"Making researching your Jewish roots --- e a s i e r "


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The name "England" is derived from the Old English word "Englaland", which means the "Land of the Angles".   The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes who settled Great Britain during the 5th and 6th centuries.  England became a unified state in AD 927, and has had a profound cultural impact on the rest of the world.

England was where the Anglican Church and English law was developed, forming the basis of the common law legal systems used worldwide today.  The parliamentary system, the world's oldest, has been widely adopted by many other nations. French was once the official language of England.

England was probably the most tolerant country in Europe in its overall treatment of Jews during the 17th through 20th centuries - even including Holland and the Scandinavian countries

Map of British Isles showing constituent countries


So You Want to Research
Your Family Background?

                David Kravitz's article

Liner at Landing Stage, Liverpool

Jews first came to Britain in 1066, at the invitation of William the Conqueror, but were expelled in 1290 by Edward I.  This coincided with the Norman Conquest in 1066. England, unlike America, had a large influx of Western European Jews (especially Dutch) going back before 1800.  This site offers background information that could be useful in your research 

England, Scotland and Wales Genealogy






Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales Information about the historic environment of Wales from the earliest times to the present day.


There are many books and CDs offering information and help on researching your Jewish roots.  I have teamed up with Amazon.com.uk to make it easy to find these sources. 

"A History of the Jews of England
Authored by Cecil Roth

"Anglo-Jewish Notabilities: Their Arms and Testamentary Dispositions
Authored by Jewish Historical Society of England and published in London by Union College in 1949

"Fighting Back, British Jewry's Military Contribution in the Second World War"
Authored by Martin Sugarman. Information on the
British volunteers during the Spanish Civil War  


"Building Jerusalem - Jewish Architecture in Britain"
Authored by Sharman Kadish and published in 1996 by Vallentine Mitchell in London.  It's more than an architectural book since it intertwines Jewish history with the buildings that were produced for the Jewish community and has chapters on cemeteries, mikvot and other subject that could be of genealogical interest.  It lists the names of many families.  Posted by Joel Ives in 1996

"Children of the Ghetto"
Authored by Israel Zangwill - a picture of the Jewish Ghetto life in London in the late 19th century.

"The Earl of Petticoat Lane"
Authored by Andrew Miller and published by Random House in the UK.  The story is about the author's grandparents, Jewish immigration to London and assimilation among British Jews in the first half of the twentieth century and about his visit to the family homes in Poland and Galicia.

"Essays and Portraits in Anglo-Jewish History"
Authored by Cecil Roth and published in Philadelphia by the Jewish Publication Society of America in 1962

"Expulsion: England's Jewish Solution"
Authored by British historian Richard Huscroft and published by Tempus looks at the period of 1066 to 1290.

"From Here to Obscurity"
The story of London's East End Yiddish speaking community from 1933-45 Authored by Yoel Sheridan and published by Tenterbooks

"Harfield's Commercial Directory of the Jews of the United Kingdom"
Published in 1804Jewish Genealogy etc. 

"Hebrew Deeds of English Jews Before 1290"
Authored by Myer David Davis and published in London

"The History of the Jews in Great Britain"
Authored by Moses Epstein Margoliut and published in 1857

"History of the Great Synagogue" (London)

"In our Own Hands: The Hidden Story of the Jewish Brigade in World War II"
A wonderful documentary about the Jewish Brigade, the all-Jewish fighting unit in the British Army in the Second World War, and about its activities immediately after the war

"Internment, the Diaries of Harry Seidler May 1940 - October 1941"
Authored by Harry Seidler and edited by Janis Wilton.  Published by Allen & Unwin in 1986., provides a very personal and detailed account of the daily happenings during his internment by the Canadians (July 1940 to October 1941) as well as by the British from May 1940.
ISBN 0 86861 915 9

"The Jewish Communities of North-East England"
Authored by Lewis Olsover.  The author's definition of northeast England included Newcastle, Tyneside, Teesside, and Wearside. Jewish Genealogy etc.

"Jewish Immigrant in England 1870 - 1914"
Authored by Lloyd P Gartner in 1973.

"The Jewish Victorian"
Genealogical Information from the Jewish Newspapers 1871-80 Names in books.  It is a 600 page reference books, covering all births, marriages, deaths and condolence notices, plus obituaries and individual news items for the years 1871-80

"Jews of Angevin England"
Authored by Joseph Jacobs and published in London by David Nutt Publisher, 1893

"The Jews of Britain, 1656 to 2000"
by Todd M. Endelman, University of California Press, 2002.

"The Jews of Georgian England, 1714-1830"
By Todd M. Engelman, University of Michigan Press, 1999.  Jewish Genealogy etc.

"Jews of Medieval Oxford"
Authored by Cecil Roth and published in Oxford by Clarendon Press in 1951

"The Jews of the Restoration
Authored by Lucien Wolf. A facsimile of this document was published in the Transactions of the Jewish Historical Society of England.  It does not have many names. British Museum manuscripts dated 1660 are probably more useful. Jewish Genealogy etc.

"King of the Schnorrers"
Authored by Israel Zangwill of Jewish life in the 18th century.

"The London Jewry"
Authored by Joseph Jacobs

"No Job For A Woman"
Links re Pre-1914 to Post 1945 about women in Britain

"Shakespeare and the Jews"
An interesting book about the Jews in England, who were allowed in England in the 1600s.  Catholics were also not appreciated, so Sephardim often posed as Huguenots, who, as Protestant refugees from the continent, were allowed to be 'non-Anglican'.

"Sketches of Anglo-Jewish History"
Authored by James Picciotto and published in 1877.  Jewish Genealogy etc.

"Uniting the Tailors"
Authored by A. J. Kershen and published by Frank Cass & Co., in 1995  Jewish Genealogy etc.

"Well-suited - A History of the Leeds Clothing Industry"
Authored by Katrina Honeyman and published by Oxford University Press, in 2000) Jewish Genealogy etc.

Book Resources  


Five Leaves Publications - a small UK publisher with an interest in Jewish secular culture, and many other subjects   




United Kingdom  
Genealogy Information  

In 1290, Edward I expelled the Jews, whom he no longer needed as moneylenders; they returned in 1656.  Soon Jews, many working as peddlers, spread across the country.  In the 1880's, 150,000 Russian and Polish Jews arrive and many settled in the East End of London where a vibrant immigrant culture flourished.  Further information is available in the Hadassah Magazine of October/November 2011 in an article written by Miriam Shaviv, a columnist for The Jewish Chronicle in Britain.

1649 Petition to Oliver Cromwell
"In Volume 19 of TJHSE there is an article about the first Sephardic "Resettlement Cemetery" with a diagram of the people buried there and the dates  of burial. I would imagine that a number of them may have been around during 1649!"

"I have to admit that this is one of many topics I am interested in as I'm sure many other people are. The often quoted number of Jews living in England during the Readmission was around 150 (see Charles Roth: "A History of the Jews in England", page 173 and notes)."

"I currently have a total of some 103 names collated from two sources: the Resettlement Cemetery article and the list of 16 Jews who signed the Escamot in 1664." From a posting by Jeremy G. Frankel on British Jewry Forum

  All UK Database







Alien Registration

There was registration in both WW I and WW II as a result of legislation passed in 1914 which included provisions for alien restriction and internment as well.  Records from all localities in Great Britain are not always available as some have been destroyed, i.e. the city of Salford is available, but not the City of Manchester.  The Home Office and the Public Record Office (PRO) have what records that are available.  Some records may be found in the local constabularies.


A book on this topic is

"The Internment of Aliens in Twentieth Century Britain"
Edited by David Cesarani and Tony Kushner.







Ancestry.co.uk has published a collection of wills from The England and Wales National Probate Calendar, 1861-1941 that reveals the value of more than 6 million estates. The site also allows you to get some information, and a free trial, to research your relatives in England

Ancestry Links



National Digital Archive of Datasets (NDAD)
Archive of electronic data and related documents created by UK government departments; operated by the University of London on behalf of the UK Public Record Office

Note: "Holland" has been wrongly designated as a "parish or place" not a country, county or island -- presumably this is because there is a Holland in Lincolnshire, England.  From a posting by Celia Male

UK Passenger Lists
At the PRO (UK Public Record Office). The list of people arriving in the UK by sea are kept by the Board of Trade's Commercial and Statistical Department and its successors.  The information includes age, occupation, address in the United Kingdom and the date of entering the country.






"There is no wonderful online resource for immigration to England in the same way that there is for Ellis Island. If only there were!!!! The nearest we get is thousands of cardboard boxes of incoming & outgoing manifests at the Public Records Office in London, none of which are indexed within themselves, & none of which are online."

"Immigration records weren't kept for ships arriving from European ports either, so you won't find ancestors arriving from the Baltic or northern European ports, apart from a very select handful."  "It's possible to use the PRO's online catalogue, the PROCAT


to identify which box you'd need to request. Each box contains loads of manifests for various ports & ships for your chosen time period. If you don't know the ship or the port of entry/departure, you have to just check each & every one!" From a posting by Saul Marks saulmarks@hotmail.com

Some sailings from Hamburg, Germany stopped in Dover or Folkstone.  At both ports, passengers embarked and disembarked.

David Kravitz, published an Article giving details of how to, where, at what cost etc. of searching for ancestors in the UK.  He recently updated this article. From it you can learn about the Public Record Office at Kew, the Family Research Center in Islington, Immigration and Emigration, Wills, Ports, Cemeteries, etc. in the UK, along with many internet links.  David is offering a free copy, which is in Word97 format, by just sending a request to David david_kravitz@hotmail.com

Archive Blog - UK

Beth Din

Does not in any way hold all the records for Jewish events in the U.K. 

The Beth Din holds divorce hearings.  You can't get a copy of an actual "get" as the original is presented to the wife by her husband (about to be ex-), than the rabbi or the scribe slashes it (to prevent possible fraudulent use) and returns it to her. Generally, from some time in the 19th century, there are synagogal records in the Bet Din (religious court) where the divorce took place (or in central archives).  Assuming there was also a civil divorce, a copy of the divorce papers may be obtained from the civil authorities.  The civil record of a marriage should also name a first husband, however, if they kept the "get" a secret from the authorities (divorces in England were "extremely" hard to obtain and could take many years.  In some cases, the wife might represent herself as a spinster on the marriage license, in which case there was no "first husband."




Bibliography, Local Research Libraries and other Sources

Links are offered for England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar

Birth Certificates

To obtain birth certificates from the Family Records Center in London, once you know the borough in which the birth was registered (this appears in the birth listings)  you can obtain a copy of the certificate, on the spot, at the Office of Registration in the borough itself i.e. a 20 minute wait by presenting your request, in person, at the Registration Office itself, rather than a 4 day wait at the Family Records Center.  This step saving tip, would probably apply throughout England, and possibly also to other types of registration certificates.  The cost of the copy is the same in both places.

Another tip - by enquiring at one of the local libraries in the East End of London, one of the group of libraries in that area actually has a Family History Department which is open to the public and holds many local records, including census information, electoral registers and the entire London Jewish Chronicle  on microfiche. The previous information was offered by Sylvia Kaye in the JewishGen Digest

Locate and obtain UK (England & Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) birth, marriage or death certificates. This is a commercial site.



Birth, Death and Marriage Certificate - Recording
Jews did (and still do) have to register births and deaths with the local Registrar.  Marriages are registered twice with the local Jewish marriage secretary and also with the Registrar. A large percentage of births (and to some extent deaths) went unregistered from 1837 until about 1875.  A lot of records were destroyed in WW II.

British users of this site should be aware that correspondents from the USA are wise to ask what information is contained on British certificates.  Birth, marriage and death registrations in the USA (depending on State) give more information than English/Welsh certificates and often provide information about the place of birth of parents. USA censuses similarly contain more information than censuses in UK and may show the place of birth and language spoken by parents of those listed. Evelyn Wilcock (London)

English and Welsh also do not disclose the final resting place of the deceased, as US death certificates do.

On this site you will find an entire copy of the indexes of Births, Marriages and Deaths for England and Wales from 1837 to 2001 where you can order certificates. It costs 10 pence to search for one item and there's a minimum payment of UK Pound 5.00 which is valid for 45 days.



Follow the link to "ordering a certificate" and then the link to "ordering from the GRO" (General Register Office) - this service is available to overseas customers. As for the content of death certificates, see this link

All English births from 1837 on were recorded not only locally but also in the central birth registry (unless for some reason the parents failed to register the birth). These records are kept in the Family Records Centre at Islington in London.

Birth Records
For the years 1791 - 1795 and 1801-1813
Available in rough and unchecked form





The Board of Deputies of British Jews

The representative body of Anglo-Jewry to the Government.  It still operates to this day - Eleanor Lind is a deputy and a past chairman of its former Law and Parliamentary Committee and currently Vice Chairman of its Defence Division.  It is cross communal/across the various religious groupings and does much good work in  protecting the rights of Jews through out the UK and abroad. 



British Citizens Who Owned Slaves

British citizens who owned slaves is online. “Researchers at University College London" spent three years compiling a searchable listing of thousands of people who received compensation for loss of their ‘possessions’ when slave ownership was outlawed by Britain in 1833.” The list has about 46,000 people

British Company Information

Plenty of information here at  



British Emigration

British Emigration Lists Online
There are plans to have an every name index and to display emigration lists for all ships that left ports of the British Isles from1890-1960. Currently (2007) only those lists from 1890-1899 are online. They are located at


The database includes all long-haul voyages to destinations outside Britain and Europe. Most were to Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, South Africa and the U.S. Voyages from all British (English, Welsh and Scottish) ports, all Irish ports before partition in 1921, and all Northern Irish ports after partition will
be covered.

It is a fee-for-service site. At no charge, the site displays the passenger's name, sex, year of departure, departure port, destination port and country. A transcript of the entry for a specific passenger costs five units. To get a copy of the actual page from the passenger list costs 30 units. You can purchase a minimum of 50 units for£5 (about $10). There are discounts for larger purchases.

A transcript adds to the basic information exact date of departure, age, marital status, occupation, names of other persons traveling with passenger, name of ship and other information about the ship. The actual page from the manifest yields no additional information, but certainly is of value to provide detail for all persons on the page and is also of interest for historical purposes. It also might disclose errors in the transcription







British History Online

Digital library containing some of the core printed primary and secondary sources for the medieval and modern history
of the British Isles.


An interesting discussion group dealing with Jews of Britain. British Jewry

The name probably speaks for itself. It's a forum for anyone researching British Jewry. Whether your ancestors were "passing through" or permanent members of British society, this is a place for you. Posts relating to all aspects of life for British Jews as well as research methods, success stories and genealogy will be welcomedTo sign up, send an Email: 




Archives of British-Jewry

Type in 'British-Jewry' and then you can search the archive pages

You can join RootsWeb using my quick link above.



British Jewry



British Library

The British Library
Newspaper Library
Colindale Avenue
London, NW9 5HE, United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7412 7353 
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7412 7379


View images of items from the British Library’s collection of books, journals, newspapers

For centuries the British Library has kept a copy of every book, pamphlet, magazine and newspaper published in Britain.  As of 2013, it will also record every U.K. website, e-book, online newsletter and blog to preserve the nation's "digital memory".  All sites ending with the suffix .uk will be save - an initial 4.8 million sites containing 1 billion web pages.

British Library Direct

Though it may not have much in the way of genealogy information, it does offer nine million articles from 20,000 international research journals and goes back 5 years.  About 150,000 new entries are added each month.  You can search for free but there is a pay-as-you-go charge should you find something of interest.



British Newspaper Library Catalogue

Offers over 50,000 newspaper and periodical title holdings.  They have copies of every paper published.  It is in Colindale in North London and easily accessible by Tube. The catalogue includes all UK national daily and Sunday newspapers from 1810 to the present; most UK and Irish provincial newspapers, some from the early 18th century upwards; selected newspapers from around the world in western and Slavonic languages dating from the 17th century upwards, including extensive holdings from Commonwealth countries and many other nations, and a wide range of UK and Irish popular periodicals coverall subjects from fashion, pop music, and cinema, to sports, hobbies and trades.  


The British Library
Newspaper Library

Colindale Avenue, London, NW9 5HE, United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7412 7353 
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7412 7379 






Most London borough libraries have a Family History Department.  There is one in Bancroft Road in Tower Hamlets, the Borough which covers the old Jewish East End.  These borough libraries hold many local records, including census information, electoral registers, and the entire Jewish Chronicle on microfiche.





British Newspaper Library Catalogue

This site offers over 50,000 newspaper and periodical title holdings in Colindale.  The catalogue includes all UK national daily and Sunday newspapers from 1810 to the present; most UK and Irish provincial newspapers, some from the early 18th century upwards; selected newspapers from around the world in western and Slavonic languages dating from the 17th century upwards,  including extensive holdings from Commonwealth countries and many other nations, and a wide range of UK and Irish popular periodicals coverall subjects from fashion, pop music, and cinema, to sports, hobbies and trades.

