrate to America?
The powerful Habsburg Empire once made Austria-Hungary the center of the world. The following is an extract and edited version of an article that appeared in "Karpatska Rus",* the newsletter of the Lemko Association of the United States and Canada. The article will help some understand why many of our ancestors emigrated to America.
"The most hated aspect of Austrian rule was its military. The Kaiser's army was foreign to our people. Between the officer, who was usually a German, and the ordinary soldier, was an impassable stonewall. Conviction of a simple minor offense often resulted in a severe prison sentence."
*According to an email I received from Henry Wellisch, he stated: "Believe me when I say that this quotation from the Karpatka Rus newsletter is complete nonsense and I strongly suggest that you replace it with something more representative. Let me tell you that in the Austro/Hungarian forces were thousands of Jewish officers including generals and even a field Marshall. The army was looked at in Jewish circles as a protector of the Jewish community and was certainly not hated."
"Conviction of a simple minor offense often resulted in a severe prison sentence. There was no due process in the Austrian military justice system. Justice was administered without witness testimony and there was no opportunity given to the accused to rigorously defend himself. Plaintiff and judge were combined into one person."
Who would want to live under these kind of circumstances?
Austria was incorporated into the German Reich on March 1938.
14,000 of the 20,000 German, Austrian and Czech Jews who were deported to Latvia were murdered there in WW II. Today, the majority of Austria's 10,000 Jews, live in Vienna.
Beginner's Guide to Austrian- Jewish Genealogy
You need to type in ausguide.html at this site
"A Guide to Jewish Genealogy in Germany & Austria"
Published in January, 2001by the Jewish Genealogy Society of Great Britain. This guide gives an insight into researching your family roots both in these countries and in Britain. This is an informative guide to the archives of available records and explains how to obtain the records you thought no longer existed. In addition, the guide has sections on registration, the Holocaust, vital records, Kindertransport, alien registration, useful addresses, census and cemeteries. The guide is price at £4.50 (UK) £6.00/US $10 (Overseas includes postage) Payment with orders and is available from
The JGSGB Membership Secretary,
PO Box 27061
London, N2 OGT
"The Angel of Austria's Jews"
Authored by Mark O'Neil for the South China Morning Post is a story about how Ho Fengshan saved thousands of Jews during World War II.
"Austrian-Jewish Life Stories From the Time of the Hapsburg Monarchy"
(Als haetten wir dazugehoert: Oesterreichisch-Juedische Lebensgeschichten auks der Habsburgemonarchie) Authored by Professor Albert Lichtblau and published by Boehlau-Verlag in Vienna in German.
"The Austro-Hungarian Forces in the Field, October, 1918"
"Hartheim Castle Killings"
The detailed story of the killings that went on during WW II of people who were "physically and intellectually handicapped, nonconformists, etc." There is a list of Surnames
"The Jews of Vienna: 1867 - 1914 Assimilation and Identity"
(1984 and published by State University of New York, Albany, NY.) and "Reconstructing a National Identity Jews of Habsburg Austria During World War I" (Oxford, 2001) both authored by Dr. Marsha L. Rozenblit, Editor
"Naturalized Jews of the Grand Duchy of Posen in 1834 and 1835"
Authored by Edward D. Luft
"The Problem of the Immigrant"
Authored by James Davenport Whelpley and published in London by Chapman & Hall Ltd in 1905. Chapter 14 - Austria-Hungary features an English translation of the Hungarian Emigration Law of 1903
"Spiel, Hilde: Vienna's Golden Autumn"
From the watershed year 1866 to Hitler's Anschluss, 1938; published in New York by Weidenfeld and Nicolson, in 1987. The book appears to be out of print and was originally written in German as "Glanz und Untergang - Wien 1866 bis 1938"
"Unveiled Shadows, The Witness of a Child"
Authored by Professor Ingrid Kisliuk. Her experiences growing up in Vienna at the beginning of World War II until the liberation.
"Wer einmal war" (Who once was)
Authored by Georg Gaugusch (Index of the Book). This database is a register of names from the book by Georg Gaugusch, Wer einmal war, the Jewish Upper Class of Vienna 1800-1938. The first volume, published in November 2011 by the Amalthea-Publisher, includes the letters A - K, contains approximately 1,700 pages, and deals with ca. 250 families. You will find more information under the following web page
General Austrian Genealogy
Vienna Jews forced to scrub Schuschnigg's slogans off a sidewalk.
Also known as Oesterreich. The first words of the Austrian National Anthem, translated into English states "Land of mountains, land on the river". Austria is in the Eastern Alps. The mountains cover 62% of Austria with the highest point at 12,460 feet (3797 m). The official language, German, is spoken by about 90% of the residents. Austria was incorporated into Nazi Germany from 1938 to the end of WW II when the allies occupied the country in 1945. In 1955, Austria was declared a sovereign state and the occupation ended. In 2009, it is estimated that there are about 8 million residents and the country is bordered by eight other countries.
There are a great deal of interesting links available at the PolishRoots™ web site including Austrian Military Recruitment in Galicia; Cemetery of the Defenders of Lwów; Galician Federal Representatives; Galician Provincial Representatives; Galician Vital Records; The Martyrs of Zloczow which includes a list of people detained during the tumultuous times at the end of
1890-1891 Index of New York Immigrants
from Austria, Poland and Galicia.
Asset Declarations ('Vermoegenserklaerungen')
Following the March 1938 Anschluss, Jews that lived within what was then "Greater Germany," including newly annexed Austria, were required to file statements of their belongings and wealth to the Nazi authorities.
... which Austrian Jews were forced to file after Germany's annexation of that country. They are apparently archived in one of the government archives in Vienna, and there is a process of obtaining copies of them via the Living Heirs Foundation. Information is available at the Avotaynu web site
Typical Austrian village Durnstein 1986. Photo taken by Ted Margulis
Austria-Hungary - a short history of
Austrian Archives - (Kriegsarchiv)
Inventories and Finding Aids of Austrian Archives
in Vienna (Wien)
Note: one of the problems is the frequent name changes, not just of families, but of towns in which they lived. Check out this site that Miriam Margolyes wrote about which contains a list showing most of the hundreds of town name changes from German to Polish in 19th Century Posen Province
Austrian Zentralfriedhof Cemetery Information
Mag. Walter Pagler,
Wiederstell Verein Zur Wiederstellung und Erhaltung der Juden
Friedhof in Wien
1110 Zentralfriedhof Austria
or Mag. Walter Pagler Verein "Schalom"
11. Tor A-1110
Mr. Pagler, is the caretaker of the Vienna Jewish Cemetery may, or may not charge for his services. Phone/Fax: 0043 1 7671506 (only in the mornings)
To use this searchable database - Jewish Cemeteries in Austria - you have to be a registered user in the FORUM. We decided to go this way to avoid misusage of the data. For private investigations you have automatically 10 queries for free. After that, if you need more you can buy several levels of access. You will find records of all by Verein SCHALOM maintained graves and who is buried there Not all records are complete, this is because many of the old stones are unreadable or no data is available anymore. Conditional to reasons of data privacy no records
are shown younger than the year 1945. If you need information about this, get in contact with us by email or use other official sources (see also our link page)
Cemeteries and Obits
Austrian Census for Galicia
These two sites deal with Galicia census and Austrian Military Records covering several centuries. Because of the war, most records were destroyed.
"Austrian Census for Galicia"
Authored by Gayle Schlissel Riley and edited by the FEEFHS Webmaster
Austrian Citizenship & Passport Information
For more than ten years the IKG Vienna has been fielding increasing number of requests regarding the restoration and/or granting, and in particular the transfer, of Austrian citizenship. Austrian Holocaust survivors and their descendants maintain an interest in having Austrian citizenship reinstated to their families. For that reason the IKG Vienna has been an active advocate of improvements to statutory citizenship provisions for victims of National-Socialist persecution and their descendants
Magistrat der Stadt Wien,
MA 61 Zivilmatrik
Rathaus Stiege 8
Paterre, Zimmer 17 C 1,
1919 Wien, Oesterreich
Phone: +43 1 4000 - 0 (you will be connected)
Hours: Monday through Friday from 8 am to 12
All persons leaving Austria needed a passport. If any former Austrian passport-related records exist for Austrian offices that existed in Galicia, they would be somewhere in the archives in Ukraine and Poland as stated by Lavrentiy Krupnak in a posting
Local authorities throughout the Empire issued passports. The register that LDS has only includes a listing of passports that were issued by the Vienna passport office (i.e.., the register doesn't include passports which were issued by other offices in Austria, such as Galicia, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, etc.
The Vienna passport office register that LDS has:
Here is what LDS has from the Vienna Passport Office:
Note, that it's just the register of passports which were issued by that office (i.e., it's not the register of the several hundred passport offices which were located throughout the Austrian portion of the Austro-Hungarian Empire).
Vienna has a ledger of passports which were issued by the Wien passport authorities (only for passports which were issued by that office) i.e., not the entire country of Austria, which at that was huge. All persons leaving Austria needed a passport.
"Austrian, Czech and German Jews in Riga"
Only one marriage permit was issued per family, and then only if a significant fee was paid. For example, if a family had five children, only one could legally be married.
The result is that a great many couples were married by a Rabbi "according to the law of Moses and the traditions of Israel", but not according to the law of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The marriage would therefore not be recorded by the civil authorities. Children of such couples would be listed in the Austro-Hungarian metrical records as illegitimate. From a posting by Doug Cohen
Austrian Documentation Center
Registration of names of Austrian victims of the Holocaust from 1938 to 1945; Austrians in Exile (Documentation)
List of Austrian Jews in concentration camps
Military Maria Theresia Order
can be a useful source of genealogical information. In the context of Galician Poland (1772-1918) many of our male ancestors undertook military service freely, while others were obliged to go on active duty for 2 or 3 years, followed by perhaps 8-10 years in reserve units. The army kept detailed records on its personnel at all levels and useful information can be gleaned from these. Records for the period up until 1869 were retained in Vienna at the Vienna Kriegsarchiv and has also been extensively filmed by the Mormon Church and can be traced through the Family History catalogue.
Karen Hobbs, a genealogist who has studied Austrian Military records for a very long time, writes: 'Men who were born in the area that is now Austria, will be the easiest to trace, because all of their records are still in Vienna. Men who were born in the other Crownlands of the Habsburgs after 1850, or so, may and may not have records in Vienna. In theory all of the records dated after 1868-69 for the crown lands that became the successor nations to the Austrian-Hungarian dual monarchy in 1918, were distributed to those new nations so the national archives of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, the states of the former Yugoslavia, etc., should now have them if they were not destroyed during WW II. World War I records are mostly in Vienna. Officers' records should all be in Vienna regardless of where a man was born or served."