British Library
Newspaper Library

Colindale Avenue
London, NW9 5HE
 United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7412 7353 
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7412 7379


Di Tsayt (The Times)

British Telecom




Buildings of England

Guide to the Pevsner Architectural Guides which provide a guide to the most significant buildings in every part of the country

Looking at Buildings - Guide to looking at buildings developed by the creators of the Pevsner Architectural Guides

Cambridge University Library


Cemetery Information

International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Projectengland.html







Bushey Jewish Cemetery




Cambridge Jewish Cemetery




Edmonton Cemetery
The Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain
has downloaded many of the burial records for the cemetery as well as death and stone setting announcements from the Jewish Chronicle (London).



The records are kept in hand-written ledgers and in order to find the plots you need to know the dates of death as there is no facility (yet, but I believe that this is in the process of being remedied) to do a search on the names. Victor Brilliant, Hendon, London, England vicbrill@btinternet.com 

Elswick Cemetery Records
Online if you join the JGSGB  



Madingley American Military Cemetery




Jewish Cemeteries in Victorian London

Alderney Road Cemetery (Orthodox),
Alderney Road, E. London (1697-1852)

Balls Pond Cemetery (Reform Synagogues)
Kingsbury Road (1844-1951)

Brady Street Cemetery (Orthodox)
Brady Street, E. London (1761-1858)

Forest Gate, West Ham


Hackney Cemetery (Orthodox)
Lauriston Road (1758-1886)



Hoop Lane Cemetery East (Spanish & Portuguese)
Golders Green (1897)



Hoops Lane Cemetery West (Reform Synagogues)
Golders Green (1897)




Hoxton Cemetery (Orthodox)
Hoxton Street (1707 -  1878)



Jeremy's Green Lane, Edmonton



Jewish Cemetery (Federation of Synagogues)
Montague Road, Lower Edmonton (1889)



Plushet Cemetery (Orthodox)
High Street North (1896)



Sephardi Nuevo (New) Cemetery
(Spanish & Portuguese) Mile End Road (1733)



Sephardi Velho (Old) Cemetery
(Spanish & Portuguese) Mile End Road (1657 - 1742)




The Bancroft Road Cemetery
Mile End (c. 1810 - 1920)



United Synagogue Burial Service
A useful list of agencies and organizations within the Jewish Community which offer help, advice and support on a wide range of subjects. Bereavement Counseling Service does not handle inquiries regarding cemeteries, burials or funerals. Contact the United Synagogue burial office.  See also "Cemeteries" above.



West Ham Cemetery (Orthodox)
Buckingham Road (1857)




Western Cemetery

Queen's Elm Parade, Chelsea (1815 - 1884)




Western Synagogue Cemetery

Montagu Road, Lower Edmonton (1884)




Willesden Cemetery (Orthodox)

Beaconsfield Road (1873)





Census Records

The Public Record Office
The national archive of England, Wales and the United Kingdom. It brings together and preserves the records of central government and the courts of law, and makes them available to all who wish to consult them.  The records span an unbroken period from the 11th century to the present day. The Census Helpdesk: +44 (0) 1684 585298 / 585299 or






1901 Census

1911 Census
The form to order copies of the 1911 census entries for England and Wales is now available at

Information about ordering, including costs (UK 45 pounds) and restrictions
(e.g.. for the time being you need to know the address - i.e. *not* currently
name searchable) is at

For those who wish to wait for a cheaper alternative with a name search, the National Archives have announced that they hope to have a service (with a name search) available in 2009 (*not* 2011). This will provide almost all relevant genealogical information except a few sensitive items e.g. disabilities From a posting by Laurence Harris. For further information see


Census Helpdesk
Tel: +44 (0) 1684 585 298 / 585 299 open 9:00 to 1900 hours (GMT+1 hour) Monday to Friday and 9.00 to 17.00 on Saturdays

The first British census was in 1841 though some of this census was lost in 1851.

1851 Census Surname index for the City of London
both parts (within  and without the walls).  It covers piece numbers 1524-1532 inclusive and gives the surname, first name and age plus the folio number and then recto/verso as to which page of that folio.

Barbara Zimmer bravo.zulu@verizon.net asked: "Is there any truth to the story that recent census analysis has been outsourced to third world countries where the transcribers may not be very familiar with family names and/or where the immigrants came from?

The transcription of the 1901 census of England and Wales was contracted out by the Public Records Office to a company which hired prisoners (plenty of time!). When it was going to miss the deadline, the company then arranged for it to be completed by Indians and other South Asians.

There were many complaints about the quality of the transcription (my family is indexed as Osworth - the leading Do having been interpreted as ditto to something unspecified above :-). However whether it is significantly worse than other transcribed censuses has never been established. The main problems with the 1901 Census are caused by errors by the transcribers and also the enumerators. If your ancestors were out of the country at the time of the Census, it is likely they will be listed on the Census.

British Censuses
only started in 1841, so you may have difficulty getting much information without a lot of deep digging.  BMD records were only centralized - at the Family Records Centre - from 1837.  Before that you will have to depend on records by many church parishes.  If your family is of Sephardi origin, the records of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, otherwise known as Bevis Marks, in London, go back to the late 1600s or early 1700s.  From a posting by David Nathan

1861 to 1901 British censuses
Available, indexed, from a commercial source. Again there are many errors, often different from those on the earlier transcriptions. Birth, Marriage and death records from Ancestry.com only go back to 1838. One advantage of these censuses is that it is possible to view the original page - it is interesting to see what the transcribers had to cope with! Garbage in, Garbage out!

The availability of these censuses is really moving British genealogy ahead, even though the accuracy of the indexes may not be better than 75 per cent (my guess) Seeing the errors that can develop in simple British names during the enumerate - film - transcribe cycle, foreign names are even less likely to be correct. Fortunately (?) most British censuses only asked for the country of birth for foreign born residents so the place name problem is avoided (by omitting it :-) From a posting by Harry Dodsworth Ottawa Ontario Canada 

on a census should mean "British Subject".  But just because it is marked "BS" doesn't mean that the person really was a British subject.

1841 census
the first full census.  It is of interest being older, but most people prefer the extra information of the 1851 census.

1851 Census
Surname index for the City of London include both parts within and without the walls.  It covers piece numbers 1524-1532 inclusive and gives the surname, first name and age plus the folio number and then recto/verso as to which page of that folio. Sherry Landa
sherry.landa@virgin.net offers to do lookups if one is patient.

1881 Census
The most commonly used one for Britain; mainly because it has been fully transcribed and indexed; a joint project of the Government, LDS Church and Family History Societies.  This is now available on microfiche and CDs.

Available through the LDS was transcribed by members of local genealogical societies who should have been familiar with local surnames and place names. In fact it has many errors in it.  It is also available online

1851 Census 
This is generally only available on microfilm.  Many areas have now been indexed by local groups.  Three counties only are on CD; this was a test run for the 1881 project.  This was the first census to record place of birth.

1891 Census
Available on microfiche (Ottawa LDS has a set).  It is not indexed and finding anyone is difficult if you know their address and almost impossible, if you don't. 

Ancestry.com plans to post images and every name indexes for the census years of 1841 - 1891 for England, Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of Man

1861 and 1871 Censuses
available on microfilm, but seem to be rarely used.  When referring to Britain, I mean England, Wales and Scotland; Ireland is not included. 

1901 On-Line Census for England and Wales
available from the 48 dedicated terminals installed at the Family Records Centre (FRC) in Islington, London - A list of libraries that hold the 1901 census on microfilm can be found at


1901 Census Extractor, Census GuessTimator and Date Calculator Plus Free genealogy Stuff

The official genealogy site of the 1901 Census for England and Wales. The service is available 24 hours a day 7 days a week. Use these search facilities to find details of your ancestors and research your family tree.

Census information  


will not have copies of the 1901 Census returns on microfiche or microfilm.

These are the main features of the 1901 service at the FRC:

  1. The returns will be viewable on 48 computer terminals in Area A

  2. Access will be limited to one hour, by a first-come, first-served ticket system

  3. There will be no advance bookings The Internet connection will be a normal one, with no assured or special access rights to the 1901 Census On-line Service Payment for charged from the Copy Desk and the Bookshop at = A35, A310 or services will be by credit/debit cards and by 1901 Census Vouchers available f=A3=50 We will provide self-service printing facilities (A3 copies) using FRC CopyCards You will be able to Email images viewed (but not to save them to disks)

Should you plan on visiting the FRC, look at the website at 

or telephone 020 8392 5300 for up-to-date information or likely delays.

The Family Records Centre {FRC], London has wonderful section for unusual records - inc. consular BMD records  *Consular returns 1849 - 1965.*

If your family lived outside the UK and had British nationality, they registered their birth, marriage or death at the local British Consulate. These records are all listed and retrievable. The records of local Rhodesian or Canadian nationals,  are not registered in these books, only British citizens.

The LDS has microfiche of BMD indexes from 1837 to the 1980s for all of England and Wales.

A new list for the discussion of aspects of the 1911 UK census which is due for release in 2012. Various questions about this census have started to be raised and the aim of the list is to discuss any queries about the 1911 census.  The discussion list for the UK-1911-CENSUS can be found at:

You should be able to obtain census schedules from the 1911 Census (England and Wales) under the UK "Freedom of Information Act" (FOI).

The cost of an FOI application is 45 pounds per household address (which is much more expensive than the likely cost when the census will become publicly available in 2012) - but I guess some researchers may not wish to wait until 2012 ?!). Under FOI, sensitive information, in particular any disabilities, will not be disclosed.

Unfortunately, there is not yet a name index for this census, so you will only be able to apply if you know the address at the time of the 1911 census. There, are however, various methods of identifying the likely address in 1911 including:
- information from birth, marriage, death certificates
- voter registers (if they were entitled to vote)
- trade directories
- newspapers

For further information on how to apply see


The major changes in the 1911 census information (compared with the 1901 census) are:

1. The census schedule was normally completed by the head of the household and not by the enumerator. Consequently, in many instances, the information should be more accurate, although if the householder was not literate, or was only partially literate, then the results could be worse. Also the handwriting could be worse or more difficult to decipher.

2. For married couples, the number of years married is entered. This may help researchers trace the relevant marriage certificate.

3. The number of children from the marriage is given, with separate numbers given for those still living and those who had died (e.g. five children - three living and two died). This may be useful information for tracing birth certificates and death certificates.

4. The occupation and industry (of workers) are given separately.

5. For Naturalized British Subjects, the date of naturalization is also given (making it easier to find Naturalization documents).

6. The signature of the Head of the household is on the census schedule document. From a posting by Laurence Harris

Change of Name in the UK


Chief Rabbi of Great Britain  

British Chief Rabbinate origins are different from other countries' chief rabbinates. "The Chief Rabbi is one which originates in the old British Commonwealth. Each of the Colonies, for example South Africa, had a Rabbi who was appointed in England to be the Spiritual Leader of the Jewish Community of that colony."  "In South Africa traditionally, this Person was appointed in the United Kingdom, and he came out here to minister to the communities spread throughout the country." " It seems that Chief Rabbi C. K. Harris our present incumbent may be the last Chief Rabbi appointed this way, as our new Chief Rabbi-Elect is South African born, Rabbi Dr. Warren Goldstein who assumes office officially in January 2005."  "The Chief Rabbi of Britain, who is chosen by the United Synagogue in London, is, I believe nominally the Chief Rabbi of the Commonwealth."  "South Africa was not a member of the Commonwealth under Apartheid but rejoined after majority rule." "Maybe, Jonathan Sacks is the Archbishop (joke) and Cyril Harris was the Bishop. From a posting by Nick Landau

Prof. Jonathan Sacks
Adler House
735 High road
London N12 0US
United Kingdom
Phone: +44 20 8343 6301
Fax: +44 20 8343 6310
Email: Information - info@chiefrabbi.org
Press Office  - press.office@chiefrabbi.org


Cigar Makers

The Market on Burdett Road in London

There were a lot of Dutch Jews who came to England due to growing interest there in cigar production.  By 1901, there were 343 male and 43 female Dutch cigar makers in London.  Consult "Jewish Immigrant in England 1870 - 1914" by Lloyd P Gartner's book on page 73/74 where he writes about cigar making and its association with these Dutch immigrants.

Citizenship in England

There are a number of circumstances in which someone born in Britain in 1881 might not be a British citizen in 1939.

1. There is a discrepancy between citizen definitions in different countries, and particularly German (at that time through paternal descent) and Britain. A child born in Britain to an Austrian father would be considered Austrian, and this would be the case if his parents or he had been resident in Austria. The children of diplomats are not necessarily considered to be citizens of the country where they are born, but may sometimes inadvertently acquire dual nationality.

2. There is also a possibility the person may have naturalized, relinquishing British nationality. Prior to World War 1, I have a case where a young man born in USA to a German father, but at school and college in Germany, took German nationality in order to do Military Service. You would need to look at this man's naturalization papers etc to get the details of the places he lived. His registration papers in the local Austrian archive would give details of any naturalization or any war service in World War. From a posting by Evelyn Wilcock, London on British Jewry 

Cohen List

The following list was submitted by Angie Elfassi. It is a list of COHEN surnames which appear in the PRO (National Archive) Index of Naturalizations.  (PRO now National Archives) list. It runs from A (Alexander) to M  (Morris) although Angie thinks there may be a few gaps. The years run from  about 1850 to 1925 . This compliments the Naturalizations list from Ian Melville, which is noticed in the JC. Both lists can be viewed at our site from the following page (please be patient they are SLOW to load

or the new COHEN list can viewed directly at


"Orthodox conversions in Britain are handled by the London Beth Din and the Office of the Chief Rabbi will no doubt have records. Conversions in the past will also have been performed by local Batei Din in the "provinces" (including Glasgow). Having said that, I would imagine that most of these records would be sensitive and not open to the public.  From a posting by Harvey L Kaplan

Conway Archive Service

Microforms, maps and some newspapers will continue to be available at the Archive Access Points in Llandudno and Colwyn Bay Libraries.  Susan Ellis, Senior Archivist

CONWY  County Borough Council

Copyright Information

The British Library's Copyright Office exists to advise BL staff, members of the library profession and
the general public on all aspects of copyright 

Copyright Office:
FAQs on new copyright legislation

Copyright gives protection to the creators of certain kinds of material. SI 1992 No.3233 -
implements Directive 91/250/EEC on the legal protection  

Get Copyright Permission through

From a posting by Saul Issroff (London)

Change of Name Records

 See "Name Change" below on this page. Records can be found on the top floor of the Public Record Office
 of the National Archives at Kew in London.  They contain a small amount of useful information but not all
name changes can be found there.




Chief Rabbi Records

One option, if you run into a stumbling block, is to obtain an authorization from the Chief Rabbi.  You can apply to London Beth Din for this.  They will check that they have a copy and then will tell you how much exactly and who to make the check out to.  This will provide you with the Hebrew name including the patronymic of both parties, an address (possibly also "native of" if they were recently arrived) plus the groom's brothers, if any.  From a posting by Jocelyn Keene



Daily Mail


Death Notices After 1962

"There are already restrictions on ordering a birth since 1952 - you have to provide parents' names, date and place of birth - not for confidentiality, so much as false passports!  It is possible to convince them that you have no other source for some family history detail on the certificate." 
This was from a posting to British Jewry by Lauren

"The LDS has microfiche of BMD indexes from 1837 - 1980s for all of England and Wales."

Denization Records at the PRO

"As my trip did not take me to London, I have tried to make some headway by the 'educational route' - learning what I could about the subject.

Step 1, Dictionary Definition: "The granting to an alien of some of the privileges of naturalization.  The grant was made by Letters Patent instead of by a Private Act of Parliament, which was necessary for full citizenship." There is more to it, but that is a nutshell version.

Step 2, Check the A2A and Google websites.  Both were very informative. It is a fascinating subject that has touched Huguenots, Jews and Palatine Germans, but I didn't find my lot." 
From a posting by
Brenda Triggerson
the.triggersons@sympatico.ca on 9-7-2003 on British Jewry


Electoral Roll in UK

From: "Henry" henry.best1@ntlworld.com
Date: Tue, 25 Apr 2006 20:38:12 +0100
X-Message-Number: 2

In a message dated 25/04/2006 
david_kravitz@hotmail.com writes:
The principle for electoral registration in England has not changed over the last fifty years or so.  Each summer every household is
sent a registration form by the local council  which the head of the household must complete by law. There is a qualification date which, if memory serves me correctly, is either September  10 or October 10. The householder lists all the occupants of the house over 18 plus any who will achieve that milestone during the next 12 months.

This new list is available for review and correction later in the year and becomes the voters  list for the next 12 months in February the following year.

If a householder fails to return a form, first a postal reminder is sent and if that, too, is ignored there is a personal visit from the local council.