It is also possible to write for copies of personal records from years up to 1869 to the Archive in Vienna.
A-1030 Wien Austria.
Further information can be found. Here you will find an "Austrian Recruitment Search"
Jewish War Cemeteries in Western Galicia
According to a Uni Graz Thesis authored by Liebermann, covering 1868 to 1917, common soldiers could not marry while on active duty. NCOs and officers could marry with permission. About 300,000 Jews were believe to have served in the Austrian Army in the First World War.
For post 1867 military records, write to the Archives in Ukraine. This site is offering information on "Austrian Census Returns 1869 to 1910 with Emphasis On Galicia"
Austrian Conscription Rules in the early 19th Century
Austrian Hungarian Army Officers
Some informational pages in German.
Austro-Hungarian Army Flags
Austrian Military Museum
Heeresgeschichtliches Museum, Arsenal
Phone: +43 1 79561 Fax +43 1 5200 17707
Email: : firstname.lastname@example.org
Their English language web site is
Austrian Military Records
Central military authorities
Millions of index cards covering the period of WWI are available at
Found in the LDS web site
Austrian Military Service
You can now ask Dr. Christoph Tepperberg at the Vienna War Archive, questions about ancestors who served in the Austrian Military
There is a place to pose your questions on one page and you can read Dr. Tepperberg's replies to all questions
by clicking on the link 'Re: Austrian military Service' near the top of the page. Look at the questions and answers given at the site before posting a question of your own. Provide as much information as you can, but keep the format very simple and direct. List known facts, then ask a specific question.
The Kriegsarchiv (Archives) in Vienna
For soldiers not hailing from Austria proper: a.) they only have the records of officers, not enlisted men; b.) records of enlisted men were sent to the capital cities of the new countries formed after the breakup of the Austrian Empire, according to where the soldier's city of origin was.
Personal details on soldiers are found in Grundbuchblatter and Foundation books for each regiment. Microfilms of these can be traced in the on-line catalogue of FamilySearch® and most are available for loan through the chain of FHCs. Choose the Author Search option and enter Oesterreich Armee followed by the name of the regiment to obtain the appropriate microfilm numbers. Example: Oesterreich Armee Infanterie Regiment 30
It is also possible to write for copies of personal records from years up to 1869 to the Archive in Vienna.
See also this web site for additional information:
Austrian Ministry of Defense
Bureau of Military Scientific Studies
Dr. Erwin A. Schmidl is Head of Research
Austrian War Archives in Vienna
Austro Hungarian Military Records can be read at the FHC (Family History Center). The Microfilm number is #6085770 was written by Stephen Blodgett, entitled "Great-grandfather Was In The Imperial Cavalry ... Using Austrian Military Records As An Aid To Writing Family History". There are about 1,500 records and some research aids available.
Standestabellen and Grundbuchblatter records
for a given soldier in films of Austrian Military records found in LDS FHCs world wide. There are over 1,500 titles of films under military records. You need to know the regiment.
WW I Austrian Military Personnel Records Information Record cards contain basic information
Name, date and place of birth, religion and unit into which inducted and date of induction. The information on the cards in Vienna depended on information provided by the field command headquarters. When they were simply too busy recording new reinforcements or carrying out attack or defense plans, they sometimes recorded deaths, but not places of burial. When a man went missing, it was unknown if he was a prisoner, missing in action or deserted, and there were no resources to spend on finding out so nothing was put on his record. If someone reported that they saw a man taken prisoner or killed in action, that entry would be made.
If there was a particularly bloody battle, Vienna could be overwhelmed with data and simply found it impossible to update every record before the next huge batch of data arrived. Some of the data in regimental records may never have found its way to individual soldier's cards. The information available in Vienna varied from soldier to soldier. Laurence Krupnak Lkrupnak@erols.com has additional information and may offer some assistance. Larry is a professional genealogist and does charge for his services.
Austro-Hungarian Military Topographic Maps
Scale 1:75,000 Contact Lavrentiy Krupnak at Lkrupnak@erols.com for a 1,877k jpeg file via Email: . It will take about 10 minutes to download. You may also find these same, or similar maps, at the U.S. Library of Congress.
Austro-Hungarian Military Uniforms
Kr. is Krone, an Austrian unit of currency under the Crown System. In 1905, the average annual income (wages and received goods) of a farm servant on a large estate in western Galicia was 355 Kr./year). In eastern Galicia the average was about 315 Kr./year. The exchange rate in the period 1892 - 1900 was: 1 Krone = 10 pence (British) = about US $0.18. The Krone came into circulation after 1892.
Prior to that the Gulden (100 kreuzer) was in circulation. One Gulden was equal to about 2 shillings (British) or US $0.46. According to Dr. John-Paul Himka, of the University of Alberta,, 'an unskilled worker in the oil industry in 1870 earned from 30 to 50 kreuzer a day' about 15 to 23 cents American. 'In the 1880s, a journeyman craftsman in L'viv and Krakow could earn a Gulden to a Gulden and a half daily' - about 46 to 69 cents American. There really isn't a fair comparison to money today as the American dollar was worth something
other than what it is today.
Austrian Reparation Procedures
Write or call:
Osterreichische Postsparkasse AG Ref Research Report
Georg Coch Platz No.
1010 Vienna, Austria
Fax: +43 (1) 51400 1700/1762
A list of genealogy sites on the internet dealing with Austria
Austrian Resources at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
The Recht Als Unrecht list (Austrian property declarations
An early version of the Austrian deportation lists being compiled by the Dokumentationarchiv des Osterreichischen Widerstandes. The Museum prefers to be contact in writing, either by Email:
Survivors Registry, U.S. Holocaust Memorial
Museum 100 Raoul Wallenberg Pl. SW,
Washington, DC 20024-2126
Austrian State Archives
A-1030 Wien, Austria.
Director: Hofrat Dr. Rainer Egger (Ext. 450)
Phone: 0222 795 40 0 is the director general.
Dr. Hubert Steiner keeps a database of confiscated Jewish property, but only about 50,000 names are available of the 170,000 Viennese Jews in 1938
Fax: 43 1 795 40 109 The phone no. from abroad is +43 1 79540 0
Should you personally visit the archive, you can take subway line U3, Station Erdberg.
"Recht Als Unrecht" The database. This site provides a Search Engine and you can type in any word, name or country and receive many more site links.
East European Genealogical Society
Business 2 business company directory and business in Europe, yellow pages access, international and European business directory (professional services, addresses and business classifieds)
Two articles about famous Jewish families - REITZES (Reitzes Von Marienwert, Etthofen) in: Adler, Zeitschrift fuer Genealogie und Heraldik, vol 20 (XXXIV), No. 7 (July / September), p. 199-213 and the Kuffner family in Lundenburg (Moravia) and Vienna in: Adler, volume 20 (XXXIV), No. 8 (October / December), p. 243-251. Contact Herealdisch-genealogische Gesellschaft "Adler", Universitaetsstrasze 6/9b, A-1096 Vienna, Austria
Family History Center Libraries (FHC)
Has over 1,500 titles of films that are filed under military records.
The Family History Center has a file microfilm number 6085770 that can be ordered from Salt Lake City. They require at least the regiment's name to be of help. They are in handwritten German - hard to read. These films include a physical description, place of origin, religion and more.
|Galicia became a part of the Austrian Empire after the first division of Poland in 1772 and was also part of the Austrian crown lands.|
Genealogical Research Hungary
In the lands of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy - a Guide to Archives and Parish-Registers
Genealogical Research in some lands of the former Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy
Here you will find databases made by and for genealogists researching their roots in Austria-Hungary. More than 16,300 user have access to this collection. After registration you may use these databases free of charge.
The collection currently contains 6,935,821 entries and will be continually updated.
German Genealogy: Austria
German, Swiss and Austrians Deported From France
A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to
a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country
Historical Archives of Ukraine Ukraine
Has Austrian period cadastral records for Galicia
Holocaust Era Insurance Claims for Vienna Jews
Information about most European countries
and type in the name of the country you wish to research in the search field. This site is a great source to find information for almost every European country. Another valuable site to help find a person, maps, etc. Once there, type in the name of any country you wish to research. This service is free
Jewish Austrian Research
Jewish Communities in Austria
Ancient Austrian Jewish tombstones dating to 16th century found in Vienna
Jewish Community of Vienna
Jewish Religious Community of Vienna
A-1010 Vienna, Austria
The Untere Augartenstrasse (note the spelling) is not ON the Danube Canal, but leads to it. It is situated
in the second Vienna district, which at the time had a high percentage of Jewish residents. Since it is a residential unit with a with two blocks (Stiege 1 and 2) in the middle of an residential area, it is unlikely
to be a weekend house. The owner and the renters in the year 1938 are listed in the Vienna online historical address book Lehmann:
This link gets you directly to the right page. The owner listed there (see "E" for "Eigentuemer") is Charlotte Eisenstein. A historical map with all the Jewish institutions listed in this Karmeliter neighborhood was printed in the Viennese periodical "Profil" on November 14, 1988 and can be scanned on demand
Prominent Jewish Families of Vienna
Tolerated Jews of Vienna
JewishGen BohMor SIG
This site will be of interest to those who are researching Bohemia, Moravia and Austria. There are over 170 members worldwide.
Located in a three story, 200 year old mansion at 11 Dorotheergasse in the Innere Stadt.
Jewish Records in Austria
"There were supposed to be complete sets of duplicate records, according to the 1875 Austrian legislation that set up the Jewish Vital record Collection System. Presumably, one set was to stay in the district and another was supposed to be sent to Lemberg periodically. Despite this mandate, very few of these duplicate records have been found in western Galicia. It is possible that the record books that were in the Archives in L'viv after WW II were actually duplicates of the district record books."
"The L'viv records were those sent to Warsaw after the war. They made up the collection which is now the focus of a JRI project. The records sent to Warsaw were the newer records from the collection. The older records were retained in L'viv, now L'viv. Further, "these duplicate books from Zmigrod that they "refer to folks from nearby shtetls."