This is a bit out of date.

1.  If there are no changes in personnel in the house then there is no need to return the form to the registration officer. This means that the same people who  were eligible to vote last year will be eligible to vote this year.

2.  There is a printed list  ('Electoral Roll') which anyone can access but a voter can request not to be included on this published list. This does not affect his/her right to vote.  I'm not quite sure why this was introduced but it means that you get less junk mail. Harold Pollins, Oxford

1)  The form is sent to each household in the country. My local council insists that the form is returned, whether there are changes or not (If there are no changes, you just tick the box marked "No Changes" sign and return the form). I've completed one each year for at least the last 15 years and once, had a council official knock on my door when I forgot to return it.

2)   Everyone who is registered to vote is included in the printed list which is available for inspection by anyone (free of charge)  at council offices and libraries. You cannot opt out of this list. You can't buy this list, so it's not 'published'.

What a voter can opt out of is the CD version (and any online version?) that the council sells to political parties (for use during canvassing) and junk mailers, the 'published' list.  From a posting by Henry Best London

"I have received a response to my query from Matt Pitcher, an Electoral Services Officer, Law & Corporate Governance regarding electoral registration in the UK. To summarize:

1. The law still requires a householder to make an annual return of all occupants of a house. They will send postal reminders and make a home visit if they get no response. But, if the register remains unchanged, they *will now* accept a telephone call or email/Internet registration.

2. There are two versions of the register, a full version with restricted usage for voting, credit checking and crime prevention, and an edited version freely available for purchase and no restriction on usage. Anybody on the full list can *now* ask to be removed from the full version for any reason.

3. British citizens can now apply to be included on a register for 15 years after emigration in their last registration constituency.

4. Voters' lists can "now" be altered monthly for nine months of the year to minimize the need to travel distances to vote caused by moving home.

Only today, a woman has been charged with making false entries on registers. Thus from a genealogical viewpoint, UK electoral registers are no more valuable than telephone directories given the growing number of unlisted numbers. But people who have moved or died should not be on the register at a specific address from year to year, as previously suggested. 

Thus from a genealogical viewpoint, UK electoral registers are no more valuable than telephone directories given the growing number of unlisted numbers.  But people who have moved or died should not be on the register at a specific address from year to year, as previously suggested."  From a posting by David Kravitz Netanya, Israel

English Archives Network

Search their archives from the 10th century to the present day from over 340 repositories across the country. An Extended Search facility enables you to search by category such as Family & Estate, Coroner, Religious, and Petty Sessions

Search over 1 million catalogue entries describing photographs, plans and drawings of England's buildings and historic sites, held in the English Heritage Archive. Including photographs
dating from the 1850s to the present day. Ranging from architectural details to archaeological landscapes, from country houses to coal mines. Covering counties from Cornwall to Northumberland

A useful source for records is the  

Film Archive
BFI's new £12m film storage facility to preserve Britain's reel history


Business 2 business company directory and business in Europe, yellow pages access, international and European business directory (professional services, addresses and business classifieds


A web-based directory of family history resources held in public libraries in the UK and Ireland.  Updated and maintained by the Family History Task Group of the EARL Consortium, Familia is the on-line starting place to find information about materials in public libraries which will help you trace your family history

Family History Center  (FHC)

The Mormons have microfilmed English/Welsh BMD indices up to 1980. The London office is closed. The Hyde Park Family History Center located at 64-68 Exhibition Road in London, is probably the largest in the world outside of Salt Lake City, Utah.  Using Google as your search engine, type in soc.genealogy.Jewish and search the archives for the articles dated April 9, 2003 by Jane Peppler and Sally Bruckheimer for tips on using their facilities.



Family History Fair

The JGSGB (Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain) will hold its first Family History Fair in the De Vere Village Urban Resort in Elstree on 7th July 2013. The main hall will provide space for exhibitors and vendors of all things genealogical plus other products and services. Two additional rooms will be dedicated to expert speakers on Jewish genealogy and history and there will be Ask the Expert sessions where visitors can exchange their problems for solutions. A particular highlight will be the JGSGB’s translation desk where visitors can bring their Hebrew inscriptions or certificates for an instant translation.

Family Records Centre

Death Indexes are available in their holdings.  Each year is divided into quarterly volumes,.  Also check the first quarter of the following year in case the death occurred late in the year and was recorded afterwards.  If you find a record you can order a death certificate while you are there.  This will give you date, place and cause of death and the name, address and relationship of the person reporting it. Unfortunately, it does not give place of burial, but addresses may give you lead.  From a posting by David Fielker of London, UK

This portal guides users to the primary UK family history sites and resources on the web.  These are organized in two columns, by archive and by topic.  The former include the Public record Office, the National Archives of Scotland, the India Office, the National Library of Wales and the Family Records Office.  Clicking on each brings up a short description and a link to the site.  The topical links include census, wills,  migration, military records, adoption, parish registers, and births, deaths and marriages.  Each of these also returns a brief description and links to several resources.  This easy to use and clean site is an excellent starting point for anyone researching their family origins in England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland

Provides a  listing of British resources specializing in adoption search

Family Research

Here you will find an entire copy of the indexes of Births, Marriages and Deaths in England and Wales from 1837 to 2001.

Find My Past

With millions of family history records online, Find My Past makes it easy to research your UK ancestry and create your family tree. Search census records and trace births, marriages and deaths to bring your family history to life.

Findmypast.com, an international leader in online family history, has published more than 23 million new records and 121 million pages of U.S. and world newspapers to its extensive collection of historical records. New records, including Irish birth, marriage and death records, highlight important life events for our ancestors. Researchers can find their ancestors in a newspaper article among thousands or find their grandfather’s military service documented through World War II Enlistment Records. Those with a criminal in their past can find their ancestors throughout the extensive United Kingdom’s Courts, Crimes and Convicts record set.  The United Kingdom criminal records collection is the largest collection of historical criminal records from England and Wales to be published online, and is published in association with the National Archives (U.K.). These unique records offer a fascinating look at the colorful details of the criminal side of society from 1770 to 1934. From Eastman Genealogy Blog

Four Percent Industrial Dwelling Co. Ltd. 

Founded in 1885 by Anglo-Jewish philanthropists.  This is the story behind the mysterious arch in Wentworth Street whose inscription states: "Erected by the Four Per Cent Industrial Dwellings Company Ltd, 1886".  It is a story of slum dwellings, poverty and overcrowding in the Jewish East End of London, and the efforts of 19th century Anglo-Jewish philanthropists to do something about it.


Free Births, Marriages and Deaths has an objective to provide free Internet access to the Civil Registration Index information for England and Wales.  The Civil registration system for recording births, marriages and deaths has been in place since July 1837 (no registrations are available for the first two quarters of that year) and is one of the most significant single resources for genealogical research back to Victorian times.  Volunteers are encouraged to spend a half an hour a week


Procedures for Births, Marriages and Deaths
On British registered ships are well know, though  questionable as to whether they were always followed.  They vary with date, with type of ship (merchant or Royal Navy), status of person (passenger, crew, military), and residence of person (England, Scotland, Ireland).  At the end of each year, the entries were passed to the General Registry Office (GRO) who prepared a series of Births and a series of Deaths at sea.  These were split by residence (England, Scotland, Ireland).  

These are available from 1837-2000? on microfiche.  For 1854-1890, they should contain the same names as the Board of Trade Registers (not always) These are indexes and do not have the extra information in the Board of Trade Registers. These indexes contain just as many flaws, errors and omissions as the GRO fiche index so just because your ancestors aren't there, doesn't mean that certificates don't exist for them.

The first place to look is the Board of Trade films (LDS has those); next the General Registry Office Births at Sea (England) series, and if both those fail, you have a problem.  Births and deaths on the Australia run were common and the ships were familiar with the procedures.

"As Sherry has mentioned "FreeBMD" I feel comfortable mentioning them and I am not breaking any rules. I have used it quite a lot and found it to be very useful, but there is, not so much a caveat, but a suggestion for genealogists to do some prep work before they use it. This is to check the very useful bar charts they  have that show what percentage of each year has been indexed. By reviewing this first, you can see whether it is worth using FreeBMD or not. For example, if they have indexed less than ten percent of a year you are interested in, then it is quite  likely you won't get a "hit."  I mention this so that anyone trying FreeBMD won't be disappointed, but prepared. Good luck, From a posting on British Jewry web site  by Jeremy Frankel

Friendly Societies

Significantly different as compared to Landmanschaften groups.  

"The Jewish Friendly Societies of London, 1793 - 1993"  The Societies Research Group was established in March, 1999. Further information is available at

Further information in other Jewish communities of the UK should consult Rainer Liedtke.  Self-help in Manchester Jewry: the provincial independent tontine society Manchester Region History Review 1992  or Zoë Josephs, The Friendly Societies in Z Josephs (ed)  Birmingham Jewry Volume II More Aspects 1740-1930 published in 1984.  There is a Friendly Societies research Group which can provide further information about specific societies and information about sources. 

Genealogical Resources



Genealogical Resources in Public Libraries of the UK  and Ireland


Genealogy Supplies

Good Web Guide

S&N Genealogy Supplies

General Register Office Indexes

These are often described as the St. Catherine's House Indexes from the building where they were kept.  They are one of the best starting points for family history, as the indexes include an order of surnames for each year.  Court Records


UK Genealogy has made some recent strides online in the past couple of years. As time passes the amount of resources and genealogy data available to UK researchers will expand greatly. GenGateway uses this section of the site to outline the available resources that are presently online, whether free or through a subscription website

1) Daily Updates.
Genealogy can become stale to most online researchers... GenGateway is dedicated to providing daily updates on the newest genealogy sites and data online. To quickly access this data, just visit this page daily and look at the "new Genealogy"

2) Genealogy Help
Most researchers just want data... and a lot of it. But what do you do with that data once you find it? How can that data help you in your research? It's not just about collecting names, it about recording your heritage! And putting all the pieces together in the right place requires a skill set... visit this area when you hit a brick wall in your research!

3) Uniqueness
What can be done to set GenGateway apart from the other genealogy portals available online?  How can GenGateway present the genealogy data online in a user friendly and interesting manner? Those two questions are the backbone of how this site is setup and presented to you

Great Synagogue Marriage Records

Records have been translated and published for the years 1791-1850 by Angela Shire and Frank Gent. In the London Jewish Museum, a section on charity contains a fascinating book kept by the Great Synagogue in London in the 18th century, recording members' charitable contributions.  Each member is listed, and a thread is inserted into holes indicating the size of the gift, such as a crown or half a guinea.


Harold Lewin has these marriage records, but they are only on his computer. Email: harmir@bezeqint.net

Hayes Certified Industrial School for Jewish Boys

Situated on the main road to Uxbridge, Hayes End.  PRO hold papers 1921-1937. Some records are found in Public Record Office.  There may be other records in existence according to a posting by Barry Spinner. The school was for boys who were minor offenders or were destitute.  Their 'occupation' in the Census would be student or scholar.

Minute book of the school


Heraldry - (Jewish)


Holocaust Centre, Beth Shalom

A charity base in Nottinghamshire, that offers an on-line book shop dealing with a wide range of books, videos, etc. dealing with the Holocaust at  


The British Library has placed more than 440 hours of testimonials from Holocaust survivors on its website.  In wide-ranging interviews, 66 Jewish survivors tell the stories of their lives in the ghettos and concentration camps, and describe how they made lives for themselves after the war

Immigrants Arriving By Ship in Britain

There are no surviving records of immigrants arriving by ship in Britain according to a posting on May 12, 1999 by Harvey Kaplan harvey@hkaplan.freeserve.co.uk  He offered to check naturalization records, records of birth, marriage and death, census records and Jewish community records (held mostly by the Scottish Jewish Archives Centre in Glasgow).

Records for ship passengers travelling between 1890 and 1960 are available in the UK Board of Trade's collection of original passenger lists. These can be seen at the Public Record Office (PRO) in Kew, England. After 1960, UK Passenger Lists do not exist, primarily because of increasing air travel.











International Society for British Genealogy and Family History

Since 1979, the International Society for British Genealogy and Family History has been helping genealogists connect to their British and Irish ancestry

Internment  (during WW II)

The English genealogy magazine "Family Tree Magazine" had a two part article "The Internment of Enemy Civilians in Wartime Britain"It was authored by Tom Wood and published in the November and December 1998 issues.

The British government has a database of some 30,000 records of bank accounts and other property confiscated from residents of "belligerent enemies" during WWII.  These people, or their heirs are entitled to claim their property or compensation.  Names, addresses, property seized and values are included

Israelis in Britain

There is a substantial number of Israelis living in England. London's main Hebrew-language magazine is A London

Jewish Brigade


There was a three year postergation in the case of the members of the Jewish Brigade, late to receive weapons training as well as delayed in going into action.

In an on-line review of the documentary it is said that for three years, the Jews of Palestine were not granted permission by the British Government to form a Jewish unit, until in 1944, Churchill overrode the War Office's objections. It was established only in Sept. 1944. The Brigade saw action against the Germans in Italy when the war was nearing its end - its members returning to Europe, to fight and to save. The script of this documentary can be found at director Chuck Olin's company website 

With a resource center online, the website includes the very interesting script, where one of the interviewed veterans explains, for example, that they didn't have a chance to train proper soldiers. It was illegal, and they were not  supposed to carry weapons, so if they wanted to drill themselves, they had to do it undercover. Things changed in 1944, when they were finally treated as a combat unit. In 1945, the Jewish Brigade disembarked in Italy and  entered combat against the Nazi troops in the late battle of the Senio River in Northern Italy, under the flag that later became the Israeli flag.

A covert part of the Brigade made incredible efforts to help displaced persons after the war to reach Mediterranean ports and sail to Palestine, while the visible part kept going with the "official" activities. They forged orders and papers and arranged the logistics to "disappear" trucks from their official missions and help survivors reach the ports and cross the closed gates in Palestine. They evaded controls in a hurry before the survivors were forced back by the Allied decision to their destroyed towns, and also mounted covert operations to smuggle weapons to Palestine.

Many veterans later utilized the British training in Israel's War of Independence and started building the Israeli Defence Forces. A search for "Jewish Brigade" will help you learn more.

Jewish Chronicle

The oldest Anglo-Jewish paper in the world that is still publishing. It is not cheap as a subscription starts at $55 and page downloads are extra. 

Searching the Hebrew University Library System web site. Login as aleph and type LB to get list of serials.

Jewish Chronicle

founded in 1841. Jeffrey Maynard has listed social announcements from 1890 to 1895 in this, the oldest Jewish newspaper.



Jewish Chronicle
This site is a collection of miscellanies ... historical and genealogical information about the Jewish Community of England.  The purpose is to make a modest amount of source material and databases available to researchers.

London Jews Database - first half of Nineteenth century 

Jewish Labour and the London Poor in 1851    

Jewish Chronicle Birth Marriage and Death announcements to 1869

Jewish Chronicle Birth Marriage and Death Announcements 1870-1879 
These have been covered in great depth in a "must have " book for those who are interested in this period "The Jewish Victorian" by Doreen Berger.  This book contains anything about anyone printed in the Jewish newspapers of the period whether they got married, died, had a child, won an award, had an unusual death, gave something to the synagogue.  It contains nearly 600 pages and is cross-referenced.  It is a social history of the Jewish community in Victorian England.

Jewish Chronicle Birth Marriage and Death announcements 1880-1889

Jewish Chronicle Birth Marriage and Death announcements 1890-1895 

Contributors to the Initiation Society 1886
Contributors to the Society for the AgedPoor1891

Contributors to the Sick Room Helps Society1907-8
Members ofthe Central Synagogue 1909London Synagogue Officials 1931

The newest volume covering 1861-70 is now published.  It is 400 pages and the cost is £29.95, plus postage and packing surface mail £7.50, airmail £15.50.  It is available from the publisher BOYDPUBS@aol.com

Jewish Chronicle Naturalization Lists


Jewish Chronicle 

Jewish Community

Jewish Care
London NW11 9DQ
United Kingdom

Jewish Free School

Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain

A wonderful resource including access to SHEMOT - the publication of this organization

Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain East of London

Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain Family Finder




Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain

(otherwise known as JGSGB) supports those researchers undertaking Jewish Genealogy and in particular, is a Centre of Excellence for those researching UK Jewish Genealogy.   
Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain
PO Box 13288
London N3 3WD


There are about 2,500 names and 600 places in this database.  Many 'Useful Links and Informational Sources' including: Cemetery Records Index Page; Family Finder: Family Trees; Marriage Index from Princelet (Princes) St. Synagogue 1897 - 1907; Scotland's Jewish Community - Reference Page among others.  Additionally, this web site offers many links to useful Jewish Genealogy related pages on other web sites: 

The website includes: 

  • A Family Finder (search by surname)

  • A list of articles in Shemot (quarterly journal of JGSGB published since 1992 including 'First Steps in Jewish Genealogy in the U.K.; Greater London History Library; The Parkes Library; The Poor Jews' Temporary Shelter; Jewish cemeteries of White Russia; Tracing Our Dutch Ancestors; What's in a Name and more.  There is an archive of the 36 issues published to date 


  • Click on 'Search Our Site' A searchable index of names and places mentioned in 

  • There are about 2500 names and 600 places in this database.