"These "nearby shtetls" were, in fact, living in towns in Zmigrod 's district. In all of the recent discussion about the importance of the administrative districts, it may have escaped some readers that the administrative districts included all of the towns in a specified region. Records books from each district were bound ledger books on printed forms. The forms were in German and Polish in western Galicia. At some point, in eastern Galicia, the forms were printed in German and Ukrainian. The events recorded within were in the order of registration and reflected births (or deaths and marriages) for all of the communities within a district. The events were not separated out by towns ... just by the date of registration. There were separate books for birth, marriages and deaths. When the book got to be of a certain size, a new book was started." From a posting by Suzan Wynne in Gesher Galicia SIG
Leo Baeck Institute and the Institute for the History of Jews in Austria
Actively seeking and collecting memoirs written by persons who formerly lived in the territories of the Hapsburg Monarchy and the Republic of Austria. Contact:
Dr. Albert Lichtblau
Universitat Salzburg Institut fur Geschichte
Rudolfskai 42 A-5020 Salzburg, Austria
Phone: +43 662 8044-4743
Fax: +43 662 6389-4743
Email: : Albert.Lichtblau@sbg.ac.at
here is an online gallery of antique maps (17th, 18th & 19th Century) and prints
Maps and Towns
Open Street Maps
The crowd-sourced mapping project OpenStreetMap has amassed a million contributors since its inception in 2005 and, according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in England, Russia and Germany than rivals such as Google Maps. I tried the site and found an accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town Tal'ne, Ukraine. Almost every country is available as is most towns
Trace your roots from Austria to Britain and help in finding the relevant records in your search
Moravia - Austro-Hungarian Empire 1882
Museum fuer Volkskunde (Ethnogr. Museum)
Laudongasse 15 - 19
Open Tuesday to Friday 9 - 5; Saturday 9 - 12.
Sunday 9 - 1. Call first before visiting for Jewish material.
A branch of the Jewish Museum of Vienna
Phone 43 1 535 0431
The museum is built on the foundations of a synagogue destroyed in 1421 and rediscovered in 1995.
National Library of Austria
Check these newsgroups: soc.genealogy.german and soc.culture.austria Either, or both of these addresses
need to be entered into your web browser to be able to search these sites.
Obituaries of the Prag Daily Newspaper (Prager Tagblatt)
Once the death announcements from the Neuen Freien Presse as well those of the Pester Lloyd could be found on GenTeam, a team was able to review another important daily newspaper of the Monarchy, the Prager Tagblatt, between 1877 and 1938, and furnished all as a database to GenTeam Lodges Members of divers Lodges 1785 -1931 Members of additional Johannislodges and B'nai B'rith Lodges in Vienna, Prag, Elbersfeld, Coblenz, Neudvrfl an der Leitha, Vdenburg, Sagan, Gera and Weida were added. Surnames and first names are listed, as well as, according to Lodge, professions, work and private addresses, date of membership, and date of death of already deceased members.
Post Offices of Former Austrian Territories
Includes Base post offices in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bohemia, Hungary, Levant, Lombardy, Mantua, Moravia, Silesia, Prague, Poland (Galicia), Venetia and Yugoslavia - all places are in alphabetical order, with provinces prefixed
Prussia, or Preussen
A very large German Kingdom which included parts of both western and eastern Europe in its heyday. The LDS Family History Library holds microfilms of the Jewish and Civil Records (in varying numbers for each separate place) for all three Dobrzyca. Just run a place search for Dobrzyca in their on-line catalog at
There is an active "Birds of a Feather" group.
If interested, contact Barbara Siegel email@example.com
Prussian Census and the 1812 Citizenship Lists
"Austrian Census Returns 1869-1880: With Emphasis on Galicia"
An article by Jonathan Shea. The article originally appeared in the journal of the Polish Genealogical Society of Connecticut and the Northeast
Reproduced on the website of the Federation of East European Family History Societies
Another article about Austrian censuses authored by Gayle Schlissel Riley.
The JewishGen SIG Archives
-- indicated that few 19th century Galician censuses survive. Some exceptions that were mentioned: Oswiecim, Rzeszow, Stanislawow, Tarnobrzeg, Tarnopol. From a posting by Renee Stern Steinig
Contemporary Austrian phone book (in German)
A commercial site offering many language translating programs
Translating Services -
Just in case you didn't think of it, contact a nearby university or college's foreign language department. They may offer to write letters and translate letters into English. A nominal fee is usually charged.
Vital and Marriage Records
From Greek Catholic and Orthodox Parishes in Former Austrian Galicia, Former Malo Rus, Ukraine, Poland and Belarus are available from the Mormon Family History Library (FHL) A full explanation of this site's contents including Archive addresses
Cities and Towns in Austria
Former synagogue in St. Polten, now the Institute for the History of Jews.
Located in Bavaria and this town has an old Jewish cemetery. The town was known to its Jews as "Toches Meloches Zion". Schaffen means to labor or to create. Meloches (Melachot in Hebrew) means labors, crafts)oches (Hebrew Tachat or Tachton) means lower, lesser, inferior, subsidiary. Meloches (Hebrew Malkut) means realm, kingdom, sovereignty. Toches Meloches could thus be a lesser kingdom, a regency, a royal subdivision. From a posting by Michael Bernet
Augostow, Austria Yizkor Book Index
Augostow, 1941, The surviving Jews of the city were herded into a ghetto. Jewish Historical Institute
Deportation of Jews from Baden to Dachau following Kristallnach, Baden-Baden, November 10, 1938
Bad Voeslau (Bad Vöslau)
"My Life In Jewish Renewal: A Memoir"
Authored by Zalman Schachter-Shalomi
"Linz, Innsbruck, Baden, Eisenstaedt, Berndorf, and Bad Voeslau. In Linz, all the Jewish inhabitants were arrested, and all Jews in the district were ordered to move to Vienna within three days. One-third of the fine of a billion marks ($83,300,000) imposed on the whole of the German Reich Jewry was levied on Austrian Jews.