  • Many 'Useful Links and Informational Sources' including:

Cemetery Records Index Page; Family finder; Family Trees; Marriage Index from Princelet (Princes) St. Synagogue 1897 - 1907; Scotland's Jewish Community
Reference Page among others.  Additionally, this web site offers many links to useful Jewish Genealogy related pages on other web sites including:

  • British Library Newspaper Library overview

  • British Telecom Archives

  • General Register Office for Scotland

  • Greater Manchester County Records Office

  • Irish Jewish Museum

  • Jewish Museum, London

  • National Archives of Ireland

  • National Archives of Scotland

  • Public Record Office for Northern Ireland

  • UK & Ireland

  • UK Family Records Centre

  • and more, much more

For general enquiries Email: enquiries@jgsgb.org.uk  
For Membership enquiries 
or  write to
Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain
PO Box 13288 London N3 3WD

Chairman: Martyn Woolf Email: chairman@jgsgb.org.uk


Some Genners might be unaware of the tremendous strides the JGSGB are making in helping in uncovering the roots of their British ancestors. If you do have searches to perform join the Group: it has large amounts of information & new databases which can only be accessed by Members. The website is:

The subscription for 2003 is 25 pounds per member for those members who pay UK tax and can therefore sign the Gift Aid declaration (30 pounds for overseas membership). That's roughly $60 US annually & please note this includes copies of the Society's journal, SHEMOT, and Newsletter, both published quarterly. Members are allowed to join JGSGB - discuss which is the Society's electronic mailing list. Members also have private pages of the website which contain many thousands of unpublished records.

The enquiries contact for the Jewish Genealogical Society is Laurence Harris. Mr. John Berman is the webmaster for the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain's website   

JewishGen British Connection
Researchers interested in the Jewish Communities and genealogical records of the United Kingdom

The web site is part of the JCR-UK project which is a joint project of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain (JGSGB) and JewishGen.  The aim of this project is to record, in electronic format, genealogical and other historical information about the UK Jewish communities, from the mid 17th Century to the present day, and to make this information freely available via the Internet.

The web site provides basic information about each congregation/community, its history, bibliography, research facilities, personal encounters, and photographs, and links to an integrated records database.  It also includes one of the most comprehensive lists of links to other web sites for those interested in Anglo- Jewish Genealogy, and a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) page.

The site contains a skeleton of approximately 100 congregations grouped into 13 communities and expects this to grow to about 500 congregations grouped into about 80 communities. 

The project will develop an integrated searchable database of civil and religious genealogical records from a variety of sources including:

Birth, circumcision and marriage
Synagogue Membership lists
School pupil lists
Trade directories
Immigration records
Jewish Charity records (including lists of donors)
Newspaper records
Surname List of Members and Names being searched

There are a couple of new data sets (one relating to Manchester and one relating to Grimsby).   As the number of data sets grows,  a new search engine that will be able to search across all the data sets is planned to be added.

The project  has a "JCR-UK Discussion Group" which is a free Email based discussion forum for those researching their Jewish ancestors who lived in the UK, and for those interested in a particular UK community or congregation.  The Group also discusses records available in the UK and research techniques, sharing information and answering questions.  You can join this Discussion Group at 


and look for United Kingdom: JCR-UK Laurence Harris Member of Council - JGS Great Britain


The  JCR-UK (Jewish Communities & Records - United Kingdom) has a web site that is continually being updated. 

Jewish Communities Prior To 1290 In England And Wales

Dr. Anthony Joseph is a leading expert of Jewish History records in England and is a member of both the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain and the
Jewish Historical Society of England
Dr. Anthony Joseph
25 Westbourne Road
Birmingham, B15 3TX England. 
Telephone: +44 121 454 0408 
Fax: _44 121 454 9758  
Dr. Joseph is not on the internet, however, Tony Reese at
Tony@brij000.demon.co.uk   has offered to forward anything to him as a fax.

For information on Civil records in the UK, one should try to find the Fido Net Echo I & UK_GENE

A quarterly  journal of the JGS of Great Britain and the web site. Just follow the link


Jewish Historical Society of England

Jewish Historical Society of England
33 Seymour Place
London W1H 5AP
Phone: 0171 723 5852

This site includes a search engine and they also offer a 'Links Directory'.

Jewish Museum 

Jewish Museum - London
This museum is currently the only museum in London dedicated to a minority community.  It was founded in 1932 and merged in 1995 with the London Museum of Jewish Life which preserved the heritage of London's East End where immigrant Jews settled in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In the October/November issue of Hadassah Magazine is a story about the holdings within the museum written by Miriam Shaviv.




Jewish News

Jewish News

Jewish Refugees Committee, World Jewish Relief

The Forum,
74/80 Camden Street
London NW1 0EG
Telephone +44 (0) 20 7691 1781.
Fax +44 (0) 20 7691 1780


Jewish Reunion

To locate long lost friends as well as tracing family members and learning more about your family history and is FREE to register and use

Jewish Telegraph

"The Jewish Telegraph, printed in Manchester, UK, circulates all the towns where there is a Jewish population such as Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, London, Glasgow & Edinburgh etc and every few weeks they have a page devoted to genealogy called The Roots Column. The copy that you  submit and any photograph is at *no charge*.
Their email address is:


Jews of the 18th Century and Nineteenth Century

Jeffrey Maynard - Anglo-Jewish Miscellanies for Harrow County  Jewish Genealogy  This site is a collection of miscellanies...historical and genealogical information about the Jewish Community of England.  The purpose is to make a modest amount of source material and databases available to researchers

Job Designations in England (Occupations)

From Anglo-French, from 'drap', the French word for 'cloth'. Originally, 'draper' referred to a person who made cloth.  Then it came to mean someone who sold cloth, and later, by extension, articles made from cloth. From a posting by Victoria Barkoff

Derived from a Middle Low German word "hocken" meaning 'to take or carry on the back'.  The meaning appears to have changed over time.  When it first entered the English language, it referred to someone who goes from place to place selling his wares.  By the late 19th century in England, a hawker was distinguished from a peddler: a hawker used a horse and cart to carry his goods while a peddler carried them on his back.  A hawker's license was more expensive than a peddler's license. A hawker is what used to be known in Yiddish as a "Smous" pronounced Sm - oh - s

A finishing carpenter




Legal Newspapers

The London, Edinburgh, and Belfast Gazettes are the official newspapers of record in the United Kingdom. Several legal notices, including insolvency notices, are required by law to be published in the London, Belfast or Edinburgh Gazette 

Livery Companies in London

The Records of London's Livery Companies Online (ROLLCO) project has been established to create a fully searchable and freely accessible online database of membership information for the City of London's Livery Companies, from their earliest surviving records until c.1900. Initially the project has digitized the apprenticeship and freedom admission records for several Companies that retain their own archives in situ


Map of Britain

Map of Britain and Wales from 1660 to 1892

Maps On-line 

A site for old British Maps
Old British Empire Maps                     

Old British Empire Maps
http://www.old-maps.co.uk/  British Empire Genealogical Maps



Old Ordnance Survey Maps of towns throughout 
Britain and Ireland.  Alan Godfrey Maps


Old Maps of England -  

Open Street Maps
The crowd-sourced mapping project OpenStreetMap has amassed a million contributors since its inception in 2005 and, according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in England, Russia and Germany than rivals such as Google Maps.  I tried the site and found an accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town Tal'ne, Ukraine

Map Tools - Free
At this site you can discover distances between two points; How far it is between; Radius around a point; Radius from a UK Postcode; Distance between two UK Postcodes; Download UK Postcodes with Latitude and Longitude and more

Marriages in Britain

Lloyd Gartner (from the 1960 edition of "the "Jewish immigrant in England, 1870 - 1914" stated: "Three procedures were open to a couple who wished to marry.  The most respectable was that contemplated under the Marriage Act of 1856 ... for which the couple secured a license from the Chief Rabbi who issued the Ketubbah, and then went to a person authorized by the Chief rabbi (usually a native Jewish minister) who would perform the actual ceremony and subsequently certify it to the Registrar's office.  For reasons of convenience, piety, or economy, those who did not use this arrangement could also be wed by an 'unauthorized' religious functionary and also have an ordinary civil marriage  at a Registrar's office.  Unlike the  first type, this was recognized by law solely as a civil marriage.  Third was the device of the unscrupulous, and of those ignorant of the vital distinction between the public status of Jewish law in Eastern Europe and England.  In this case only Jewish marriage was performed, and no civil notice or ceremony took place.  The couple had no legal proof of marriage, the wife lacked an enforceable claim on her husband's support; the  children's position was problematic.  Such marriages were of a piece with "gitten' (divorces) issued in England under Jewish law without previous civil divorce, and were sometimes the resort of persons engaged in commercial vice.  The 'clandestine marriage' (shtille huppash),' lit. silent wedding was the target of impassioned denunciations, and even of  an effort to secure Parliamentary action against it as against all 'irregular marriages' performed outside the Chief Rabbi's provenance." From a posting by Laura Moss Gottlieb

Jewish Marriages in England and Wales
A discussion of this subject by Charles Tucker in his article "Jewish Marriages and Divorces in England before 1940" was published in the Genealogists' Magazine, September 1992.  He states "Until the Marriage Act of 1836, the State took absolutely no interest whatsoever in the registration of Jewish marriages and laid down no restrictions on either their time or place of celebration."  He explains that prior to the Expulsion in 1290, the Jewish Community was regarded as a separate corporation whose affairs were regulated by its own laws.  After the resettlement in 1656, it was assumed that the same conditions would apply.  It was slightly more complicated than that as the judiciary were involved in the years before legislation, passed in the 1830s and 1840s, affected Jewish marriages.  But the general point is clear: Jewish marriages were recognized.  From a posting by Harold Pollins









"The Key to the Sanatoria" in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Philippa Robinson cailleachdoire@gmail.com wrote:
"Triple Qualification of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh; Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh and the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow."

"I was recently at Surgeons Hall, Edinburgh, looking at a record book of medical doctors who received the Triple Qualification circa 1936-38. These Schedule for the Course of Study records may be of interest to some JewGeners because of the number of German expatriates listed ..."

The source used by Dr Kenneth Collins in his  PhD study and book: "Go and Learn, the International Story of Jews and Medicine in Scotland, Aberdeen (1988)".  The book summarizes his findings re this source and his notes should (I think) be in the Scottish Jewish Archives Centre in Glasgow. From a posting by Harvey Kaplan







There was no conscription in Britain until 1916.

British Armed Forces

and Bomber Command Squadrons  


British Light Infantry Regiments
this is the 'unofficial' site on the history of the various Light Infantry Regiments  


British Military Records - check this site if your ancestors served in some branch of the former British Empire or Commonwealth's military at  

Commonwealth War Graves Commission
listing of war dead
- searchable from the site. Records of WW I and WW II burials around the world of British Commonwealth members

British Solder's cemetery in Jelgava 1916-1919 (Nikolaja cemetery)c

WWI British Graves in Jelgava, Lithuania 1916-1919

Main Office:
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
2 Marlow Road
United Kingdom
Tel: 01628 634221
Fax: 01628 771208


The Imperial War Museum is working with Dundee technology firm brightsolid to create an interactive digital project called "Lives of the First World War"  It will tell the story of the men and women who served in uniform and worked on the Home Front by bringing together records from museums, libraries, archives and family collections across the world.  It is expected to be online in August, 2014


Labour Corps in the British Army
mostly forgotten but their work was vital to during the 1917-1919 war.  Many Jews served in the Corps, especially from the East End of London and many who were either Russian or of Russian descent. 
Ivor Lee
lee@gildenmoss.u-net.com has an interest in this subject.

WW2 People's War


Military Records for the British Army

Army Personnel Centre
HQ Secretariat
Historical Disclosures
Mail Point 400
Kentigern House
65 Brown Street
Glasgow G2 8EX



For internees during the First and Second World War, see Domestic Records Information 51 "Internees: First and Second World Wars"

The National Archives Military Records
Research here can help you uncover a person's history. Each guide tells you where you can find the relevant records, and how they can be accessed. The National Archives holds many records which can help you find out about people's lives and careers. The signposts also point to useful records in other archives and organizations, and reveal which records are available online.

Moving Here

Explores, records and illustrates why people came to England over the last 200 years and what their experiences were and continue to be. It offers free access, for personal and educational use, to an online catalogue of versions of original material related to migration history from local, regional and national archives, libraries and museums. There is an extensive Jewish section with quite a few good links on Caribbean, Irish, Jewish and South Asian migration

Migration Histories 
Tracing Your Roots 
The Gallery 

Museum of Family History

A number of interesting links

Name Changing in England

There is no law in Britain to stop anyone from calling yourself anything you like as long as it's not for fraudulent purposes. The more 'official' way is to change your name by 'Deed Poll'.  This requires a Notary (usually a solicitor) to sign the form and you have to swear that the information you have given is the truth.

"Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England" - by Eleazar ha-Levi. The purpose of this paper is to use the naming conventions adopted by the Jews of Medieval England (c.1070 - 1290) as a way of generalizing the rules of period Jewish naming. Three basic rules were applied in naming Jewish children throughout the medieval period and, even, up to the present time: the Talmud, kinnui (secular) versus shem ha-kadosh (sacred) names, and the role of the female in Jewish ritual practice.

The National Register of Archives

Information on the nature and location of manuscripts and historical records relating to British history.

Naturalization Records

"The Index to all UK naturalizations from the 1700s to 1924 is available on two microfilm rolls available from the LDS's Family History Centers.  The microfilm rolls are FHL British Film #824514 and #824515, and are called "Denizen and Naturalization Lists, 1801-1873".  Note that the dates given on the microfilm are less extensive than they actually are.

The microfilm is easy to use as the Index is in alphabetical order by surname.  Once you locate your relative, write down all the info there: the relative's name, date of application, date of the Oath of Allegiance, the certificate number, and the Home Office paper number.  The index will tell the relative's country of birth and also the British city in which they were living when they applied - which can help to distinguish your relatives from others with the same name.


Type in 'Naturalization' and 'ho' (stands for Home Office) and you get a page with all of the home office numbers.  On the right, find the years you need, and on the  right of these there are clickable numbers.  Click on these and it brings you to a page with the correct home office code to use.

Once you have your HO code, go to

to order your certificates.  You will need to supply the numbers you got from the index, but there's also some room to write text.  In the text book, be sure to ask for the  complete file, i.e., the police report and the applicant's references, as they shed more light on the relative's background and movements than the certificate itself. 

Give them all the numbers you found on the index.  The PRO charges 10 pounds sterling (payable via a credit card) for initiating the search, but they will apply it to the total cost of purchasing the materials that they find.  You have a choice of how quickly (and expensively) to be sent the materials."  From a posting by Laura Moss Gottlieb lauragottlieb@juno.com on British Jewry

It is possible to limit searches to obtain only hits for naturalization by entering in Box 1, naturalization AND  with the name you are searching. Searches can be limited by year range in Box 2.

Or with the name in box 1 plus the series number HO 1, HO 45, HO 144 or HO 405 in box 3: HO 1  for naturalizations from 1844 to 1871; HO 45   for 1872 to 1878; HO 144  for 1879 to 1933, though papers after 1922 will only be opened on application to the Home Office and HO 405  for those who arrived in the UK between 1934 and 1948.

HO 45 includes an estimated 40% of both successful and unsuccessful applications for naturalization. All records are closed for 100 years though the Home Office will consider opening files on request as with those in HO 144.The address to write to

Record Management Services
Home Office, 50
Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT

HO 405 is gradually being transferred to The National Archives in batches according to the surname of the alien. Currently those with surnames A to J have already been transferred.

British Newspaper Archives

The "British Newspaper Archive” is online  It consists of pages from more than 200 newspapers of the UK and Ireland published during the 19th century. To date, more than 3 million pages have been scanned and extracted. It is a fee-for-service site where the minimum cost is ₤6.95 which entitles the subscriber to two-day access and 500 credits toward downloading images. (The site implies that this might amount to as many as 100 images.)

The search engine appears to be a simple one with no wildcard searching. A search produces a snippet of information. There were a number of spelling errors in snippets implying the scanning and extraction process was difficult to do. In one snippet, “St. Petersburg” appeared as “ST. PsRaasssuR


A directory of Web based information on the north east and Cumbria. It offers a free enquiry service  for people living in the region and will also provide  information on the region to anyone, living anywhere in the world

Obituaries Published in British Newspapers

Change to British Empire


A pay per view site that contains some of the collections of the Society of Genealogists (England)

On-line Database

This site operates on a "pay as you view" basis rather than on subscription or membership fees. On this site you will find an entire copy of the indexes of Births, Marriages and Deaths for England and Wales from 1837 to 2001. These images are available to search, view (including zooming in on those awkward-to-read names), save to disk and print for a modest charge. This site will be most useful to you if you are already familiar with these indexes and wish to have the opportunity to search them in your own time, without having to physically visit a library or a register office


The Norwood Orphanage was opened in 1866 and in 1876 it was amalgamated with the Jews' Hospital and the Jews' Orphan Asylum.  The Norwood Old Scholars' Association may have records -  where, if you scroll down a bit, will find 'Archives & Family Histories link.

The records of Norwood are at the University of Southampton.

The home does not still exist but it was situated at Wolfington Road, London SE27 (off Knights Hill). The building is now the headquarters of a housing association.  


Parish Registers

Mostly kept at the London Metropolitan Archives

Photos from Pathe News

60 years of Pathe Cinema newsreels are available at this web site

Pioneer Corps

"Pioneer Corps of the British army", a group that was expected to do the heavy laboring for the "real" soldiers.  In WW 2, the British long relegated many Jews (including volunteering European Jews who had found refuge in England) to this function. My (US) dictionary defines pioneer as "one of a group of foot soldiers detailed to make roads, dig entrenchments, etc., in advance of the main body."

Concerning the Pioneer Corps, it was not specifically Jews that were assigned to it, but generally non-British volunteers as well as regular soldiers considered unfit for combat (though in fact units did fight alongside the infantry later) or "undesirables".

Harry Ratner, who served in the Pioneer Corps, says it was virtually a "foreign legion", or "International Brigade" with even a Spanish Republican company, Palestinian companies comprising both Jews and Arabs though these were later segregated, Cypriots, Africans, and some German and Austrian refugees (otherwise considered "enemy aliens"!) The officers were all British though. Harry also mentions that many intellectuals including Arthur Koestler served with the Pioneers. 


"Reluctant Revolutionary", 
By Harry Ratner, 1994,  During the liberation of Paris Harry, who was of French background, managed to hitch a ride in with a Free French unit and reach his mother's house, a nice surprise for her, son Harry arriving in British uniform! 
ISBN 0 9508423 9 7

Other Jews served right across the British forces, of course. My Dad was in the Signal Corps and tended to look down on his brother who served in the Pioneers, probably through defective eyesight.  But this was plainly unfair, especially as Pioneer units were in the frontline. From a posting by Charlie Pottins 

Poor Jews' Temporary Shelter (see also London above)

The shelter was located on Leman Street, Whitechapel in London.  A database created by Professor Aubrey Newman and Dr. Graham Smith of the Dept. of History, University of Leicester, spans the period of May 19, 1896 to August, 1914 and contains some 43,000 names.  The shelter was set up to house immigrants on their short stay over in London, before embarking on their cross continental journey. The records for the Jewish Shelter are held at the London Metropolitan Archives, there are two films.  However to view these you must have written permission.

http://chrysalis.its.uct.ac.za/shelter/shelter.htm  (Very Slow)



The Temporary Shelter, as it is now known, still functions and provides a service for refugees and other disadvantaged people.  To increase funds, they are happy to provide good quality accommodations for London visitors in a Kosher environment.  If interested  contact Saul Issroff, saul@wico.demon.co.uk                   

A searchable database, created by the efforts of Aubrey Newman, the University of Cape Town, the Kaplan Foundation, and the 100 undergraduate student volunteers,  which can be a wonderful place to start your research   

This gives you links, including the actual search engine. 


PRO  (Public Records Office)

Now known as TNA (The National Archives)  Orders for records can be made via the Internet including microfilms, microfiche, DVD and paper. In addition to sending copies through the mail, there is a service providing digital copies on-line.



Public Records Office  (PRO)

Kew, Richmond
The Public records Office
(PRO) have made available, on-line, an index to the Wills that they are holding for the period 1850 to 1858, and also on-line access to the images of these Wills.  The date refers to the date of probate, not the date of death.  The site also offers an on-line image download of the Will at a flat rate per Will   The index can be searched by surname, first name, occupation, parish or county (Hint: when looking for persons in London, try both London and Middlesex - but not at the same time).  You will get some false hits (e.g. a search on Baker give persons with a surname of Baker; persons living on Baker Street; and persons whose occupation was as a baker)


"Anglo-Jewish History, 18th-20th Centuries: Sources in The National Archives"

National Archive's On-Line Catalogue

National Archives Research Guide on Immigrants

The UK National Archives
announced that everyone can now access the first comprehensive database of passenger lists from ships departing the UK on long-distance voyages to destinations including North America, Australia, India and South Africa between 1890 and 1960

The following is an extract from the National Archives' announcement:

This new online resource has been developed by one of the leading UK-based family history websites

in association with The National Archives. The passenger record series BT 27 covering 1890 - 1899 and from 1900 and 1960.

The database will enable would-be genealogists and family historians alike to view digitized images of the original ship passenger records online, which contain over 1.5 million pages, listing the 30 million passengers who travelled on long-distance journeys from UK ports.

The new resource includes passenger records from the period of mass migration between 1890 and 1914 when an estimated average of 131,000 people emigrated from Great Britain to other parts of the globe every year.

New Discoveries
These invaluable records also provide a new avenue of research for people who have come to a ´brick wall´ in their family tree research using UK records. As well as every ship passenger record containing the names of each passenger, the name of the ship, the date and UK port of departure and the destination port, the records may also include the address, age, marital status, occupation and nationality of each passenger, providing invaluable details that could help uncover more branches of a family tree and further insights into a family's history.

Historical Insights
The passenger lists also open up new insights into family history and social trends. For example, the lists reveal the story of the Jewish migrants who fled persecution and poverty in Russia to escape to South Africa in search of a new life via British ports.



Probate Registry

Located in High Holborn, London 


Railway Employment Records, UK, 1833 - 1963



The London, Edinburgh, and Belfast Gazettes are the official newspapers of record in the United Kingdom. Several legal notices, including insolvency notices, are required by law to be published in the London, Belfast or Edinburgh


Go to the "Archives" tab, enter the name you are searching and choose Date range (otherwise you only get the WWI and WWII information) & you will receive a list of entries. Each entry opens a particular page of a particular issue of the Gazette (in PDF format) and you can use the "Find" from the menu to search for the name on that particular page of the Gazette ... The spelling has to be precisely as it appears in the newspaper - so you may need to persevere!

Reform Synagogues of Great Britain  (see also Synagogues on this page)

Main body for the Reform Synagogues in the UK.  Part of the Reform Movement 

Registers in England and Wales - 1837 to 2001

A minimum fee of 5 pounds sterling allows researchers to look at up to 50 units within 45 days of purchase and allows viewing, printing and saving up to 50 image pages.

Registration Districts in England and Wales (1837-1974)

the list shows the places in the civil registration districts in each county in England and Wales between 1st July 1837 and 31st March 1974

Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths


Researching in Britain

Anything and Everything about researching the UK

GRO Birth, Marriages and Deaths Registrations

London Gazette
All kinds of stuff like name changes, military announcements. Their search engine currently goes back to 1665,



The Charles Booth Online Archive
A searchable resource allowing access to archive material from the Booth collections of the Archives Division of the Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science and the Senate House Library.
LSE Archives

The Booth collection at LSE Archives contains the original records from Booth's survey into life and labour in London, dating from 1886 to 1903. The archives of the Senate House Library contain Booth family papers from 1799 to 1967.

 Search Engines

English Search portal

"All UK Database"

Also, it is a multiple-database search facility, containing over 50,000 entries referring to people in the United Kingdom; England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. These databases have been contributed by the "Jewish Communities and Records - United Kingdom Special Interest Group" (JCR-UK) and individual donors.

The "All U.K. Database" incorporates the following data sets: * United Kingdom Marriages, 1838 to 1972: from all areas of the United Kingdom.

* Wales Census Returns:
1,800 records from the 1841, 18511861, 1871,1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 censuses

* London Jews (pre-1850):
Over 9,000 Jewish traders based in London


* Jewish Traders/Businesses in London
1769-1839: names of over 5,000 Jewish traders based in London

* JewishGen Family Finder (JGFF):
More than 10,000 entries by Jewish  genealogists researching families in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland


* JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry (JOWBR):
25,000 records from cemeteries within the United Kingdom.

The database is a work in progress and new entries are being added regularly.

See also my 'Search' page and  'Genealogy' page

Ships Crew List


Ship's Manifests

These records are held at the Public Record Office, Kew, London.  They are very poor as most have been destroyed.  Nothing exists for Europe or the Mediterranean countries. 
From a posting by David Kravitz david_kravitz@hotmail.com




Society of Genealogists

Family History and Library Center. The Society of Genealogists offers a unique combination of research material, guidance and support for those interested in family history and the lives of earlier generations. It is a charity whose objects are to "promote, encourage and foster the study, science and knowledge of genealogy".

Spiro Institute

Kidderpore Gardens
London, NW3
Telephone: 0171 431 0345

Susser Archives

A very interesting site that holds a lot of information of interest to researching Jews of England 


List of listed synagogues, former synagogues and other Jewish Monuments in the UK  

Old Telephone Numbers  


"Celia Male has pointed out that the recently-announced search engine for online historic UK telephone directories on a well-known genealogy website is based on optical character recognition (OCR) and contains OCR-related errors that might mislead searchers into incorrectly dismissing search results as irrelevant.  She has wisely advised that searchers consult the images of the directory pages before deciding the relevance of results.  The little I have to add to this discussion applies generally to OCR-based search engines.

Like Soundex matches are based on sounds, OCR results are based on shapes, so, when constructing searches and analyzing their results, consider the character shapes involved.  Some characters are often (depending on typeface and deterioration of the print) mistaken by OCR for others with similar shapes, such as "e," "o," and "c."  In a particular document, "l" and "1" might be printed similarly.  It is sometimes worthwhile to examine the source document and OCR results to try to determine the common errors.  (In the case of Eastern European directories) I worked with, most OCR errors were common, and I incorporated information about them into my search engine.
From a posting by Logan Kleinwaks

Telephone  Searches  



British Telephone (BT)
Searches by region.  You need to enter an area


Searches by region, so you need to enter an area  

On-Line Telephone Directories
A directory of directories; all active ones for individuals, not businesses  


Telephone Numbers
If you do not know the area name in England, try

which will bring you a choice of countries or use this link for England specifically 


Telephone Numbers
Billed as the largest on-line commercial telephone directory in England. You have to sign-in and create a password, but it's free!    


UK Phone Book
This site searches by region.  You need to enter a region

UK and Ireland Genealogy

A large collection of genealogical information pages for England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

United Kingdom Info Disk

Contains details on more than 15 million subscribers in the UK, including Northern Ireland.  The CD comes in at least three 'strengths' and prices are detailed on

The cheapest version, which will probably suit most people, according to Mr. Joe Ross, costs 29.95 pounds from that web site.  BT (British Telecom) also sells a CD for 36 pounds but it is really intended as a replacement telephone directory and is less suitable for genealogist type searches (it does not have electoral register information and therefore usually lacks first names).  Its advantage is that it is updated frequently (quarterly? - but presumably has to be bought again)  Follow the link on the right of the page to directory enquiries from their web page  

United Synagogue Burial Service

A useful list of agencies and organizations within the Jewish Community which offer help, advice and support on a wide range of subjects. Bereavement Counseling Service does not handle inquiries regarding cemeteries, burials or funerals. Contact the United Synagogue burial office.  See also "Cemeteries" above.

Vision of Britain

Detailed historical information on places in Britain, maps and statistical trends

World Jewish Relief

World Jewish Relief
London WC1H 0BR, United Kingdom

  United Kingdom Jewish Website

United Kingdom Jewish Website


Cities and Towns
In Britain

1915 - Tailor Shop of J. B. Calmus in London's East End

The Jewish community of England, in 2006, numbers about 290,000. There have been eight Jewish Lord Mayors of London.


Jewish Cemeteries in West of England





Birmingham (W. Midlands)

The Jewish community dates from 1730, if not earlier.  Brandwood end Cemetery of Birmingham
Phone: 0121 643 0884




Witton Cemetery 


Bishop Auckland: (see Newcastle Upon Tyne)



GB/NNAF/O104465 Blackburn Hebrew Congregation Blackburn, Lancashire

Birth, Marriage, Death Records: Scope c1896-1997: copy records, including entries from register of marriages Repository Lancashire Record Office





The Jewish Telegraph has a page where you can post enquiries. The Jewish Telegraph, printed in Manchester, UK, circulates all the towns where there is a Jewish population such as Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, London, Glasgow & Edinburgh etc and every few weeks they have a page devoted to genealogy called The Roots Column. The copy that you submit a and any photograph is at *no charge*.


Bobey Tracey:  Devon

Has at least one Jewish burial in 1933


Located in Lancashire, there was a Rubin family living here according to local records.


"An Industrious Minority: A History of the Bolton Jewish Community"
Authored by John Cowell and Hilary Thomas was launched on Nov 11th at the Menorah Synagogue in Sharston, Manchester. The book, 309 pages long, contains over 30 photographs, including members of the community, their childhood, their places of business, their weddings, and how they fitted into the community around them. There are 10 appendices including the origins and occupations of the Jewish community; Jewish inhabitants of Bolton and Farnworth in the 1911 census; the Officers of the synagogue; and Marriages between 1906 and 1951.

There are hundreds of short biographies of those who lived in the town,as well as many who visited regularly. Market records have enabled us to build up a
picture of those who ran stalls offering a variety of products, many over decades. We look at the various achievements of former Bolton Jews, including a Nobel prize winner, a professor of anthropology and a Rabbi. We also discuss the part played by the Jewish community in the life of the town, including local politics.'

Available from Hilary Thomas hiltone@talktalk.net or John Cowell jcowellnix@yahoo.com or from Menorah Synagogue Judaica Shop (0161 428 7746) Price: £13.99 (plus £5. 99 postage and packing) Miriam Margolyes


Kinson & Boscombe Cemetery
Phone: 01202 557 433





Brighton: Sussex






Jewish Cemetery



Cemetery Database
One of the oldest provincial Jewish communities in Britain. Records exist of the Jewish community back to the 12th and 13th centuries.  There were at least three Jewish cemeteries St. Philips; Temple (Rose Street) and Fishponds.  The complete story exists at this site:

Jewish Community


Hebrew Congregation


There was a small Jewish Community here in 1887 which is about 15 miles from Derby.  A meeting was held on March 4th, 1887 with the Derby  Jewish Community to form a joint congregation, but the attempt failed.

Bush: Watford, Hertfordshire

Jewish Cemetery


Jewish Cemetery

A photo of Ludwig Wittgenstein's gravestone at St. Giles Cemetery in Cambridge, UK

Camp Kitchener

A 'refugee' camp outside of London, near the towns of Ramsgate and Sandwich, where refugees remained until they were able to emigrate to the United States or other locations outside of England.  At one time it had been a military installation then known as Richborough Camp.  It was transformed into an emergency home for 300 refugees from Germany in February 1939. 

The camp population reached 3,500 men, mostly young German and Austrian Jews who were granted temporary sanctuary.  They reconstructed the camp, for their food, lodging and sixpence a week for pocket money.  Fifty huts with thirty-six double bunks each were the sleeping quarters.

There were classes in English after work which was from 8:30 a.m., to 5:30 p.m.  They could also leave the camp after work, but had to return before the 10 p.m. roll call.  Only two men were cited for misdemeanors, both for overstaying their eave.   The camp was run on a self-sufficient basis.  Of the sixty doctors in the camp, all but two performed ordinary camp tasks.  Artists decorate the camp with pictures and mottoes.  A former member of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra organized a camp orchestra, and professional and amateur actors and singers provided the entertainment.

Canterbury: Kent

Jewish Cemeteries

Chatham: Kent

Jewish cemetery





"The Lost Jews of Cornwall"
ISBN 1 900178 27 3

Land's End is the westernmost point of England's portion of the island of Great Britain.  It is in southwest Cornwall.  It is often thought of as the westernmost point of Britain, but parts of Scotland reach further west.  There is no town there and I doubt if there's ever been a Land's End Jewish Community.

One of the basic (Hebrew) words for tin is: bedil, apparently as (Bedilerion), part of the word: Belerion, the name Diodorus Siculus used in describing the Land's End peninsula of Cornwall, England.  This name was almost certainly given to the region by the early Phoenicians.  It was additionally called by some medieval Jewish scholars Ketzei Haaretz, literally rendered as Land's end, but a Hebrew phrase used to designate England as a whole.  Posted on soc.genealogy.jewish by Tom Tinney, Sr.