Jewish Locations / Hanukkah Mennorah / Cemetery (Güssing)
Pre-1938, 3,800 Jewish citizens lived in the Burgenland. See EXILED-Recollections of Jews from Burgenland for their story. Concept by BB Staff Member Maureen Tighe-Brown.
There were seven towns in this area south of Vienna that contained Jewish communities, but the best preserved ghetto is in Eisenstaedt, the provincial capital where Jews were once 20 percent of the total population of the town which was also the provincial capital. It is 35 miles south of Vienna. Most of the houses and buildings date back from the 17th century and look the same as the day that the Jews left in 1938. Fred Astaire's uncle, Fritz Austerlitz lived here and is memorialized on a plaque to local Jews who died in WW I. Private Synagogue of Samson Wertheimer is also located in the museum
Cemeteries of Burgenland
A list of the Jewish cemeteries and other Jewish information of the towns of Burgenland
Phone 43 2682 65145
The site is in German
Another town by the same name is located southeast of Jarocin and northeast of Krotoszyn, due west of Pleszew. It was formerly known as Dobberschutz, Posen, German, but now Dobrzyca (Pleszew) Poznan, Poland. It was part of the former province of Posen, Prussia (Germany) during pre-WWI. Today, it is in the province of Wielkopolska.
A town totally destroyed by the Austrians in the first World War. The synagogue was abandoned, but later used by the U.S. Army. The Germans used it as a storehouse and destroyed the inside. Max Ascoli, publisher of The Reporter, funded the restoration after 1918.
"The Jews of Austria-Hungary on the Eve of World War I: Reconstructing a National Identity: The Jews of Habsburg Austria"
Local residents watch the burning of the ceremonial hall at the Jewish cemetery in Graz during Kristallnacht
The Graz Jewish records were rescued/plundered and taken to Moscow: there they recently resurfaced and I believe they have been restituted to Vienna. [Look for Graz] From a posting by Celia Male
Laa an den Thaya
Magdalena Muellner has created a wonderfully informative web site about her hometown. The German version has over 800 files while the English version currently is about 1/4th of that but she is working to bring it up to equal the German version.
There are Regional Special Interest Groups that have Austrian information and links. The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German SIG
In Linz, all the Jewish inhabitants were arrested, and all Jews in the district were ordered to move to Vienna within three days. One-third of the fine of a billion marks ($83,300,000) imposed on the whole of the German Reich Jewry was levied on Austrian Jews
Nepolokowitz (Nepolokautz, Nepolokouc, Kotzmann, Nepolocauti, Nepolokovtsy)
Founded in 1425 and remained with the prince of Moldova until 1774. From 1775 to 1918 it was known as Nepolokowitz / Nepolokautz and then became a part of Bukowina in Austria. From 1918 to June, 1940 it was known as Nepolocauti, Cernauti, Bukovina, Romania. From 1940 to 1941 it was known as Nepolokovtsy and was under Russian occupation and from 1941 to 1944 it came under Romanian rule again.
It is a small village in the Cozmeni Chernivtsi region of today's Ukraine. It is about 30 km nw of Chernovtsy, in Northern Bukowina. There were two Jewish communities living here before 1939. Most lived in the village itself, but some lived in the train station neighborhood, which was known as "Grigore Ghica Voda" during the Romanian time
List of Jews who perished in the Holocaust
Sandomierska Street in Nisko
Ortelsburg - (Szczytno [Polish], Ortelsburg [German], Ortel'sberg [Russian]
Once located in East Prussia but is now in Poland
Located in Prussia in the 1840s, as Germany was formed in 1871.
Rothhaus, Nieder Oesterreich (Lower Austria)
Rabbi Israel Friedmann was the patriarch of the Ruzhiner, later Sadagorer, dynasty of Hasidic Rabbis. He moved to Sadagora, Austria (now Sadgura, Ukraine) in the mid 1800s.
and the scholarly work by Dr. Assaf of Tel Aviv
Located about three hours west of Vienna by train, was the birthplace of Mozart. It never had a large Jewish community but two Jews, Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein put the town on the world stage with The Sound of Music. Just west of Mozart's home, located on Getreidegasse, the street name changes to Judengasse, which was the site of Salzburg's medieval ghetto. The Hotel Alstadt, is located on a 14th century synagogue site. Today, the synagogue, a faithful reconstruction of the one destroyed in 1938, is located at Lasserstrasse 8. About 60 Jews live in the city today, most over 80.
Located in the Serfaus Region in the Austrian Tyrol, it has become so popular with Orthodox Jewish vacationers in recent years, that some local hotels have koshered their kitchens and provide timed lights and other accessories for Shabbat observance. However, as reported in the AJW of May 15, 2009 one hotel, (Haus Sonnenhof Apartment Hotel) refused to accept Jewish families as guests citing a "bad experience". Local officials have branded the refusal as "unacceptable."