Darlington: (see Newcastle Upon Tyne)



Derby Hebrew Congregation


The Dorset Local Studies Collection is being integrated with the Archives Service and its main stock of books and maps will be available on open access in current Record Office building after it re-opens as the Dorset History Centre. Contact details are:

Telephone:   01305-250550
Fax:            01305-257184



Jewish cemetery
see Newcastle Upon Tyne



Essex Jewish News

Exeter: Devon

In pre-Expulsion times, it was an important Jewish center. Jews have lived and worshipped in Exeter for over 250 years.

Archives - (Susser)
There is a lot of information about Jews living in southwest England.



synagogue was built in 1763 and has been restored over the years.

Exeter Synagogue and Susser Archives
Large collection of Jewish records for England in 18th and 19th centuries: Circumcision registers, marriage records, Burial records, Monumental Inscriptions and many others




Gateshead Jewish Community

Gateshead is the home to a small community of ultra-orthodox Jews, which is known worldwide for its educational institutions. Talmudic students from many countries come to Gateshead to attend its Yeshivas and Kollels, and girls come to study at its teacher training college. 



The London Jewish Museum has on display, "tally sticks" from this town, which is located near the Welsh border.  The "sticks" are a form of receipt recording payment by Isaac the butcher.

Jewish cemetery







Graveshead: (see Newcastle Upon Tyne)


Great Yarmouth

Norfolk Jewish cemetery




The following plea was printed in the 1895 issue of the Jewish Chronicles.

"The Grimsby Congregation used to worship in a private dwelling house, but now have a synagogue and school, but as a "..considerably struggling working class community.." have not acquired a cemetery. Past interments have taken place in the neighbouring congregation in Hull.  But this has been fraught with problems: the body and mourners being detained for hours on the railway and arriving at dusk. Additionally, during instances of epidemics, the Sanitory Authorities have refused to allow bodies to be taken outside the borough insisting upon immediate burials.  In several such cases, the burials have actually taken place in Christian cemeteries."

Three trustees names are:
Mr. B. Cohen, President of 191 Cleethorpe Road;
Mr. S. Bennett of 82 Cleethorpe Road and
Mr. M. Isaacs of 17 Victor Street.



"To Be Buried In Grimsby"
Authored by Avrom Saltman

The North East Lincolnshire Archives
Located in Grimsby Town Hall.  Visitors must make appointments to visit.  John Wilson is the Archivist. 

North East Lincolnshire Archives
Town Hall,
Town Hall Square
Grimsby, DN31 1HX,
Tel: (01472) 32 3581 
Fax: (01472) 32 3582

Regional Special Interest Groups
Have British information and links.  The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG, German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German SIG

Guildford Jewish Community

This site offers guidance on times of services, kosher facilities, social and cultural activities and a history of both the Medieval and modern community.

Hampshire and Isle of Wright Villages

History of the area includes a guest book where you can put the name of the people you are researching and there are more than 150 entries.


Ships from European ports would embark their passengers at this port city and then the passengers could make their connection via trains to Liverpool.  See my  Emigration page - 'Ships' for further information.  If you write directly to the Hull registrar, and ask them to look up an entry for you, they will normally oblige.

Delhi Street Cemetery

A batch of marriages from Hull has been added to the Yorkshire BMD web site, adding another 3,834 index entries.  Full details on the site as usual.


For Jewish information, try this Jewish Telegraph newspaper site with direct links to their roots directory.  
The Jewish Telegraph has a page where you can post enquiries. The Jewish Telegraph, printed in Manchester, UK, circulates all the towns where there is a Jewish population such as Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, London, Glasgow & Edinburgh etc and every few weeks they have a page devoted to genealogy called The Roots Column. The copy that you submit a and any photograph is at *no charge*.  or you can email Mike Cohen



Leeds Jewish Cemetery
0113 269 7520.
"Murray Freedman wrote a paper (Shemot Journal of JGS of Great Britain, Spring 1993, Vol 1 no 2, p. 11-13) on the history of the Leeds Jewish community and local genealogical resources. Also see 'Deciphering an Old Gravestone in Leeds' (in Shemot , Oct 1994, Vol 2: No 4, p7)

He has a database, totaling more than 12,000, made up from surviving burial records from 1840's to 1990. He has also produced a booklet of the 8,000 Jewish listings in the 1891 census. He can provide disks of this and the previous five censuses (1841 to 1891). He has a database of some 4,500 marriages made up from the surviving marriage registers from 1842 to the 1950's available on disks."  Source and contact: Murray Freedman: mpfreed@bigfoot.com

List of Births, Marriages, Deaths
The Register Offices in the county of Yorkshire, England, hold records of Local births, marriages and deaths back to the start of civil registration in 1837. List of Marriages which took place in Leeds Synagogues can also be found here

Letchworth (the Garden City) and Hitchin

During WWII (1939), a Jewish community was established there, however according to an article in the Jewish Chronicle archive, there were a few Jews living there since at least 1909.  The Jewish Community was formed by Jewish families relocating from London to escape the German air raids.  It was almost exclusively orthodox. There was also a Jewish community there during the first World War.



Located in eastern England, has an interesting Jewish history.  A Jewish community was established there in 1159.  During Crusader riots, the Sheriff of Lincoln saved the Jews by giving them official protection.  St. Hugh, the great Bishop of Lincoln, taught love of Jews to his parishioners.  His death was marked by an official period of mourning among Lincoln's Jews.

Rabbi Joseph of Lincoln was a scholar mentioned in the Talmud; Aaron of Lincoln was a financier whose operations extended all over the country.  In 1255, Lincoln's Jews were accused of ritual murder.  Ninety-one Lincoln Jews were sent to London for trial and 18 were executed.  Notwithstanding, the Lincoln Jewish community flourished until 1290, when they were forcibly expelled by edict.


The city was the first organized Jewish community in the north of England (established in the 18th century)  and the largest provincial one outside London, until the mid-19th century. From this city hundreds of thousands of Jews sailed on the ships of the Cunard, Inman, National and White Star lines for the United States, Canada and Australia.

Louis Samuel Cohen was chosen as the city's first Jewish lord mayor in 1899 and international financier Samuel Montague was elected to Parliament in 1885.

By 1914 the city's Jewish population was estimated to exceed 11,000.  In 2005, it was fewer than 2,700.  There are now five synagogues of which four are Orthodox; the Liverpool Reform Synagogue (28 Church Road); 151 7335871 and was founded in 1928 as Liberal/Progressive.  The Greenbank Drive Hebrew Congregation is located in the Sefton Park area; 151 733 1417. 
The Merseyside Jewish Representative Council
at 433 Smithdown Road; 151 733 2292

In 1856 Jewish businessman David Lewis founded the Lewis's Department store in this seaport city for Jewish information, try this Jewish Telegraph newspaper site with direct links to their roots directory  

or you can email Mike Cohen at

The first Jew to settle in the city was Leon Villareal, a Portuguese Jew who came from Demera in Guyana in 1740 according to an article written by Lois Gilman in the August/September issue of Hadassah Magazine.  In the 1750s, more German Jews from Germany settled near the present Canning Place, then the site of the Old Dock and Custom House in the docklands.  By 1825 there were nearly 1,000 Jews and in 1808 the first synagogue was built on Seel Street.  It was known as the Liverpool Old Hebrew Congregation and is located on Princes Road in Toxteh near the edge of downtown.

Deane Road Cemetery
Saul Marks is project manager for the Deane Road Cemetery restoration

Huyton Internment Camp
Located near Liverpool during WW II and held some Jewish refugees in 1940

Liverpool Jewish Genealogy Service 

Liverpool Record Office in the Central Library

Merseyside Maritime Museum
offers  "The Emigrants to the New World" showing a dockside street, and the sights and sounds of the emigrants heard before and during their departure.


The Princes Road Synagogue; 151 709 3431


 Map of East End in 1900


1870 Ordnance Survey


Addresses - Locating them

From a posting in JewishGen  1-5-03 "As you say, Kevin, many people still add the county in their postal address, and I'm one of them!  But the reason I mentioned Middlesex was that telling someone Wembley is part of the London Borough of Brent, though true, would not help locate it for postal purposes, though it might be useful for recent records (maybe some other Genner will know where to find the old Middlesex records?)  To check the full postcode you need to know the house number. (and to further confuse matters some parts of Wembley (the old borough before it merged with Willesden to form Brent)  have London postcodes, e.g. NW9 ----,, although others, including, as it happens Wembley proper and Wembley Park Drive has codes starting HA (presumably from Harrow).

If you think this is complicated, some London boroughs stretch over wide areas and maybe three or more postcode prefixes. (Ealing has W3, UB and HA codes!Hounslow was once a town in Middlesex, so was Brentford, but the London borough of Hounslow which takes in both also includes Chiswick which is just west London.  People in the outer parts of the borough still talk about "going into London".

And if you posted a letter to someone in Chiswick, but didn't know the W4 postcode, so put "Hounslow", it might take some time to reach them.  So the bit to leave out is the borough!" From a posting by Charlie Pottins

London Birth Certificates
Usually show the name and surname of father and the name, surname and maiden name of the mother.

The Office of National Statistics
Can provide an application forms that can be used to request a Birth, Death or Marriage Certificate, and also a form listing all the fees. The Office of National Statistics (ONS)

To request certificates via Email: certificate.services@ons.gov.uk

Fax: +44-1704 550 013
General Register Office
P.O. Box 2
Southport, Merseyside
United Kingdom PR8 2JD

Residents of England, Wales will be able to register births and deaths on-line, by phone, as well as in person according to the National Statistics office new plan they intend to implement.  Some restrictions on privacy matters are of concern.  The government will use the 100-year rule. Records of persons born more than 100 years ago, will have full public access.  For those born within the last 100 years, there will be public access but certain information will be confidential, namely, address, occupation and cause of death. 

Dutch Ashkenazi Community
Research and information on the immigrant Dutch Ashkenazi community in mid nineteenth century London, including  Downloads of Census extracts (Spitalfields) and library of relevant archival documents There is a Jewish cemetery in existence for the past 200 years.  More information about the cemetery can be obtained from William Fern

History of the Anglo-Dutch Ashkenazim in London

Bryanston Street Synagogue

This synagogue was located on the South side of Upper Bryanston Street, about halfway between Edgware Road and Gt Cumberland Street (now Place).  It is at least 150 yards from the West London Synagogue situated on the North side of Upper Berkely Street.


Heavily populated by Dutch Jewish immigrants after 1850. A large area was demolished by the London County Council in a slum clearance - well before WW1.   Detail of the Victorian living conditions in the "Tenterground" can be found in my website.  From a posting by Aubrey Jacobus
Aubrey@Jacobus.org on British-Jewry 

The whole East End area has been a first home to many poor new arrivals in the UK.  The Huguenot weavers were mainly tent makers who originally settled this area.  An area was set aside for them to erect and assemble their tents and marquees as they made each part.  This area became known as the Tenterground. Today it is inhabited by Indian and Bangladesh immigrants.

Cemeteries within London area
Cemeteries in London run by the United Synagogue has computerized their database of names from 1920.  Write or fax
Leonard Shear,
Willesden Jewish Cemetery,

Beaconsfield Road, Willesden
London NW 10  
Fax: 0181 451 0478.

Adath Yisroel Burial Society
Enfield Cemetery Burial Listings
- there are two sites you can search alphabetically by
surname.  For surnames from A to L  


and for surnames from M to Z  

What you are presented with is listings of names.  If you wish to receive data about the deceased, you have to provide dates of death and the surname to the Adath Yisrael Burial Society to find the burial ledgers. The on-line indexes for  Enfield and Cheshunt are at   


Hoop Lane Cemetery
(Hoop Lane Cemetery East (Spanish & Portuguese) and Hoop Lane Cemetery West (Reform Synagogues)Reform & Sephardic) located on Hoop Lane, London NW11 Golders Green Phone: 0208 455 2569

Founded in 1895 or 1897, by West London synagogue which owns the 16.5 acres. On the eastern side are the stones of the Sephardic Jews and apart from the old, closed Sephardic cemeteries off the Mile End Road.  Only Sephardic cemetery left in London. This information obtained from the book  
Ilford, East Ham and Whitechapel All in East London, but Dulwich is a long way away.  It is in the south of London due south (about 7 miles) of central city.


"London Cemeteries"
Authored by  Hugh Meller.   


London Cemetery List

If you are interested in almost every Jewish Cemetery in the United Kingdom, which includes Channel Islands, all of England, Ireland, Isle of Man, Scotland and Wales can be found at the web site of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain  

For details of all Jewish cemeteries in London

"The district of Mile End Old Town is now part of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, while Canning Town comes under the jurisdiction of the London Borough of Newham. They will have lists of cemeteries in their areas, but you will probably have to contact individual cemeteries for the details you are looking for.

Cemeteries are not noted on death certificates as this is not a requirement of the death registration procedures.

Depending upon when the people you are seeking died, there would be a number of cemeteries to  choose from. This would also depend upon which burial societies they may have belonged to. Assuming that these people were Jewish, I suggest you contact the Federation of Synagogues and/or the United Synagogue, addresses and contact details for both can be found via Google.

Indeed, it was only yesterday that I managed to find the grave of my wife's grandmother in the Federation cemetery in Rainham, Essex. All I had to work on was the name (wrongly spelled as it happened), her date of death and her last home address. All of these details should be on the certificates you hold. The official I spoke to on the phone could not have been more helpful. He had all the burial records in front of him and was able to give me full details of the grave's location. PS. If you get stuck,. by all means get back to me.
From a posting by David Nathan, London, England. d.nathan1@ntlworld.com

The Federation grew out of the Polish and Russian immigration at the end of the 19th Century in the East End of London.  Both are Orthodox.  When you became a member of a synagogue, paying your annual dues, you automatically became a member of the Burial Society which entitles you to be buried in that groups cemeteries and then that is dependant on which one is nearest to your residence unless you have reserved a plot to be near a previously deceased relative.  Several cemeteries have been in use for a long time and always seem to be able to squeeze more in by using areas alongside paths, etc.  Some Municipal Cemeteries (outside London) have Jewish section, but these sections are probably affiliated with a synagogue.  In recent years, cemeteries in London have gotten larger and less of them on the outskirts whereas at the beginning of the 20th century, they were smaller and closer to areas of Jewish population. From a posting by David Liss.

Michael Bernet wrote  "Large cities usually have many Jewish congregations. Each congregation  has its own preferred cemetery, a preference that may change anytime.  Cemeteries fill up and new ones created. Families move away from one area  of town to another, or to a distant suburb. Some people elect to be buried  next to relatives in a distant city where they once resided, others near  where their children have since moved.

==So, when asking for locations of burial, please indicate date of death and if you can, allegiance to synagogues, Landmanschaften, associations, etc.

To add to what Michael Bernet has written, there are a number of synagogal bodies that the majority of synagogues belong to in addition to many small independent synagogues.

In the case of the Orthodox United Synagogue, for instance, they will keep a centralized record of burials even though they have used a number of cemeteries over the last 300 years. In London, therefore, it is not the individual cemetery that one contacts first but the main synagogal groups. Details of these can be found on"

From a posting by Nick Landau London, UK

Masorti and Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations
didn't exist in 1884.

Plashet Cemetery
A huge Jewish cemetery located in the east end of London, covering families who died in Ilford, East Ham, Whitechapel, Dulwich, etc. A database covering Plashet, West Ham, East Ham and  Willesden is accessible by calling
United Synagogue Ilford Burial Society

Phone: +44 208 518 2868
(Fax:+44 208 451 0478)  or 
+44 208 343 8989

The cemetery is open M - F & Sunday from 9 to 4 pm. Classed as being in Metropolitan Essex, although the cemetery is considered in Greater London - about 7 miles south of the center.   East London Cemeteries of Plashet Grove (High Street North), East Ham (Marlow Road) or West Ham (Buckingham Road). East Ham is open; West Ham can only be visited by prior arrangement and Plashet may also be by arrangement.  Check first.

Preston Hebrew Cemetery
Preston, Lancs (in the North of England) also a Military cemetery.

United Synagogue Burial Society
Arranges funerals and runs the cemeteries.  They are not staffed for general queries.  Various office addresses and hone number can be found at  





United Synagogue's Eastern Office in Ilford,

They are responsible for all East London cemeteries under the their jurisdiction. The address to write to is:

United Synagogue Burial Society
North East London Local Office: Ground Floor,
Schaller House,
22 Beehive Lane,
Ilford, Essex, IG1 3RT

(This is the preferred office for Waltham Abbey, East and West Ham, and Plashet Cemeteries). Additionally, if you have the name and date of death, you could also look at the Jewish Chronicle newspaper Archives (search is free) and see if,
under "Tombstone Consecration" notices the family placed an announcement of the impending service. The consecration was traditionally a year after burial, but it could have been any time afterwards. From a posting by Jeremy G. Frankel

Victorian London Cemeteries


Charring Cross Road   

"84 Charring Cross Road"
Authored by Helen Hanff

Bookstores in the United Kingdom (London)

General Booksellers in the UK

The Jewish Community Around North Broad Street

Jewish Quarterly Magazine

Leo Marks

City of London Wills



Death Records

Whitechapel North
Death records from 1850 to 1870 are held in Tower Hamlets Registry Office.  In 1900, this was the heartland of London Jews

Early History of the Jews of London








East London Around 1898
Maps, descriptions, synagogues, etc.


East End Markets


Hackney District of London

Once a highly populated Jewish area - it still is with a community of mostly 18,000 charedim 

Harrods Department Store

Though not of interest to the Jewish genealogist, it may be interesting to know that this infamous store, owned by Mohamed al Fayed, has opened a Jewish style deli in his store called Harrods Salt Beef Bar.  I understand they have great  pastrami, but that the salt beef (corned beef) doesn't make it.

Imperial War Museum

Located at Lambeth Road, London, SE1 and open daily 10 - 6; wheelchair access; not recommended for
children under 14. 
Phone: 011-44-020-7416-5320
Email: mail@iwm.org.uk

Admission is free to the Museum.  Nearest underground - Lambeth North, Southwark, Elephant & Castle or Waterloo Web Site. If you want to find out more about the wartime experiences, in military or civilian service, of your twentieth century ancestors, the Imperial War Museum is a good place to start.  Specialist will be on hand to talk to you about digging out the facts, interpreting information and using the archives. From a posting by Rosemary Wenzerul.


There is a permanent exhibit devoted to the Holocaust in the new, five floor wing, that occupies about 13,000 square feet of space on two floors. The exhibit represents England's first permanent Holocaust exhibition.

Institute of Jewish Studies

Homepage at University College, London

Jewish Apprentices Listed by Apprentice name (1700s)


Jewish Apprentices listed by Master


Jewish East End


Jews Free School of London

The Great Hall of the Jews' Free School
The Great Hall of the Jews' Free School, in an illustration from The Graphic in 1889.  The school was built in 1821


A book has been written about this school by Dr. Gerry Black and was printed by Redwood Books, Trowbridge
ISBN 0 95311104 00 

Jews of London Database

Authored by Jeffrey Maynard  

List of Jewish Bakers and Passover Cake Bakers in London from 1800 to 1901

The address may represent either the bakery or a residential address of the baker.  This database was created by Laurence Harris laurence_harris@csi.com



Emigrants from Lodz Poland in London late 19th century  

London at Night

Magnificent photos of this magnificent city

London Census

Names abstracted an index of London inhabitants with the city walls in 1695

London (East End)

Regional Special Interest Groups
Have London information and links.  The site includes links to Bohemia-Moravia SIG, Denmark SIG,  German-Jewish SIG, Hungary SIG and Stammbaum - German SIG   


Take a tour of London's East End  

The Original London Walks

London Jewish Genealogy Pages
Research and information on the immigrant Dutch Ashkenazi community in mid nineteenth century London including Downloads of Census extracts (Spitalfields) and library of relevant archival documents and quite a bit more developed by Aubrey Jacobus



  London Maps

John Snow's London a historical detailed map with sites of Victorian London (1813-1858)  

London Metropolitan Archives


Movietone picture in 1896 & 1968, London Parks and London Traffic

London - Map of Locations Where Bombs Dropped During WW II

London Virtual Tour
Take a virtual tour and get familiar with this beautiful city

London Underground in the 1900s

London Metropolitan Archives

London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) is home to an extraordinary range of documents, images, maps, films and books about London. This site offers an insight into the archives, with practical advice on how to research and use them, both at LMA and online.

London Street Directory of 1859

Wilson Street, Finsbury Square, (E.C.) East Side:
The following excerpt from the London street Directory of 1859, will suggest the flavor of the area: Lazarus Lewis, fruiterer; 4 Pepper Edwin coffee rooms; 6 Red Lion, George Flawn; 7 Stokely William, coach maker; 7 Salter William, shoemaker; 8 Nash Charles, carpenter; 9 Hudson Richard & Wm. tailors & drapers; 10 & 11 Lyons Jacob & Sons, wholesale clothiers.

Princes Square
13 May Ferdinand, private hotel;14 Walters Dan & Sons, silk & velvet manufacturers;

Horseshoe Alley
15 Walters Stephen & sons, silk & velvet & umbrella silk manufactures; 16 Levy Reuben & Co., wholesale watch manufactures. From a posting by Richard W. May

AA054036 A street scene showing the busy <b>Petticoat</b> <b>Lane</b> Market taken from an upper floor window

Petticoat Lane Market
"(back then) was centered on Wentworth Street and Sandy's Row to the north. It was only in recent years that the market expanded (in terms of what it sold) as well as geographically expanding southwards. The majority of the maps I have seen show Middlesex Street, with the Petticoat Lane subsidiary only applicable to the northern half of the street."

"According to some web sites, The Petticoat Lane name originated with the Huguenot immigration into the east end the introduction of clothes making which included petticoats. However, Victorian attitudes demanded a change in the name and so it would appear that the Middlesex Street appellation was extended northwards. From a posting by Jeremy G Frankel

"According to 'The London Encyclopedia' edited by Ben Weinreb & Christopher Hibbert, Middlesex Street was in the middle ages a tree lined country road called Hog's lane or Hogge Lane. In 1608 Ryther's map shows it as Peticote lane. In 1665 the great plague drove out the well-to-do and a few years later Huguenot weavers and Jewish traders moved in. By the 1750's it was well established as a trading centre and a market had grown up. It was renamed Middlesex Street in about 1830 though it clung to the old name which was appropriate to the thriving business in old clothes." This is slightly abridged posting by Gaby Laws


      This area grew out of the East End of London

Marylebone map


Marriage Registers  (See also "Marriages" category below)

Computerizing the marriage registers of London's Great, Prince's St., Sandy's Row, Hambro, etc., synagogues for the period 1791-1885 is complete.  Further information is available from Harold Lewin har_mir@bezeqint.net North London Synagogue in John Street, Barnsbury,  London N1 was later renamed Lofting Road.  The Synagogue was part of United Synagogue.

There is an interesting paragraph about this synagogue at

Portobello Road 



Stamford Hill,

Located in north London, it is home to 56 synagogues and 21 Hebrew schools


Synagogues in London

Synagogue Records in London
London roots researchers
note that the basic information from the marriage registers of the Great Synagogue, Dukes Place, London, has now been computerized and indexed for the period 1791-1882.  However, many of the patronymics for this period are still being entered and another three years of marriages (up to 1885) await computerization. Kindly note that the data is not (and probably will not be) available on-line. It is hoped to publish the records in book form together with New Synagogue marriages when the project is complete.

Beehive Lane Synagogue
22 Beehive Lane, Gants Hill

Bevis Marks
The oldest synagogue in Britain marked its 300th birthday the weekend before Rosh Hashanah of 2001.  It was first dedicated the  Shabbat before Rosh Hashanah 5462 -- according to the secular calendar, September 30, 1701.  It was established by Sephardim who had emigrated from Holland to England.

It is the only synagogue in Britain designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage, placing it among the country's most important monuments. Famous past congregants include sir Moses Montefiore, the Victorian era philanthropist who traveled to Ottoman-ruled Palestine several times and established a hospital in Jerusalem.

Benjamin D'Israeli, was circumcised at Bevis Marks in 1804, but his father, Isaac D'Israeli, left the congregation in anger in 1817 after
a dispute over a fine.  The family converted to Christianity, but Benjamin D'Israeli remained a supporter of Jews for the rest of his life -- and the Prussian statesman Otto von Bismarck once admiringly called him 'the crafty old Jew."

Finchley Synagogue
Kinloss Gardens, London N3 

Hambro Synagogue
Maintained its own burial register from 1770 to 1872.  Further information, which includes Births , Marriages and Burials


Ilford Synagogue
Located at 22 Beehive Lane, Gants Hill, Essex


Sandys Row Synagogue
A very old-established synagogue which was previously a Huguenot chapel.  This part of London's East End, was once a popular settling place for immigrants; first the Huguenots, then the Jews and now Asians, mostly from Bangladesh.

Sephardi cemeteries in London,
Contact or visit the Bevis Marks Synagogue.

Spitalfields Great Synagogue (Machzikey Hadath) Now a Mosque.
A list of old synagogues and cemeteries is available at

United Synagogue and London Beth Din 
735 High road, London N12 0US.  
Phone: 0208 343 8989  Fax: 0208 343 6262  

West London Synagogue:
Hoop Lane, Golders Green, London NW11, 
Phone: +44 (0) 181 455 2569


For Jewish information, try this Jewish Telegraph newspaper site with direct links to their roots directory.   

The Central Library in Manchester
has microfilm of all Kelly's Street Directories for the area.  These directories include families resident at given addresses over a period of years.  The directories only name the head of household at the time.

The Jewish Telegraph
has a page where you can post enquiries. The Jewish Telegraph, printed in Manchester, UK, circulates all the towns where there is a Jewish population such as Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, London, Glasgow & Edinburgh etc and every few weeks they have a page devoted to genealogy called The Roots Column. The copy that you submit a and any photograph is at *no charge*.


or you can email Mike Cohen at

Manchester Jewish Museum
the Jewish quarter was close to Victoria Station. One Sephardi Synagogue in Cheetham is now the Museum.  It and is located at 
190 Cheetham Hill Road
Manchester M 8 8LW 
Telephone: 0 161 834 9879  Fax: 0 161 834 9801

Manchester Jewry
Guide For The Family Historian  


Sephardi Community of Manchester
An article by Morris Bierbrier and Lydia Collins about the Sephardi Community
Published in ETSI Number 3, Volume 2E 1, Winter 1998.




Newsletter and The virtual Middlesbrough Community site. It includes the cemetery records for the two Middlesbrough Cemeteries, as well as those for Hartlepool and Stockton. In the case of the last, photos of all the stones are on line. There are also many historical photos. 

Middlesbrough Kehillat
"There is evidence of Jewish people settling in Middlesbrough from 1862 when the town population was rapidly increasing following the discovery of iron-ore in the nearby Cleveland Hills in 1850 and the building of the first blast-furnace in 1851. Middlesbrough is a well known North Eastern manufacturing town and a shipping port at the mouth of the River Tees. Evidence indicates the Jewish people lived and worshipped in the original town site of Middlesbrough, the parish of St. Hilda. (29) It was not until 1874 that the first permanent synagogue in Brentnall Street was opened to accommodate the needs of the established Jews and the growing number of Jewish immigrants entering Middlesbrough."



Try these informative sites which includes any of the following: 


Records Held at Newcastle Register Office Civic Centre


The Jews of Portsmouth



The town has changed enormously over the years. At the forefront of the industrial revolution, it became one of the world's first industrial cities in the 1800s, with textiles and coal mining among major industries. Nowadays it is a modern, thriving city. 

The aliens records at the Police museum in Manchester contain mostly alien registration of those living in Salford

The Email: police.museum@gmp.police.uk  Allow several weeks for an answer. "The best bet is to contact the Police Museum itself and you can email them from UK or abroad.  They have a volunteer on site who will check names and send any details to you, they do not make a charge but they would not say no to a small donation.  The same information is held on microfilm at the Greater Manchester County Record Office, Marshall St. Manchester but you have to search for yourself - not much help if you live in Australia!"  From a posting to British Jewry by Barbara Ferguson


In the early 1840s there were only about 10 families, rising to about 20 by the early 1850s. It was not until 1851 that the community purchased its first synagogue. Certainly the register is complete - I can confirm that there are no missing pages etc.  My Gt - Gt grandfather, who lived in Sheffield at the time, married in 1848 but in Manchester, to a girl who lived there.  The couple then returned to Sheffield to set up home. From a posting on British Jewry by Beverly Bergman

Slough, Borough of

Located in Berkshire in the southeast England.  It is one of the most ethnically diverse towns in the UK and is some 22 miles west of central London.

"From Slough to Netanya: Joe's Experiences and Memoirs"
Authored by Joseph E. Isaacs in Netanya in 2004


Burials 1885 - 2001
Bernard Bookey's updated compilation  of the Stockton burials is now available on our website. This includes photographs of the gravestones which can be accessed from the

Burials by Name page 


Miriam Margolyes in a posting mentions names and these two synagogues in Sunderland that may be of interest: Sunderland Hebrew Congregation and Moor Street Synagogue


Transcriptions of early surveys of Warwick town and a listing of Inns and Taverns as transcribed from the 1874 White's directory of the county

West Hartlepool  

"There was indeed a synagogue in West Hartlepool - it was on the corner of Charles Street and Whitby Street.  It was consecrated in 1872 by the Chief Rabbi Dr Nathan Adler.  My great-grandfather Gabriel Levi Abrahams was its first Treasurer.  Sadly the once-thriving community dwindled and the synagogue closed in 1968.  Excellent relationships existed between the civic authority and the Jewish community, and there were two Jewish Mayors of West Hartlepool.  My great-grandfather was a municipal councilor.  When the synagogue closed, some of its silverware was lodged with the civic authority.  Thus it is probably worth writing to the Council, and indeed to the Local History section of the Public Library, to see whether they know of the whereabouts of the synagogue records.  From a posting on British Jewry by Beverly Bergman


Take a tour of the City of Winchester UK, the ancient Capital of Wessex.  The County Town of Hampshire in the UK  plus a lot more information


In the 12th Century, the Jews of this city provided funds to the Crusaders who pledged their estates as collateral to the Jewish moneylenders.  Fearing that they might lose their property, the Crusaders urged the local peasant crusaders to attack York's Jews and to destroy the written loan records.

On March 16, 1190, York's 500 Jews heard of the impending trouble and most barricaded themselves in Clifford's Tower, a stone fortress in the city.  Any Jews not fleeing to the Tower were immediately killed and most of the Jews remaining in the Tower after six days of siege, committed suicide.  A handful who refused suicide rushed from the castle, willing to accept baptism to save their lives, but were killed anyway.  After this massacre, the records were destroyed and then the Crusader's left England for a holy war to oust the Saracens from Jerusalem now without any written record of debt.

York BMD site
Jews Synagogue Belgrave Street 1842-1940;
New Synagogue, Chapletown Road 1883-1940;
New Central Synagogue Harrogate Road 1897-1940;
and other York synagogues

York’s Explore Centre


This site offers a lot of information that will help in researching this specific maritime county area of England including links to Archives and Libraries, Genealogy, Land and property, Maps, Occupations and much more



Channel Islands 

British Newspaper Library Catalogue
Offers over 50,000 newspaper and periodical title holdings in Colindale.  The catalogue includes all UK national daily and Sunday newspapers from 1810 to the present; most UK and Irish provincial newspapers, some from the early 18th century upwards; selected newspapers from around the world in western and Slavonic languages dating from the 17th century upwards, including extensive holdings from Commonwealth countries and many other nations, and a wide range of UK and Irish popular periodicals coverall subjects from fashion, pop music, and cinema, to sports, hobbies and trades.


For further information or for the site itself  

Bibliography, Local Research Libraries and other Sources

Links are offered for England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar

Jews of Channel Islands
The majority of established Jews resident in Jersey left the island before June 1940. 





On June 28, 1940, the small town of St Peter Port was bombed by the German Air Force.  The British government, recognizing the impossibility of defending this five mile wide dot of land in the English Channel, just 20 miles from the coast of Normandy, had declared Guernsey and its neighboring island of Jersey demilitarized areas.  The Germans apparently didn't receive the message.  A few minutes of bombing and strafing left 29 civilians dead.  Two days later, the first Germans landed on the island's tiny airstrip.  The Channel Islands never became a part of England or the United Kingdom; to this day the islands (population 160,000) each have their own currency, legal systems, strangely titled officials and insulting terms for the residents of the other Channel Islands.  Two weeks before the Germans arrived, many residents had evacuated, leaving some 22,000 residents to exist with the Nazis. 

There is today, a German Occupation Museum (44 1481 238205)headed by Richard Heaume, a native Guernseyman.  The island authorities meekly went along with German orders to register Jews - a bit of Hitlerian possessiveness that would seem almost comical, given the absurdly tiny Jewish population of Guernsey, were it not for the fact, as the museum's wall attest to, that the three Jewish women on the island perished in Auschwitz.






Isle of  Man 

Map showing the location of the Manx Hebrew Congregation synagogue on the Isle of Man

Shortly after Britain declared war on Germany (September 1939), actually following the German invasion of Norway, Belgium Holland and France in the early summer of 1940, all men of German and Austrian birth were interned at various camps including one at the Isle of Man.  Within a short period, a small number of men, primarily those of prime military age, 18-30-35, were shipped overseas for internment, some to Canada; some to Australia* but this stopped after one ship was torpedoed.  The British felt they had little time to find out who was an enemy alien and who was a pro-British immigrant for some time thereafter.