Steyr (Upper Austria)
Persons Index for Papers and Documents from the City Archives Steyr, Upper Austria
This database reviewed and furnished by Engineer Pabinger contains references to persons in many sources of the City Archive Steyr. There are, for example, Council Protocols, the Iron Trail Archive, diverse Calendars and Newspapers, Indices of Persons from Marriage Petitions or Death Announcements, Gazettes, etc. between 1824 - 2011 with data of persons for the years 1088 and 2011
1. New Indices from Catholic matrices from Lower and Upper Austria, Burgenland, Styria, as well as marriage testimonials from Bayreuth from 1673 - 1915
2. New Indices from manorial records in Upper Austria and Czech Republic 1370 -1848
3. New: Obituaries of the "Prager Tagblattes" (Prag Daily Newspaper) 1877 - 1938
4.New: Obituaries from different Tyrolean daily newspapers 1815 - 1819
5. Lodges' members of various lodges 1785 - 1931
6. New: Index from the city archive Steyr, Upper Austria 1088-2011 (Sources 1824 - 2011)
7. New: Index of the book "Who Once Was" (Wer einmal war) the Jewish Upper Class of Vienna 1800-1938, by Georg Gaugusch. From a posting by Traude Triebel
Sudovaya Vishnya (formerly known as Sadowa Wyznia, Wisznia)
Located in the Mosciska (Mostiska) district near Lwow and now in Ukraine. The name of the town literally means 'Court Cherry Tree'. Prior to WW II, the town had 4,289 inhabitants according to the 1921 census) including 1,829 Jews.
Formerly in the district (Kreis) of Flatow in West Prussia (Westpreussen) today it is located in Poland and is known as Wiecbork. The Polish State Archives at Bydgoszcz has birth, marriage and death registers of the Vandsburg Jewish Community covering the years 1825-1847 and the LDS has microfilmed these registers.
Interior of the Great Vienna Synagogue
Vienna is situated in the northeast part of the country with the Danube running through the
northern suburbs of the city and today has approximately 2.5 million people.
The city is in the northeast part of the country. Vienna's Jewish Golden Age lasted from the 1860s until the
1930s. Jews were recorded in city records during the 12th century and there are remains of a 14th century synagogue in the city's historic center. Jews were expelled in 1421, and, after being readmitted, were again expelled in
1670. Later, in the 18th century, the Hapsburg emperors allowed Court Jews to work for them. In 1781,
Emperor Joseph II issued an Edict of Tolerance, which began a series of reforms that guaranteed the civil
rights of Jews. An excellent article, authored by Alan M. Tigay appears in the November 2005 issue of
Between 1854 and 1923, the Jewish population of Vienna went from 15,000 to 200,00 as Jews from the
empire's hinterlands poured into the city. The Jewish community was located in the Innere Stadt (Inner
City) as well as in Alsergrund, one of the upscale neighborhoods. The largest Jewish concentration was in
Leopoldstadt, just across the Danube Canal from the city's center. About two thirds of the 180,000 Jews in
the city in 1938 escaped the Holocaust. Most of those who remained died in the death camps. After
WW II, Jews came back and there are about 15,000 according to Mr. Tigay's article.
The Ringstrasse is the boundary of the Inner City or Innestadt, with its fine architecture and many shops
and hotels. An atmosphere of elegance and style of bygone eras prevails in this area. It is easy covered
entirely on foot.
The Austrian National Library at the Josefsplatz is an outstanding example of baroque
architecture. Vienna contains more than 50 museums, grand palaces, shops, antique markets and more,
which are very much part of the Austrian culture. The Hapsburgs who ruled the country for six centuries
(1526 to 1918) resided in the Hofburg, which houses the Kaiser-Apartments and the Crown Jewels.
Austrian Citizenship & Passport Information, Magistrat der Stadt Wien,
MA 61 Zivilmatrik, Rathaus Stiege 8, Paterre, Zimmer 17 C 1
1919 Wien, Oesterreich
Phone: +43 1 4000 - 0 (you will be connected)
Hours: Monday through Friday from 8 am to 12
The City Archive of Vienna
Has extensive records at their website (in English)
Information available includes birth or marriage certificates, death records, probate records and more
especially if you are searching residents of Vienna from 1870-1903 . You must be able to read German
or use the translation sites to read this site.
"Following the March 1938 Anschluss, Jews that lived within what was then "Greater Germany," including
newly annexed Austria, were required to file statements of their belongings and wealth to the Nazi
"I have available statements filed by individuals with surnames HORN and FRUCHTER (received from
IKG and the Austrian State Archives) for anyone researching these surnames. Again, these individuals
would have had to have been living in Austria in 1938 to have been required to file these documents. The
documents I have include:
- Assets Declaration (Vermoegensanmeldung) - listing of Jewish assets as of 27 April 1938, drawn up
by the Jewish Property Declaration Office (Vermoegensverkehrsstelle)
- Emigration Questionnaire of the Jewish Community of Vienna (1938) - from IKG Vienna (Israelitische
Kultusgemeinde Wien / Jewish Community Vienna)
As these records ultimately did not pertain to my particular families HORN and FRUCHTER, I am willing
to make them available to anyone interested, free of charge, on CD." From a posting by Marla Raucher
Osborn Please reply to firstname.lastname@example.org
Located at Tempelgasse 3, which was destroyed in 1938. Today there is a large courtyard where Hasidic
children play. One of the synagogue's wings survived and is now a school, a mikve and a synagogue
belonging to Agudas Israel.
Jewish Community of Vienna for 1919 Marriage Certificates
Some entries had been stamped in 1939 and others in 1941 with some words that are hard to make out,
but seemed to refer to 'being taken away' This is followed by the names 'Israel' and 'Sara' with Israel
crossed out on the bride's document and Sara crossed out on the groom's side. Annehme des
Zuzatznemens Israel - Sara Angezeigtl B-H am 18-10-1939
"I saw on your page ...
something regarding the stamp on 1919 Jewish marriage certificates. I have a little more information that might shed some light for you.
I found the same stamp repeatedly on my great-grandfather's entry in a Vienna birth registry from 1878, and though some of the stamps were not clear, one of them was quite clear. It says: "Annahme des Zusatznamens Israel - Sara angezeigt!" Followed by a line with a date (on my ancestor's record, the date was 30.11.1940), another line with abbreviations I can't make out well, and several numbers.
The line means, "Assume for the additional names Israel-Sara is indicated!" Starting in 1938, the Nazis required all Jews to add "Israel" (for males) or "Sara" (for females) to their names on legal documents, such as passports. This line is apparently reminding Nazi clerks, who were given these records for purposes of identifying Jews, that in addition to the children and their parents (who are Jewish by definition in a Jewish birth registry), they should assume that anyone else named on the page (the mohel, the witnesses) are "Israel-Sara" (i.e., Jewish). Thank you Tracey Rich. From an Email: of 8-22-05
Jewish Museums of Vienna
A - 1010 Vienna, Dorotheergasse 11
It is open Sunday through Friday from 10 am to 6 pm and on Thursday from 10 am
to 8 pm
Jewish Welcome Service
provides information and orientation on Jewish life in Austria. Located just
opposite St. Stephan's Cathedral at
Telephone 43 1 533 2730
The city's old Jewish section. Here you will find Hasidim shops and one street with
Destroyed in 1938 during Kristallnach contained a completion stone that reportedly came "from Zion's holy
and divinely consecrated soil."
The "Nameless Library"
the Holocaust memorial of the Judenplatz in Vienna, a public art piece that be seen
Or Chadasch Congregation
The only non-Orthodox congregation in the city is located
Phone: 43 1 967 1329
The main religious and cultural center of Vienna's Jews from Georgia and Bukhara
Phone: 43 1 214 3097
The building contains a Georgian synagogue and a larger Bukharan synagogue.
Next door is the site of a synagogue destroyed on Kristallnach.
Arnold Schonberg was the father of 12-tone music.
Located at Schwarzenbergplatz 6
Phone 43 1 712 1888
Sigmund Freud Haus Museum
Located at Bergasse 19 (in the Alsergrund section)
Phone 43 1 319 1596
Stadttempel (City Temple)
Built in 1826, it has daily services and is located at
Telephone 43 1 531 -417
Email: : email@example.com
Made a major contribution to the arts, the sciences and the commerce in Austria, with special emphasis in
Vienna. The city drew Jews from all over Europe who saw opportunity to express themselves in the arts
and as writers, but it was also known for its anti-Semitism. Particularly well known was its mayor, Karl
Lueger, who had a major influence on young Adolph Hitler. The Chief Rabbi is Paul Chaim Eisenberg.
Vienna 1938 List of Missing
or write to Michael Goldman at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and ask if he
will check their Vienna 1938 list for your missing relatives
Viennese Jews Deported to the Lodz/Litzmannstadt Ghetto
Vienna Database on European Family History - Austrian Research
Viennese City Administration Address
Magistrat der Stadt Wien,
Wiener Stadt-und Landesarchiv, Rathaus
A-1082 Wien, Austria.
Viennese City and National Archives
United States Holocaust Museum Holdings
The Würzburg Gestapo ordered some 800 Jews from 19 different sub-districts and three different counties (a total of 80
different communities) to present themselves in Platz’schen-Garten, for the purpose of "evacuation". On the 25th of April,
78 Jews from Würzburg were ordered to present themselves as well. At about 3:00 PM the deportation train left Würzburg,
carrying 852 Jews. The train stopped at Bamberg to collect 103 Jews from the area, among them Jews from Nuremberg and
Fürth, who had not been deported in the previous transport on the 23rd of March. On April the 28th the deportees reached
Krasnystaw in the Lublin district of Poland
Bohemia - Moravia
Old New Synagogue in Prague
This travel blog photo's source is TravelPod page: Jewish Quarter and Black Light Theatre - Prague,
Czech Republic Travel Blog
For books on the subject, they are available on Amazon.com
Bohemia-Moravia Special interest Group
where there are plenty of experts available, BohMor is a JewishGen SIG which deals specifically with Vienna and Austria, as well as the one-time Habsburg Crown Lands of Bohemia and Moravia, where many of the Austrian Jews originated. There are also many links with Galicia in the various BohMor databases. Under the Habsburgs, Vienna, with a population of about 200,000 Jews, was the centre of a huge Empire, making it one of the most important Jewish cities in the whole world. The BohMor website and SIG has, in fact, a much broader coverage than its name
The web site contains lots of resources including "Getting Started with Czech Jewish Genealogy"
The beginnings of a web based encyclopedia commemorating all of the Jewish communities that once existed in the Bohemia-Moravia region
To join this SIG, subscribe at
Beginner's Guide to Austrian- Jewish Genealogy
you need to type in ausguide.html at this site
See also my Czech Republic page
more to come ...
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