The older immigrants, mostly German and Austrian Jews, were released after background checks, and went back to their work, when possible.  However, if they had been employed in a defense industry, they were forced to find alternate employment.   Many of the younger ones who were not sent to overseas internment, and those that became old enough to serve, ended up in the Pioneer Corps in Britain or were allowed to join ordinary army units with a number of them being killed in action.  Not all German and Austrian refugees were interned. This information obtained from a message on JewishGen Forum of from Gunther Steinberg

At the peak of WW II, there were 2,900 male internees at Mooragh, of which 200 were Jewish doctors.

* Lorraine Bertelsen wrote an article dealing with 'UK alien documents' which was published in the British Jewish Genealogy publication SHEMOT - March 2000 issue.  

Subject: Internment of German Jews on Isle of Man, May 1940From: "K. & L. Bertelsen" layakbtl@benalla.net.au Date: Mon, 29 May 2006 14:31:17 +1000

"Further to Michael query and Harold's reply, there is a great deal of information available - especially in Australia, where 2000 Austrian and German Jewish refugees (who were arrested, mainly in London and interned on the Isle of Man and in other camps) ended up, via the infamous HMT DUNERA, and internment in Hay and Tatura, until well into 1944 for some of these men.

The Dunera (Hay-Tatura Association) Association in Melbourne is contractible via their President :

There were several exchanges of postings on JewishGen and these can be obtained via JewishGen's online archive.

The postings were about September/October/November 1997 with some at other times, including December 2001/January 2002, under the headings of:

Aliens, England/Internment in England 1939-45, Isle of Man Internment/Internment in Britain 1939-45 Internment of Aliens in 20C Britain Kitchener's Camp.

See also my article about U.K. I.D. papers etc. - NAZI-ISSUED PASSPORTS AND UK ALIEN DOCUMENTS - in SHEMOT, the journal of The Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain - March 2000 ++.

Apart from the books that Harold listed, I suggest you also might like to check out the following, some published in Australia:

1. The Dunera Affair - a Documentary Resource Book edited by Paul R. Bartrop with Gabrielle Eisen. The Dunera Affair, includes a list of Official Governmental and Bureaucratic Documents, including letters between the British and Australian Governments.

2. The Dunera Scandal, by Cyril Pearl

3. The Dunera Internees, by Benzion Patkin

4. Walls of Wire, by Joyce Hammond

5. The Internment of Aliens, by Francois Lafitte, Penguin

6. Deemed Suspect : A Wartime Blunder, by Eric Koch,
    Methuen 1980

7. The Internment of Aliens in 20th C Britain, ed. D.
    Cesarani and T Kushner, 1993.

Apparently this book provides additional resources to follow up on, individuals who can be contacted for more information and refers to the Wiener Library in London where David Cesarani is the Director of the

"Institute of Contemporary History". This book can be obtained via Frank Cass, 5804 N.E. Hasslo St., Portland, OR 97213-3644 USA.

There are also other books, which I have not been able to obtain in Australia:

8. Barbed Wire on the Isle of Man, the Wartime British
    Internment of Jews - by Alexander Ramata

9. "Collar the Lot - How Britain Interned and Expelled Its Wartime Refugees", 
Authored by Peter and Leni Gillman, 334 pp.,Quartet Books, 1980,
ISBN 0 7043 2244 7.

According to Peter W this book gives just an excellent account of what was happening to Britain at the time that prompted Churchill to intern enemy aliens, and there's a lot of information on the round-up, treatment, and internment of the "Dunera boys".

10. A BESPATTERED PAGE? - The internment of His Majesty's 'most loyal enemy aliens" by Ronald Stent, first published by Andre Deutsch Limited in 1980
ISBN 0 233 97246 3

N.B. Andre Deutsch, who died in London on 10.4.2000 was interned on the Isle of Man.

11. What did you do in the War, Mummy? - edited by Mavis Nicholson, published by Random House, London, ISBN 0 7011 3356 2 - apparently has one memoir relating to internment on the Isle of Man - "Island Prison" by Renate Olins.

12. THEY FOUND REFUGE - by Norman BENTWICH, published 1956?

13. FRED LOWEN - Dunera Boy, Furniture Designer, Artist I have another book (December 2001), 'Fred Lowen, Dunera Boy, Furniture Designer, Artist" - an autobiography by Fred Lowen, aka Fritz Lowenstein, formerly of Berlin, with family links in eastern Poland. The book includes many of Fred's sketches made on the Dunera voyage and in Hay and Tatura camps. He briefly covers his family life in Berlin before WWII, his escape from Berlin and Europe, as well as his life and achievements in furniture design and manufacture, and as an artist, in Melbourne, Australia, after his release from internment.

14. January 2002 - Carole Glick Feinberg wrote to me about an inspirational story about the DUNERA from Rabbi Pesach Krohn's book is entitled "Around the Maggid's Table."

The story does not mention specific passengers' names, but Carole said it is a dramatic story.

The article is "Castaways."

I also have a video of a TV documentary which was screened a couple of years ago in Australia - although this mainly covers the experiences of the so-called (and I hate this term) "The Dunera Boys". This was called "When Friends were Enemies" and is available from SBS Marketing, 4 Cliff St. Milsons Pt. NSW Australia 2061.

It would also be worth checking out the posting from Peter Lowe on 20th January 2002 to JCR-UK SIG - Re: Isle of Man and Internment of "Enemy Aliens" in UK in May 1940 in which he refers to documents available from the Public Record Office Catalogue is on line as PROCAT

Also the Moving Here site has lots of links re so the so-called "enemy aliens".

I have quite a lot of information about the "Dunera Boys" - my late step-Grandfather, Dr. Josef Gold of Vienna, 1894-1956 was one - see above

++ and can send you more information if you want. Lorraine Bertelsen Boho, Down Under

Jewish Intern Graves

You may also read more about 'enemy aliens entering Australia' that Lorraine wrote and I have inserted on
Australia page.


Jewish Cemetery

Bibliography, Local Research Libraries and other Sources

Links are offered for England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar





"Secret Purposes"
Authored by David Baddiet 



The Synagogue has fallen into disuse owing to a declining Jewish population
The Synagogue has fallen into disuse owing to a declining Jewish population

There is no evidence of Jewish communities in Scotland before Edinburgh in 1816 and Glasgow in 1823.  There were a handful of Jewish individuals and families in Scotland from the late 1600s onwards - often converts teaching at the Universities, medical students or traders.

Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths in Scotland started in 1855."  From a posting by Harvey L. Kaplan

Bibliography, Local Research Libraries and other Sources

Links are offered for England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar

Birth, Marriage and Death Records

The statutory registers comprise the official records of births, marriages and deaths in Scotland from 1 January 1855 when civil registration replaced the old system of registration by parishes of the Established Church (Church of Scotland) From 1855, registration became compulsory, regardless of religious denomination, and followed a standard format for each record type. More information was required in order to register an event, particularly at the start of the new system

British Newspaper Library Catalogue

Offers over 50,000 newspaper and periodical title holdings in Colindale.  The catalogue includes all UK national daily and Sunday newspapers from 1810 to the present; most UK and Irish provincial newspapers, some from the early 18th century upwards; selected newspapers from around the world in western and Slavonic languages dating from the 17th century upwards, including extensive holdings from Commonwealth countries and many other nations, and a wide range of UK and Irish popular periodicals coverall subjects from fashion, pop music, and cinema, to sports, hobbies and trades.  

For further information or for the site itself  


The British Library
Newspaper Library
Colindale Avenue
London, NW9 5HE, United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7412 7353 
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7412 7379



The Scotland Census Collection, 1841-1901
Contains over 24 million names and available at Ancestry.com


1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1881 (LDS) Censuses

Scotland Census Collection

1871 UK Census Collection

The 1891 Census for Scotland
Is indexed on computer and available in the records offices in Glasgow and Edinburgh.  The Scottish Jewish Archives Centre in Glasgow  has a list of over a thousand Jews in the immigrant Gorbals area of Glasgow, transcribed from the 1891 Census.  This information attributed to Harvey Kaplan of Glasgow



1901 Census
Available on the Internet. At the Home Page: click on Direct Search.  This will pull up a table in which you can input the Archival Reference Number, as directed.  If this is confusing, go to "Understanding Census Terms and select "Folio - PRO Reference Number."



Genealogy - "Two Hundred Years of Scottish Jewry: A Demographic and Genealogical Profile"

An article was published in the Spring, 2012 issue of Avotaynu, authored by Neville Lamdan and Michael Tobias dealing with the title above.



UK Genealogy has made some recent strides online in the past couple of years. As time passes the amount of resources and genealogy data available to UK researchers will expand greatly. GenGateway uses this section of the site to outline the available resources that are presently online, whether free or through a subscription website

1) Daily Updates.
Genealogy can become stale to most online researchers... GenGateway is dedicated to providing daily updates on the newest genealogy sites and data online. To quickly access this data, just visit this page daily and look at the "new Genealogy"

2) Genealogy Help
Most researchers just want data... and a lot of it. But what do you do with that data once you find it? How can that data help you in your research? It's not just about collecting names, it about recording your heritage! And putting all the pieces together in the right place requires a skill set... visit this area when you hit a brick wall in your research!

3) Uniqueness
What can be done to set GenGateway apart from the other genealogy portals available online?  How can GenGateway present the genealogy data online in a user friendly and interesting manner? Those two questions are the backbone of how this site is setup and presented to you

 Maps relative to Scotland



Jewish Communities

The Scottish Council of Jewish Communities
Glasgow G46 6UE, Scotland

"There is no evidence of Jewish communities in Scotland before Edinburgh in 1816 and Glasgow in 1823.  There were a handful of Jewish individuals and families in Scotland from the late 1600s onwards - often converts teaching at the universities, medical students or traders. Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths in Scotland started in 1855. So the only way of finding anything about Caspar is if he was a Christian and appears somewhere in the Old Parish Records." From a posting by Harvey L Kaplan Glasgow, Scotland

First Jewish Community in Scotland



Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain

Mr. Joe Ross is the webmaster for the website   

This site includes many 'Useful Links and Informational Sources' including:    Scotland's Jewish Community - Reference Page.  Additionally, this web site offers many links to useful Jewish Genealogy related pages on other web sites including:  British Library Newspaper Library overview;  British Telecom Archives; General Register office for Scotland;  National Archives of Scotland; UK Family Records Centre and much, much more.

Jewish Society Information (Scotland) 


Military Records for the British Army (see also Military above in the England section)

Army Personnel Centre
HQ Secretariat
Historical Disclosures
Mail Point 400
Kentigern House
65 Brown Street
Glasgow G2 8EX


Property Records for 1905

Over 2 million names of Scots included in the property records for 1905 are available online for the first time via ScotlandsPeople, the official government family history website. The new records, known as the Valuation Rolls and comprising over 2.4 million indexed names and over 74,000 digital images, cover every kind of building, structure or property in Scotland which were assessed as having a rateable value

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland

Information about the historic environment of Scotland from the earliest times to the present day

Scotland's Jewish Community

Reference Page  



Scottish Address Lists

Cemetery Records Link

Scotland's People Database
Containing almost 37 million names, the Scotland's People database is one of the world's largest resources of genealogical information and one of the largest single information resources on the Internet.



Scottish Council of Jewish Communities


The site is in Hebrew

Scottish Genealogy Society

The Scottish Genealogy Society
Library & Family History Centre
15 Victoria Terrace
Edinburgh EH1 2JL
Tel: 0131 220 3677

Scottish Jewish Archives Centre

This site offers a wide range of material relating to all aspects of the history of the Jewish communities of Scotland.  Opened in 1987, it is located in  Garnethill Synagogue - the oldest synagogue in Scotland having been built in 1879.  The large collection is catalogued on computer, and made available to researchers during most of the year.  It is open on one Sunday afternoon per month, otherwise by arrangement, e.g. Friday mornings. It holds copies of cemetery records for 15 of the 16 Jewish cemeteries in Scotland.

The items at the Archive include cemetery records, synagogue registers, naturalizations, charity subscription lists and school admission registers - relating to Jews in Scotland up to the 1920s.  It offers information on almost 16,500 individuals and continues to grow.  The Database is the most comprehensive source for those who are trying to locate individuals and families during this time period. Harvey L. Kaplan is the Director at the Archives in Glasgow.



UK and Ireland Genealogy

A large collection of genealogical information pages for England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

Wills and Testaments

If a person wished to settle his or her affairs before death, they drew up a will, which set down their instructions as to the disposal of their possessions and named the executor whom they wished to administer the estate. The executor had to be confirmed by the court and the document drawn up by the court for this purpose is known as a testament. There are two types of testaments: the testament testamentar and testament dative


Cities and Towns of Scotland


Current synagogue dates from 1940s; community dates from 1893





A Jewish community existed from 1902 until the 1970s and the synagogue was in the Invercloy Hotel



"The Credit Draper"
Authored by J. David Simons

"The Origins of Scottish Jewry"
Authored by A. Levy



The current synagogue was established in the 1960s and the community dates from 1874.  The synagogue was located at 132 Murraygate between 1895 to 1920.  From 1920 to the 1960s it was on Meadow Street.




There was a Jewish community from 1908 to WW II




There were synagogues established from 1816 to the current time. Dates and locations can be found at 



Newington Cemetery
opened in 1846 and is one of the largest and most important Victorian graveyards in Edinburgh. There is a CD review on this cemetery produced by the Scottish Genealogical Society which includes a large Jewish section and the Hebrew text is also recorded.  Harvey Kaplan stated: "Echobank (Newington) Cemetery, off Dalkeith Road, was used by the Jewish community from around 1869.  Most of the Jewish inscriptions were transcribed by Sidney Cramer in 1951, and the Scottish Jewish Archives Centre (SJAC) has a copy of his manuscript. Alan Wilson has photographed most of the stones


the current Jewish cemetery in Edinburg with more than 1,300 burials (204 Piersfield Terrace).  SJAC also has a list of around 1,250 Jewish burials in Piershill since 1917, provided by the Edinburgh Jewish Burial Friendly Society.



The Jewish community was established around 1910





This is the largest city in Scotland and was a major industrial and shipbuilding center in the 1850-1950 period.  It was also a major port for emigration from Eastern Europe to the US, Canada, South Africa, etc.  It was regarded as the "Second City of the British Empire."

At its peak, there were 14,000 Jews living in Glasgow but only about half that number in 2000.  There are seven functioning synagogues.

For Scottish Jewish information, try this Jewish Telegraph newspaper site with direct links to their roots directory.   The Jewish Telegraph has a page where you can post enquiries. The Jewish Telegraph, printed in Manchester, UK, circulates all the towns where there is a Jewish population such as Manchester, Birmingham, Liverpool, London, Glasgow & Edinburgh etc and every few weeks they have a page devoted to genealogy called 'The Roots Column'. The copy that you submit a and any photograph is at *no charge*.


or you can email Mike Cohen at roots@jewishtelegraph.com   

Scottish Jewish Archives Centre
Harvey Kaplan is the Director



"Glasgow Herald newspaper carried departures from this port

"The Glasgow Jewish Echo"

Synagogues were in existence from 1823 to today.  Dates and locations can be found at  



A Jewish community existed from 1894 to 1936 and the synagogue was located at 27 Carthcart Street









A town in Shetland, a Scottish island.


"Mackerel at Midnight: Growing Up Jewish in a remote Scottish Island'
Authored by Ethel G. HOFMAN and published by Camino Books.







Bibliography, Local Research Libraries and other Sources

Links are offered for England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar




"The Chosen People: Wales and the Jews

British Newspaper Library Catalogue

This site offers over 50,000 newspaper and periodical title holdings in Colindale.  The catalogue includes all UK national daily and Sunday newspapers from 1810 to the present; most UK and Irish provincial newspapers, some from the early 18th century upwards; selected newspapers from around the world in western and Slavonic languages dating from the 17th century upwards, including extensive holdings from Commonwealth countries and many other nations, and a wide range of UK and Irish popular periodicals coverall subjects from fashion, pop music, and cinema, to sports, hobbies and trades.

for further information or for the site itself 

The British Library

Newspaper Library
Colindale Avenue
London, NW9 5HE, United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7412 7353 
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7412 7379



  Genealogical Maps  


History of the Jews of Wales


Jewish Roots In Wales


Merthyr Tydfil

Located in South Wales has a Jewish cemetery located at Cefn Coed that was established in early 1860.  The first burial took place in 1870  Prior to that time, burials of Jews from Merthyr and Brynmawr took place in SwanseaThere are no synagogue records that have survived according to Ian Bellany i.bellany@lancaster.ac.uk





North Wales Jewish Network


UK and Ireland Genealogy

A large collection of genealogical information pages for England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

Wales On The Web

Websites of Welsh Interest

more to come ...

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